Sara Lindberg, M.Ed., is a freelance writer focusing on health, fitness, nutrition, parenting, and mental health. Learn about our editorial process Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD Updated on April 03, 2020
Social distancing: Two words that have changed how we act and interact with friends, family, coworkers, and even strangers. In an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus or COVID-19, we are all being asked to take this precautionary measure.
What Is Social Distancing?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), social distancing is defined as remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance — approximately 6 feet or 2 meters — from others when possible. Congregate settings are considered public places that are crowded, and close contact with others may occur, such as shopping centers, movie theaters, stadiums.
The goal of social distancing, according to the CDC, is to reduce person-to-person spread, which happens through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. What makes this challenging, though, is that you can spread the virus before you show symptoms of having COVID-19.
Act as if you have the virus and approach other people as if they have it too. This may sound extreme, but in an attempt to slow the spread, experts are asking us to carry out our daily lives with this level of caution.
“The safest thing at this point is to really minimize contact with others to the fullest extent possible,” says Dr. Melinda Ring, MD, Executive Director of Northwestern Medicine’s Osher Center for Integrative Medicine.
She also reminds us that the guidelines for social distancing, as they relate to the coronavirus, are evolving as the world learns more about the virus and how it spreads, how long it takes for the infection to manifest, and how long infected people are able to pass the virus to others.
That’s why all of us need to adhere to the guidelines of social distancing, regardless of our age or current health status. It’s the only way we have a chance at flattening the curve, so we don’t overwhelm our health care systems, as there is a limited number of hospital beds, ventilators, equipment, medications, and health care workers.
With that in mind, here are some dos and don’ts for keeping yourself and others safe by practicing social distancing.
The Dos of Social Distancing
This is the easiest and most effective step you can take to practice social distancing. Ideally, you should only go out for necessities such as groceries, medications, doctor’s appointments, or to exercise outdoors. If you’re still required to report to work, practice social distancing while away from home, and spend as much time in your off-hours at home.
Keep Medically-Necessary Doctor’s Appointments
To help ease any anxiety about going out, call the doctor’s office ahead of time to ask about policies and procedures for visiting the office, such as wearing a mask and taking your temperature prior to arriving. There may also be the option of meeting with your doctor “virtually.”
Go to Grocery Stores and Pharmacies at Non-Peak Times
Whenever possible, adhere to the 6-foot guideline at all times while you’re shopping for essentials, especially when standing in the checkout line. Many stores now have tape on the floor (in 6-foot increments) to keep the appropriate distance at checkout lines.
Consider online ordering and choosing at-home delivery for both groceries and prescriptions. Telecommute from home, take college classes online, and conduct any outside business that you can at home.
Ask for All Home Deliveries to Be Left at Your Door
If you need to pay, ask to do it over the phone or online. This helps protect you and the person delivering your items.
Go Outside and Exercise
You can still get outdoors and go for a walk, run, or ride your bike. Just make sure you leave 6 feet between you and other people. Be aware of your surroundings, and avoid running or walking right next to someone. Outdoor physical activity, when adhering to social distancing, is good for both our physical and mental health.
Be Smart With Take-out
When going for take-out, send one member of the family, especially if you have to go into a restaurant to pay and pick up the food.
Keep Your Distance in an Elevator
If the elevator has more than one person, try to wait for the next one or take the stairs. While in the elevator, turn away from anyone also in it.
Maintain Social Contact via Technology
Stay in touch with friends, family, and coworkers via video chat, text messaging, and talking on the phone. Make it a point to reach out to at least one person each day.
Keep Being Hygienic
Additionally, wash your hands with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available, especially after being in public. Clean shared surfaces such as tables, keyboards, pin pads at point of sale locations, and grocery cart handle, before and after you come into contact with them.
Tell health care workers, first responders, grocery store employees, pharmacists, gas station attendants, and any other individual that is working to protect our health and help us maintain our daily lives, THANK YOU.
The Don’ts of Social Distancing
Don’t Schedule Appointments That Are Not Medically Necessary
Avoid non-essential appointments that put you in close contact with another person such as hair appointments, massage, manicures, physical therapy, and any other non-essential doctor’s appointment that you can delay.
Don’t Exercise Elbow-to-Elbow
Avoid tight or crowded running or walking trails, sidewalks, or tracks that prevent you from practicing social distance. It’s okay to exercise with other people, as long as you can maintain the appropriate distance.
Don’t Have Physical Contact With Non-Family Members
Avoid shaking hands, giving hugs, high-fives, pats on the back, or any other physical contact with anyone but your immediate family (those living in your home).
Don’t Go to Crowded Establishments
Avoid restaurants, the gym, public basketball courts, dance halls, trampoline parks, and any other spaces where people are in close contact with each other.
Don’t Go on Vacation
Now is not the time to book a trip involving a cruise ship, airplane, train, bus, or any other mode of transportation that requires people to be in close proximity. Also avoid hotels, resorts, and other accommodations that have more than the recommended amount of people for a gathering.
Don’t Hoard Supplies
Avoid the pressure to over-prepare and don’t hoard food, toilet paper, hand sanitizer, wipes, paper towels, thermometers, or masks. Only purchase what you need. This consumer frenzy is resulting in crowds of people pouring into stores and making it impossible to practice social distancing.
Don’t Allow Non-Family Members Into Your Home
Keep your home limited to immediate family members or housemates that already live there full-time.
Don’t Get Your Kids Together With Other Kids
This is not the time for play-dates and sleepovers, especially if you cannot guarantee they will practice social distancing at all times. Remember, it’s OK to tell them “no.”
A Word From Verywell
We are all having to adjust our daily lives and make sacrifices to slow the spread of the coronavirus. While learning a “new normal” is never easy, with time, things will get better.
Making a commitment to practice social distancing by maintaining at least 6 feet from others is one precautionary measure we can all take to help protect our loved ones and keep our health care systems from becoming overwhelmed.
Midnimada maanta Konfur ayey dani ugu jirtaa:
Waxaa aan qabaa midnimada maanta konfur baa u baahan waayo federal ayey sameysteen federalka ay sameysteena weli way ku kala qaybsan yihiin oo gobol walba dhiniciisa ayuu u socdaa Puntland,Konfur Galbeed,Gal-Mudug,Jubaland iyo Hirshabeele markaa maanta midnimo waxaa u baahan Konfur ee hadii cidi ka fikireyso midnimo korta koonfuri ha mideeyeen ka dibna ha la gaadho mar xalad labaad balse ma garan barwaaqada midnimo dambe maanta loogu hadaaqayo iyada oo aan xalba loo haynin dhibaatooyinkii hore loo soo marey .
Hadaba midnimo doonka waxaa hortaala caqabad weyn oo aaney iska riixi Karin oo u muuqata in xitaa afkaartoodu ahayn mid leh cadeymo salka ku haya daacadnimo iyo dhab ka ahaansho fikirkaasi belse u muuqda hinaase iyo dano aan ka fogeyn arimo dhaqaale ama siyaasadeed dadka qaarkoodna u arkaan hada aan mabda laawayaal ah oo kolba sida gabal dayaha dhinaca cadceeda manfacyadu ka qabato ama u wareegto u wareegaya waa sida ay dad badan oo konfurta iyo waqooyiga ka soo jeedaa kuu sheegayaan marka aad arintaa wax ka weydiiso waxayna dadka xogxogaalka u ahi ku cadeynayaan oo u cuskanayaan aragtidooda arimahan:
- Waxa jirta in arinta midnimo beryahan dambe dadka ku hadaaqaa ama afka ka yidhaahdaa ay yihiin dhamaantood dadka ka soo jeeda Somaliland lama hayo hal urur,koox qof oo ku dhawaaqdey in dib loo madoobo ama xitaa ka hadlaya midnimo sidaa darteed midnimadoonka maanta ee reer waqooyiga ah waa kuwo keligood u xusul duubaya iyaga oo xitaa dhinicii kale dad ka wadan waxay ahayd in la helo urur,koox ama dad kale oo iyagu reer koonfureed ah oo isku aragti yihiin oo ururadooda ka mid ah wada sida daahirka ah ee aynu ognahay wixii qarsoon Allah (swt) ayaa og oo aaney waxba ka qarsooneyn.Markaa midnimada ma dadka Somaliland uun baa doonaya taasi miyaaney ahayn jacel hal dhinac ah wakhtigaagu yuu lumin ama aaney cidi kula wedin jaceyl dhinac kaliya ahi waa kii hore loogu hungoobay.
- Arinta kale ee dadku kuu sheegayaan waxay tahay dadkan midnimo doonka ahi ber yahan dambe in ay u badan yihiin dadka 1960 iyo wixii ka dambeyey dhashay. inta masraxa midnimadoonka isasa soo taagtaa ay yihiin kuwo qurbaha ku nool oo reerahoodii iyo caruurtoodii dalalkaasi lagu masruufo iyaguna kolba halkii maskab lagu sheego ee siyaasada somalida waqooyiga iyo konfurta ka dukaansada marka mid ay ku fashilmaana tankale u wareegaya oo hadii shaley Somaliland xukumadeeda uu ka mid ahaa oo xilkii uu waayo ama isbedel ku yimi dhanka konfurta somaliya u wareegaan oo xamar ka soo jeesta iyaga oo shaadhka midnimada soo gadshanaya si uu fursad kale oo uu kaga midnoqdo xukumadaa u helo.Marka la weydiiyo waxa bedelay mabda iisii hore na uu inoo sheegayo 30 sanno ayaa citiraaf la raadinayey oo way soo oodantey dadkana been baa loo sheegayaa ilaa imika oo qorshe loo mahayo, dooda noocan ah oo ha mid jaban xitaa dadka aan waxba kala socon siyaasada caalamku uu ku qosli karo waayo waa la og yahay in citiraaf maalin iyo laba toona lagu helin balse ay qaadan karto ilaa xitaa boqolal sano balse runtu tahay isku markhaati furid iyo mabda la’aan qadiyadeed, imisa dal oo aan la aqoonsan baa jira oo noloshoodii dawladnimo caadi u socoto , halgana dadkoodu ugu jiraan aqoonsi malin uun iman doona tusaale:
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People’s Republic of China to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. WikipediaPopulation: 23.78 million (2018)Currency: New Taiwan dollar.
Hadana Taiwan danaheeda ayey wadataa oo waxay tahay dal jira inkasta oo taariikh ahaan ka duwan tahay arinta Somaliland oo aan u arko arinta Somaliland iney tahay mid ka fudud haysatana sharciyad ah in Somaliland xaq u leedahay la soo noqoshadii midowgii somaliya sharciyan.
3- Arinta kale ee ay dad badani kuu sheegayaan waxay tahay in dadkan midnimada beenta ah ku maxaabsadaa ay u badan yihiin dad asalkii horaba naasnuujin magac reereed ku qabey dhaqaalaha,siyaasada ilaa xilgii halgankii lagu xoreynayey dalkan oo xaarkood iyaga oo SNM dagaal ku jirto iyaga inta goobihii halganka laga ka xeeyey deeqo waxbasho debada loogu direy oo intii la halgameyey ee qayrkood xabada laabta u dhigayey jaamicadaha ku jirey,ama siyaabo kale dibadaha loogu direy iyada oo qayrkood ku sugan goobihii dagaalka markaa weli dheefka raadinaya arimahaasi.
4- Waxaa kale oo dad badan oo aqoon yahano culimo iyo waxgarad ka soo jeeda Somaliya iyo Somaliland kuu sheegayaan in dadka Somaliyeed meel kastaba ha joogeyne ay yihiin qawmiyad Somaliyeed somalinimaduna ka wada dhexeyso ama reer jabuuti ahow ama reer kenya ahow ama reer itoobiya ahow e balse xaqiiqadu tahay in Somaliland iyo Somalidakonfurtu ay ahaayeen kuwa ku midoobey si rabitaana ayna haboon tahay in ay iyagu is tixgeliyaan oo hadii ay midoobayaan mar kale iyo hadii ay kala maqnaanayaanba ilaaliyaan qowmiyadnimada somaliyeed waayo walaalo isjecel ayaa ka wanaagsan walaalo col ah .
Arimahaasi oo dhami waxay cadeynayaan in dhaqdhaqqayadan taagta daran ee midnimada marke ay yihiin kuwo afkaartoodu iyo aragtidoodu kooban tahay oo xitaa iyagu haynin qorshe iyo dhab ah balse salamada mudada kooban ee danaha khaaska ah ee aan dhaafsaneyn dhaqaale ama maskab amabase qof nacab uun u eeg yihiin arimahani waxay xitaa khatar ku yihiin midnimo dambe oo dhaba iyo amba qaadka dambe ee dad ay midnimadu dhab ka tahay waayo waxaa la odhan doonaa waa kuwii hore oo kale uun.
Qawmiyada Somalidana waxaa talo ugu soo jeedinayaa in ay waajib tahay in Somaliland iyo Somaliya iyaga ayaa dad ugu xigee dhaxdhaxaadintooda ka qayb qaataan si somalinimada iyo walaalnimada dadka Somaliyeed u sii xoogeysato, Dawlada federalka ah ee Somaliyana runta loogu sheego in ay joojiso cadaawada ay u hayso dadka reer Somaliland oo ah hooyadii iyo abihii xoriyada qowmiyada Somaliyeed.
La soco taxanaha dambe
Rebecca Ratcliffe in Bangkok Lobsters for face masks? Aussie fishermen want to make a deal Third of councils axe garden waste collections due to staff shortages © Provided by The Guardian Photograph: Zoltán Balogh/EPA
As coronavirus lockdowns have been expanded globally, billions of people have found that they are now faced with unprecedented restrictions. Police across the world have been given licence to control behaviour in a way that would normally be extreme even for an authoritarian state.
On Tuesday, police in Kenya gave their “sincere condolences” after a 13-year-old boy was shot and killed on his balcony in Nairobi as police moved through the neighbourhood, enforcing a coronavirus curfew.
“They come in screaming and beating us like cows, and we are law-abiding citizens,” said Hussein Moyo, the father of Yasin, the boy who was shot. © Provided by The Guardian The funeral of Yasin Hussein Moyo, 13, who was shot by police in Nairobi. Photograph: Brian Inganga/AP
Concerns are growing that police forces around the world are using gruelling and humiliating punishments to enforce quarantine on the poorest and most vulnerable groups, including tens of millions who live hand-to-mouth and risk starving if they do not defy lockdowns and seek work.
source: the Guardian
The creative community is playing an important role in supporting London’s response to Covid-19. Your efforts and sacrifice are making a big difference.We want to help amplify all the fantastic things you are doing to stay connected with your communities and raise the spirits of Londoners – and show how our city is pulling together. #LondonTogether As well as supporting our frontline workers and helping to coordinate London’s response to the crisis, the Mayor of London wants to help motivate and inspire Londoners through this difficult time. Using the banner of #LondonTogether, the Mayor is planning to highlight great examples of positive community action and thank our NHS staff, key workers and volunteers. The impact of Covid-19 will be felt by all Londoners in some way, be it direct health impacts, mental wellbeing or loneliness, financial insecurity, supporting loved ones and those in isolation, working on the frontline, or making drastic lifestyle changes. #LondonTogether will bring together key messages, examples of good will and support that will help Londoners through this; from encouraging people to stay at home, to the promotion of resources that offer mental health support and business suppoSupport our COVID-19 Responsert; to messages of thanks for key workers. At the heart of this is the belief that our best chance of getting through this challenging time is by maximising the power of community. Just because we have to be apart, doesn’t mean we’re not working together – and we want to use this campaign to keep spirits high and show that good stuff is happening all across our city. How can you get involved? From this Friday onwards we are asking our key stakeholders and partners to support #LondonTogether by:
Sharing the government’s health advice on your social media channels and promoting the importance of staying indoors. Doing nothing is saving lives;
Sharing examples of the good things your organisation is doing on your social media channels, or re-sharing positive news stories from your local community with the hashtag #LondonTogetherTelling others to share good news by using #LondonTogether. By using the hashtag #LondonTogether, content will be re-shared on Mayor of London and London Gov social media channels from Friday onwards. The Mayor will also highlight some of the best stories personally each Friday during his weekly round-up. Thank you for the work you are already doing to support your city. We hope you are able to share these stories to inspire others in the coming weeks. Meanwhile we know our community has been hit hard by Covid 19, with many organisations and livelihoods at risk. A reminder that our team is here to support you in whatever way we can. Please do contact our Culture at Risk Office if you need help or advice.Sending good wishes to you all.
Justine Simons OBE
Deputy Mayor for Culture and the Creative Industries
Qofka Adamiga ahi isaga ayaa xor u ah aragtidiisa iyo wixii uu aaminsan yahay khayr iyo sharkeedana isaga ayaa midhaheeda gurta aakhiro iyo aduunba oo xisaabtiisa ayey u geleysaa mar walba Allah (swt) ayaana nololsha aduunka ee xoriyada adamaha sidaa ka dhigay oo waa sunaha aduunka in uu qofku intuu nolyahay kala dooran karo jidka uu qaadayo sax ama khalad balse maalintii uu ka tago aduunka uu wajahayo natiijadii camalkiisii uu soo qabanayey intii uu noolaa khayr iyo sharba.
Allah(swt) umada nebi Maxamed naxariis iyo nabadgelyo korkiisa ha ahaatee wuxuu ku Amaanay iney umadaha kale kaga qayr badan yihiin waxay ay is faraan wanaaga xumaantana way iska reebaan.
Markaa waxaynu u baahan nahay inaga oo qofka aragtidiisa ku caayin,ku dilin,kuna hadidin in aynu u ifino in aragtidiisa xor u yahay balse aanu nagu qasbi Karin wuxuu aaminsan yahay una tilmaano khaladka inooga muuqda fikirkiisa iyo sida loogu bahan yahay in si aan marin habaabin,iyo ka been sheegid xaqiiqooyinka jira looga hadlo si loo gaadho xalal lagag gudbo waxyaabaha aaney cidna dani ugu jirin.
Somalinimada iyo qaranimada farqi baa u dhaxeeya mana aha in aynu isku qaladno farqiga u dhaxeeya Somalinimada iyo dawladnimada ama qaranimada oo aynu isku mid u aragno iyaga oo ah laba arimood oo aan shaqo isku lahayn.
Hadaba waa maxay Somalilimo sideedaba?
Somalinimadu waa qawmiyadnimo waxaana ay la micno tahay ereyga qowmiyad (ethnic), markaa dadku waxay isku qaldaan labada erey qawmiyad (ethnic) iyo Qaran (nation) oo aad u kala duwan asalka qowmiyadeed (ethnicity) iyo nationality oo salka ku haysa wadanka aad haysato dhalashadiisa. tusaale:
Somalida waxaa gumeystihii u kala qaybiyey shan qaybood sidaa darteed qawmiyada somalidu waxay maanta tahay shan qaran oo kala ah:
- Jamhuuriyada Federalka Somaliya
- Jamhuuriyada Somaliland
- Jamhuuriyada Jabuuti
- Somalida Kilinka 5 aad ee Federalka Itoobiya
- Somalida Gobolka Waqooyi Bari ee Kenya
Shantan qayboodba waa qoomiyad Somaliyeed balse ma wadaagaan hal passport oo qaran walba waxaa ay lee yihiin dhalashooyin kala duwan oo qaran.
Waxaa la mida qowmiyadaha kale ee caalamka oo qowmiyada iyo qaranimada sidaasi u kala duwan yihiin tusaale: British, Saudi Arabia, AUE, Qadar,Somaliland,Kenya, Ethoipia, American, Indian, Canadian, and Nigerian.kuwani waa qarano.
Tusaale kale ee qowmiyadaha waxaa la odhanayaa : Somali- British, Somali-American,Somali- Canadian, Somali-Saudi iyo wixii la mid ah.
Sidaa darteed Somalinimadu waa qowmiyadnimada dadka Somaliyeed oo dhan oo cid laga xigaa oo Somali ahi ma jirto ama Jabuuti ahow ama somalida kenya ahow balse waxaa lagu kala duwan yahay wadaniyada oo dadku laba iyo inka badani waxay yeelan kartaa hal wadan oo waxaa la odhanayaa waa hal qaran . Dalalka arabtu waxaay wadaagaan qowmiyada carabnimada balse ma wadaagaan qaranimada taasina waa tusaale kale.
Intaasi inagaga filan sharaxaada labadan arimood kala duwan shahooda.
Waxaa aan sidaa ugu faahfaahinayaa dadka aan runt aka sheegeenin qadiyada Somaliland ee o dhanaya waa Somalidiid,Somaliland waa qoowmiyada Somaliyeed cidna kama xigto Somalinimada balse maha qaran Jamhuuriyada Somaliya ee federalka ah, balse waa qaran Somaliland ah oo la siman qaranada kale ee qowmiyada somaliyeed.
Hadaba dadka ku doonaya waa in mar kale la mideeyaa labadii dal ee Somaliya iyo Somaliland fikirkooda waa u xor balse ma aha fikir iyo aragti saxa imika waayo:
Midnimo erey ahaan afka waa erey ku fudud oo qof waliba iska odhan karo balse nuxur ahaan ma aha mid sahal ah marka si cilmiya loo darso.
Midnimada maanta Siyaasiinta Somalidu ku hadaaqayaan waa dhalanteed aan meel gaadhsiisney waana arin aan u muqan mid xitaa kuwa sacabka u tumayaa ay daacad ka yihiin,balse dano gaara oo aan mabda aas aasiya salka ku hayn waana kuwo sii kala fogeenaya midnimada iyo dadkeeda waayo:
- Midnimadii labadii gobo lee 1 July 1960 kii waxaa horsed u ahaa dadka reer waqooyiga ah
Midnimadaa dadka reer Somaliland waxay ka faa’iideyn ma jiro aan ahayn midnimo ayey keeneen
Goboladoodii lama horumarin,jamicado looma dhisin,hospital looma dhisin,degmooyinkii lama balaadhin,dugsiyadii hore u jirey lama kobcin,cadaaladii iyo sinaantii waxba lama qaban,
Waxaa lagu burburiyey awood dowladnimo in ka badan 500,000 oo qof noloshoodii,waxaa ku guryo belay dad kor u dhaafay 3.5Milyan oo qof,waxaa layskugu dhiibey qoryo dadkii reer Somaliland ee wada noolaa iyada oo reer reer la iskaga korkeeney intaas oo dhami waa waxa kala geeyey midnimadii mana jirto damaan qaad ah in aan mar labaad dhici doonin.
Maanta Somaliland oo mudo 29 sano kor u dhaaftey kala maqnaa somaliya waxaa ka jira horumar dhinac kasta ah gobol kasta oo Somaliland ah waxaa kor u kacay horumarkii dhinaca waxbarashada gobol aan ugu yaraan hal jamicad lahayni ma jiro Somaliland, degmo kasta waxaa maamula dadkii degaanka ee la soo doortey,ganacsigu waa xor, dadku waa dad isku tashadey magaalo walba waxaa dhisay dadkii degaanka iyaga ayaa is maamula, mudadaa waxaa muuqata in ay ka reysteen midnimadii lagu hungoobey,nabad bay haystaan cid kabsanaysaa ma jirto kor baad u tahay ganacsigaaga.
- Midnimo dhexdooda maanta Konfur ayey dani ugu jirtaa:
Waxaa aan qabaa midnimada maanta konfur baa u baahan waayo federal ayey sameysteen federalka ay sameysteena weli way ku kala qaybsan yihiin oo gobol walba dhiniciisa ayuu u socdaa Puntland,Konfur Galbeed,Gal-Mudug,Jubaland iyo Hirshabeele markaa maanta midnimo waxaa u baahan Konfur ee hadii cidi ka fikireyso midnimo korta koonfuri ha mideeyeen ka dibna ha la gaadho mar xalad labaad balse ma garan barwaaqada midnimo dambe maanta loogu hadaaqayo iyada oo aan xalba loo haynin ……..
La soco taxanaha dambe
By CALVIN WOODWARD, Associated Press
© Provided by Associated Press A 5-minute test kit for COVID-19 developed by Abbott Laboratories sits on a table ahead of a briefing by President Donald Trump about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
WASHINGTON (AP) — For a few moments in the Rose Garden, the coronavirus pandemic is a bucking bronco with President Donald Trump on its back. His arm swings an invisible rope. He seems to be hanging on for dear life.
“Ride it like a cowboy,” he growls. “Just ride it. Ride that sucker right through.”
This rodeo riff came during the daily White House coronavirus task force briefing, where science meets all things Trump. © Provided by Associated Press President Donald Trump speaks as Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, is seated right, about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
It’s where the teetotaling president serves a 5 o’clock cocktail of public-health policy, twisted facts, invented achievements, performance art, hectoring, cheerleading, erraticism, improvisation, self-praise, pet theories and a dash of eloquence. Shaken not stirred. Late in starting, finished when he feels like it.
The self-styled “wartime president” is, at least, a showtime president. He’s enjoying the high ratings of his briefings and boasting they’re up there with “The Bachelor.” Meantime on the streets of the country, people are recoiling in the wake of each passing stranger’s exhalation. In jammed hospitals, patients are fighting for life. The death toll arcs upward. © Provided by Associated Press President Donald Trump reaches for a box containing a 5-minute test for COVID-19 from Abbott Laboratories, in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Still the show must go on.
Trump is the animated star of his production. Dr. Anthony Fauci is the stoic straight man, a venerated infectious disease scientist whose facial expressions are closely watched as if he is one oddball Trump remark away from losing it. He doesn’t. But he’s very tired on four hours of sleep.
Day after day, Trump free-associates, harangues reporters, assails critics and spreads misinformation on all aspects of the crisis, at times overshadowing the fact-based information that public health officials have come to deliver, in the moments when Trump steps aside to let them speak. It was here one day that Fauci broke ranks in Trump’s presence to refute his claims about a drug treatment for COVID-19.
On this bright Sunday, the briefing was moved to the resplendent garden from the clammy confines of the press briefing room, a long-ago indoor swimming pool that still feels like one. With social-distancing signs posted on the backs of chairs, it has taken on the character of a hazmat zone. It gives literal meaning to the pandemic’s cliche that we’re all in this together. © Provided by Associated Press President Donald Trump speaks about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Out in the garden, Trump shoos away gnats and begins in buoyant fashion. The news is going to turn dark but he will take his sweet time getting there. © Provided by Associated Press President Donald Trump listens to a question from a reporter as he speaks about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
“Beautiful day in the Rose Garden,” he tells the press corps. “Tremendous distance between chairs. Social distancing. You practice it very well. We appreciate it. That’s great.”
Next up is word about a coming diagnostic test, almost instant, he says, and you don’t have to get a swab shoved so far up your nose like he did when he submitted to a virus test a few weeks back. He’s complained about it ever since. The new test is so easy that he said he just might get another one. © Provided by Associated Press Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, speaks about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington, as President Donald Trump listens. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Executives step up to say what their companies are doing about producing and shipping critical medical supplies. Praise for Trump’s leadership is standard in their brief remarks. This is a president who wants a public display of appreciation and has said he may not call people back if he doesn’t get that. © Provided by Associated Press Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and Dr. Deborah Birx, White House coronavirus response coordinator, listen as President Donald Trump speaks about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
We hear some basics about the world: “Think of it: 151 countries. Somebody said to me today … they didn’t know that we had that many countries. A hundred and fifty-one countries. That’s something.”
We hear a series of unverified statements: about an unidentified New York hospital he’s been told is hoarding masks, an uncorroborated theory that the fatality rate in the U.S. is lower than in other countries, his conviction that the speedy new tests will be “a whole new ballgame.”
He trots out the rhetorical bronco, saying some aides wanted him to just hang on and ride it out until the crisis passed but he felt he should do more. © Provided by Associated Press Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, takes the podium to speaks about the coronavirus in the Rose Garden of the White House, Monday, March 30, 2020, in Washington, as President Donald Trump listens. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Trump’s doggedly positive spin, evident for several months, begins to fray when he announces a month-long extension of social distancing guidelines that were to expire Monday.
“The better you do,” he says of distancing, “the faster this whole nightmare will end.”
This whole nightmare.
As the briefing slips into its second hour, it becomes apparent that Trump is conditioning Americans to expect far more deaths from COVID-19 than anyone would think from his history of minimizing the crisis. Gone is the talk about the virus maybe going away like magic in the warmth of spring.
Fauci and other public-health authorities had told him 100,000 to 200,000 people could die in this country from the virus if not enough is done to mitigate the pandemic.
The president then invokes a far grimmer number, 2.2 million, an estimated death toll if no steps were taken to fight the pandemic, and summons Dr. Deborah Birx of the task force to explain it.
Why introduce an even starker scenario than the already scary one?
Because if 100,000 to 200,000 end up dying, Trump still wants history — and voters in the fall — to judge his effort a success. If the toll is in that range, he says, “We all, together, have done a very good job.”
Behind such bravado, though, is a president seeing the pandemic — “the viciousness of it” — in increasingly personal and sober terms. “A lot of people are dying,” he says, “so it’s very unpleasant.”
He says a friend, “a little older, and he’s heavy, but he’s a tough person,” landed in a hospital. “I call: ‘How’s he doing?’ ‘Sir, he’s in a coma. He’s unconscious.’ He’s not doing well.”
He speaks at length of body bags and “freezer trucks” he’s seen on TV taking the dead from Elmhurst Hospital in Queens. The building is so familiar from his New York childhood that “I can tell you the color on the outside, the size of the windows. I mean, I know it very well, right?”
“I’ve seen things that I’ve never seen before. I mean, I’ve seen them, but I’ve seen them on television in faraway lands. I’ve never seen them in our country.”
The sun is slanting low in the garden as Trump brings this briefing to a close.
“I want our life back again,” he says.
“I want our country back.
“I want the world back.
“I want the world to get rid of this.”
Waa run oo waxaa lagu jiraa mar xalad adag caalamka oo dhan, mar xaladahan oo kale waa marxaladaha la kala baxo,waa marxalada la kala ogaado siyaasaiga,hogaamiyaha,shaqsiga wadaniya,sheekha dabta ah,caaqilka,suldaanka boqorka iyo qof kasta oo leh tayo dadnimo mid islaamnimo iyo mid naf huridnimo.
Waa wakhtiga la kala soocmo waa wakhtiga imtixaanka ALLE( swt) lagu kala baxo.
Intaasi waa is xusuusin guud balse aan u soo dego dulucda maqaalkan kooban hadii aan ifiyo cida aan tooska u ifinayo waa kuwan:
1- Xisbiyadii Siyaasada ee Somaliland oo aan la hayn qorshe iyo kaalinta ay ka qaadanayaan marxalada adag ee caalamku wajahayo maxay ku biirinayaan xoog xoolo,arin iyo aduun bulshada reer Somaliland lama hayo ilaa hada
2- Ururadii bulshada qorshahooda iyagana maynu maqal maxaa uga diyaara COVID-19 ka Wacyi gelin ,xog iyo xoog xoolana ku dar.
3- Culimada iyo Aqoon yahanada kale iyagana waa laga araba xoog,xoolo,cilmi iyo taloba lama hayo ilaa hada midmidka waxyi gelinta gaarka ah sameeyey waa mahadsan yahay balse intaasi Kuma filna baaxada xanuunka iyo itaalka dhaqaale ee dadka reer Somaliland
4- Ganacsatada iyaga lama hayo kaalintoodii la dagaalanka COVID-19 ka Dadka qaar waxayba sheegayaan in wakhtiga adag faa’iido ka dayayaan oo ay u diyaargaroobayaan kordhinta sicirka daruuriyaadka wakhtigan adag, arintaasi oo xaaraan ah
5- Cuqaalsha iyo dhamaan bulshada reer Somaliland waxaa la gudboon in ay gacmaha is qabsadaan oo u diyaar garoobaan in ay dadkooda jilicsan ee dhaqaalahoodu liito ogaadaan oo cuntada u dhigaan,dawalada u diyaariyaan bishii rabadana waa inagu soo food leedahaye u diyaar garowno.
6- Saxaafada waxaa lee yahay idinkuna kaalintiinii ma muuqato ee fadhiga ka kaca oo wacyi galinta caafimaadka talooyinka iyo tilmaama toosan dadkiina ugu deeqa soo gudbintooda
KA HORTAGA AYAA KA WANAAGSAN ISKA DAAWEYNTA!
by M. Farah Certificate of Achievement, COVID-19 Tackling the Novel Coronavirus
Coronavirus – Somalia: Debt relief milestone in Somalia, as World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), call for global payment suspension in light of COVID-19
The development is welcome news for Somalia – which is carrying $5.2 billion of debt – as it prepares for one-person, one-vote elections later this year
The top United Nations official in Somalia congratulated the Horn of Africa nation on Wednesday for achieving the benchmark set by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), confirming its eligibility for debt relief.
James Swan, Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Somalia (UNSOM), said that by reaching the so-called “decision point” for debt relief under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries’ Initiative (HIPC), Somalia has passed an historic milestone on its path to peace and prosperity.
“Achievement of the HIPC decision point is a major step forward for Somalia’s economic progress, allowing the country to advance towards its long-term objective of inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction,” he said in a statement.
“All Somalis can be proud of this achievement,” he added.
The development is welcome news for Somalia – which is carrying $5.2 billion of debt – as it prepares for one-person, one-vote elections later this year against the backdrop of extreme humanitarian challenges.
Some 5.2 million are in need of assistance, alongside ongoing attacks by the Al-Shabaab terrorist group and the worst locust outbreak in 25 years.
The World Bank Group and the IMF believe it is imperative at this moment to provide a global sense of relief for developing countries as well as a strong signal to financial market
Global debt relief call: World Bank, IMF
It also coincided with a call by the World Bank Group (WBG) and the IMF for all official bilateral creditors to suspend debt payments from the world’s 76 poorest countries and enable them to redirect funds towards confronting the economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic.
In a joint statement, the two Washington-based institutions also asked leaders of the G-20 leading economies to task them at their spring meetings on 16 to 17 April with assessing the impact and financing needs of each of the countries, which are part of the International Development Association (IDA).
Mr. Swan, who is also the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Somalia, said that the country’s debt breakthrough was testament to the federal authorities’ ability to manage public finances. “It also reflects strong collaboration between the Federal Government and the federal member states,” he added. “The World Bank Group and the IMF believe it is imperative at this moment to provide a global sense of relief for developing countries as well as a strong signal to financial markets,” it said.
The World Bank and the IMF established the HIPC Initiative in 1996, to ensure that no poor country finds itself in a situation in which it cannot service and manage its debt burden.
Reaching “decision point” not only confirms Somalia’s eligibility for debt relief, but also fully normalizes its relations with international financial institutions. It will also now qualify for certain types of grant financing to meet its public finance and development needs and to access private-sector financing instruments.
The second and final step after decision point, known as the completion point, would open the way for full and irrevocable reduction in debt under the HIPC Initiative.
In a press release, the IMF said debt relief for Somalia – the 37th country to reach decision point – would help it make last change for its 15 million people by allowing its debt to be irrevocably reduced from $5.2 billion at the end of 2018 to $557 million once it reaches completion point in about three years’ time.
source :Distributed by APO Group on behalf of UN News
Waxaa aynu la soconaa sida caalamku u wajahayo xaalada aan hore loo arag oo caafimaad taas oo saameyn weyn ku leh dhamaan dhinacyada nololsha ee adamiga.
Ka hortagu waa ka wanaagsan yahay daaweynta,sidaa darteed dadka Somaaliyeed waxaa la gudboon in ay si fiican u fahmaan waxaa hareerahooda ka socda sidaa darteed maanta waxaa cusubi waa caabuqa coronavirus xanuunkani oo ah xanuun cusub oo aan weli la helin talaalkiisa iyo dawooyin ku haboon.
Taasi waxay ina bartey in aanu xooga saarno yareynta fidida xanuunkan oo si fudud la iskugu gudbin karo qof ilaa qof.
Caalamka dalwalba waxaa uu sameyey qorshe ku aadan in aanu xanuunkani ku fidin dadkiisa iyo dalkiisa.
Kuwani waa talooyinka ugu haboon ee ila hada laysku raacsan yahay in lagu xakameyn karo caabuqa coronavirus :
- Caabuqani waxaa fidinayaa waa dadka sidaa darteed waa in dadku raacaan talooyinka khuburada caafimaadka iyo awaamiirta dawlada ee la xidhiidha coronavirus .
- Xidhida xuduudka dalku la lee yahay dalalka uu saameyey xanuunku si loo xadido dadka fidinaya xanuunka ee dal ilaa dalkale
- Dalka gudihiisa oo la xadido isku socodka dadka ee qof ilaa qof ah
- In kulamada oo xadidan ,labada qof waa in ay isku jiraan 2 mitre (social distance) la xidho goobaha aan muhiimka ahayn ee la iskugu yimaado sida makhaaxiyadaha iwm.
- Wacyi gelinta dadka ee ah qaabka la iskaga ilaalinayo qaadida cudurka
2) Astama lagu garan karo qofka uu haleelay caabuqu:
a) Sida ay xustey WHO calaamadaha ugu badan ee lagu garankaro Covid-19 waa qandho (fever), daal (tiredness) iyo qufac qalalan (a dry cough).
b) Waxaa kale oo bukaanka qaarkood u raaca astaaman sanka duuf leh( a runny nose),cuno xanuun (sore throat), cabud(nasal congestion) iyo xanuun( pains) ama shuban (diarrhoea).
c) Qiyaas ahaan 80% dadka uu haleelo Covid-19 caaladoodu waxay noqotaa mid fudud (mild case) si la mida duriga khatarta ah ee caadiga ah waxaayna ka bogsadaan iyaga oo u baahan daaweyn khaasa.
3) Sida WHO inoo sheegtey waxaa xanuunkani halista ugu weyn ku yahay dadkan:
a) Dadka waaweyn (eldery people)
b) Dadka xanuunadan qaba:
Dhiig karka (high blood pressure), xanuunada wadnaha (heart problems),macaanka (diabetes) ama neefsashada chronic ah (chronic respiratory).
Qaabka ugu haboon ee aad iskaga ilaalin karto qaadida iyo fidinta cudurkani waa:
- Si joogto ah u faraxalo mar kasta
- Biyo nadiif ah iyo saabuun ugu yaraan 20 seconds.
- Ka fogoow dadka kale 2 m masaafad ah
- Marka aad qufacdo ama aad hindhisto dabool sanfaga iyo afkaaga
- Waa in aad ogaa taa in cudurkani dadka ha soo galo afka,indhaha iyo sanka sidaa darteed iska ilaali in aad gacmahaaga ku taabato iyaga oo aan nadiif ahayn.
Hadaba hadii aynu dadka somaliyeed nahay waa in aynu nafteena iyo ta dadkeenaba ka badbaadinaa dhibaatada uu lee yahay xanuunkani sida ugu fiican ee aynu uga badbaadi karnaana waa:
- Inaga oo Alle (swt) talo saarano, oo aynu ka barino inuu inaga badbaadiyo cudurkan iyo kuwo kaleba
- Alleh (swt) caqli iyo cilmiba waa uu ku maneystey Adoomadiisa si aynu uga faa’iideysano nicmada balaadhan ee Alle (swt) waa in aynu si xigmad leh u adeegsanaa oo aynu ka faa’iideysanaa talooyinka dhakhaatiirta,culimada sayniska raacnana talooyinkaasi kana fogaanaa khuraafadka iyo khiyaaliga faraha badan ee dhex mushaaxayada baraha bulshada.hadii aad u baahan tahay xaqiiqada iyo kolba halkuu marayo xaalada cudurku la soco WHO website keeda iyo haydaha caafimaadka ee dalka aad ku noshahay.
Source: African Union Mission in Somalia |
The 12-day training at Kismayo Central Police Station, organized by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), was designed to improve safety and order on Jubbaland’s public roads
MOGADISHU, Somalia, March 19, 2020/APO Group/ —
Twenty-Five Jubbaland police officers have undergone training to hone their skills in traffic management, road traffic rules and regulations, road accident investigations and public order management.
The 12-day training at Kismayo Central Police Station, organized by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), was designed to improve safety and order on Jubbaland’s public roads by equipping the officers with the knowledge and tools needed to perform their duties effectively.
The training focused on management of road traffic accidents, road traffic investigations, and how to work with different partners and stakeholders in road traffic management
“The training focused on management of road traffic accidents, road traffic investigations, and how to work with different partners and stakeholders in road traffic management. We also looked at the conduct of traffic police officers, because one must be professional in order to manage traffic,” said Victor Nahabwe, AMISOM Police Training and Development Coordinator.
Lt. Col. Bashir Hiis Khalif, the commander of Jubbaland Traffic Police, said the training was important in refreshing the knowledge of the officers under his command.
“The traffic officers are already familiar with road traffic rules as they have been applying them for some time. However, they needed this training to refresh and review their traffic management skills and how best to enhance relationships with the motoring public and other road users. I am happy that they have gained new skills,” he said.
Capt. Ibrahim Mohamed Ali, a Jubbaland traffic police officer, said the training was important for improved performance of their jobs.
“This training has boosted our morale and refreshed our skills and knowledge. This will help improve performance, make us more effective as there will be changes in how we work,” he said.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of African Union Mission in Somalia.
Faysal Cali iyo Kuwo la mid ahi waa kuwa ina dhigay halkaanu joogno ee cidwaliba inoo hanjbeyso, cadawgana inoo jebiyey hadal aan run ahayn oo qiiro aan meel jirin ayuu marba caruurta la dhexjoogaa waxaa loo baahan yahay ma aha majaajilo ama komadhi ee waxaa loo baahan yahay :
Qorshe caafimaad qaba oo lagu horumariyo dadka iyo dalka Siyaasad,aqoon,daacadnimo iyo ka midho dhalin rabitaanka dadka reer Somaliland oo u baahan hogaan toosan oo aan kala qaybin balse dhisa Somaliland horumarsan oo isku duuban cadaaladana iyo sinaana kuwada nool.
by Rashiid J Farah
CDC-recommended guidelines to help stop the spread of coronavirus.
On March 15, 2020, the CDC urged that any gatherings of 50 or more people be canceled or postponed for the next 8 weeks. In a presidential address a day later, this recommendation was changed to suggest that gatherings of 10 or more people be avoided.
“Social distancing” is a term used to describe infection control actions taken by public health officials to stop or slow down the spread of a highly contagious disease. Most recently, it’s been referenced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as one of the best strategies in preventing the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19).1
The CDC defines social distancing as “remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet) from others when possible.”2 It is less drastic than quarantine or isolation, which are used for people who are suspected to be carrying the virus.
While some people may find social distancing to be a big relief—canceling business-related travel to a conference may give someone peace of mind—others find it to be a major inconvenience. Many concerts and public gatherings have been canceled due to the recommendations about social distancing.
Clearly, social distancing may be the most effective way for people who aren’t infected with the coronavirus to avoid getting it. But it does lead to some major changes in how businesses are run, public events are held, and social interactions occur.
Understanding what it means, why it’s recommended, and how to practice it can help alleviate any fears you may have.
Why Is the CDC Recommending It?
According to the CDC, coronavirus is spread mainly through person-to-person contact. It’s believed that people who are in close contact (within 6 feet of one another) are most likely to spread it. It spreads through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.3
These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of anyone nearby and may be inhaled into the lungs, which can spread the disease.
And while it’s believed that people who are the sickest are most likely to spread coronavirus, some people might spread it before they begin to show symptoms. That’s why it may be important to practice social distancing even with people who don’t appear ill.
It may also be possible to contract COVID-19 through contaminated surfaces or objects. An individual who touches a surface that has the virus on it and then touches their own mouth or nose, for example, may contract the virus.
The CDC believes COVID-19 spreads easily throughout communities. So they have recommended social distancing as a way to help stop the spread.
If individuals reduce their contact with one another, people will be less likely to pass the virus on. This can be the best way to prevent what they refer to as “community spread.”
Some examples of ways that individuals and organizations have already begun putting social distancing in place include:
- Companies establishing work from home policies
- Colleges closing down campuses
- Cancellation of mass gatherings like SXSW
- Professional sports leagues suspending their seasons
While the CDC isn’t recommending everyone take drastic measures like isolating themselves, they are advising people to take precautions, especially those who may be at a higher risk for contracting the disease.
How Does Social Distancing Help During a Pandemic?
A 2010 study published in BioMed Central (BMC) Public Health4 assessed whether social distancing is effective in slowing or reducing the transmission of influenza during an outbreak. Researchers found that workplace social distancing reduced the number of overall flu cases.
However, the study also discovered that the success rate was greater in areas where people practiced other preventative measures, such as more frequent handwashing and other strategies to keep their immune systems strong.
So while social distancing may be an important factor in preventing the spread of coronavirus, practicing good hygiene and taking other safety precautions may also be important steps in preventing the spread.
It’s important to remember that you may need a combination of safety methods in place to fight the spread of the disease as effectively as possible.
Flattening the Curve
You may have seen references in the news or on social media to the need to “flatten the curve” through social distancing. When new cases spike very quickly, hospitals and other medical facilities can be overwhelmed and unable to adequately treat everyone—including patients who are not actually dealing with the coronavirus. Such spikes are more likely when social distancing measures are not enacted quickly and early enough.
By slowing the number of new cases and stretching them out over a longer period of time—or “flattening the curve” of new cases—we can keep the number of total cases (and the number of high-risk cases) below that threshold, so that our hospitals have enough space and resources to operate as smoothly as possible during this difficult time.
How to Social-Distance in Your Own Life
The most obvious way to practice social distancing is to avoid crowded public places where close contact with others may occur. These might include movie theaters, religious gatherings, and crowded restaurants. Of course, it’s not always easy to practice social distancing.
Tips and Tricks
- Opt for online meetings rather than workplace gatherings whenever possible.
- Work from home if you can.
- Postpone major social gatherings.
- Consider video-chatting with friends and family rather than meeting in public places.
- Limit or postpone air travel and cruise ship travel.
- Stock up on vital items so you don’t have to go to stores as often.
- Order groceries from a delivery service.
- Shop online rather than in stores.
What to Do If You Live Alone
If you live alone, social-distancing may be easier for you in many ways. You won’t be exposed to as many people if you don’t have other family members coming and going. Yet it can also present some challenges for you.
You may need to ensure that you’re not becoming too isolated. Loneliness and depression can become a real problem if you don’t interact with others. So if you’ve started working from home, avoiding social gatherings, and you’re not going out as much, then make sure to monitor your mental health.
Check in with friends and family regularly so you can keep some social contact with others. Speak with them on the phone, text throughout the day, or set up video calls to ensure that you aren’t getting too isolated.
Other Times to Practice Social Distancing
Social distancing isn’t just something you should practice during a pandemic. It’s something you may want to do any time your immune system is compromised.
You might also practice it if there are other illnesses in your community. An outbreak of influenza, for example, may be reduced if people reduced their contact with one another.
Staying Calm and Positive
Staying calm during a pandemic can seem impossible. But, managing your stress and anxiety in a healthy way is important so you can make the best decisions possible.
While social distancing may seem like a drastic step to take, it’s just a precautionary measure. And if you’re practicing it, there’s still a good chance you are healthy. Otherwise, you may be placed into a quarantine situation.
Think of it as a proactive extra precaution to keep yourself and your family safe. If you have children, explain to them that you’re doing this as a way to keep everyone healthy. If you panic, your kids will likely get anxious, so make it clear that this is just another step you’re taking to help the family and the community
Key developments in the global coronavirus outbreak today include:
Global death toll nears 8,000
The number of deaths from coronavirus around the world has risen to 7,948, according to the Johns Hopkins University tracker. Infections, meanwhile, are nearing 200,000: the site says there are now 198,006 recorded cases worldwide with 81,950 patients recovered so far.
Travellers scramble to reach home
People around the world have begun racing to find a way to their home countries after nations began closing their borders, airlines cut flights and governments urged their citizens to return home. On Tuesday, Australia warned that overseas travel was becoming “more complex and difficult” and joined Canda, New Zealand, Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates in calling back its citizens.
WHO calls for aggressive action in south-east Asia
The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that some countries in south-east Asia are heading towards community transmission of Covid-19 and called for “aggressive” action to stop the spread. Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO’s regional director, said the response in the region needed to be “scaled up”. Hours later, Thailand recorded a jump in cases of nearly 20% to 212.
US death toll passes 100
The US death toll passed 100 as coronavirus reached every state. California governor Gavin Newsom warned that most schools in the state will likely remain closed for the rest of the school year – until the end of August – because of coronavirus.
Treatment hope in Japan
Shares in the Japanese firm Fujifilm have shot up after medical authorities said a drug developed to treat new strains of influenza appeared to be effective in coronavirus patients. Fujifilm, best known for its photographic products, also makes favipiravir which had produced encouraging outcomes in clinical trials in Wuhan and Shenzhen involving 340 patients, according to Zhang Xinmin, an official at China’s science and technology ministry.
More trouble ahead for financial markets
Financial markets are set for another volatile day as the selling frenzy of the past two weeks continued in Asia Pacific on Wednesday where Australia’s main index lost 6.4%. More significantly, US futures trading suggest renewed losses on Wall Street when markets open in New York later. The S&P500 is set to lose more than 5% while the FTSE100 in London is on track to dip 3.7%. This is despite a mini rally on Wall Street on Tuesday and UK chancellor Rishi Sunak’s unveiling of a £350m package to do “whatever it takes” to shore up businesses.
Non residents banned from Taiwan
Authorities have said non-residents will be banned from entering the country from midnight. The restrictions exclude diplomats and holders of alien resident certificates.
Canadian emergency spreads
Two Canadian provinces have called a state of emergency, including the country’s most populous province, Ontario. It came as British Columbia announced another 83 confirmed cases on Tuesday, bringing the province’s total confirmed Covid-19 infections to 186. Canada’s prime minister, Justin Trudeau, is expected to unveil a multibillion-dollar stimulus package on Wednesday.
Australians told to stop travelling
Australia’s prime minister, Scott Morrison, has stepped up the country’s response to the coronavirus crisis by announcing sweeping new measures to try to slow the spread of coronavirus, including a ban on indoor gatherings of more than 100 people, a global do-not-travel order, and strict new rules for visiting aged care homes. Amid continued evidence of panic-buying at supermarkets, he pleaded with people to stop hoarding, calling it “un-Australian”. Thousands of Australians have been left stranded overseas, as airlines cancel flights, and countries across the globe shut their borders entirely in an effort to contain the spread of Covid-19.
Kylie Moore-Gilbert not among prisoners released in Iran
British-Australian academic Kylie Moore-Gilbert has not been reported among the 85,000 prisoners temporarily released from Iranian jails out of fear coronavirus could sweep through the country’s overcrowded prisons.
by Martin Farrer The Guardian
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a member of the water-soluble family of vitamins. It’s required for normal growth and maintenance of most of the tissues of your body, including collagen, which is needed for healthy connective tissue and wound healing.
Vitamin C also helps your bones and teeth stay strong. It’s also necessary to make certain neurotransmitters and for protein metabolism.
Your immune system relies on vitamin C for healthy function. Plus there’s a bonus for vegetarians. Eating foods rich in vitamin C will help your body absorb more iron from plant sources such as spinach, nuts, and seeds.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Health and Medicine Division has determined the dietary reference intakes (DRI) for vitamin C. It’s based on the daily nutritional needs of an average healthy person. If you have any medical issues, you should speak with your health care provider about your vitamin C requirements.
Nutritional Needs for Men
1 to 3 years: 15 milligrams per day
4 to 8 years: 25 milligrams per day
9 to 13 years: 45 milligrams per day
14 to 18 years: 75 milligrams per day
19+ years: 90 milligrams per day
Nutritional Needs for Women
1 to 3 years: 15 milligrams per day
4 to 8 years: 25 milligrams per day
9 to 13 years: 45 milligrams per day
14 to 18 years: 65 milligrams per day
19+ years: 75 milligrams per day
Vitamin C is found naturally in fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, strawberries, peppers, tomatoes, broccoli, and potatoes. People who don’t eat enough fruits and vegetables are at risk of developing a deficiency.
Vitamin C Deficiency
A long-standing Vitamin C deficiency can result in scurvy, a serious illness characterized by anemia, skin hemorrhages (blood spots) and gingivitis (gum disease). It’s not common, but it can occur in people who are malnourished or alcoholics.
Individuals who don’t get sufficient amounts of vitamin C every day (about 75 to 90 milligrams) can suffer from any of these health problems:
- Bleeding gums
- Bruising easily
- Slow wound healing
- Weakened immune system
- Dry, rough skin
- Dry hair with split ends
Habitually eating a diet of highly processed foods with an insufficient amount of fruits and vegetables may result in a vitamin C deficiency. Since vitamin C is water-soluble, your body doesn’t store it well, so it needs to be replenished daily.
Scurvy may need to be treated with high doses of supplements, but a milder deficiency may be corrected by increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables that are high in vitamin C, especially citrus fruits, strawberries, potatoes, broccoli, tomatoes, and peppers.
Vitamin C is diminished when fresh fruits and vegetables are exposed to air or heat, so fresh/raw fruits and vegetables have more vitamin C than those that are cooked or canned.
Vitamin C Supplements
Vitamin C is an antioxidant, and it’s been recommended as a supplement for relief of colds and flu and as an alternative treatment for some forms of cancer. However, research hasn’t provided sufficient evidence for these recommendations. Although some studies have indicated that people with some types of cancer have lower blood levels of vitamin C than the general public, there’s no evidence that taking vitamin C supplements reduces your risk of cancer.
You can probably skip the supplemental form; you’re better off eating more fruits and vegetables. They’re rich in vitamin C, and they have other beneficial compounds you won’t find in a typical dietary supplement.
But, if you really think you need the supplements, avoid megadosing vitamin C. Taking large amounts of supplemental vitamin C may result in diarrhea or loose stools. The Institute of Medicine established 1,800 to 2,000 milligrams per day as the upper tolerable intake level.
Source : Verywell Fit is part of the Dotdash publishing family
Arinkaasi ma aha mid xun ee waa talaabo wanaagsan marka aynu ka eegno dhinaca wanaaga,balse ma aha mid guul laga gaadhayo xaalada jirta awgeed, tijaabadii ugu horeysey ee mudane Abiy Ahmed qaaday waxay ahayd tii bisha 10 Feb 2020 , 33rd AU Summit kolkii lagu jirey, markii uu madaxweynaha Somaliland ku marti qaadey dalkiisa si uu Madaxweynaha Somalia isku arkaan halkaasi oo uu iskugu keenay labda madaxweyne xafiiskiisa, waxaa ka dambeyey hadal hayntii in Madaxweynaha Somaliya iyo Abiy Ahmed oo wada socdaa Hargeysa imanayaan.
John F. Kennedy ayaa laga hayaa hadalkan
The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining. John F. Kennedy
Markaa Mudane Abiy arintaa oo ahayd isku day iyo tijaabo natiijada ka dhalata lawada sugayey waxay wajahdey in dib looga noqdo qorshaahasi waayo wax badan baa ka horeeya dayac tirka saqafka waayo maba hayno iftiinkii qoraxda taasi waa mida fashishay qorshahaasi,keentayna in dadka reer Somaliland dareen cadho leh ka muujiyaan hindahaasi.
Talaabadaa iyo dareenkaasi shacabka iyo qaar ka mida siyaasiinta waxgaradaka Somaliland ka muujiyeen qorshahaasi waxay noqoneysaa mid dad arinta(Somaliland iyo Somalia) si sahal ah u arkey ay dareemeen culeyska arintan iyo in wakhtigan xaadirka ah xal salka ku haya midow labaad oo labadii wadan ee midobey 1 July 1960 fari ka qodneyn oo loo bahan yahay xal kale oo aan ahayn midow iyo isku soo noqosho hawl yar.
AAN MIDOWNO MARKALE EE MAXAA KULA MIDOWNAA SOMALIYA MARKALE?
Ugu horeyn midnimadii Somaliya Somaliland waxaa keenay rabitaanka shacbigii Somaliland ee may ahayn mid qasab iyo xoog ay Somalidii konfureed ku qabsatey.
Tan labaad Somaliland markii dawladii Somaliya 1991 bilowgiisii ay burburtey a yey mar labaad la soo noqotey xoriyadeedii iyada oo waxgarad,siyaasi,odey aqoon yahan iyo siyaasiba lawada socdey inta badan wakhtigaasi.
Midowgii iyo ka bixidii labaduba waxay ku yimaadeen sifo sharci ah oo ka yimi shacabka Somaliland. Sida caadiga ah hadii laba dal ay ku midowbaan si rabitaan ah waxay kukala baxaan si nabad ah Tusaale
Egypt iyo Syria waa ay midobeen si wada jira iyaga oo la baxay the United Arab Republic Caasimadana ka dhigtey Cairo 1958 ilaa 1961 waxaana midowgaasi ka baxay Syria.
Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxay u kala guureen laba jaho oo kala duwan Somaliland waxay dhisatey qaran hana qaadey waxayna ku dadaashay iyada oo caawimo buuran ka helin caalamka in ay dhameys tirto dimoqraadiyad casri ah oo caalamka mucjiso ku noqotey nebedgelyada,kobaca dhaqaalaha xoriyada qowlka,soo dhaweynta somalida dhibaateysan ee ka soo cararey dagaalada,abaaraha iyo nolol xumada iyo qoxootiyo barakacayaal kale oo ka yimi yamen iyo dalalka kale ee jaarka la ah Somaliland.
Somaliya waxay noqotey hoyga nabadgelyo darada,qaraxyada, kala go’o ah maamulo kala duwan,budhcad badeedka iyo meel ay ku tartamaan quruumo kala duwan oo dano kala duwan leh,waxaa aan jirin dimoqraadiyad dad lagu soo doortey ilaa hada lama hayo hal qof iyo hal cod,waxaa amaanka gacanta ku haya ciidamo ajanabi qaramada midowbey ayaa dusha ka ilaalisa,sidaa darteed uma arko dal haysta xoriyad dhameystiran waa dal ku hoos jira gacanta bulshada caalamka kolkaa side ayey suuro gal u tahay dal aan amaankiisa la ilaalinayo oo bulshada caalamku gacanta ku hayo in uu u xukumo dal la soo noqdey xoriyadiisii ciidamo suga abnigiisa leh ilaashada cirkiisa dhulkiisa iyo badiisa maamula dhulkiisa aaney jirin ciidamo shisheeyo oo amaankiisa ka masuula hadaba su’aashu waxay tahay
Aan midowno markale ee maxaa kula midownaa somaliya?
Jawaabtu waa maha maanta arin banaan balse somaliya dhismo ayey u baahan tahay Somaliland sii ambo qaadka dal xoog dhaqaale iyo cudud ciidan ayey u baahan tahay mustaqbalkana Alle og wixii dhici balse midow dambe ma muuqdo ee Somalinimada iyo walaalnimada aan wada ilaashano ololaha keliya ee furani fursadan waa laba dal oo walaalo ah oo iska kaashada wax badan taasi wax aan ahay guul laguma gaadhi doono.
Dadka Somalidu meel ay joogaanba waa dad walaalo ah,waana dad aan lahay farqi dhinaca qowmiyada ah,waa dad isku diin af iyo dhaqanaba ah oo aan waxba ku kala duwaneyn.
Waxaa kala qaybiyey gumeystayaashii reer yurub iyo xulufadoodii la fikirka ahayd,arintaasi waxaa mid ay la wadaagaan caalamkii la gumeystey oo dhan oo kala qaybin iyo isku qabin lagu sameeyey wakhtiyadii gumeysiga taasi waa marxalad taariikheed oo qaabeysey qabka khariirada caalamka iyo juqraafiyada siyaasadeed u qabeensan tahay.
Somaliya waxaa loo qaybiyey 5 qaybood oo kala ah:
- Somaliland oo Engiriisku maxyiyad u ahayd
- Somaliya oo Talyaanugu gumeystey
- Djibouti oo France siisku gumeystey
- Somalida Kelinka 5 aad oo Itoobiya gumeysatey
- NFD ama Somalida Kenya oo kiiniya gumeysatey
Somaliya marka laga hadlayo ama shanta Somaliyeed waa Shantaa oo mid walba taariikhdeeda calankeeda iyo muwaadiyiinteeda lee dahay.
Intii Madaxweynaha Somaliland loo doortey Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi waxaa isbedel ku yimi Siyaasadii Afrikada Bari guud ahaan taasina waxay saameyn ku yeelatey siyaasada Somaliya guud ahaan(shanta Somaliya).
Isbedel aan sii qorsheyney dhinaca adamiga ayaa ku yimi dalka aynu jaarka nahay ee Ethiopia ka dib markii raysal wasaare loo doortey Mudane Abiy Ahmed Cali oo dhashay 15 August 1977. Siyaasi ka soo jeeda qoomiyada Oromo.
Sida aan qabo Abiy Ahmed oo ka mid ahaa ciidamada Xooga Difaaca Ethoipa (Ethoipian Defence Force) laga soo bilaamo 1991 ilaa 2010 kana gaadhey derejada Lieutenant Colonel,
In mudo ahna ka mid ahaa kuwa intelligent iyo isaga oo dhinaca aqoonta maadiga ah ku daadaaley ilaa uu ka gaadho derejada Ph.D.
Sidaa darteed waxaa uu ku dadaalay markii uu noqday raysawasaaraha Ethiopia in uu siyaasadii dalkiisa ku sameeyo dib u habeyn dhinacayada dimoqraadiyada,nabadgelya,arimaha bulshada,dhaqaalaha iyo siyaasada arimaha dibeda. Biseylkiisa siyaasadeed wuxuu keeney in uu door bido in wanaag waxba lagu dhameeyo oo dhinaca dalalka jaarka la ah dalkiisa Wuxuu la hashiiyey Eritrea oo mudo 20 sano colaadi ka dhaxaysey taasina waa ta saamaxdey in Abiy uu ku guuleysto Abaal gudka 2019 Nobel peace prize . Dalkiisa waxaa uu u wadaa dhinaca horumarka waxaana uu fahan san yahay dhibaatada gobolka,sidaa darteed Somaliland oo xuduud dheer la leh dalkiisa nabadgelyada ka jirtaana tahay mid Ethiopia iyo dalalka bariga Afrikaba dani ugu jirto ayuu isku dayeyaa in Somaliya oo xaaladeeda amaan aad u liito gobolka Afrikada bari iyo Qaarada Afrika iyo Caalamka khatar kaga imanayso inuu isku soo dhaweeyo,oo qayb ka qaato dib u heshiin iyo xal u helid arimahooda.
Arinkaasi ma aha mid xun ee waa talaabo wanaagsan marka aynu ka eegno dhinaca wanaaga,balse ma aha mid guul laga gaadhayo xaalada jirta awgeed, tijaabadii ugu horeysey ee mudane Abiy Ahmed qaaday waxay ahayd tii bisha 10 Feb 2020 , 33rd AU Summit kolkii lagu jirey, markii uu madaxweynaha Somaliland ku marti qaadey dalkiisa si uu Madaxweynaha Somalia isku arkaan halkaasi oo uu iskugu keenay labda madaxweyne xafiiskiisa, waxaa ka dambeyey hadal hayntii in Madaxweynaha Somaliya iyo Abiy Ahmed oo wada socdaa Hargeysa imanayaan.
John F. Kennedy ayaa laga hayaa hadalkan
The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining. John F. Kennedy
La soco qaybaha dambe………
Dadka reer waqooyiga ahi(Somaliland) 26 June 1960 kii ayey Xornimadooda qaateen afar Cisho ka dibna 1 July 1960 waxaa Xoroobey dadka reer Konfureedka ah isla Maalintaasi ayaa lagu dhawaaqay midowgii labada gobol waxaana la dhisay qarankii ugu horeyey ee Somaliyeed oo ka kooban labadaa gobol.
Arini sidii ay doonto ha u dhacdee nuxurka tabashada dadkii reer waqooyigu waxay bilaabantey 1961 markii sida taariikhda lagu sheegay koox ciidamadii Somaliya oo Saraakiil waxbaratey u badnaa ay sameeyeen kacdoon ay ku rabeen in isku darkii labada gobol lagu kala baxo balse taasi may suura gelin,ee waxaa jeelka loo taxaabey saraakiishii hogaamineysey kacdoonka.
Wareysi Cabdilahi koonko oo ka waramaya inqilaabkaa ay sameeyey iyo sidii loola macaamilay ka dib.
Sida ay xaqiiqadu tahay markii horaba waxaa midnimada doonayey waxay ahaayeen dadka reer waqooyiga ah reer koonfureedku diyaar umay ahayn iney sameeyaan dawlad salka ku haysa labadii dal ee midoobayey balse waxay ay iska qaateen hadyadii xoriyada ee ay sideen siyaasiintii jibeysnaa ee waqooyiga oo iyaga oo qiireysan uun dawlad iyo dal dhan gacanta ka geliyey.
Bal aynu dhegeysano waraysi idaacada BBC du la yeelatey siyaasiintii Somaliland ee iyagu hormoodka u ahaa bulshada reer Somaliland wakhtigaa.
Aragtida uu ka qabo muwadinkani wixii dhacay iyo waxa soo socda
Hadaba iyada oo aan la soo koobi Karin tacadiyadii dadka reer waqooyigu kala kulmeen dawladihii kala dambeyey ee midnimada Somaliya welina aan la xaliyin aaney muuqana garawsiiyo rasmi ah iyo tanaasulaad u muuqda walaalo is jecel oo raba in ay dib u midoobaan ayaa hadana dad u ololeenayaan midnimo dambe oo caadifad ah midnimadu ma aha mid xun balse waxaa ka horeeya isla xisaabtan iyo cida ay dani ugu jirto horta uma arko midnimo la mida tii 1 July 1960 kii in ay tahay mid dan u ah labadii midowbey balse waxaa loo bahan yahay in dib looga fikiro khaladadadii ka dhashay midnimadii hore iyo cida masuuliyadeeda leh ugu horeyn tan labaad hadii midnimo la arabo oo Somalida Konfureed dhab ka tahay waxaa la gudboon in :
1- la baabiiyo federalka hada jira iyo qaabka uu u dhisan yahay
2- In lagu saleeyo federalka labadii dal ee koonfurta iyo Waqooyiga
3- In gudi madax banana loo saaro tacadiyadii dawladihii kala dambeyey ee Somaliya u geesatey dadkii reer Somaliland kuwaas oo ah naf iyo maalba dawlada Somali iyo dawladihii lahaa hubka iyo taageerada mulateri ee lagu xasuuqay shacabka Somaliland qaataan masuuliyada tacadiyadaa diyaarna u noqdaan magdhow iyo cadaalad marin cidii ka dambeysey ee masuuliyadeeda lahayd.
Arimahaasi kore ku xusun waa kuwo u baahan in siyaasiinta konfurtu hormood ka noqdaan hadii waxa ay sheegayaan ee midnimo dhab ka tahay oo ay manta yidhaahdaan markii hore walaalayaal idinka ayaa midnimada somaliya dhaliyey oo keenay manta waa door kayagii ee waxaanu idiin wadnaa qodobada 1,2 iyo 3 si wax looga qabto.Balse Somaliya oo dhanba way burburtey oo meel walba fawdadu way ka dhacdey waa marmarsiiyo lagu duudsiyayo wixii ka dhacay Somaliland oo lagu yareysanayo arintaasi waxaa fure u ah su’aashan:
Somaliland ama goboladii waqooyi ee Somaliya waxaa ka dhacay xasuuq ay geesatey dawladii markaa oo masuulka ka ahayd dalka iyo dadka Somaliya balse dagaaladii ka dhacay burburkii dawladii Somaliya waxa dawlad ah oo jirtey ma jirin sidaa darted waa dood jilicsan in la isbarbardhigo labadaa dhacdo ee kala duwan si loogu qaldo dadka aan garaadka fog lahayn.
Sidaa darted midnimo cidii jecel waxaa la gudboon in horta xisaabta ku darsato midnimo ma xumee horta wixii dhacay ayaa ka horeyeeya oo la xaliyo ayaa ka horeeya erey ga midnimo oo afka baarkiisa iyo qiiro,caadifad dan koox shaqsi iyo dalal shisheeyaba ah somaliduna Waxay ku maalmaahdaa : MAR IDAGE ALLE HA DAGO MAR LABAAD IDAGE SE ANIGA AYAA IS DAGAY.
Sidaa awgeed Midnimada hore ayaa naloogu xasuuqay oo tijaabinay khayrna kala maanu kulmin kala tagana waanu tijaabinay oo waa taa caalamku nagu majeeranayo,nabada iyo horumarka dimoqraadiyada iyo wada jirka umada Somaliland isjecaylkooda oo sii xoogeystey taacliinta jamicadaha,ganacsiga xorta ah dimoqraadiyada iyo xoriyad xolka intuba waa kuwo ka turjumaya Somalilandta cusub.
Beryahan dambe ee uu horumarka sameyey social media oo weliba qiimiha dhinaca lacagta ee internet ku aad u jaban yahay ama free ba yahay waxaa caalamka la kowdeydey dad adaagsada magacyo kala duwan iyo xilal kala duwan oo iskaga hadla waxa ay doonaan ee ku soo dhaca afkooda iyaga oo aan ogeyn in qofku wuxuu ku hadlo ama uu qoraa ay mudo dheer ku keydsanandoonto qalabka farsamadacasriga ah .
Markhaatiga koobaad ee kugu furaya markhaatiguna yahay waxaa aad gelisay internet ka.Sidaa darted wax fudud ma aha hadal ama qoraal aad si sahal ah u gelisay baraha internet ka caalamka.
Defender patrol boats combine an unmatched ability to conduct high-speed maneuvers in a compact deployable package
DJIBOUTI CITY, Djibouti, February 28, 2020/APO Group
Four Defender patrol boats arrived in port at Djibouti City, Djibouti, in two shipments in late February as part of a train-and-equip partnership between the U.S. Department of State and the Djiboutian military.
They are used extensively by the U.S. Coast Guard and other Department of Homeland Security agencies
The 27-foot boats were delivered to the Armed Forces of Djibouti (FAD) on February 22 for use by the Djiboutian Navy.
Defender patrol boats combine an unmatched ability to conduct high-speed maneuvers in a compact deployable package. They are used extensively by the U.S. Coast Guard and other Department of Homeland Security agencies.
The delivery, facilitated by U.S. Embassy Djibouti, U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Naval Forces Africa, and Combined Joint Task Force—Horn of Africa, reflects the enduring security relationship enjoyed by the United States and the Republic of Djibouti.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Ambassade des États-Unis en Djibouti.
USAID and its partners will also strengthen the capacity of Ethiopian civil society organizations and political parties to respond to the needs of all Ethiopians more effectively
WASHINGTON D.C., United States of America, February 28, 2020/APO Group
Today, the United States and the National Elections Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) signed a memorandum of understanding for a new $30.4 million program to support the upcoming national elections. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission Director Sean Jones and NEBE Chairwoman Birtukan Midekssa jointly unveiled the new USAID Ethiopia Election and Political Processes Program, which will help strengthen the capacity of NEBE officials to organize, administer, and conduct free and fair elections.
These elections belong to the Ethiopian people and we are proud to be welcomed as a partner in supporting free and fair elections
Under the partnership, U.S. support will utilize technology and leverage the reach of the Ethiopian media to educate the public about elections, while ensuring greater transparency and promoting meaningful participation among all citizens in the political process—with a focus on women, youth, and other traditionally marginalized groups. USAID and its partners will also strengthen the capacity of Ethiopian civil society organizations and political parties to respond to the needs of all Ethiopians more effectively.
“These elections belong to the Ethiopian people, and we are proud to be welcomed as a partner in supporting free and fair elections, and ensuring that the voices of Ethiopians in every corner of the country are heard as this country continues its remarkable journey,” said USAID Ethiopia Mission Director Sean Jones.
The USAID Ethiopia Election and Political Processes Program is implemented by the Consortium for Election and Political Process Strengthening (CEPPS), which includes the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), Internews, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), and the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA).
Source: U.S. Department of State
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of U.S. Department of State.
Waxaynu maqalnaa beryahan ugu dambeyey ereyo soo noqnoqda oo la lee yahay wada hadalo Somaliland iyo Somaliya ayaa la bilaabayaa iyo arimo ku xeeran .
hadaba si aynu u fahano somaliya iyo Somaliland dhibtooda iyo taarikkhda labada dal waxaa muhiima in aynu diirada saarno dhowr arimood ka hor inta aan la bilaabin in laga wada hadlo oo la isla garto in loo gogol xaadho oo loo diyaar garoobo wada hadal midho dhala oo bisil oo aan ku dhisneyn dano gaar ah iyo wakhti kooban oo u muuqda kaga gudubka marxalada kooban iyo wakhti gaara oo ka dhashey fikir qof iyo tiro yar oo danahooda u arkey in ay qadiyadan kaga faa’iideysan karaan arin markaa taagan.
ARINTA KOWAAD EE BILOWGA WADA HADALADA
Waa fahanka in la isla fahmo in Somaliya iyo Somaliland ahayn dal qudha balse ahaayeen laba dal oo ku midoobey si rabitaan ah oo iyaga oo laba dal iyo dawladood oo xora isku biirey 1 July 1960, sidaa awgeed ay tahay in diirada la saaro oo la dirso midowgii labada dal wuxuu ahaa mid ay ku midoobeen labadii Somaliyeed ee Talyaniga iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska ka qaatey xoriyadooda 1 July 1960 iyo 26 June 1960 taariikhdaasi ayaa laga bilaabayaa wada hadalada marka intaa laysla fahmo oo macnaheedu yahay horta ma isla qirsanahay in aynu ahayd laba dal oo midoobey mise waxaynu nahay hal dal oo kala go go aya sida laga yaabo in dad badani oo aan taariikhda waxba ka ogeyn ama isdiidsiinayaa ku marmarsoodaan una eekeysiiyaan haldal oo qudha oo imika uun noqdey Somaliland iyo Somaliya tusaale ahaan Sida Puntland,Konfur galbeed Somaliya Jubaland iyo kuwo la mida ah ee dawlad goboleedyada federaalka Somaliya oo abuurmay wixii ka dambeyey
Shirkii shan iyo tobnaad ee dib u-heshiisiinta qaran ee Soomaaliyeed (SNRC) . laguna qabtay magaalada Nairobi dalka Keenya bishii September 2003.
Hindisaha in shirkaan la isugu keeno Soomaalida waxaa lagu taageerey shir madaxeedkii urur goboleedka IGAD ee 2003 waxaana taageeray Midowga Afrika, Jaamacadda Carabta iyo Qaramada Midoobay balse Somalidaa laysku keenayey waxay ahayd uun Somalidii Talyanigu xornimada siiyey 1 July 1960. Heshiiskii shirkaasi Somaliland Qayb kamey ahayn kuma ay jirin Waxaa shirka lagu heshiisiiyey dawladii Carta iyo golaha SRRC, waxaana la sameeyay dhaqdhaqaaq cusub oo qaran looguna magacdaray Dawladda Federaalka Kumeel gaarka ah (TFG). Waxaana shirkii lasoo gabagabeeyay iyadoo lagu guuleystay qorista rasmiga ah ee axdi qarameed federaal ku meel gaar ah.
Sida aan qabo Isfahan waaga iyo jahawareerka ilaa imika arinta Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxaa u sabab ah qaabka dhismahaasi oo ahayd in beesha caalamka ee dawlad federal u yagleeleysey in ay ahayd in ay taageerto ugu horeyn in Somali dib u heshiinteeda laga soo bilaabo 26 June 1960 waayo taariikhda Somaliya xoriyadeedu tahay ka bilaabanaysaa 26 June 1960 iyo wixii ka dambeyey sidaa darteed Somalida la heshiisiinayey ee wakhtigaa dagaalameysey ee dawlada loo dhiseyey waxay xaqiiqo ahaan ku koobneyd Somalidii Talyaanigu xoriyada Siiyey 1 July 1960 kii.
Taas waxaa kuu cadeynaya Somaliland wakhtigaa waxay lahayd dawlad rasmi ah oo maamusha Somaliland tii xorowdey 26 June 1960 kii, balse caalamku iska dhego tiray talooyinkeedii.
Taasi waa tan keentey in dawladii konfurta loo sameyey iyada oo ka faaiideysaney qaynuunka caalamiga ah inay ku doodo in ay iyadu masuul ka tahay dhamaanba xuduudadii Somaliyadii midowdey 1 July 1960, iyada oo iska indho tireysa xaqiiqda iyo waaqiciga ka jirta Somaliya,beesha caalamkuna ka gaabiyeen in ay runt aka sheegaan xaqiiqada ah kala duwananshaha waaqiciga ah ee Somaliland iyo Somaliya arintana lagu xaliyo in Somaliland la siiyo madax banaani aan rasmi ahayn oo ay arimaheeda si ku meel gaadha ugu maamulato inta Somaliya federalka loo sameeyey ka hano qaadeyso dawlad shacbiga cod ku dhisteen oo leh dawlad ku kooban koonfurta Somaliya oo ku meel gaadha.
Talaabadaasi ka dib ayaa loo hawlgelilahaa wada hadal dhaba oo labadii dal ee midoobey 1 July 1960 kii loogu sameenayo heshiis iyo xal laga gaadho siduu noqondoono mustaqbalka labada qaran taas oo ku iman karta rabitaanka dadka labada gobol iyo wanaaga labada umadood oo lagu dhiso kalsooni laba shacab.
Sidaa darteed waxaa loo bahay yahay.
Maxaa ka dhacay Somaliya Mudadii ay midnimada ku wada jiriin Somaliya iyo Somaliland khayr iyo shar dhib iyo dheef taas oo loo diyaariyo xeel dheerayaal aqoon durugsan u leh amuuraha ku xeeran arinta labda dhinac ee nabadgelyo,bulsho,dhaqaale, caafimaad sharci iyo xuquuqda adamiga.
Oo ah dhisid gudiyo farsamo oo diyaariya jewi lagu wada hadlo iyo mawduucyada laga wada hadlayo kuwey yihiin iyo cida ka qaybgelysa ee mateysa wada hadalada marka la bisleyo.
Gudiyadani waxay noqon karaan
- Gudi ka socota Jamhuuriyada federalka ah ee Somaliya
- Gudi ka socota Jamhuuriyada Somaliland
- Gudi ka socota boqortooyada Ingriiska iyo Dalka Talyaaniga oo ah labadii dal ee gumeysan jirey
- AU,UN, Ururka Dunida Islamka iyo Jamicada Carabta iyo dalalka kale ee daneeya arimaha geeska.
Labada gudi ee kala mataya Somaliland iyo Somaliya waa kuwa darsaya qaabka ugu haboon ee natiijo looga dhalin karo wadahadalo dhexmara somaliya iyo Somaliland boqortooyada Ingiriiska iyo Talyaniguna waxay ka taageerayaan macluumadkii xorinimada iyo taariikhdii ay kala lahaayeen
Qaybta kale ee AU,UN, iyo Bulshada caalamiga ee kalana waxay ka qayb qaadan karaan isku ergeynta iyo isku soo dhaweynta arimaha laysku mariwaayo
Waxaa aan qabaa dalalka Itoobiya Kenya iyo Jabuuti in ay wadahadalada aaney qayb ka noqon ilaa wejiga inta la dhameystirayo qaybyooyinka wada hadalada si faragelinta dalalka jaarka la ah labda dhinac loo xadido.
Gudiyadaasi hadii ay noqdaan kuwo karti aqoon,daacadnimo iyo awood u leh hawsha baxadaas leh, diyaariyana cida uGu dambeysa ee soo gunaaneyseysa heshiis laba dhinac ah najiitada ka dhalankartaa wada hadalka noocaas ah waa laba arimood mid kood:
- Midow dambe oo hashiis lagu yahay qaabkuu noqonayo iyo sida loo midoobayo
- Kala tag walaalo is jecel oo heshiis lagu yahay
Labadaa arimood labaduba waxay guul u noqon kartaa labada dhinac balse ma jirto cid ku qasaaridoontaa ii ay noqotaba.
Arintaa kowaad oo aan sidaa xal looga gaadhin ma jiridoonto wadahadalo guul ku dhamaandoona waayo waxaa muhiima in wada hadalka lagu saleeyo taariikhda labada dal ee midoobey 1 July 1960 lana derso sidii uu wadahalku u guuleysan lahaa balse anaa ku xukuma oo caalamka ayaa I aqoonsan waa riyo maalmeel aan meel gaadhsiisney.Sida ay riyada u ahayd Farmaajo oo madaxweyna ah baa Somaliland lagu soo dhaweenayaa oo booqasho ku imanaya arin aan daraasad ba u baahneyn oo xitaa 10 jirku ku qosli karo fikirka nocaas ah iyaa lagu hagaajin karaa wixii kala geeyey dabadii Somaliyeed maya.
Sheekhu wuxuu mudan yahay in lagu daydo waana geesi runta iyo wanaaga astaan u ah.
Taariikhda ayaa xusidoonta kaalintii nabadeedta Somaliland ee uu hormoodka ka ahaa isaga iyo intii kale ee howsha la wadeyba.
“Whilst the internet enables us to communicate quickly, easily and with a wide group of people at the same time, it also makes it easier to spread hateful opinions and material, seemingly with relative anonymity and little control.
………….Online content – on websites, social networks and chatrooms – can also be unlawful when it threatens or harasses a person or group of people. If this hostility is based on any of the above mentioned or disability, it its considered to be a hate crime, whether it comprises words, pictures, videos or music”.
Akhristow beryahan dambe waxaa batey qoraalada aan laga taxadirin ee fidmada looga dhex abuurayo bulshada Somaliland dhexdeeda taas oo hadii aan sharciga wax lagaga qaban isku dirka dadka walaalaha ah ay keeni doonto dhibaatooyin hor leh iyo is nacayb bulshada dhexdeeda ah.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee waxaa loo bahan yahay in looga digo dadka qoraalo aan laga baaraan degin ku soo qoraya baraha bulshada kuwaas oo
Dhibaato u keeni kara dadka leh baraha lagu baahiyo wararka oo aan masuuliyadeeda ka baxsan Karin sidaa darteed
Waxaa muhiima in la is xasuusiyo waxa ka dhalan kara fidmada ay keeni karto haydaha nabadgelyada,iyo kuwo xaquuqal caalamku raali kama ah in la abuuro isnacayb bulsho,iyo isku dir midna dumuqraadiyadana kama mid ah in dagaal sokeeyo oo dano gaara laga lee yahay loogu soo gabado xoriyatal qowlka iyo isku dirka dadka Somaliland ee haduun ka soo kabanaya dhibaatadii loo geystey shirci ogolina ma Jiro in la isku diro dad walaalo ah oo nabad kuwada nool hadaba waa laga marmaan in dadka Somaliland iska jiraan isku dirka dhexdooda ah ee loogu gabanayo adeegsiga social media yaha.
Sidaa darteed dawaladaha geeska afrika iyo yurub mareykanka iyo kanadaba waxaa la gudboon in wixii sharciga caalamiga ah iyo kan dawladaha ee gaarka ahba loogu wargeliyo dadka dabka ku shidaya arimaha Somaliland ee gudaha iyada oo la og yahay xasuuqii dawladii Somaliya ka geesatey Somaliland oo ilaa hada hal qofna loo maxkamadeen tacadiyadii halkaa ka dhacay taasina ay keen tay in maanta la yidhaado saxbey ahayd in dadkaa la xasuuqo.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee hayaha xuquuqda adamiga ee Somaliland waxay ku fashilmeyn iney dabagalaan habeeyaan lana kaashadaan haydaha caalamiga ah dambiyadii xasuuqa eek a dhacay Somaliland .
Yusuf garaadna waxaa looga baahan yahay in uu dhameystiro warbixintan cadeeyana ujeedada uu ka lahaa iyo wakhtiga ay dhacdey sabata oo ah warbixintani uma muuqato mid dhab ah oo nin suxufi ahi qorey sida yusuf garaad oo kale,balse waxaa looga baahan yahay in uu cadeeyo in uu isagu qorey iyo in kale.
Akhristow warbixintani waa tan ee akhriso waxaa soo saartey hadhwanaagnews.com ee la soco:
Yuusuf Garaad Oo Warbixin Uu Soo Bandhigay Kaga Hadlay Xasuuqii SNM Ka
Gaysatay Boorama Iyo Dilla
Borame waxaa ku goobtay colaad laba jiho ka haysata, dad ku soo jabay oo ka soo qaxay magaalooyin kale siiba Hargeysa iyo Gebiley, Qaxooti ka yimid Ethiopia oo xeryo magaalada bannaankeeda ah ku sugan iyo jilaal adag oo daba dheeraaday.
Colaaddu waxay ka socotaa laba jiho. SNM waxay badiyaa ka soo weerartaa dhinaca Bari. Beel kale oo inta badan ay xulufo ahaan jireen reer Borame, Goblka Awdlana ay wada yaallaan, ayay dhowr jeer isku laayeen dhinaca woqooyi taas oo markii dambe keentay in ay kala qaxaan labada beelood. Isku dhaca labadan beelood, Borame waxay markaas ku eedeyneysaa saameyn SNM.
Colaaddu waxay ka socotaa laba jiho. SNM waxay badiyaa ka soo weerartaa dhinaca Bari. Beel kale oo inta badan ay xulufo ahaan jireen reer Borame, Goblka Awdlana ay wada yaallaan, ayay dhowr jeer isku laayeen dhinaca woqooyi taas oo markii dambe keentay in ay kala qaxaan labada beelood. Isku dhaca labadan beelood, Borame waxay markaas ku eedeyneysaa saameyn SNM…………….
Sunday February 23, 2020 – 14:19:55 in News by G. Good
Madaxweynaha Somaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdilahi Farmaajo ayaa Mar uu khudbad u jeedenayey Garsoorayaasha Dalkiisa waxaa uu yidhi : https://youtu.be/jl5bb7n2OOw
Ma xuma in laga garaabo wixii dhacay oo madaxweyne Somaliyeed oo xil hayaa ka bixiyo raali gelin balse kuma filna arintu hadal af laga yidhaa ee waa arin u baahan in
- Baadhis madax banaan lagu sameeyo gudi caalamiya oo khuburo ahna loo xilsaaro
- Waa arin u baahan in Dabilayaashii galay dambiyada ka baxsan adaminimada ee si toosa u geystey xasuuqa oo la hayo cadeymo ku filan maqal iyo muuqaal markhaatiyo goobjooga hadana ku sugan meelo badan cadaalada la horkeenaa oo uu madaxweyne Farmaajo kow ka noqdaa dadka wax ka qabanaya maxkamada Dalka iyo kuwa caalamiga ahba u gudbinaya
- Masuuliyiintii amarada ku bixiyey in lagu duqeeyo hubka lidka diyaaradaha ee culus iyo diyaaradaha dagaal ka ee magaalooyinka hargeysa,gabiiley Burco iyo ceerigaabo in kuwo nool iyo kuwii dhinteyba lagu qaado waxay geesteen oo kuwo noolna ay maraan cadaalada
- Ku wixii keenay Calool u shaqaystayaasha koofur afrika ee Soo kireyey si ay u xasuuqaan dadkii shacabka ahaa eek u noolaa Gobolkii waqooyi galbeed iyo caasimada Hargeysa in iyagana la baadhaa oo maxkamada caalamiga ah iyo kuwo dawlada federalka ee Somaliya u soo jaraan warano lagu soo qabanayo .
- In Dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya joojisaa tacadiyada iyo dagaalka ka dhanka ah ee ay ku hayso Somaliland aqoonsataana in Somaliland iyo dawlad goboleedad Somaliya aaney isku mid ahayn ee Somaliland tahay dal la midoobey Somaliya sidaa darteed ay xaq u lee yihiin in ay ka noqdaan midowgii si taas looga wada hadlana Somaliya xooga saarto dhismaha dawlad goboladeeda Somaliland na lagu ixtiraamo rabitaankeeda loona halgalo in Somaliya iyo Somaliland wada hadlaan wakhtiga ku haboon ee Somaliya dhameystirato dhismaha federalkeeda tan macnaheedu wuxuu yahay
- Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxay ku midoobeen 1 July 1960 kii si walaalnimo ah oo weliba Somaliland aaney wax shuruud ah iyo gorgortana la gelin Somaliya midowgaasi muu ahayn mid afti dadweyne ku yimi wuxuu ahaa mid siyaasiyiintii labada gobol hashiiskooda ku yimi sidaa darteed dadweynaha Somaliland Afti laga qaadey ma jirin wakhtigaas
- 18 May 1991 Somaliland waxay ku dhawaaqdey in ay ka noqotey midowgii labada Gobol ee 1 July 1960 kii go’aanka ka noqoshadana waxaa gaadhey siyaasiintii Somaliland iyo odayadii dhaqanka,wax garad kale taasi waxay u dhigantaa in ay ku filan tahay in nasakhdii midowga
- Somaliland waxay sameysatey Dastuur qaran oo ku yimi rabitaanka shacabka.
Somaliland dustuurka wuxuu yimid kadib markii howlaha dib u heshiisiinta si dheer oo hagar li’ah loogu hawlgalay. Dajinta Dastuurku waxay soo martay saddex marxaladood oo isdaba yaala: Axdi Qarameedkii oo ay ansixiyeen shirweyne gaar ahi 1993kii, oo uu ku xigey ansixintii Dastuurkii ku meelgaadhka ahaa ee 1997kii iyo ugu dambayntii Dastuurkii oo la ansixiyey 2000kii, laguna hirgaliyey Afti Qaran oo la qaaday 31kii Meey 2001.
Somaliland waxa kalooy samaysatay hab-maamul dimuquraadi ah oo waxa si guul leh loo qabtay tan iyo 2002dii ilaa maanta halka aan Somaliya weli laga qaban hal doorasho ooh al qof iyo hal cod ah xitaa dawlad gobaleed yada Somaliya federalka ahi midna kuma dhisana cod dadka toos looga qaadey ee waxaa ay ku yimaadeen doorasho hab qabiil ay u soo xuleen odayo dhaqameedyo barlamaano ay keenen.
Intaas oo dhami waxay cadeyn u yihiin in Somaliland ka daruuf duwan tahay Somaliya sidaa darteed beesha caalamka iyo Dawlada faderalka ah ee Somaliyaba waxaa ku waajib ah in ay Somaliland ku ixtiraamaan dawladnimadeeda iyo shuruucdeeda farahana kala baxaan hagardaameynta arinta Somaliland na aaney ahayn mid la barbardhi karo Xubnaha dawladaha gobeelyada Somaliya ee ka mid ah dawlada federalka ah .Arintaa Caalamku waa og yahay balse waxaa kaalinteeda gabey waa xukumadihii kala dambeyey ee Somaliland oo aan siyaasad cad ka lahayn arimaha la xidhiidha kala noqoshada Somaliya iyo Somaliland sidaa darteed ay qadiyada Somaliland ee xidhiidhka caalamiga ahi hoos u dhacdey markey Somaliland garteeda naqsan kariweydey maahmaah Soomaliyeed ayaa tidhaahda NIN AAN HADLAN HOOYADII QADISAY
Sidaa darteed Somaliland waxaa hagradey Dawladihii kala dambeyey,xisbiyada siyaasada aqoon yahankeeda iyo ganacsatadeeda balse taa macnaheedu maha aha xuquuqda,dimoqradiyada iyo rabitaanka dadka reer Somaliland waa lagu duudsiyi oo lagu afduubin waxaaney raali ka agahay Farmaajana waxaa looga fadhiyaa in uu taloobo hore u qaado oo uu kala garto Somaliyada federalka ah iyo Somaliland farqiga u dhaxeeya iyo waxaa ay wadagaan balse aanu ku fikirin Somaliland waa dawlad goboleed ka mid ah federalka Somaliya balse xaqiiqada u noqdo Somaliland iyo Somaliya iney ahayeed laba dal oo midoobey hadana kala baxay balse u baahan in la xaliyo tabashooyinka kala kaxeeyey si walaalnimada labada dal loo horumariyo,si ay ku gaadhan go’aan ka ugu dambeya ee noqon kara iney midowgoodii soo celiyaan ama ay laba dal oo walaalo ah oo jaara noqdaan oo is kaashada taasi weyi ta loo bahan yahay.
Waad Mahadsantiin Dhamaan
M J Farah
Madaxweynaha Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi waxaa aan ku tilmaami karaa Siyaasi bisil oo garanaya aqoona u leh marxalada maanta aduunku marayo,waa waayo arag u soo Joogey waayo badan.
Markaa Ciyaarata caruurta socod baradka ah ee gegeda siyaasada lagu ciyaaro ee caalamka kubad salaxan loo soo dhigay markey is haleelaan Muuse oo isagu Ciyaarta ku soo bartey Garoonkii farajare ee Sharabaadada maryaha lagu buuxiyey ku soo ciyaarey in badana cagu dhiigeen sidii uu ugu ciyaareyey garoon aan loogu talagelin in lagu carbiyo ciyaartooy balse ay ka soo baxaan ciyaartooy ku soo dhug bartey farajare kuwaas oo u dhigma ciidamada Kamaandowska loo yahaan ee aan soo jeedsan.
Umaleyn maayo waayo aragnimada Muuse Biixi ee dhinaca arimaha Siyaasada in la helayo gees Afrika cid uga horeysa balse waxaa la helayaa kuwo la mid ah:
- Muuse Biixi waa Madaxweynihii Somaliland ee ugu horeyey ee Dawlada Federalka Somaliya ka oohiya taariikhda intii Dawladii somaliya duntey Waa markii ugu horeysey ee dawlada Somaliya dawlad kale Xidhiidhka u Jarto( dawlada Gini)
- Xukuumada Somaliya Waxay geed dheer iyo mid gaaban ba u fuushey sidii Xukuumada Somaliland ee Muuse Biixi Madaxweynaha ka yahay inqilaab qorsheysan ku dumiso oo ay adeegsato dhaqaale,Diblamaasiyad iyo faragelin dhinac walba ah waayo waxay og yihiin in Xukumada Muuse Biixi la xisaabtayso hadhaagii Kacaankii 21 Oktbor ee uu hogaaminayey Siyaad Bare.
- Farmaajo Siyaasadiisa waxay ku Jahaysan tahay Afar qabiil oo ka mida kuwa Somaliyeed kuwaas oo uu ugu ciilqabo dhicitaankii xukuumadii Siyaad Bare kuwaas oo kala ah:
- Qabiilka Majeerteenka oo uu aaminsan yahay in ay sabab u ahaayeen in Dawladii Siyaad Bare dadka ku kiciyeen si ay xukunka uga tuuraan
- Qabiilka Isaaqa oo uu aaminsan yahay in iyaguna horseedeen in ay Xukunkii Siyaad Bare ilkaha ka gureen
- Qabiilka Hawiyaha oo uu ugu ciil qabo sidii ay isku kabaraaciyeen Jarna uga tureen
- Iyo Qabiilka Ogaadeenka oo uu Ku haysto Waxay garbadii uu saarnaa ka tureen Xukuumadii Siyaad Bare.
Sida ay aaminsan yihiin dad badani Madaxweyne Farmaajo wuxuu ka turjumayaa fikirkii buugii uu qorey eek u saleysnaa Cayda iyo cambaareynta Qabiilooyinka Somaliyeed qaar ka mida iyo difaacidii uu difaacayey Dawladii Siyaad Bare.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee Madaxweyne Biixi wuxuu kaga guuleystey Farmaajo waa waayo aragnimada iyo daacadnimada dalkiisa Somaliland.
Farmaajana wuxuu xaasidnimo iyo cadaawad uu u qabo guud ahaanba dadka reer Somaliland iyo Somalida kalaba wuxuu geed dheer iyo mid gaabanba u fuuley sidii uu u soo nooleylahaa xasuuqii Adeerkii 1988 kii ilaa 1991 uu ku hayey dadka Somaliyeed kaas oo uu isagu xooga saarey dagaal dhinaca dhaqaalaha ah xitaa xoolihii arafadii dhaweed loo dhoofinayey Saudiga farmaajo iyo Xukuumadiisu waa kuwii isku dayey iney is hortaagaan.
Waxaa aan maqaalkan waxaa uu Jawaab u yahay Maqaal u muuqda in farmaajo soo qoray oo ku soo baxay hadhwanaagnews.com ciwaankiisuna yahay
Col. Muuse Biixi aqoon ku filan ma u leeyahay ka miro dhalinta hamiga Guud ee reer Somaliland
Waxaa aanu u aragnaa in nacayka muuse Bixxiye iyo Wadaniyada aynu kala barano cadowga Somaliland wuxuu neceb yahay Somaliland horumarkeeda balse ma neceb Muuse biixi shaqsiyan waayo waxay og yihiin in Muuse Biixi shaqsi yahay oo wuu iska tegeyo balse Somaliland waa qaran jiraya oo mar walba hogaamiye Somaliland ahi hogaamin doono.
Waa Qoraalkii Rashiid Jamac
Waxaa aan u mahad naqayaa hogaanka.org oo wax weyn ka qora qadiyada Somaliland si cilmiyeesana uga faaloodaa xaalada kolba jirta waxaan lee yahay guuleysta hogaanka.org group
Waa Qoraalkii Rashiid Jamac
Verna Yu in Hong Kong
The death of a whistleblowing Chinese doctor who was punished for trying to raise the alarm about coronavirus has sparked an explosion of anger, grief and demands for freedom of speech among ordinary Chinese.
Li Wenliang, 34, died in the early hours of Friday local time after he was infected during the fight against the outbreak, said Wuhan central hospital, where he worked, in a statement.
Li warned colleagues on social media in late December about a mysterious virus that would become the coronavirus epidemic and was detained by police in Wuhan on 3 January for “spreading false rumours”. He was forced to sign a police document to admit he has breached the law and has “seriously disrupted social order.”
“They owe you an apology, we owe you our gratitude. Take care, Dr Li,” said a Weibo post from Xiakedao, an account under the overseas edition of Communist Party People’s Daily.
“Good people don’t live long, but evil lives for a thousand years,” said another post mourning Li’s death, with a candle emoji. An image also posted on Weibo showed a message, “farewell Li Wenliang”, carved into the snow on a riverbank in Beijing.
His death crystallised the outrage and frustration felt across China over the initial cover-up of the deadly virus. On Friday, China’s social media was awash with posts expressing immense anger and grief.
Li’s death became the top top-read topic on China’s microblogging site Weibo overnight on Friday, with more than 1.5bn views, and was also heavily discussed in private WeChat messaging groups, where people expressed outrage and sadness.
Even blog posts from state media outlets mourned his death and issued veiled attacks on the Wuhan authorities who censured him.
In Li’s last blog post on Weibo, China’s Twitter like microblog, on 1 February, Li poignantly wrote: “The test results come out positive today. Everything is settled. It is confirmed.”
Li was one of eight people who were detained for “spreading rumours” about the deadly disease’s outbreak – the fates of the other seven, also believed to be medical professionals, are not known.
Images of Li were ubiquitous on Weibo and messaging app WeChat; a last photo of him lying on his hospital bed wearing a breathing mask; a pencil sketch of Li; a photo of the humiliating police warning document on which he signed “I understand” to admit “spreading false rumours” along with images of candles and white flower.
Many posts referenced his “confession”, with people posting photos of themselves wearing surgical masks emblazoned with the words: “I don’t understand”.
The outpouring of grief quickly turned into demands for freedom of speech, but those posts were swiftly censored by China’s cyber police. The trending topic “#we want freedom of speech” had nearly 2m views on Weibo by 5am local time, but was later deleted. It was replaced by #we demand freedom of speech”, which was also censored. The phrase “#Wuhan government owes Dr Li Wenliang an apology” also attracted tens of thousands of views before it too disappeared.
Caixin, a Beijing-based financial publication, posted a black-and-white selfie of Li wearing a mask with the title “A healthy society shouldn’t have just just one voice: Novel Coronavirus whistleblower Li Wenliang dies”.
In its Weibo post, the Economic Observer, a state-affiliated financial newspaper, demanded the vindication of all of the Wuhan “rumour mongers”.
“Dr Li is telling us [through his death] what kind of future we will face if we lose the ability to express ourselves. In the eyes of the people, Dr Li was the hero who bravely told the truth,” the post said. “Wuhan [authorities] should vindicate them and pursue those who abused their powers to suppress the ‘rumour mongers’.”
Elsewhere, posts from ordinary Chinese people continue to direct their outrage towards the authorities.
“You and I both know that the ones who killed were not bats,” said one. “The virus has infiltrated those people high up,” said another. “Those who won’t let you speak won’t let you live either,” fumed another.
Johnny Lau, a veteran China watcher and former journalist at Beijing-backed Wen Wei Po, said Li’s death has become an emotional flashpoint amid the tight control of speech under Xi Jinping’s rule.
“Here is a doctor with a conscience … people on the frontline have been sacrificed but the officials have not been held to account,” he said. “It is an example of how evil has triumphed over the good.” He said the quick deletion of posts demanding speech freedom has aroused further anger.
“The authorities are anxious that his death would trigger a huge wave of anger, so felt the need to maintain stability and suppress people’s voices,” he said. “But this has aroused further pushback.”
Sarah Cook, a senior research analyst and China Media Bulletin Director at Freedom House, said the public outcry over Li looked “widespread and unified”, but it still unclear how big a turning point it could be.
As many inside China seethed, the death toll inside the country passed 630, with more then 31,000 people infected. Another 41 people on a cruise ship quarantined off Yokohama in Japan tested positive for the virus.
Australia became the latest country to advise any citizens inside China to leave as soon as possible. On Friday, North Korea recorded its first confirmed case of the virus.
Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MDon February 18, 2018
Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological disorders and mental distress through the use of verbal and psychological techniques. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client tackle specific or general problems such as a particular mental illness or a source of life stress.
Depending on the approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. However, almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors.
Psychotherapy is increasingly viewed as a distinct profession in its own right, but many different types of professionals engage in psychotherapy regularly. Such individuals include clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers, mental health counselors, and psychiatric nurses.
Types of Psychotherapy
When many people hear the word psychotherapy, they immediately imagine a patient lying on a couch talking while a therapist sits in a nearby chair jotting down thoughts on a yellow notepad. There are actually a variety of techniques and practices used in psychotherapy. The exact method used in each situation can vary based upon a variety of factors, including the training and background of the therapist, the preferences of the client, and the exact nature of the client’s current problem.
Some of the major approaches to psychotherapy include:
Psychoanalytic Therapy: While psychotherapy was practiced in various forms as far back as the time of the Ancient Greeks, it received its formal start when Sigmund Freud began using talk therapy to work with patients. Some of the techniques commonly used by Freud included the analysis of transference, dream interpretation, and free association. This psychoanalytic approach involves delving into a patient’s thoughts and past experiences to seek out unconscious thoughts, feelings, and memories that may influence behavior.
Behavioral Therapy: When behaviorism became a more prominent school of thought during the early part of the twentieth-century, techniques such as different types of conditioning began to play an important role in psychotherapy. While behaviorism may not be as dominant as it once was, many of its methods are still very popular today. Behavioral therapy often uses classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and social learning to help clients alter problematic behaviors.
Humanistic Therapy: Starting in the 1950s, the school of thought known as humanistic psychology began to have an influence on psychotherapy. The humanist psychologist Carl Rogers developed an approach known as client-centered therapy, which focused on the therapist showing unconditional positive regard to the client. Today, aspects of this approach remain widely used. The humanistic approach to psychotherapy focuses on helping people maximize their potential. Such approaches tend to stress the importance of self-exploration, free will, and self-actualization.
Cognitive Therapy: The cognitive revolution of the 1960s also had a major impact on the practice of psychotherapy, as psychologists began to increasingly focus on how human thought processes influence behavior and functioning. Cognitive therapy is centered on the idea that our thoughts have a powerful influence on our mental well-being. For example, if you tend to see the negative aspects of every situation, you will probably have a more pessimistic outlook and a gloomier overall mood. The goal of cognitive therapy is to identify the cognitive distortions that lead to this type of thinking and replace such thoughts with more realistic and positive ones. By doing so, people are able to improve their moods and overall well-being.
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy: The approach known as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addiction, depression, and anxiety. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors. This approach involves changing the underlying thoughts that contribute to distress and modifying the problematic behaviors that result from these thoughts.
Formats of Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy can also take a number of different formats depending on the style of the therapist and the needs of the patient. A few that you might encounter include:
- Individual therapy, which involves working one-on-one with a psychotherapist.
- Couples therapy, which involves a therapist working with a couple to help improve how the two function in their relationship.
- Family therapy, which centers on improving the dynamic within families and can include multiple individuals within a family unit.
- Group therapy, which involves a small group of individuals who share a common goal. This approach allows members of the group to offer and receive support from others, as well as practice new behaviors within a supportive and receptive group.
Some Things to Consider Before You Try Psychotherapy
There are a number of issues or concerns for both therapists and clients. When selecting a therapist, consider whether you feel comfortable divulging personal information to the therapist. You should also assess the therapist’s qualifications, including the type of degree he or she holds and years of experience.
People who provide psychotherapy can hold a number of different titles or degrees. Some titles such as “psychologist” or “psychiatrist” are protected and carry specific educational and licensing requirements. Some of the individuals who are qualified to perform psychotherapy include psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, licensed social workers, and advanced psychiatric nurses.
When providing services to clients, psychotherapists need to consider issues such as informed consent, patient confidentiality, and duty to warn. Informed consent involves notifying a client of all of the potential risks and benefits associated with treatment. This includes explaining the exact nature of the treatment, any possible risks, costs, and the available alternatives.
Because clients frequently discuss issues that are highly personal and sensitive in nature, psychotherapists have a legal obligation to protect a patient’s right to confidentiality. However, one instance where psychotherapists have a right to breach patient confidentiality is if clients pose an imminent threat to either themselves or others. Duty to warn gives counselors and therapists the right to breach confidentiality if a client poses a risk to another person.
How Effective Is Psychotherapy?
One of the major criticisms leveled against psychotherapy is one that calls into question its effectiveness. In one early and frequently mentioned study, psychologist Hans Eysenck found that two-thirds of participants either improved or recovered on their own within two years, regardless of whether they had received psychotherapy.
However, in a meta-analysis that looked at 475 different studies, researchers found that psychotherapy was effective at enhancing the psychological wellbeing of clients. In his book The Great Psychotherapy Debate, statistician and psychologist Bruce Wampold reported that factors such as the therapist’s personality as well as his or her belief in the effectiveness of the treatment played a role in the outcome of psychotherapy. Surprisingly, Wampold suggested that the type of therapy and the theoretical basis of the treatment do not have an effect on the outcome.
How to Know If You Need Psychotherapy
While you might realize that psychotherapy can help with life’s problems, it can sometimes be difficult to seek help or to even recognize when it is time to talk to a professional.
One key thing to remember is that the sooner you seek assistance, the sooner you will start to experience relief. Instead of waiting until your symptoms get out of control, you should consider getting help as soon as you start to recognize that there might be a problem.
Some key signs that it might be time to see a psychotherapist include:
- The issue is causing significant distress or disruption in your life. If you feel that the problem you are facing interrupts a number of important areas of your life including school, work, and relationships, it may be time to see if psychotherapy can help.
- You are relying on unhealthy or dangerous coping mechanisms. If you find yourself dealing with your problem by smoking, drinking, overeating, or taking out your frustrations on others, seeking assistance can help you find healthier and more beneficial coping strategies.
- Friends and family are concerned about your well-being. If it has reached a point where other people are worried about your emotional health, it may be time to see if psychotherapy can improve your psychological state.
- Nothing you have tried so far has helped. You’ve read self-help books, explored some techniques you read about online, or even tried just ignoring the problem, yet things just seem to be staying the same or even getting worse. Just remember that you don’t have to wait until your problems become so overwhelming that coping seems impossible. Help is available and the sooner you reach out, the sooner you’ll be back on track to a healthier, happier state of mind.
Choosing a Therapeutic Technique and Therapist
If you feel that you have a problem that might benefit from psychotherapy, your first step might be to discuss your concerns with your primary care physician. Your doctor may begin by first ruling out any physical diseases that might be contributing to your symptoms. If no other cause can be found, your doctor may then refer you to a mental health professional that is qualified to diagnose and treat the symptoms you are experiencing.
Your symptoms often play a role in the type of treatment and type of therapist you choose. If your doctor suspects that you are experiencing problems that might require the use of prescription medications in addition to psychotherapy, he or she may refer you to a psychiatrist. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who can prescribe medications and has specific training in the treatment of psychological and psychiatric conditions.
If your symptoms suggest that you might benefit from some form of talk therapy without the addition of prescription drugs, you may be referred to a clinical psychologist or counselor.
Referrals from friends and family members can also be a great way to find a therapist who can help you address your concerns. Psychotherapy is very much both an art and a science, however. If things do not seem to be working, or you just don’t seem to “click” with your current therapist, do not be afraid to seek out other professionals until you find someone with whom you can connect.
As you evaluate any psychotherapist, consider some of the following questions:
- Does the therapist seem professional and qualified?
- Do you feel comfortable sharing your feelings and experiences?
- Do you like the therapist’s conversational style?
- Are you satisfied with the extent of your interaction with the therapist?
- Does he or she seem to understand what you are feeling?
Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial policy to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
- Smith, M.L. What Research Says About the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy. Psychiatric Services; 2006.
- Eysenck, H. J. (1957). The effects of psychotherapy: An evaluation. Journal of Consulting Psychology. 1957;16: 319-324.
- Henrik, R. (1980). The Psychotherapy Handbook. The A-Z handbook to more than 250 psychotherapies as used today. New American Library; 1980.
- Wampold, B. E. The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings. Routledge; 2001.
Aubrey Allegretti, political reporter
© Other Boris Johnson struck a gong as the UK left the EU at 11pm on Friday. Pic: 10 Downing Street Boris Johnson will roll out the tough talk as he reveals his demands for a post-Brexit trade deal with the EU.
The prime minister is expected to say in his first speech since the UK left the bloc that he wants no alignment between the two sides.
That could mean full customs checks on goods crossing the border into Britain after continuity trade rules stop on 31 December 2020.
Despite the commitment, Mr Johnson will pledge that current standards on food hygiene, workers’ rights and environmental protections will not be lowered.
He is expected to declare on Monday that “no achievement lies beyond our reach” and repeat a pledge to simultaneously make progress on trade deals with other countries including the United States, Australia and Japan.
With the EU, he will announce plans to push for a Canada-style agreement that would scrap most tariffs on goods traded between the two countries while maintaining sovereignty.
But the prime minister will suggest if that does not fly then he will not give concessions to win greater market access and instead pursue a more limited Australia-style deal instead.
A Downing Street source said: “We are fully independent and our approach to a free trade deal will not be bound by our previous obligations.
“Nor will we agree to obligations which the EU has not required of other countries which it has signed comparable free trade deals with.”
As Mr Johnson makes his speech on Monday, Brussels will also publish its negotiating mandate for the next stage of talks which will last up to 11 months.
The EU is pessimistic about the short timetable for reaching a deal and made clear that Britain will have to accept worse terms and conditions for trade than if it were still a member of the EU.
European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen said: “We want to have the best possible relationship with the United Kingdom, but it will never be as good as membership.”
The UK left the EU on Friday and is now in a “transition period” where it remains in the single market and customs union, follows EU law and continues paying into its budget.
This will end on 31 December 2020.
W/Q: Cali Cabdi Coomay
Astaamaha Lagu Garto Qarannimo-diidka Soomaalilaan
Cadowga qarannimo-diidka ku caan baxay waa laba nooc guud ahaan. Mid waa mid toos u caddaystay oo aan hoosaasin kuula imanayn. Kan ugu khatarsani waa mid aan hore looga dareemin cadaawada, oo u eekaanaya kolba meesha uu marayo sidii jirjiroolaha. Wuxuu iska dhigaa mid aaminsan qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan, hasayeeshee waa munaafad aan weligii aaminin Soomaalilaannimada. Wuxuu inta badan ku meeraystaa meelaha ay Soomaalilaan-tu dhaliisha ka leedahay, aakhirkana wuxuu quus ka muujiyaa sidii ay u sii jiri lahayd qaddiyaddu, waana halka uu u socday. Dhawr tilmaamood ayeynu kooxdaasi ka bixin doonaa:
= Wuxuu ku doodaa in beelaha darifyadu aanay qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan intooda badani aaminsanayn
= Wuxuu carrabka ka dhawraa ku dhawaaqidda SOOMAALILAAN, oo wuxuu yidhaahaa WAQOOYI iyo KOONFUR
= Shaqo la’aanta gudaha Soomaalilaan ayuu u aaneeyaa inay keentay gooni-isu-taaggu
= Ku dhawaaqistii Soomaalilaan 18/5/1991 ayuu dood ka keenaa oo uu yidhaa looma dhamayn, beelaha qaarkood ayaanay cidi ka joogin
= Wuxuu inta badan ku dhex jiraa dhallinyarada ugu badan Soomaalilaan ee ku dhashay Soomaalilaannimada, si uu ra’yigooda u beddelo.
= Wuxuu aad ugu dheeraadaa haddii ay Soomaalidu midowdo in barwaaqo ceegaagta cagaha lala geli lahaa, oo Itoobiya la iska celin lahaa
= Doodaha Soomaalilaan ugu qarnaqsato inay la soo noqoto qarannimadeedii ka luntay 1960, ayuu hoos u dhigaa oo yidhaa adduunka meello badan ayaa la isku xasuuqay oo waa laga heshiiyey markii ay dawladdii wax xasuuqday meesha ka baxday
= Wuxuu buunbuuniya shakhsiyaadka aqoonyahanka ah ee adduunka ku kala sugan ee ku caan-baxay Soomaalilaan-diidka. Waxaanu col daahood go’ay la yahay shakhsiyaadka aqoonyahanka ah ee adduunka ku kala sugan ee qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan aamisnan
= Waxa badan safaradiisa Muqdisho iyo Turkiga oo wuxuu ka qaybgalaan shirarka loo qabto burburinta Soomaalilaan.
= Dhaqaale ahaan wuxuu ku tiirsan yahay lacagaha Soomaalilaan lagu burburinaayo, oo isaga oo aan meelna ka shaqayn ayuu hudheellada kala beddelaa. Kolba goob cusub ayuu tagaa si uu afkaarta sumeysan ee Soomaalilaan-diidka ah ugu fidiyo.
= Wuxuu ku tasbiixsadaa kelmadda, SOOMAALIYEED, SOOMAALIYEED, SOOMAALIYEED. Isaga oo carrabka ka dhawraya SOOMAALILAAN, SOOMAALILAAN.
= Wuxuu ku doodaa 30 ayeynu bilaa ictiraaf ahayn wixii ka dambeeya sidan kuma sii jiri karno. Wuxuu meesha ka saaraa in adduunku aanu aqoonsanayn dalka Taywaan oo ay dawlad ahayd muddo 60 sanno ah.
Cali Cabdi Coomay
Suxufi, Qoraa ah.Hargaysa, Soomaalilaan.
by: Olivia Balsamo 17 hours ago
As the World Health Organization mulls whether to label the widening coronavirus outbreak a global public health emergency, an expert warned that the crisis is only “at the beginning” — but people can help protect themselves with one simple step.
Chinese health officials are rushing to contain an outbreak of coronavirus that originated in the city of Wuhan and has infected at least 4,500 people, claimed the lives of at least 100 others, and is slowly popping up in other countries.
Laurie Garrett, a Pulitzer Prize-winning science writer, told Yahoo Finance that despite swelling panic over the spread of coronavirus, people should be “realistic” about the infection and the protections they employ against it.
“One of the smart ways to approach thinking about ‘how do you protect yourself,’ is to ask, well, when somebody here in the office has a common cold, and they’re sneezing all over the place, how do you make yourself not get the cold?” asked Garrett, the author of “The Coming Plague,” a book about emerging deadly diseases.
“Social distancing; that’s step number one. Keep your distance from other people” in order to avoid contracting or spreading an infection, Garrett told “The Final Round.” Cleanliness and personal hygiene is also of utmost concern, she added.
“For yourself, think of your hands as your number one problem: anything you touch that’s a common surface,” the author said, explaining that the same principle governs why people are discouraged from sharing utensils or cups.
“Here, in New York City, we think about the subways, we think about how we move around in the city; the answer, if you’re nervous, is wear gloves. Then take your gloves and wash them at night,” Garrett said. “If it’s socially required to shake hands, wash your hands afterwards.”
China infections ‘out of control’
Over in China, the situation is growing dire. Millions in and around Wuhan are currently on lockdown, with worried citizens creating long lines to test for the virus.
Yet despite the nation’s best efforts, local governments are overwhelmed by the sudden outbreak, Garrett said — and the growing number of travel advisories and bans are adding to the jitters. Both Hong Kong and Russia on Tuesday imposed bans on travelers from mainland China as they scramble to contain new infections.
“What we haven’t seen a lot of secondary transmission outside of China, except in Hong Kong. We have five cases in the United States that we know of, but they’ve not given it to someone else,” Garrett told Yahoo Finance.
“So it’s, so far, relatively controlled. But what’s going on in China is out of control,” she warned.
The disease has drawn comparisons to the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak of the early 2000s, but experts say the coronavirus is different.
Garrett said that “…unlike SARS, which only is contagious when you have a fever, this one seems to be contagious when you don’t even know that you’ve been infected, and the incubation time is much longer.”
While SARS only took three to five days to incubate, the coronavirus “is going out ten days. That means that, potentially, individuals are contagious to others for ten days, without knowing it, traveling about and doing whatever they do with their daily life and infecting so many other people.”
The author also argued that official numbers are “grossly underestimating” the true toll of infections.
“They have a lag time in testing people; they don’t have enough test kits; they have lines around the block, in Wuhan, of people trying to get tested,” says Garrett. “It’s wholly backed up.”
Olivia Balsamo is a producer for Yahoo Finance.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo are in Eritrea for talks with President Isaias Afwerki aimed at strengthening ties in the Horn of African region.
The three are due to hold talks in Asmara on a “wide range of issues.”
“I will be meeting with my brothers, the leaders of Eritrea and Somalia. President Isaias Afwerki, President Mohammed Abdullahi and I will discuss on a wide range of issues. As always, I am certain our dear and welcoming city of Asmara will make our stay delightful,” PM Abiy said on Twitter.
Relations between Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea have continued to grow since PM Abiy rose to power in March 2018.
Since taking over the Prime Minister’s position, Abiy made peace with Eritrea to end years of conflict, a feat that earned him worldwide praise and contributed to his Nobel Peace Prize win in 2019.
The Ethiopian leader has met with President Afwerki severally both in Addis Ababa and in Asmara.
By Jamal Ali Hussein
The intensive military civil war had officially broken out in May 1988 when Barre bombarded Hargeisa and other northern cities. Less known is what precipitated the government’s bombing. What happened was this: a month earlier, in April 1988, Siad Barre had signed a so-called peace accord with Ethiopia. Their agreement required each country to terminate support for the other’s opposition parties. In other words, Ethiopia would no longer provide safe harbor for the SNM. Barre thought this would be the end of the SNM.
There is a Somali proverb that says ‘Do not dig a malicious hole, but if you do, do not make it deep, you never know you might end up being in the hole yourself ‘ (God haddimo ha qodin, hadaad qodidna ha dheereyn, ku dhici doontaana mooyee). That’s exactly what happened to Barre. By moving to oust the SNM from Ethiopia, he essentially began digging a big hole into which he himself would eventually fall. Because once the SNM were no longer welcome in Ethiopia, they moved into northern Somalia, attacking Barre’s regime in major cities such as Hargeisa and Burao.
In retaliation, the government sent air force pilots to shell Hargeisa to destruction. Because the SNM was comprised primarily of members of the Isaaq clan, the regime also took retaliatory actions against civilians in cities and towns in the north who might be Isaaq.
In fact, when the civil war had first broke out in the north and more than 160 foreigners had evacuated, the Somali government had issued an ultimatum. The workers were either to return to the war zone in the north or leave the country. Western donor nations condemned such an ultimatum, and The European Economic Commission had protested the order, and called it “astonishing.” As a result, the government’s threat had actually backfired, revealing them as powerless.
Sometimes it was not even clear anymore who was fighting whom. Mayhem and chaos had taken over. Several dozen people had been killed in heavy fighting between government troops and an armed gang who’d attacked a fuel depot in a northern Mogadishu. Security forces had made many arrests, and ambulances were carrying wounded soldiers to the government hospital. The next week, eight policemen were killed in an ambush, sending heavily armed police officers to search areas in Mogadishu for arms and explosives. Western embassies and most foreign aid organizations had by now evacuated all nonessential staff.
In a desperate move, Barre’s government announced they were legalizing political opposition groups for the first time in 17 years. The SNM rejected this offer as a ploy. With USC attacking Mogadishu in the South, the SNM had been preparing for its last offensive attack in the north.
In the consequent days, the SNM continued their attacks and seized major northern cities: Hargeisa and Buroa. When General Aideed and the USC heard about the capture of the north they were encouraged to intensify their battle. Collapse was imminent now. A stream of refugees had been pouring out of Somalia into both Ethiopia and Kenya, some of them highly placed military and political figures. Two-thirds of Mogadishu’s approximately one-million inhabitants had fled during the fighting.
By now Washington had cut ties with Siad Barre under a pressure from Congress, which had cited Mr. Barre’s brutal treatment of civilians who belonged to clans other than his own. Washington reduced military and economic aid to Somalia virtually zero over the two years before Barre’s departure. But the legacy of arms donations by the two superpowers continued to have a major impact.
Due to the arms donations from The United States and before that, the Soviet Union, civilians were able to buy rifles and mortars in the markets of the city. And in the days before Mr. Barre fled, the president’s forces had been indiscriminately shelling the city, killing thousands of people.
Four days after SNM’s capture of the north, on January 27, 1991, the USC declared control of Mogadishu. Siad Barre was said to have been forced to flee his palace. One report confirmed that he’d fled in a tank just 15 minutes before the troops stormed in. Another report said he’d fled to his well-fortified bunker near the capital’s airport. Had Siad Barre, who had once had a vision for a united Somali, ever expected this day would come? No one could imagine the shame he was feeling. As a Somali proverb says: the restless foot comes across trouble. [lit: shame] (Cagtii joogsan weyda marbay ceeb la kulantaa). Barre had become much too restless for too long a time and now he was in trouble.
The USC made an address on Radio Mogadishu. We are now in charge, they said. Siad Barre is no longer in control. The sky over Mogadishu was filled with tracer bullets as armed USC and other rebels all over the capital celebrated their victory. Very soon after their address, intense fighting and looting started in the city. When a BBC interviewer asked a British pilot, Murray Watson, one of the few Westerners still stationed in Mogadishu, whether there were many dead bodies in the streets due to the intense shelling that had been going on, Mr. Watson replied that “there are not so many bodies. . . because dogs have eaten most of them.” Unfortunately, we can all learn a lot from this story.
General Guulwade waxaa uu ku jeesjeeshayaa dambiyo dagaal oo ay ahayd in lagu qaado isaga iyo kuwo kale oo badan balse dawlada federalka ee Somaliya waxay sii holcinayaa nabaro dhiigii ka da’aayo oo hayadiihii la xisaabtami lahaa guulwade iyo qayrkiisa iyagu isku maqan sida xisbiyada guuldareystey ee UCID IYO WADANI HAKANA REEBIN KULMIYE SADDEX AAN IS DHAAMIN IGA DHEH!
Cabdiraxmaan Guulwadde haduu yidhi xasuuqii laggu gumaaday ciidmadii dawladii soomaaliya ee isir ahaan somaliland kasoo jeedey , caruurtii ,waayeelkii iyo dadwaynihii,isla markaana uu deedafeeyey xaquuqda maytidaa xaqdaradda laggu laayey, wuu hagaagsanaa laba sababoodba .
1- Marka horrebe Guul-wadde wuxuu ka mid ahaa Taliskii gaystay gumaadkaa ee gacan ku dhiiglaha ahaa .
2- Marka labaadna wuu hagaagsanaayoo wuxuu la hadlayay kuwii Prof sheeganayay ee maalintii dhawayd sheegayay in ay u hiloobeen meeshii waxaasi joogaan , waxaanu ina tusayay aqoonta iyo garaadka kuwaasi u hiloobeen .
W/Q: Axmed Nuur Guruje.