(MENAFN – Somali Land Sun) Somalilandsun- Upon his recent visit to Hargeisa the United Kingdom envoy to Somaliland and Somalia Ambassador Ben Fender revealed optimism for the country.
The British envoy that met and held talks with president Muse Bihi, opposition parties of Wadani and UCID chiefs, elders’ mediation committee and Non State Actors wrote in his official twitter account
UK Diplomats with Somaliland President Bihi in Hargeisa
Quote- Seeing old friends in Hargeisa. Positive talks on elections (and much else!) with the President, opposition, Chief Justice, Mediation Cttee and civil society. Clear that there is very wide support for the Cottee’s proposals. Hope all sides can help turn them into reality. Unquote
The envoy who also visited the marginalized Gaboye Clan in Dami estate Hargeisa had this to say in the same twitter account
Quote- Listening to elders and young people from the Gaboye community in Dami, Hargeisa. A humbling reminder of the hardships faced by some minorities, their resilience and desire to contribute, and the need for truly inclusive development.-Unquote
UK Diplomats Stuart Brown, Amb Fender with Somaliland elections elders mediation team in Hargeisa
Ambassador Ben Fender was accompanied in all his functions in Hargeisa by his embassy’s senior representative in Somaliland Stuart Brown.
Despite the optimism by the UK diplomat on final resolution of the election dispute courtesy of a contested National elections commission composition just as other foreign diplomats especially from the wrest have done the situation remains bleak.
UK envoy to Somaliland and Somalia Ben Fender with Gaboye children in Hargeisa
Somaliland maxaa sababey in aan wax talo ah lagaga yeelan shirarka isbahaysiyada ee quseeya mandaqada bada cas iyo afrikada bari?
Jawaabta su’aashi waxay u baahan tahay jawaab salka ku haysa aqoon,cilmi baadhis iyo daraasad dheeraada oo salka ku haysa xaqiiqo dhab ah iyo xogogaalnimo dhab ah oo ay ku haboon tahay in ay ka jawaabaan dawladaha ay khuseyso arintani iyo hayadaha u qaabilsan siyaasada arimaha dibeda oo ay Somaliland na ka mid tahay.
Balse jawaabtaydu waa mid salka ku haysa aragtideyda shaqsiga ah iyo aqoonteyda dhinaca siyaasada iyo xidhiidhka caalamiga ah,taas oo aan ku eegayo uun sida ay ila muqato iyo waxaa aan u arko iney sabab u yihiin arimahani waxaa ku eegaynaa laba arimood oo kala ah doorka Somaliland iyo doorka dawladaha gobolka bada cas iyo bariga Afrika.
I-Somaliland iyo Xidhiidhada Caalamiga ah
Somaliland ma aha dal ku cusub taariikhda iyo Juqraafiyada siyaasadeed ee caalamka balse waa dal ka mid ahaa 1884 markii gumeystayaasha reer yurub soo galeen gar ahaan boqortooyadii ingiirku ay la galeen heshiis odayadii Somaliland ee wakhtigaa dalka ka talinayey heshiiskaas oo dhexmaray boqortooyada ingiirka iyo madaxdii Somaliland ee wakhtigaasi heshiiskaasi wuxuu ahaa mid iskaashi oo salka ku hayey xaaladii wakhtigaa ka taagneyd bariga afrika iyo badacas heshiiskaasi wuxuu salka ku hayey danaha labada dhinac ee Somaliland tii makhtigaa iyo boqortooyada ingiriiska ee wakhtigaasi waxaana la kala saxeexday qodoba ay ku hashiiyeen labada dhinac magaca dalkaasi loogu wanqaleyna wuxuu ahaa officially the British Somaliland Protectorate.
Waxaa dalkaasi lahaa Calankan :
waa dal lahaa astaan ciidan:
Lacag iyo xuduudo u gaara boqortooyada ingiriisku Somaliland odayasheedu waxay ku heshiiyeen in ay ilaaliso dhulka bada iyo hawada Somaliland oo u ilaaliso dadka iyo dalka Somaliland balse iney gumeysato heshiiska ku muujirin sida talyaanigu u gumeysan jirey Somalida koonfureed oo uu xoog ku qabsadey oo aanay jirin heshiis uu la galey dadkii somaliyeed ee deegaankaasi degenaa.
Somaliland 26 June 1960 ayey xoriyadii ka qaadatey Boqortooyadii ingiriiska, Somaliland markey qaadatey xoriyada waxaa aqoonsadey inka badan 28 dal oo caalamka ah.
1 July 1960 ayey la midowday Somaliya 18 May 1991 ayey dib uga baxdey Somaliyadii talyanigu gumeysan jirey,intaasi waa taariikh kooban oo dulmarid guud uun ah.
Somaliland qadiyadeedu dhinaca aqoonsiga way ka fududahay dalalka kale ee raba iney aqoonsi ka helaan caalamka hadii ay hesho dad aqoon fiican u leh xidhiidhka caalamiga,aqooyhano wadaniyiin ah oo ay dhab ka tahay somalilandnimadu dawlad leh karti aqoon iyo hadaf cad oo ku wajahan in ay Somaliland hesho aqoonsi caalamiya mar labaad,xisbiyo siyaasadeed oo leh hogaamiyayaal karti,aqoon iyo waayo aragnimo daacadnimo iyo wadaniyad leh waayo Somaliland uma baahna xuduudo cusub sida heshiisyada caalamiga ahi qorayaan iyo kuwo afrika waxaa ku xardhan in aan xuduudadii gumeystayaasha sidooda loo daayo sidaa darteed Somaliland iyo somaliya xuduudada ay wadaagaan waa kuwaasi.
- Dhinaca dawlada Somaliland waxaa aad moodaa in gaabis ka jiro kaalinta xidhiidhka caalamiga ah,diblomasiyada iyo fahanka guud ee isbahaysiga caalamiga ah,waxaad moodaa in wakiilada debadaha Somaliland ee matala dawlada Somaliland qaar badan oo ka mid ahi in aaney lahay waayo aragnimo,aqoon iyo xirfad diblomasiyadeed oo aaney qorshaha iyo rabitaanka Somaliland iyo danaheeda ka dhaadhicin Karin dalalka ay joogaan,xitaa aaney karti u lahayn in ay sameyn ku yeeshaan jaaliyadaha Somaliland ee dalalka ay joogaan, oo aaney kasban karin.
- Dhinaca Xisbiyada Somaliland gaar ahaan mucaaridka oo u muuqda xisbiyo aan biseyl siyaasadeed lahayn,wadaniyada somalilandnimaduna ku yartahay oo aad moodo in ay xisbiyada iyagu iska lee yihiin ama beel gaari leedahay oo aan sidoo kale lahayd hadaf cad oo ku aadan siyaasada arimaha dibada ee Somaliland ayaa la degey muuqalka caalamiga ah ee aqoonsiga Somaliland.
II- Ismuujinta Dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya ee garab ku riixa Somaliland
Daneeyayasha caalamiga ah ee Somaliya oo markey arkeyn in Somaliland aaney tartan muuqda kula jirin Somaliya dhinaca Somaliya ay mar walba tartan kula jirto Somaliland ka gaabsadey muujinta qadiyada Somaliland
Somaliya 5 sanadood ee u dambeyey waxay olole ku qaadey si ay caalamka ugu qanciso in Somaliland la hoos geeyo Somaliya oo waxkasta oo Somaliland ku saabsan loo soo mariyo Somaliya ogolaanshana looga qaato dawladada federalka Somaliya sida
Arintii dhoofka xoolaha ee sucuudiga, Mashaaricaha horumarinta iyo la wareegida maamulka hawada Somaliya iyo Somaliland iyo kuwo kale oo badan.
Intii uu Madaxweynaha Somaliya noqday Farmaajo waxaa isbedelay xidhiidhka Somaliland iyo Somaliya Farmaajo waxaa uu arimaha ugu waaweyn waajibaadkiisa isbdel somaliya ku yimaada ka dhigtay arimo dhowr ah:
- in uu isbedel ku sameeyo iyo dib u habeen dawlad goboleedada Somaliya oo uu helo madax la siyaasada oo dawlad goboleedyada ka soobaxa sida Puntland, Konfurgalbeed Somaliya,Galmudug, Jubaland kuwaas oo intaba aynu og nahay faragelintii uu ku sameeyey
- In uu Somaliland ka digo dawlad goboleed oo caalamka ka dhaadhiciyo in Somaliland loola dhaqmo dawlad goboleed(federal state of Somalia )
- Inuu dhinaca gudaha Somaliland ka hawlgeliyo dad iyo hadayado sirdoon oo fidiya siyaasada federalka iyo somaliya oo ka dhex shaqeysa Somaliland
- Iyada oo ay la shaqeenayaan dawlado shisheeye oo dano gaara ka leh somaliya ayaa somaliya lagula teliyey in ay la timaato qorshayaal lagu dhisayo is bahaysiyo bada cas iyo bariga afrika ah taas oo lagu shiikhinayo kaalinta Somaliland ee madaqada oo la rabo in waxkasta oo dhulkii Somaliyadii 1 July 1960 midowday looga dambeeyo dawlada federalka ee Somaliya.
Arimahani waa kuwo qorshe iyo wakhti,dhaqaale iyo dadkasbashoba ku socda guuleysiga iyo guuldareysigu wuxuu ku xidhan yahay qaabka iyo qorshaha dawlada Somaliland ee doorkeeda tartanka iyo isbahaysiga caalamiga ah. Balse aniga waxay ila tahay in Somaliland in ay sameyso isbahaysi caalami ah oo danaheeda geeska iyo badacas iska kaashadaan,waxay qaadan kartaa talaabo ay kula tartameyso somaliya iyada oo saaxiibo dhow oo ka difaaca isbalaadhinta somaliya iyo xulufadeeda sameysan karta,waxaana dalal diyaar u ah taas balse Somaliland dawladeeda ayey u taalaa waxay ka yeeleyso iyo qaabka ay uga jawaabeyso isbahaysiyada ka soo horjeeda.
Dambiilayaashii dambiyada ka galey shacabka Somaliyeed ee ahaa Saraakiishii sare ee xasuuqa ka geystey guud ahaan Somaliya iyaga oo difaacaya kacaankii siyaad Bare ee baabiyey Somaliya maxa keenay iney iney dhuumashadii ka soo baxaan 6 sano ee u dambeyey, oo ay ku soo noqdaan maamulidii somaliya iyo siyaasadii hore loogu dhintey ee aan caqliga iyo mabda toona ku dhisnayn su’aashaa jawaabteeda dadka Ayaan u dhaafayaa
Balse waxaa aan la yaabey ninkan weyn ee warkan manta la yimi calankii somaliya Ayaan Hargeysa iyo Burco ka taagayaa miyaanu taariikhda wax ka baran saaxiibkani ha loo saaro cajaladii taariikheed bishii May 1988 kii………………….?
Somalia: international partners welcome agreement between the Federal government and Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a (ASWJ)
Source: British Embassy Mogadishu | 7 hours ago
The partners believe the agreement is an important step towards establishing a unified and stable administration in Galmudug
MOGADISHU, Somalia, January 7, 2020/APO Group/ —
Somalia’s international partners welcome the statements by the Federal government of Somalia and the leadership of Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a (ASWJ) issued on 12 December.
We encourage all concerned to continue their efforts and underscore the importance of an inclusive process that reflects the aspirations of all the communities of Galmudug
We appreciate the tireless efforts made by the Federal government of Somalia, ASWJ leadership and other concerned stakeholders to resolve points of difference through dialogue and compromise.
We believe this is an important step towards establishing a unified and stable administration in Galmudug, which will be essential in order to advance Somalia’s national priorities for 2020.
We encourage all concerned to continue their efforts and underscore the importance of an inclusive process that reflects the aspirations of all the communities of Galmudug, and that results in a fair, credible and transparent outcome that is acceptable to the people of Galmudug.
Joint International partners statement : African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), Canada, Denmark, European Union, Ethiopia, Finland, Germany, Italy, Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Kenya, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom, United Nations and United States.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of British Embassy Mogadishu.
Source: British Embassy Mogadishu |
The course forms part of the UK’s ongoing commitment to bring peace and security to the region
MOGADISHU, Somalia, August 30, 2019/APO Group/ —
This month, the Somali National Army celebrated the graduation of a further 98 soldiers from British military training in Baidoa, the capital of Southwest State in Somalia.
The UK has built a training centre in Baidoa, including a state-of-the-art firing range that was opened by Southwest State’s President, Abdiaziz Hassan Mohamed Laftagareen, and the UK’s Africa Minister, Andrew Stephenson, on 21 August. Construction of 450 barracks for the Somali army has just started on the same site.
The 16-week training, involving a mix of theory and practical lessons, covered defensive positions, vehicle check points, dealing with improvised explosive devices, first aid, safe weapon handling and leadership.
The UK training has already shown its value. Attacks in Baidoa have fallen since the Somali army built defensive positions around the city as part of their course, and some of those on the course used their new skills in a successful attack against Al Shabaab in the area of Daynunay this month.
We need to stay the course, but over the last year, Somalia has made real progress towards building its future army, and in conducting operations
Speaking during the graduation ceremony, the Commander of British Forces in Somalia, Colonel JL Baynham, said:
“The training is being delivered by highly experienced specialists. It’s focused on building really strong infantry skills, which are what the Somali army most needs to defeat Al Shabaab. The Somali soldiers are very able and keen to learn. We are already seeing the benefits, for the individuals, their units and the security of the area”.
The British Ambassador to Somalia, Ben Fender, said:
“The Somalis are working to improve security after decades of conflict and terrorism. The UK is a major partner and the only country providing military training outside Mogadishu. Baidoa is a vital location in the fight against Al Shabaab. We need to stay the course, but over the last year, Somalia has made real progress towards building its future army, and in conducting operations. We’re delighted to support that”
The course is part of an on-going programme of support to the Somali National Army’s 60 Division. Graduates will now receive additional medical, planning and command training.
The UK has delivered training to over 900 members of the Somali National Army since January 2017. The focus has been on medical skills, leadership development, intelligence, equipment care, logistics and the rule of law.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of British Embassy Mogadishu
by Andy Wells
Armed policeman standing guard outside the Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London England
One of Britain’s top psychologists has warned that it can never be certain that terrorists can be “cured” in any deradicalisation programme.
Christopher Dean said some terror offenders who take part in his Healthy Identity Intervention (HII) scheme appear to regress due to complex reasons such as who they mix with.
Mr Dean’s comments come after HII participant Usman Khan stabbed two people to death near London Bridge on November 29.
Khan was a convicted terrorist who had been a member of an al Qaida-inspired group that plotted to blow up the London Stock Exchange.
The HII scheme involves offenders like Khan attending sessions with a psychologist who encourage them to talk about their motivations, beliefs, identity and relationship with society.
Former senior Home Office official Ian Acheson said attention was drawn to shortcomings of the HII programme in 2016.
© Provided by Yahoo! News UK This undated photo provided by West Midlands Police shows Usman Khan. UK counterterrorism police are searching for clues into an attack that left two people dead and three injured near London Bridge. Police said Saturday, Nov. 30, 2019, Khan, who was imprisoned six years for terrorism offenses before his release last year stabbed several people in London on Friday, Nov. 29, before being tackled by members of the public and shot dead by officers on the London Bridge. (West Midlands Police via AP)
Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme, Mr Dean said individuals can both progress and regress under healthy identity intervention.
“Sometimes people move up two rungs, sometimes individuals may say I’ve had my doubts about this or that and they may be willing to speak to people, but equally they may go down rungs as well.
“They may come into contact with individuals, they may go through a spell in life where they may feel let’s say aggrieved again, where they may begin to re-engage with groups or causes or ideologies associated with their offending behaviour,” he said.
Mr Dean said some offenders he worked with needed 20 or more sessions to show signs of positive change.
He added: “We see some individuals who may have been part of a group for many years or have been invested or identified with the cause for many years. [Leaving that group] is an incredibly difficult thing to do.”
Warning that there is no guarantee of success, Mr Dean went on: “I don’t think you can ever be sure that that’s occurred. I think you can get increasing evidence over time and particularly behaviourally when people begin to behave in different ways and that’s consistent over time and in different places.
© Provided by Yahoo! News UK File photo dated 02/12/19 of tributes to Cambridge University graduates Jack Merritt, 25, and Saskia Jones, 23, on London Bridge, who were both stabbed to death by 28-year-old convicted terrorist Usman Khan during a prisoner rehabilitation event they were supporting in London on Friday. Inquests into the deaths of the London Bridge terror attack victims will be opened at the Old Bailey.
“People can get more reassured and confident about change and progress that people are making, but yeah, I think we have to be very careful about saying someone has totally changed or has been cured.”
Mr Dean added that he would have a “healthy scepticism” of the notion that there is a perfect system to deradicalise terrorists.
He said: “I think we need to be careful about suggesting that interventions in themselves are the solution or the only solution or psychology is, but I think it’s about continuing to work together in our learning…
“I think we must accept that there may be a small number of people who are potentially ideologically bulletproof and do not wish to recant their hateful views and we must actually start looking at them through the lens of public protection and national security rather than perhaps create unrealistic expectations of rehabilitation.”
Khan killed two people and injured three others in a knife rampage before being shot dead by police in November.
He had been released from prison on licence in December 2018, by which time Khan reportedly appeared to be responding to rehabilitation.
Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology.
Learn about our editorial policy
Reviewed by Amy Morin, LCSWon July 01, 2019
Amy Morin, LCSW, is a psychotherapist, author of the bestselling book “13 Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do,” and a highly sought-after speaker.
Learn about our Wellness Board
Updated on November 27, 2019
Illustration by JR Bee, Verywell
How to Get Started With Changing Your Behavior
Whether you want to lose weight, stop smoking, or accomplish another goal, there is no single solution that works for everyone. You may have to try several different techniques, often through a process of trial-and-error, to achieve your goal.
It’s during this period that many people become discouraged and give up on their behavior change goals. The key to maintaining your goals is to try new techniques and find ways to stay motivated.
Change might not come easily, but psychologists have developed a number of ways to effectively help people change their behavior. Many of these techniques are used by therapists, physicians, and teachers. Researchers have also proposed theories to explain how change occurs. Understanding the elements of change, the stages of change, and ways to work through each stage can help you achieve your goals.
The Elements of Change
To succeed, you need to understand the three most important elements in changing a behavior:
- Readiness to change: Do you have the resources and knowledge to make a lasting change successfully?
- Barriers to change: Is there anything preventing you from changing?
- Expect relapse: What might trigger a return to a former behavior?1
Stages of Change Model
One of the best-known approaches to change is known as the Stages of Change or Transtheoretical Model, which was introduced in the late 1970s by researchers James Prochaska and Carlo DiClemente who were studying ways to help people quit smoking.2The Stages of Change Model has been found to be an effective aid in understanding how people go through a change in behavior.
In this model, change occurs gradually and relapses are an inevitable part of the process of making a lifelong change. People are often unwilling or resistant to change during the early stages, but they eventually develop a proactive and committed approach to changing a behavior.
This model demonstrates that change is rarely easy and often requires a gradual progression of small steps toward a larger goal.
Stage 1: Precontemplation
- Ignorance of the problem
- Rethink your behavior
- Introspection and self-analysis
- Assess risks of current behavior
The earliest stage of change is known as precontemplation.2during the precontemplation stage, people are not considering a change. People in this stage are often described as “in denial” due to claims that their behavior is not a problem.
If you are in this stage, you may feel resigned to your current state or believe that you have no control over your behavior.
In some cases, people in this stage do not understand that their behavior is damaging or are under-informed about the consequences of their actions.
If you are in this stage, begin by asking yourself some questions. Have you ever tried to change this behavior in the past? How do you recognize that you have a problem? What would have to happen for you to consider your behavior a problem?
Stage 2: Contemplation
- Conflicted emotions
- Weigh pros and cons of behavior change
- Confirm readiness and ability to change
- Identify barriers to change
During this stage, people become more and more aware of the potential benefits of making a change, but the costs tend to stand out even more. This conflict creates a strong sense of ambivalence about changing.
Because of this uncertainty, the contemplation stage of change can last months or even years.2
Many people never make it past the contemplation phase.
You may view change as a process of giving something up rather than a means of gaining emotional, mental, or physical benefits.
If you are contemplating a behavior change, there are some important questions to ask yourself: Why do you want to change? Is there anything preventing you from changing? What are some things that could help you make this change?
Stage 3: Preparation
- Experimenting with small changes
- Collecting information about change
- Write down your goals
- Prepare a plan of action
- Make a list of motivating statements
During the preparation stage, you might begin making small changes to prepare for a larger life change.2
For example, if losing weight is your goal, you might switch to lower-fat foods. 3 If your goal is to quit smoking, you might switch brands or smoke less each day. You might also take some sort of direct action such as consulting a therapist, joining a health club, or reading self-help books.
If you are in the preparation stage, there are some steps you can take to improve your chances of successfully making a lasting life change.
Gather as much information as you can about ways to change your behavior. Prepare a list of motivating statements and write down your goals. Find outside resources such as support groups, counselors, or friends who can offer advice and encouragement.
Stage 4: Action
- Taking direct action toward a goal
- Reward your successes
- Seek out social support
During the fourth stage of change, people begin taking direct action in order to accomplish their goals.2 Oftentimes, resolutions fail because the previous steps have not been given enough thought or time.
For example, many people make a New Year’s resolution to lose weight and immediately start a new exercise regimen, begin eating a healthier diet, and cut back on snacks. These definitive steps are vital to success, but these efforts are often abandoned in a matter of weeks because the previous steps have been overlooked.
If you are currently taking action towards achieving a goal, congratulate and reward yourself for any positive steps you take. Reinforcement and support are extremely important in helping maintain positive steps toward change.
Take the time to periodically review your motivations, resources, and progress in order to refresh your commitment and belief in your abilities.
Stage 5: Maintenance
- Maintaining a new behavior
- Avoiding temptation
- Develop coping strategies for temptation
- Remember to reward yourself
The maintenance phase of the Stages of Change Model involves successfully avoiding former behaviors and keeping up new behaviors.3
During this stage, people become more assured that they will be able to continue their change.
If you are trying to maintain a new behavior, look for ways to avoid temptation. Try replacing old habits with more positive actions. Reward yourself when you are able to successfully avoid a relapse. If you do lapse, don’t be too hard on yourself or give up.
Instead, remind yourself that it was just a minor setback. As you will learn in the next stage, relapses are common and are a part of the process of making a lifelong change.
Stage 6: Relapse
- Feelings of failure
- Identify triggers that lead to relapse
- Recognize barriers to success
- Reaffirm your goal and commitment to change
In any behavior change, relapses are a common occurrence.4 When you go through a relapse, you might experience feelings of failure, disappointment, and frustration.
The key to success is to not let these setbacks undermine your self-confidence. If you lapse back to an old behavior, take a hard look at why it happened. What triggered the relapse? What can you do to avoid these triggers in the future?
While relapses can be difficult, the best solution is to start again with the preparation, action, or maintenance stages of behavior change.
You might want to reassess your resources and techniques. Reaffirm your motivation, plan of action, and commitment to your goals. Also, make plans for how you will deal with any future temptations.
Resolutions fail when the proper preparation and actions are not taken. By approaching a goal with an understanding of how to best prepare, act, and maintain a new behavior, you will be more likely to succeed.
A Word From Verywell
It’s not easy to make a major change and make it stick. You may be more successful in keeping your resolutions by using these steps. Many clinical programs for behavior change use these steps, from smoking cessation to addiction recovery. If you decide you need a structured program to support your change, you may recognize these steps being used
Source : VeryWellMind
إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajioon ,To Allah we belong to Him we all return, TACSI
Aniga oo ah Maxamed Jama Farax oo ku hadlaya magacayga iyo Kan qoyskeyga Waxaa aan
tacsi tiiraanyo leh u dirayaa qoyska, qaraabada, iyo Qaranka Somaliland ee uu ka baxay Alle ha u naxariistee Marxuum Ex- Maayir Cawl Cilmi Cabdalla oo maalintii shalay ku geeriyooday magaalada Hargeysa 28/12/2019
Waxaa Allah uga baryayaa inuu u naxariisto ehelkiisii,qaraabadii,saaxiibadii iyo guud ahaanba umada reer somalilana Samir iyo iimaan ka siiyo.
Cawil Cilmi Wuxuu ahaa intuu uu Maayirka ka ahaa caasimada Somaliland ee Hargeysa Maayirka Keliya ee Taariikhdii Burburka Hargeysa ku Muujiyey Taalo Taariikhi ah oo lagu xusuusan doono taariikhda.
Medically reviewed bySteven Gans, MD on July 08, 2018
Steven Gans, MD, is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.Learn about our Medical Review Board Updated on August 07, 2019
Everyone experiences anxiety. But people with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are frequently distracted by their worries, avoidant of activities that might stir up the anxiety, and “on edge” without explanation. In most cases of GAD, the anxiety negatively impacts the individual’s relationships and/or performance at school or work.
Treatment for GAD aims to help people feel better mentally and physically and to increase engagement with the people, places, and situations that previously elicited worry.
Given the far-reaching effect that anxiety can have on day-to-day functioning, even low-grade anxiety that does not meet the threshold for a firm diagnosis can be worth working on.
Psychotherapy is a popular form of treatment for GAD. “Talk therapy” can be performed by a variety of mental health professionals, and though the approaches described below can overlap, they are guided by differing theories and emphases.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the gold standard of psychotherapy1 and one of the most popular treatments for GAD. Proven to work for adults2 just as effectively as it does for younger patients,3 CBT focuses on present difficulties and current situations. CBT is typically a short-term, structured treatment that focuses on the interplay between the conscious thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that perpetuate anxiety.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is another present- and problem-focused talk therapy used to treat GAD. Although similar to CBT, the goal of ACT is to reduce the struggle to control anxious thoughts or uncomfortable sensations and increase involvement in meaningful activities that align with chosen life values. ACT can produce symptom improvement in people with GAD, and may be a particularly good fit for older adults.4
Other Talk Therapies
Two other types of “talk therapy”—psychodynamic therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy—can also be used in the treatment of GAD.
Psychodynamic psychotherapy, also known as insight-oriented therapy, is based on the idea that thoughts and emotions that are outside of our consciousness (i.e., outside of our awareness) can lead to internal conflict and manifest as anxiety.
Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a time-limited, present-focused treatment based on the assumption that symptoms may be caused or maintained by problems in relationships, and that resolving these problems can help reduce symptoms.Find Therapeutic Support With the 7 Best Online Anxiety Support Groups
Medications for anxiety work by interacting with brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Particular medications may block the absorption or enhance the action of one or more of these chemicals.
The different types of medications used in the treatment of anxiety include:
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
- serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
- tri-cyclic antidepressants
Also, another “older” category of antidepressants—monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)—are sometimes used.
Antidepressants have a well-documented ability to help with GAD symptoms, but they can take several weeks to take effect. SSRIs, such as sertraline (Zoloft) or fluoxetine (Prozac), are typically considered a good, first-line choice for the treatment of GAD because they are relatively safe medications that tend to be well tolerated by individuals.
Anxiolytics, such as benzodiazepines, do not treat the underlying cause of anxiety, but they are effective in the treatment of symptoms. However, this class of medication has some notable drawbacks, including potential side effects like sedation and a tendency to be habit-forming. Buspirone (Buspar) is one medication in this class that is approved for the treatment of GAD and is not known to be habit-forming. There is some evidence that buspirone may also help augment antidepressants.
Tricyclic antidepressants are an older type of antidepressants that are used less commonly because they may carry some potentially significant side effects.
Self-help refers to less formal approaches that address anxiety symptoms with limited (or no) guidance. For example, there are several self-help books that provide help in a step-by-step format and closely mirror evidence-based psychotherapies for GAD, such as CBT or ACT.
With the advent of smartphone technology and the rising popularity of interactive applications, there are now also electronic self-help options that deliver programs informed by evidence-based GAD treatment. There are also applications available with circumscribed, do-it-yourself anxiety-busting tools, like relaxation techniques and mindfulness meditation exercises.
The Best Option for You
Speaking with a clinician—a physician or mental health provider—is the best way to figure out next step(s). Depending on the nature and extent of the anxiety symptoms, one or a combination of the approaches described above may be useful.
In general, mild or intermittent anxiety may improve with the use self-help resources. Self-help resources are also a good option for those wishing to pursue an evidence-based psychotherapy who lack access to specialized care. Self-help options can also be used in conjunction with ongoing treatment, or to prevent relapse and promote continued progress after the conclusion of a course of psychotherapy.
If your symptoms are persistent, are impacting your day-to-day functioning and/or the important relationships in your life, or are clearly noticeable to others, then more formal treatment is worth considering.
For anxiety of a moderate to a severe degree, a course of psychotherapy may be indicated. Medications can help with persistent anxiety of any degree.
When considering psychotherapy versus medication, it is important to note that psychotherapy may take longer to bring symptom relief than medication, but its effects can also be longer lasting (i.e., the insight and skills learned in psychotherapy are retained after treatment ends). And for some individuals with GAD, maximizing treatment—taking medication and participating in psychotherapy—maximizes results.
Making the decision that’s right for you is really a process of ongoing assessment. If you select a self-help approach, be aware that persistent or worsening symptoms are indicators that you would benefit from an in-person evaluation by a clinician.
With medication or psychotherapy treatment, find a provider you trust and ask questions to fully understand what type of treatment you will be receiving as well as its risks and benefits (You can read more on deciding if medication is right for you here).
When pursuing treatment of any kind, it is important to be patient and to participate in regular monitoring of symptoms (and, in the case of medication treatment, side effects) with your clinician.
A Word From Verywell
While the symptoms associated with GAD are undeniably uncomfortable, the good news is that they are treatable. The treatments described above will take work, but the work will pay off in the form of relief and respite from anxiety and worry.
WADA HADAL MADADAALO U EG SOMALILAND IYO SOMALIYA OO MADHALEYS AH DUQON BAAN OGEYN UJEEDADA KA DAMBEYSA NIN RAG AHI SE WAA GARANAYAA
Siyaasiyiinta Somaliya Hadey Jecel Yihiin Wada Hadal Iyo Midnimo Ha Ka Bilaabeen Xasuuqii Somaliland Ka Dhacay Iyo Cida Masuuliyadeeda Lahayd In Ay Cadaalad Hor Keeneen Balse Intey Geesiyaal U Yihiin Wada Hadalku Waa Marin Habaabin Xuquuqeed
Waxaa aan mudooyinkan dambe maqlaa Somaliland iyo Somaliya ayaa lawada hadalsiinayaa ama wada hadlaya shirar ay soo qabaqaabiyeen ururo muxali ah oo ka soo jeeda Somaliya,wada hadalo dawlado shisheeye maamulayeen oo lagu wada hadashiinayey somaliya iyo Somaliland.Waxaas oo dhami waa ujeedooyin qorshe fog leh ooh al dhinaci wadato ujeedooyin aan muuqana laga leeyahay,oo Somaliya Siyaasiinteedu ku aasayaan arimo taariikhi ah iyo fal dambiyeedyo ay galeen dawladihii kala dambeeyey ee Somaliya taas maxaa ku cadeynayaa arimo badan oo waaqici ah oo xitaa caruurta dugsiyada hoose dhigataa ay fahmi karto,balse siyaasiinta iyo aqoonyahanka Somaliland ay isdiidsiinayaan ama daqooniimo ha ka ahaato ama ujeedo kale ha ka aaminsanaadeene bal u fiirso oo dhuux sida ay u kala fog tahay hadafka siyaasiinta Somaliya iyo Kuwa Somaliland iyo ujeedooyinka ka dambeeya in Somaliya Siyaasiinteedu adeegsadaan qorshe xirfadeeesan oo khatar ku ah jiritaanka Somaliland waxaa kow ka ah :
- XASUUQII SOMALILAND EE BALAADHNAA OO LA RABO IN LA TIRTIRO
Dagaalka Siyaasiinta Somaliya ee xarfaanta ahi waxay ku guuleysteen in ay indhaha caalamka ka jeediyaan xasuuqii balaadhnaa eek a dhacay Somaliland sanadadii 1981 ilaaa 1991 si aan loogu qaadin shaqsiyaadkii ka dambeeyey shuruucda caalamiga ah ee War crime and international criminal lawArintaasi waa mid ay u haystaan in ay ku guuleysteen dawlada federalka ahi
- diyaaradihii garoonka hargeysa ka kacay ee dib u rusheenayey magaalooyinka rasaas may rideenine raashin bay shacabka iyo maatada u daadinayeen miyaa!
- Dadkii iyaga oo nool ceelasha lagu guray ama nolosha lagu gubayey may ahayn xasuuq ka dhan ah bila adamiga .
- Kuwii lagu laayey Xeebta Jasiira ee Muqdisho ee aan waxba galabsan ma waxay ahaayeen dambiilayaal mise waxaa lagu soo xushay haybtooda oo keliya.
Qodobadan iyo kuwo kale oo badani waa kuwa la rabo in dawlada federalka Somaliya dadkii masuulka ka ahaa sharciga horkeento kiiskoodana la horgeeyo ICC iyo ICJ
Waxaanu ognahay in kuwii ka masuulka ahaa Dawlada Somaliya difaacayso una haysato geesiyaal qaran.Tusaale:
Sareeye Guud Maxamed Cali Samater oo ahaa hogaamiyihii ugu sareeyey dalkii Somaliya marka laga reebo Maxamed Siyaad Bare waxaa lagu aasay markuu dhintay inta mareekanka laga soo qaadey Muqdisho xaruuntii Wasaarada Gashandhiga ee uu ka dalbanayey ciidamadii burburinayey Goboladii Waqooyi waxaana dawlada federalka ahi ee Somaliya ku maamustey habmaamuus geesi qaran aduunka taariikhda hore ugama dhicin Masuul loo haysto War crime and war against humanity, aggression and genocide, oo uu kagaley dadkiisa oo dawladiisii laga xoog roonadey oo dawlad kale oo leh khaladiidkii dawladii hore ayaanu saxaynaa dadkii tacadiyadaa ka masuulka ahaa ayaanu la xisaabtamaynaa oo maamus u sameysa dadkii lagu eedeynayey in ay masuul ka ahaayeen wixii somaliya ka dhacay.
Col. Tuke waa kii Mudane Maxamed Farmaajo Sawirka la soo galey isaga oo ah Madaxweynaha Federalka Somaliya taasi dad badani waxay aaminsan yihiin in ay ahayd tageero uu u muujinayey inuu garab taagan yahay raalina uu ka yahay dambiyadii dagaal ee uu galay.
Aduunka waxaa jira saddex xeer oo caalamiya iyo haydahooda marka laga hadlayo tacdiyada ka dhanka ah adaminimada kuwaas oo wada shaqeeya sida:
- International Criminal Law (ICL)
- International Human Rights Law (IHRL) and
- International Humanitarian Law (IHL)
Sharciyadaasi waa kuwii suura geliyey in Milosevic of Bosnia (Old Yugoslavia)
La xukumo waa kuwii suura geliyey
Waa kan hada Myanmar wajaheyso xukunka genocide ah ee Rohingya labada maxkamdood ee ICC and ICJ. Waxaa xiiso gaara leh dacwada ICJ sababtoo ah dawlad qudha ayaa dacwada soo ogi karta sidaa darteed Gambia waxay ku buuxinaysaa Myanmar.
Waa tan hada Nigeria wajahaysa eedeynta crimes against humanity or war crimes committed in the Niger Delta, the Middle-Belt States and in the context of armed conflict between Boko Haram and Nigerian security forces in Nigeria. Sidaa darteed maxaa aasey dhibaatooyinkii loo geystey dadkii boqolalka ku kor u dhaafayey ee la hayo raadkoodii iyo qubuurihii wadareedka loogu duugay ee hadana hal qof cadaalada caalamiga ah loogu qaadin wa waxaynu odhan karnaa Goboladii Waqooyi ee Somaliyadii Midowday Xasuuq ka ma dhicin jawaabta Su’aashaasi waxay hortaalaa Dawlada Somaliland Dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya iyo Siyaasiinta Midnimada Jecel ee Somaliland iyo Somaliya ee kolba shirarka ku digashada ah meelahaasi ku qabanaya iyo International Communities ka leh hala wada hadlo meel ha saareen xuquuqdii xasuuqii dhacay dhibanayaashii iyo eheladii dadkii loo xasuuqay sida ka baxsan Adaminimada cidii ka masuulka ahayd lama qarin karo wixii dhacay balse wakhtigeedu waa soo dhow yahay cadaalad heli lahaayeen dadkaasi.
- SIYAASIINTA SOMALIYA HOGAAMINAYA OO QAYB KA AH XASUUQII KA DHACAY SOMALIYA GUUD AHAAN
Waxaa marag madoonto ah in rag badan oo maanta door ku leh siyaasada federalka ah ee somaliya ay yihiin kuwii xasuuqa ka geystey somaliya hadey noqoto muqdisho,balcad baladweyne Marka hargeysa burco gaalkacayo baraawe iyo baydhabo ba oo ay ahayd iney wajahaan debiyo dagaal kuwo lid ku ah bilaadamiga iyo kuwo kale oo badan sida kufsi iwm oo loo garanayo hebel iyo hebel weliba dawlada federalka ahi ilaalinayo sidee loo heli karaa cadaalad iyada oo dambilayaashii yihiin kuwo talinaya oo firfircoon.
Hada ayey muuqataa in talaabo lalaabo u soo ifbaxayaan dad hubeysan oo jabhado sheeganaya kuwan waxay arkayaan kuwii dambiyada waaweyn ka galay dadka iyo dalka somaliya oo si nabada caalamka uga kala socdaalaya oo aan sharciga caalamiga ahi arkeyn sidaa ayey ugu dhiiranayaan inay abuuraan xasiloonaan darooyin iyo dilal dad aan waxba geesan waxaasi waa la xisaabtan la’aanta kuwii hore aduunkan dambiilaha hadii aaney cidii dambiga uu ka galeyba dacweynin ayaa dacweynaya oo dibana ah.
La soco qaybaha dambe………
Marwo Adna waxaa ay ku suntan tahay Fikir saxa iyo aragti dheer oo cilmi ku dhisan,xaqiiqo,waayo aragnimo iyo talo gal. Waana sax warkeedu waana mid ay ku matelyo dalkeeda Somaliland.
Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD Updated on November 26, 2019
Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological disorders and mental distress through the use of verbal and psychological techniques. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client tackle specific or general problems such as a particular mental illness or a source of life stress.
Depending on the approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. However, almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors.
Psychotherapy is increasingly viewed as a distinct profession in its own right, but many different types of professionals engage in psychotherapy regularly. Such individuals include clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers, mental health counselors, and psychiatric nurses.
Types of Psychotherapy
When many people hear the word psychotherapy, they immediately imagine a patient lying on a couch talking while a therapist sits in a nearby chair jotting down thoughts on a yellow notepad. There are actually a variety of techniques and practices used in psychotherapy. The exact method used in each situation can vary based upon a variety of factors, including the training and background of the therapist, the preferences of the client, and the exact nature of the client’s current problem.
Some of the major approaches to psychotherapy include:
Psychoanalytic Therapy: While psychotherapy was practiced in various forms as far back as the time of the Ancient Greeks, it received its formal start when Sigmund Freud began using talk therapy to work with patients. Some of the techniques commonly used by Freud included the analysis of transference, dream interpretation, and free association. This psychoanalytic approach involves delving into a patient’s thoughts and past experiences to seek out unconscious thoughts, feelings, and memories that may influence behavior.
Behavioral Therapy: When behaviorism became a more prominent school of thought during the early part of the twentieth-century, techniques such as different types of conditioning began to play an important role in psychotherapy. While behaviorism may not be as dominant as it once was, many of its methods are still very popular today. Behavioral therapy often uses classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and social learning to help clients alter problematic behaviors.
Humanistic Therapy: Starting in the 1950s, the school of thought known as humanistic psychology began to have an influence on psychotherapy. The humanist psychologist Carl Rogers developed an approach known as client-centered therapy, which focused on the therapist showing unconditional positive regard to the client. Today, aspects of this approach remain widely used. The humanistic approach to psychotherapy focuses on helping people maximize their potential. Such approaches tend to stress the importance of self-exploration, free will, and self-actualization.
Cognitive Therapy: The cognitive revolution of the 1960s also had a major impact on the practice of psychotherapy, as psychologists began to increasingly focus on how human thought processes influence behavior and functioning. Cognitive therapy is centered on the idea that our thoughts have a powerful influence on our mental well-being. For example, if you tend to see the negative aspects of every situation, you will probably have a more pessimistic outlook and a gloomier overall mood. The goal of cognitive therapy is to identify the cognitive distortions that lead to this type of thinking and replace such thoughts with more realistic and positive ones. By doing so, people are able to improve their moods and overall well-being.
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy: The approach known as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addiction, depression, and anxiety. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors. This approach involves changing the underlying thoughts that contribute to distress and modifying the problematic behaviors that result from these thoughts.
Formats of Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy can also take a number of different formats depending on the style of the therapist and the needs of the patient. A few that you might encounter include:
- Individual therapy, which involves working one-on-one with a psychotherapist.
- Couples therapy, which involves a therapist working with a couple to help improve how the two function in their relationship.
- Family therapy, which centers on improving the dynamic within families and can include multiple individuals within a family unit.
- Group therapy, which involves a small group of individuals who share a common goal. This approach allows members of the group to offer and receive support from others, as well as practice new behaviors within a supportive and receptive group.
© JOE GIDDENS/PA Police said one man was pronounced dead at the scene – PA
Two men have died in separate stabbing incidents in north London.
In the first incident, officers were called to Bromley Road, in Walthamstow, in the north-east of the capital, at 7.16pm on Thursday after reports of a fight. They discovered two men suffering from stab injuries when they arrived alongside the London Ambulance Service.
One man in his 20s was pronounced dead at the scene and police are in the process of informing his next of kin. The second man – also thought to be in his 20s – was taken to hospital where his condition is not thought to be life-threatening.
A man has been arrested in connection with the incident.
An hour later, police were called to an incident at the Barnet A1 bypass near Scratchwood Park. A man in his 20s with stab wounds was found and subsequently taken to hospital.
While searching a nearby car, police discovered another man, believed to be in his 30s, with multiple stab wounds. Despite treatment from paramedics, he died a short time later.
An eyewitness told MyLondon news site that they had seen more than 10 police vehicles at the scene, where a forensic tent had been set up.
Police are asking anyone with information about either incident to call them on 101 quoting CAD reference 6838/Dec19 for Walthamstow or 7486/19DEC for Barnet. Anyone wishing to remain remain anonymous should call Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
Police also urged young people with information about violence or knife crime to visit http://www.fearless.org where they can pass on information anonymously to a charity that is independent of the police.
Taliyahaasi ay sheegayaan waa ka Somaliya ee sidaa ula socda
Sunday December 15, 2019 – 19:24:32
by Xaaji Faysal
Dadka ayaa saf dheer u gala in la’ sawiro sida aad ku aragtaan Sawirka kore,
Taliyaha Ciidanka Booliska soomaaliyeed Cabdi Xasan Maxamed Xijaar ayaa Xarunta CID ka dhex furtay Foto si qasab ah loogu sawiro dadka doonaya inay samaystaan warqada dambi la`aanta ee lagu sameeyo CID.
Footada oo uu u bixiyey Safaari ayaa ah qol jiingad ah oo uu ka dhex dhistay Xarunta CID waxaana qofkii la sawirayo laga qaadaa lacag dhan 3 Dollar halka Footooyinka Magaalada ay qaataan 1 Dollar sida ay ii xaqiijiyeen dad kala duwan oo warqada dambi la`aanta ka doontay CID.
waxaa lagu qasbay dadka inaysan iska soo sawirin meel kale, waxaana dhacday in dad badan laga jeexjeexay Sawiradii ay wateen laguna qasaby inay iska dhex sawiraan Footada Taliyaha Booliska ayuu ii sheegay qof magaciisa sababo jira awgeed u codasady inaan magaciisa la xusin.
sababo jira awgeed u codasady inaan magaciisa la xusin.
Sawirada Laga soo qaato Footada Taliyaha Waxaa lagu soo ridayaa Baqshad uu ku dhegan yahay Tiimbaraha ama Shaabada Footada sida sawirka kore idin kaga muuqata,
Dadka ayaa saf dheer u gala in la sawiro sida aad ku aragtaan Sawirka kore, waxaana ay dhibaato ku qabaan in safka dheer iyo lacag qaaliga ah ee Footada Taliye Xijaar ee sida sandulaha ah loogu sawiro.
dhinaca kale waxaa jira Maqaayad laga dhex furay Xarunta CID lana sheegay inuu wax ku leeyahay Taliye Xijaar inkastoo dadka warqadaha u doonta CID aan lagu qasbin inay ka quraacdaan ama ay ka qadeeyaan haddii ay doonayaan in warqada ay helaan, waana wax dhici kara in dadka lagu qasbo cuntada Maqaayadaa, walow arinta maqaayada aysan dadku dhibaato aysan ka sheegan.
Xildhibaanada Baarlamaanka ayaa laga doonayaa inay arintan baaritaan ku sameeyaan oo shacabkii ay metalayeen ay ka dul qaadaan Ganacasigan musuqmusaaquqa ah ee awooda ku salaysan ee uu Taliyaha Booliska Soomaaliyeed Cabdi Xasan Maxamed Xijaar ka bilaabay CID.
Waxaa aan la yaabay warkan ku soo baxay hadhwanaagnews.com ,ee Somaliyadii inoo xayeysiinayeen ee ay ina lahaayeen xafiis dhalinyarada Somaliland qaabilsan baa laga furey soo kuwan hadana naleh dadka ayaa xitaa cuntada iyo sawirada waraaqalaha dawlada lagu dhejinayo ayaa qasab laga iibiyaa.Somaliya oo mucaawimadii caalamka la iskugu geeyey ayaa hadana dadkii lagu dhiigmiiranayaa oo lagu dulaynayaa ninkii Konfurdoonayow nimco Somaliland bay taala oo lawada lee yahay .
Maqaalka qoraalkeygan gaaban ka hooseeya ee manta oo 12 Dec 2019 waxaa ka soo qaatey hadhwanaagnews.com waxaanan la yaabey heerka ay mareyso Somaliland amaanteeda in loogu cagajugleeyo muwaadiniinta Somaliland sidaa darted ayaa Sahra Ileys ugu muujinayaa taageero kaalinteeda.
Ugu horeynba Sahra Ileys shaqsi ahaan uma aqaan mana ihi dadka heesaha xiiseeya,balse waxaa jecelahay in aan Sahra Ileys u sheego in ay tahay muwaadinad Somalilander ah oo aaney Cidna uga habadeysanin taageerada dalkeeda iyo heesaha ay u qaado,dunidana sharci baa jira oo weliba hayadaha sharciga ee caalamka wixii ku cunsuridaaya meel kasta uu joogo waa la helaya dad aqoon sare u leh media yaha iyo raadadkiisana waa la helayaa aflagaado iyo hanjabaad midna xaq laguguma laha wixii kugu xad gudba waad dacweyn kartaa ama waad iska saamixi kartaa oo Alle ayaad u dhaafi kartaa taasi waa adiga iyo doorashadaa. Balse ha u jilcin dadka xanuunsanaya ee cudurka Somaliland nacaybku ku dhacay beryahan dambe waan kugu habyeyneynaa kaalintaada iyo Jacaylka dalkaaga Somaliland. Maqaalkii hadhwanaagnews na waa kane akhrista:
Fanaanadda Caanka Ah Ee Sahra Ilays Oo Sheegtay In Lagu Cunsuriyeeyey Heeso Ay U Qaaday Somaliland.
Hargaysa(HWN):- Fananada Caanka ah ee Sahra Ilays oo muuqbaahiya Sahan tv ugu waramaysay magalada Hargaysa,ayaa ka hadashay caqabadaha soo wajahay ,markii heedo badan wadanka Soomaliland ku amaantay una qaaday,
Fananada Sahra ilays ayaa sheegtay in markasta ay jeceshahay in wadanka Soomaliland ay u qaado heeso una qaadayso,waxanay fariin u dirtay dadka ku cunsuriyay heesaha ay u qaado dalka Soomaliland ee aflagaado iyo cajarafayn umaraniyay warbaahinta iyo mobilkeeda gacanta.
Fananada oo Umaraahasi ka hadlaysa ayaa tidhi”Horta Soomaliland inaan u heesa waa muqadas,sababta oo ah anigu gabadh reer Soomaliland ah ayaan ahay,inkasta oo media aha iyo dad badano kale baryhihii udanbeeyay ila soo hadlayeen,hees ay habeen dhawayd hablo la qaadaybay inbadan ila soo hadlayeen dal iyo dibadba,markaa waxay ilahayeen Sahraay maxaad had iyo jeer Soomaliland ugu heesta,adigu reer Soomaliland ma tihide,markaa aadbaan ugu qoslay,reer Soomaliland waan ahay oo isma lihi cidbaa ka xigta,waxay Soomalidu ku maahmahda,gabdhi waa dhaxdin ee dhalasho maaha soomalidu yidhaahdaan” ayay tidhi Sahra Ilays
Fananada oo hadalka sii wadata ayaa tidhi”Anigu Soomaliland iskay ayaan u jecelahay Reer Soomaliland na waan ahay bal cida iidiidaysa ee odhaynaysa Soomaliland ma tihid,de iyagay u taala, cayda ka mida,aflagadada lagu soo qorayo,qaarba intandanbe oo dhan isoo garacayay,wax alaale iyo waxay igala hadlayaan waan garan wayay,de awal anigu Soomaliland waan u heeshi jiray oo maanta iguma horayso oo heeso wadaniya waan qaadi jiray,imika waxa yimid ayaan garan waayay,lakiin waniigu shacabka Soomaliland waxaan u sheegayaa cida si toosa isoo garacayaa anigu Soomaliland waan ahay” ayay tidhi Fananad Sahra Ilays
Fananada ayaa mar la waydiyay in Soomaliland ay heeso danbe u qaadayso ayaa waxa ay kaga jawabtay sidan”sidee ugu qaadi wayay yaa iga joojinaya cidana igama joojinayso waan qaadayaa,imika qaarbaan soo saarayaa habeen dhawayd midbaan qaaday Soomaliland ku difaacayo,cid idiidi kartaana ma jirto cid iga hor istaagi kartaana ma jirto.”ayay tidhi Sahra Ilays.
Source :HadhwanaagNews.com Hargaysa/Office
Waxaa aad arkeysaa xoriyadii iyo madaxbanaadii Somaliland oo faashash waaweyn lagu jafayo oo weliba kuwii u dhashay faashash loogu soo dhiibay si ay ula dhacaan oo ay u burburiyaan,cida ka dambeysa iyo danaha laga lee yahay waa kuwo saddex weji oo kala duwan leh,balse si ay ugu guuleystaan ujeedooyinkaasi oo ay saddexdaa qoloba waxay ka siman yihiin in inta miishaarta ugu dambeysa lagu jarin la jicliyo oo loo bulshada Somaliland loo bisleeyo fikir ahaan in Somaliland la kala lee yahay oo aan la wada lahay aragtida iyo ujeedooyinka ka dambeeya afkaartan:
- Somaliland Lawada lee yahay
Ereyga Somaliland lawada lee yahay waa Faashka ugu afka weyn ee aad loo soo soofeeyey ee lagu xaabinayo jiritaanka Somaliland waana ifafaale muujinaya in 3 saddexda awoodeed ee ka dambeysa mijo xaabinta Somaliland ay ku mideysan yihiin in fikirkaas lagu jilciyo oo lagu fududeeyo sidii loo kala daadin lahaa ,loona kala qaybin lahaa beelaha Somaliland si ay si sahal ah faashka loola dhaco xoriyada Somaliland.
Saddexda kooxood ee mid waliba rabo in Somaliland saaxada Xoriyada ka baxdo oo aan qoraalo dambe ku muujindoono waxay kala yihiin balse aan si guud uun u dulmarayo aragtidooda iyo hadafkooda kala duwan waxaa aan jecelahay in aan yara tilmaamo balasha ay ku duulaan oo mid walba maalin is cadeynayaan akhriste bal u fiirso oo la soco Social Media:
Xeeladaha la rabo in maskaxda dadka Somaliland ee wadankooda jecel lagu niyad jibiyo waxaa ka mid :
2. Marin habaabin (misleading): waxaa la inoo taxaa shax dad shaqaale ah oo la heeyahay waa isku beel oo xafiis dawladeed ka shaqeeya,taas oo la lee yahay beel baa u badan arintaasi waxay tahay mid lagu marin habaabinayo muwaadiyiinta Somaliland tusaale 1.
Marwada Barnamujkan daadihinaysa oo hadhwanaagnews aan ka soo xigtey am aka soo qaatey waxay magaceeda inoogu sheegeen Bushaaro Baanday waxay ina baraysaa in mudadii yare dee 2 sano ah71% shaqaalaha xarunta madaxtooyada ee hargeysa ay hal beel yihiin oo la beel ah
Madaxweynaha Somaliland Muuse Biixi . arintaasi waa mid xaqiiqada ka fog waana mid ka mida xeeladaha khatarta ah ee faashashka Somaliland qaranimadeeda la rabo in lagu dhantaalo dadkana layskaga horkeeno daraasado beena oo aan waxba ka jirina la malo awaalo oo xitaa qaabka wax loo darasadeeyo iyo aqoonta darasaba ceeb ku ah.Muuse Biixi ka korba waa arin jirtey oo Wakhtigii Madaxweyne Axmed,Riyaale ilaa Maxamed Ibrahim dhamaantood lagu sunti jirey waana dood aad raqis u ah oo aan ahayn mid siyaasadeed waa arin farsamo iyo shaqaale balse ma ina tuseyso xaqiiqo dheeli tiran,siyaasada maamulkuna ma aha mid 4.5 lax lagu qaybsado oo dastuurka Somaliland kuwa taalo shaqaalaha hoose ama kuwa sareba in reer iyo beel lagu saleeyo taasi waa siyaasada federalka Somaliya ee haykalkooda dawlada sheeko ka soconeysa Somaliland ma aha.Tan kale
Somaliland waxay ka kooban tahay Gobolo 6 lix ah gobol kastaba waxaa jooga shaqaale dawladeed oo wasaaradaha kala duwan ee dalka ah, shaqaalaha dawladuna waxay ku kala nool yihiin goboladaasi kolkaa gobolka maroodijeex ayey ku taalaa madaxtooyadu markaa waa wax iska caadiya in shaqaalaha u bataan gobolka ay ku nool yihiin,waxay maraynaa oo la inala marayaa in ilaa shaqaalaha aan xirfadaba lahayn ee ka shaqeeya madaxtooyada sida kuwan nadaafada iwm in inta lagu daro la yidhaahdo 71% shaqaalaha madaxtooyada hargeysa ka shaqeeyaa waa reer oo markaa waxaanu raadinaynaa Somaliland lawada leeyahay waa sheeko caruurtuna fahmi karto afkaarta noocaas ah, hadii madaxtooyada Hargeysa ku taalo in shaqaalaha hoose u bataan dadka deegaanku waa iska wax cad.Shaqaalaha Madaxtooyada Burco ama laascaanood ayaa u badanaya dee dadka degan degaankaasi,Borama Barbera gobol walba shaqaalaha waxaa u badanaya dadka gobolkaasi caalamkana waa sidaasi oo degaanka dadka u badan ayaa shaqooyinka degaankana u badanaya.Balse Madaxda Saree e Agaasimayaasha Guud ,Mareeyayasha Guud iyo Madaxda haydaha Madaxa banaan ee Dawlada kuwaasi waxay ku yimaadaan qaab ka duwan kuwa shaqaalaha hoose .
Afkaarta noocaas ah waa kuwo fidmo lagu kala dhexdhigayo beelaha Somaliland waana kuwo khatar ku ah danaha qaranka side darteed dadka Somaliland waa in ay ka foojignaadaan dabinada danaystayaasha wixii xaqiiqa ah ee qaldan waa la tilmaami karaa balse wax aan jirin cidina maqaadanayso.
Markhaatiga kale ee cadeenaya in weeraro qorsheysan Gobanimada Somaliland lagu hayo oo weliba dadkeeda loo adeegsanyo waxaa ka mid ah article kale ee ku soo baxay hadhwanaagnews.com ee odhanaya:
Dhalinyaraddii Somaliland oo ku sii qulqullaysa Muqdisho Iyo Xukuumadda Farmaajo oo Xafiis u SamaysayDhalinyaraddii Somaliland oo ku sii qulqullaysa Muqdisho Iyo Xukuumadda Farmaajo oo Xafiis u Samaysay
Dhalinyaraddii Somaliland oo ku sii qulqullaysa Muqdisho Iyo Xukuumadda Farmaajo oo Xafiis u Samaysay
Kampalla(HWN):-Waxa labaddii sanadood ee u danbeeyay ku sii qulqullaayay Caasimadda Soomaaliyeed ee Muqdisho dhalinyarro u dhalatay Somaliland, kuwaasoo niyad-jab ka qaadday Xukuumaddihii isaga danbeeyay Xisbiga talada haya ee KULMIYE, gaar ahaan Xukuumadda uu hoggaamiyo Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi Cabdi ee hadda labadda Sanaddood marraysa.
Waxaa aan qabaa in farmaajo hadii ay dhab ka tahay in uu dhalinyaro daryeelo kuwa dalkiisa ee baayaha kala duwan iyo dhibaatooyinka shaqo la’aaneed iyo waxbarsho ee colaaduhu jaajamiyeen xafiisyo ha u furo,nabadoodana ha sugo balse
Waxaa maqaaladaasi yihiin kuwo in yar uun ka ah faashash dhiiga badan in lagu daadiyo loo qorsheeyey ama cida la adeegsanayaa ha ogaato ama ha lagu qaldo ee waa mid aan shaki ku jirin in uu yahay dagaal loo cadeystey jamhuuriyada Somaliland iyo dadkeeda duruufaha dhaqaale iyo xaalada adag na la arabo in looga faa’iideysto muuse biixi waa shaqsi waan necebahay qaranimada Somaliland iyo xoriyadeeda looma burburin karo anaga ayaa ilaashanayna difaacayna qaranka xornimada dalkayaga,Muusena Waa madaxweyne mudo kooban oo hada 3 sano ka hadhay xilka haynaya waana uu ka tagayaa markuu xilkiisu dhamaado mudada laakiin Somaliland Qaranimadeedu waa Joogeysaa oo waa wadankayga aan jecel ahay waxaana rabnaa in aanu hagaajino wixii qaldan oo uu wadankaygu noqdo mid ubadkayga iyo ubadkooda wakhtiga fog ku noolaadaan nolol dhinac walba ka horumarsan balse taariikhda wixii nagu dhacay ma rabno in ay caruurta aanu awoowyada u noqondoonaa lagu xasuuqo sidii la loo xasuuqay 1988kii.
Dad badani dhaqaale iyo wax la quuto ayey aragtidoodu ku kooban tahay balse dad badan iyaga oo gaajeysan ayey dhexda u xidheen Somaliland dhismaheeda iyo horumarkeeda waxaa aan ku soo khatimayaa baroortu beel baa wax bursatey ka weyn ee halka loo socdo mar dambebaad garan,ee hadii aanad aminsananey Somaliland aralada Alle waa balaadhan tahay ee iska shaqo tag.
Kaftanka Maanta: Beri ayaa ruwaayad laga dhigay magaaladda Hargeysa.
Bal Ilaahay amarkii, dadkii ruwaayaddaasi xilligaasi matelaayey badankooda ama jilayaasha waaweeyn ka ahaaba waxaa u ahaa reer abti qabiil ka mid ah kuwa Hargeysa deegaan ahaan degga ee la yidhaa “reer Gadiid” oo ku abtirsadda qabiilka Sacad Muuse ee beesha Habar Awal. Ragaasi ay reer Gadiidku abtiga u ahaayeen waxaa ka mid ahaa Ilma Mooge Liibaan, Axmed Cali Haaruun (Dararamle), Shimbir Muxumed Good, Axmed Ismaaciil Xudeydi, iyo weliba Cabdi Qays oo isagu ruwaayadaba alifay iyo rag kaleba. Kolkii ruwaayaddii xalay oo kale la dhigay ayaa maqaaxi layskugu yimid. Nin ka mid ah dadkii maqaaxidda fadhiyey ayaa ruwaayaddii caayey. Kolkaasaa nin isagu asal ahaan reer Gadiid ah oo goobta fadhiyey ayaa ninkii ruwaayadda caayey bahal budh ah ku dhuftay oo gagabiyey. Ninkii dhaawaca geystay ayaa dadkii goobta joogay saddex isu qabteen oo ku yidhaahdeen; ” waar ninka maxaad ku dishay”, ninkii wax dilayna wuxuu ku jawaabay “dee ruwaayaddii ayuu caayey” Nimankii ayaa Ilaahay yaab isugu keenay, kolkaasay ku yidhaahdeen ” waar adiga maxaa ruwaayadda kaa galay”. Ninkii ismuu lurine waxaabu la soo booday oo yidhi; “Ruwaayadda ayaan abti u ahay.” Halkii bay nimankii qosol kala jeesteen. Imika waa halkiiye; waar ninku xisbigga ayuu adeer u yahee ka baydha yaanu bud idin qabsane. Kaftan wanaagsan.
Waxa Qoray Jamaal Cali Xuseen
World news story
International partners signed a joint statement on delays to parliamentary and local council elections in Somaliland.Published 27 November 2019 From: British Embassy Mogadishu
The below statement was signed by United Nations, IGAD, European Union, United States of America, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway, Ireland, Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Finland, France, Italy, Greece, Switzerland.
We, the undersigned international partners of Somaliland, recall the significant agreement between political parties in July 2019 which recognised the “critical importance of holding the long due Parliamentary and Local Council Elections” and “agreed to hold the elections as soon as they will be politically and technically possible”. We are concerned that events have significantly undermined these commitments to the detriment of Somaliland’s democratic credentials and international standing. Likewise, we are deeply concerned by instances of seemingly arbitrary detentions and by increased restrictions on freedom of expression.
We are especially concerned by the decision of the Guurti to extend both House of Representatives and Guurti’s mandates to January 2022 and January 2023 respectively. Both Houses, established to represent the women and men of Somaliland, have been sitting for a period much too long by any democratic standards. Local councils have been operating without a democratic mandate since April 2019.
We therefore call on the government and all political actors to reaffirm, through both words and deeds, the long-standing culture of mutual agreement, consensus and compromise, to find a way through this current impasse in order for both parliamentary and local elections to take place without any further delay, well before the end of the calendar year 2020. As long-standing partners for the progress of Somaliland during the last 25 years, we praise the ongoing local mediation efforts and underline that for us to support the electoral process, it must promote political inclusiveness and the full respect of the law. As a solid foundation of such a process, there needs to be an Electoral Commission that inspires broad trust from all political actors as well as from the citizens of Somaliland.
Only strong, democratically elected institutions can deliver the development outcomes that the people of Somaliland deserve. This is also what we as partners expect from our cooperation with Somaliland.
Dhaxal Sugaha Imaaraadka Oo Booqday Gabadh Yar Oo Lagu Dhaleeceeyey Markii Uu Salaan Ka Qaadi Waayey
Dhaxal Sugaha Imaaraadka Oo Booqday Gabadh Yar Oo Lagu Dhaleeceeyey Markii Uu Salaan Ka Qaadi Waayey
Baraha bulshada ee dalka Imaaraatka Carabta iyo guud ahaan dalalka Carabta ayaa waxaa saacadihii lasoo dhaafay qabsaday gabar yar oo aad uga qalbi jabtay dhaxal sugaha Imaaraatka, Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, kadib markii ay gacanta u taagta, si ay u salaamto, kadibna uu isaga dhaqaaqay.
Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan oo xiligaas dalkiisa kusoo dhaweynayay dhaxal sugaha dalka Sacuudiga, Maxamed Bin Salmaan ayaa waxaa soo dhaweyntiisa ka qeybqaatay dad ay u badan yihiin caruur saf la geliyay, waxaana dhaxal suge Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan uu salamaay inta badan caruurtii safka ku jirtay ee diyaarka u ahayd soo dhaweynta wafdiga Sacuudiga, balse aakhirka safka, waxaa uu ka tegay in uu salaamo gabar yar oo gacanta usoo taagtay.
Muuqaal laga duubay dhaxal sugaha oo sii dhaafay gabadha yar oo gacanta haadineysa ayaa qabsaday baraha bulshada ee dalkaas, waxaana dad badan ay hogaamiyaha ku canaanteen sababta uu u salaami waayay ilmaha yar ee gacanta usoo taagay.
Gabadha yar oo lagu magacaabo Aisha Maxamed Masheet Al Mazroui ayaa u muuqatay in ay aad u dooneysay in ay salaanto dhaxal sugaha, balse markiiba waxay dib ula laabatay gacanteeda iyadoo aad uga niyad jabsan.
Hasayeeshee markii muuqaalka gabadha yar ee salaanta seegtay uu baraha bulshada qabsaday, dad badan waxaa ay bilaabeen olole ay ku dalbanayaan sababta uu Maxamed Bin Zayed u salaami waayay gabadha yar ee sida niyad samida leh u dooneysay in ay salaanto.
Saacado kadib, dhaxal suge Maxamed Bin Zayed ayaa waxaa uu arkay sida dadka baraha bulshada ay uga falceliyeen gabadha yar ee ka qalbi jabtay in uu salaami waayay, waxaana maalin kadib uu booqday guriga ay degan yihiin qoyska gabadha yar, isagoona ka raaligeliyay wixii dhacay oo uu sheegay in uusan u qasdin.
Maxamed Bin Zayed ayaa markii uu galay albaabka guriga Aisha Maxamed Masheet, waxaa uu ka dhuunkaday dhabanada iyo wajiga, waana uu salaamay isagoo u muuqday qof aad ugu faraxsan la kulanka gabadhaas yar.
Muuqaaladii laga soo qaaday dhaxal sugaha Imaaraatka oo la kulmay gabadha yar ayaa markale qabsaday baraha bulshada ee dalalka Carabta, waxaana dad badan ay ku bogaadiyeen sida uu u tixgeliyay rajada gabadha yar ee dooneysay in ay salaanto.
hogaanka media group waxay halbalyo u dirayaan Suldaanka Cusub ee Beesha Makaahiil Isaxaaq ee Degaanka Somalida Ethiopia oo Maanta oo taariikdu tahay 5/12/2019 Lagu Caleemo Saarey DABEYL WEYNE oo Ka tirsan Degmada XARSHIN
The buildup of a hidden arsenal of short-range missiles is the latest sign that American efforts to deter Iran have largely failed.
- Dec. 4, 2019
WASHINGTON — Iran has used the continuing chaos in Iraq to build up a hidden arsenal of short-range ballistic missiles in Iraq, part of a widening effort to try to intimidate the Middle East and assert its power, according to American intelligence and military officials.
The buildup comes as the United States has rebuilt its military presence in the Middle East to counter emerging threats to American interests, including attacks on oil tankers and facilities that intelligence officials have blamed on Iran. Since May, the Trump administration has sent roughly 14,000 additional troops to the region, primarily to staff Navy ships and missile defense systems.
But new intelligence about Iran’s stockpiling of missiles in Iraq is the latest sign that the Trump administration’s efforts to deter Tehran by increasing the American military presence in the Middle East has largely failed.
The missiles pose a threat to American allies and partners in the region, including Israel and Saudi Arabia, and could endanger American troops, the intelligence officials said.
Iraqis “do not want to be led around on a leash by the Iranians,” Representative Elissa Slotkin, Democrat of Michigan and a member of the House Armed Services Committee, said in an interview. “But, unfortunately, due to the chaos and confusion in the Iraqi central government, Iran is paradoxically the best poised to take advantage of the grass-roots unrest.”
Iranian officials did not return a request for comment.
Tehran is engaged in a shadow war, striking at countries in the Middle East but thinly disguising the origin of those attacks to reduce the chance of provoking a response or escalating the fight, military and intelligence officials said.
An arsenal of missiles outside its borders gives advantages to the Iranian government, military and paramilitary in any standoff with the United States and its regional allies. If the United States or Israel were to bomb Iran, its military could use missiles hidden in Iraq to strike back against Israel or a gulf country. The mere existence of those weapons could also help deter attacks.
Intelligence officials would not discuss the precise model of ballistic missile Iran has sneaked into Iraq. But short-range missiles have a range of just over 600 miles, meaning that one fired from the outskirts of Baghdad could strike Jerusalem.The Iran Cables: Secret Documents Show How Tehran Wields Power in IraqHundreds of leaked intelligence reports shed light on a shadow war for regional influence — and the battles within the Islamic Republic’s own spy divisions
American intelligence officials first warned about new Iranian missiles in Iraq last year, and Israel launched an airstrike aimed at destroying the hidden Iranian weaponry. But since then, American officials have said the threat is growing, with new ballistic missiles being secretly moved in.
Officials said Iran was using Iraqi Shiite militias, many of which it has long supplied and controlled, to move and hide the missiles. The Iranian-backed militias have effectively taken control of a number roads, bridges and transportation infrastructure in Iraq, easing Tehran’s ability to sneak the missiles into the country, officials said.
“People are not paying enough attention to the fact that ballistic missiles in the last year have been placed in Iraq by Iran with the ability to project violence on the region,” said Ms. Slotkin, an expert on Shiite militias who recently visited Baghdad to meet with Iraqi and American officials.
Ms. Slotkin pressed Iraqi leaders on the threat from Iran, telling them that if Iran launched a missile from Iraqi territory, it could threaten the American training effort in Iraq and other support from the United States.
The United States was concerned about potential Iranian aggression in the near future, John C. Rood, an under secretary of defense, told reporters on Wednesday, but he provided no details about what prompted officials’ concerns. CNN reported on Tuesday about American intelligence officials warning about new threats by Iran against American forces in the Middle East.
Tensions in the Persian Gulf have risen since attacks on oil tankers this spring, including off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, as well as a major drone and missile strike on Saudi oil fields in September. The Trump administration and European allies have blamed Iran, which has denied responsibility for the attacks.
Mr. Trump opted against a military strike in response to those attacks, but has authorized the United States Cyber Command to strike targets in Iran, although military and intelligence officials have said such electronic attacks are unlikely to deter Tehran.
Last year, Reuters reported that Iran had moved ballistic missiles into Iraq. In a public report released last month, the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that Iran’s ballistic missiles were “a primary component of its strategic deterrent.”
Tehran has been building up its arsenal to better dissuade the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia from attacking.
While decades of international sanctions have weakened the Iranian military, the agency’s report said Iran had invested in its domestic infrastructure, allowing it to continue to develop capable cruise and ballistic missiles.
In the strike in September, Iran used sophisticated cruise missiles to attack Saudi oil facilities and disguise, at least for a time, where the strike originated. Those missiles were fired from Iran, but flew around the northern Persian Gulf before striking their targets.
Positioning missiles in Iraq as well as in Iran would further allow the Iranian government to create initial doubts about an attack’s origins. Obscuring responsibility, if only for a short time, is a key part of Iran’s hybrid war strategy, in which it tries to keep its adversaries off balance and pressure them without prompting a larger crisis or even war.
Gen. Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr., the head of the military’s Central Command, has said that he does not think that the American defensive buildup has deterred Tehran. Last month, he said that he expected Iran to try to mount additional attacks in the region.
General McKenzie added in a later interview, “It’s the trajectory and the direction that they’re on.”
FOSTER CITY, Calif. – In case you hadn’t heard yet, 5G, the next-generation cellular network technology, is here. All the major U.S. telecom carriers, including AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon, have announced offerings of various types. In addition, there are 5G-capable smartphones now available from several major vendors, including Samsung, LG, Motorola and more. (Unfortunately, you can’t take advantage of 5G’s benefits without a new phone. Sorry.)
© Getty Creative background, male hand holding a phone with a 5G hologram on the background of the city. The concept of 5G network, high-speed mobile Internet, new generation networks. Copy space, Mixed media.
Now for the obvious question: Is it time to jump in on this promising new technology, or does it make more sense to wait?
The short answer for many people is that you are probably better off waiting. But the longer answer for many others is, it depends.
To understand why, it’s important to know that not all 5G is the same. In fact, there are essentially several “flavors” of 5G, determined by the radio frequencies on which they transmit. Each of those flavors has unique characteristics. (If you want to learn a bit more about how frequencies impact 5G, see my previous column, which explains the technology behind 5G in more detail.)
What are the different flavors of 5G?
The sub-6 GHz signals, which use lower frequencies, travel farther and therefore offer a much wider range of coverage, which is critical for more rural parts of the country. The millimeter wave (mmWave) signals, on the other hand, can offer significantly faster performance but offer a significantly smaller range (think Wi-Fi hotspot size per mmWave cell).
Ideally, of course, you would want a service and a phone that would support both types, but, unfortunately, none of those exist yet in the U.S. While most carriers have what are called spectrum in each of those frequency ranges, the earliest 5G phones only support one or the other. This is a big part of the reason that some people are waiting.
Another key question to ask yourself: Are you (or the person who’s ultimately getting the phone) in an area that currently has 5G service or is expected to get it soon?
We’re still in the early days of 5G, so coverage is definitely limited. However, carriers have finally started publishing coverage maps that allow us to see where their 5G service offerings are available.
If you are in a coverage area, ready for a phone upgrade, and are considering whether or not to get a 5G-capable device, then the story starts to be more compelling. For one, 5G is going to offer you faster download speeds in a given location than you’ve been able to get with 4G. If you’re the type of person who downloads a lot of Netflix, Disney+ or Amazon Prime videos, you could see nice improvements.
However – and this is important – depending on the type of service available, those speed improvements may not be very impressive, at least for right now.
Why 5G won’t really be any faster – yet
AT&T has said that its new low-band 5G service, which uses the farther-reaching sub-6 GHz frequencies, is expected to offer speeds that are essentially comparable to their existing 4G service (which may appear on your phone now misleadingly labeled 5Ge). Thankfully, they aren’t charging more for 5G service if you have one of their unlimited plans – some carriers are – but that’s still a bit of a tough sell.
Part of the problem is that the early 5G networks aren’t yet leveraging all the potential technologies that will eventually allow 5G devices to reach much faster download speeds. However, all of the carriers are committed to making those improvements over time.
What that means is that 5G service will get faster as carriers upgrade their networks, even on the early 5G phones. To be clear, you can’t make a sub-6 GHz phone work with millimeter wave via a software upgrade or vice versa, but software and hardware updates to cellular networks will start to make these new sub-6 GHz phones and services faster next year.
For millimeter wave-based devices and services, performance can be great already – but it’s only in very limited areas (and, oh by the way, generally only outside because the signals can’t go through walls). So, the network upgrades for companies like Verizon are going to involve extending the range of their network, which, frankly, is a tougher and generally slower task.
5G phones in a 4G world
For either sub-6 GHz or mmWave, it’s important to remember that early 5G phones can also use 4G. In fact, most 5G phones currently have the most advanced version of 4G (LTE Advanced Pro) built-in, which means you’re going to get the best possible 4G experience on those phones if you do fall outside 5G coverage areas.
If you’re eager to get access to the latest technologies and can patiently wait for network upgrades that will make the service better, then jumping into 5G now does make sense. If not, there’s always next year.
USA TODAY columnist Bob O’Donnell is the president and chief analyst of TECHnalysis Research, a market research and consulting firm that provides strategic consulting and market research services to the technology industry and professional financial community. His clients are major technology firms including Microsoft, HP, Dell, Samsung and Intel. You can follow him on Twitter @bobodtech.
By: Bob O’Donnell, Special for USA TODAY
By Justin Cupler on September 13, 20190 SlidesNext
Finding the wealthiest nations in most peoples’ eyes involves either gross domestic product – the dollar amount of finished products a country creates – and average income. While these are great metrics, there is one other newer metric that looks at the overall well-being of a country, and that it the Social Progress Index, which uses 0 to 100 scores to rank the overall quality of life in each country to create a complementary metric to place alongside GDP and average income.
To rank the 50 wealthiest nations in the world, we looked at average income from World Data, OECD and Numbeo, 2018 GDP from the World Bank and SPI. We ranked the countries in each metric and gave each country a final ranking based on the unweighted average of the ranking of the three metrics. Income and GDP figures are in U.S. dollars.
Source : https://www.workandmoney.com
Anigu shaqsiyan ma hubo mana ogi in uu codkani yahay mid run ah oo u dhacay sidaa hadhwanaagnews inoo soo tabisey,mana cadeyn karo in uu ka soo baxay Fadumo Siciid oo codkeedii yahay iyo in kale.Balse waxaa aan isweydiinayaa su’aalahan oo u baahan in loo helo jawaab toosa.
1- Ma saxbaa in Qof qof kale la hadlaya aad ka duubtid codkiisa isaga oo aan ogeyn?
2-Shuruucda xuquuqda adamiga iyo xoriyada shaqsiga ahi side ayey u arkaan arinta korku xusan?
3- Maxaa kaga soo baxay codkan ujeedada ka dambeysa?
4- Fasiraada suxufiga ee codkaa uu ina maqashiiyey wuxuu inoogu sheegay in ay hogaaminayso xildhibaano kulmiye ah, sidaa miyeyno ka maqalney codka gabadhan la inoogu sheegay?
Inta badan Suxufiyiintu waxay qaab sir ah u duuban wada sheekeysi dhex maraya laba qof ama in ka badan dabadeedna waa ay tebiyaan ama dabacaan iyaga oo aan kala kulmin dhinaca sharciga wax dhibaatooyin ah.
Sababtoo ah waxay marka hore ba waxay xaqiijiyaan labada arimood ee ugu muhiimsan sharci ahaan in aad ilaalisid oo kala ah:
a) ogolaasho u helid (consent) ama
b) dood xaqiiqo ah oo salka ku haysa in duubitaankani ay ku jirto qaranka dantiisa (Public interest).
labadaa qodob ayaa u suurta geliya in aaney suxufiyiinta dalalka dumuqraadiga ahi dhinaca sharciga kala kulmin dhibaatooyin inta badan balse hadii ay marka horeba xaqiijin waayaan labadaa arimood mid kood in ay salka ku hayso duubista codadka waxay wajahaan dhibaato dhinaca sharciga ah waayo waxay jebinayaan sharciga qayb ka mida sida xoriyada xuquuqda dadka kale iwm.
Hadaba idinka ayaa ka garnaqi doodaaasi balse aniga waxay iila muuqadaa mid aan haysan rukumo sharci ah in la daabaco ama la baahiyo cod aan cadeyn xaqiiqanimadiisa.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) welcomes Somalia’s ratification of the Kampala Convention
The move is a significant milestone for Somalia, which has the fourth largest population of internally displaced people in the world, estimated at over 2.6 million individuals
Somalia’s ratification of a key convention to protect internally displaced people in Africa is a landmark achievement for the country and the African continent, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, said today.
The ratification of the Kampala Convention cements the Government’s commitment to the millions of highly vulnerable internally displaced people living in Somalia
The African Union (AU) Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Africa, known as the Kampala Convention, was signed on 26 November 2019 by Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, “Farmaajo”, after being passed with a near-unanimous vote by parliament last week. Somalia is the 30th African Union Member State to ratify the convention since 2009.
“The ratification of the Kampala Convention cements the Government’s commitment to the millions of highly vulnerable internally displaced people living in Somalia, and to finding solutions for the issue of displacement,” said UNHCR Somalia Representative, Johann Siffointe. “Today, Somalia serves as a regional model for others to follow, and UNHCR is eager to continue supporting the government in implementing its treaty obligations.”
The move is a significant milestone for Somalia, which has the fourth largest population of internally displaced people in the world, estimated at over 2.6 million individuals. In 2019 alone, over 665,000 people have been forced to flee their homes due to floods, conflict and drought. Serious protection challenges faced by IDPs include inadequate shelter, poor sanitation, insecurity, threats of evictions and gender-based violence.
The Kampala Convention was adopted in 2009 by Africa’s 55 states. It is the world’s first and only regional legally binding instrument for the protection and assistance of IDPs, who often face heightened risks, violations and sexual violence because of their displacement, while they struggle to access their rights and basic protection. They often remain in dire need of humanitarian assistance.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
Xisbi Siyaasadeed waa urur ay ku midowbeen koox dad isku fikir,iyo aragti ah dhinaca kalena siyaasada xisbigooda iney ku hantaan hogaaminta dalka si ay ugu dabaqaan si ficil ah ah aragtidooda siyaasadeed,dhaqaale iyo bulshoba.Xisbiyada Dumuqraadiyada ku dhisani waxay talada dalka kula wareegaan qaab doorasho ah, markaa doorashadu waa qaabta ugu muhiimsan ku guuleysashada hogaaminta dal ama xisbiba.
Somaliland waxa ka jira 3 saddex Xisbi Siyaasadeed kuwaas oo kala ah:
- Xisbiga Kulmiye
- Xisbiga UCID iyo
Saddexdan Xisbi waa Xisbiyada siyaasada ee Somaliland ee sharciga ah waana kuwa ay ahayd in ay dhibaatooyinka iyo tabashooyinka bulshada Somaliland wax ka qabtaan,oo kolba xisbigii talada dalka qabta labada xisbi ee kala ku ilaaliyaan maamulka iyo khadka siyaasadeed ee dalka sida dastuurka iyo shuruucda kaleba.
Hadaba saddexdan Xisbi ee Somaliland waa kuwo mar ka aynu daraasiyadeeno aan weli dhameys ahayn oo daldalloolooyin waa weyn leh oo noqday god bahalo galeen ah, oo si fudud iskaga soo geli karo qof kasta oo aan wadin danta siyaaasada iyo horumarka Somaliland, iyada oo rukunada aas aasayasha looga saari karo si fudud.
Taas waxaa aynu ku cadeyneynaa waaqica dhabta ah ee maanta iyo xisbiyada Siyaasadeed ee Somaliland ugu horeyn aynu u milicsano mid mid:
- Xisbiga Kulmiya
Xisbiga kulmiye oo ah xisbiga hada talada dalka Somaliland hayaa waa xisbiga marka la barbar dhigo labada xisbi ee kale loogu qaatey ee aad is odhaneysid wuxuu lee yahay muuqaal xisbi siyaasi ah
- Waxaa hogaankiisa sare isku bedelay laba hogaamiye oo kala ah Mudane Axmed Siiraanyo iyo Mudane Muuse Biixi oo hada talada Xisbiga haya.
- Xisbigu Labadii doorasho ee u dambeyey ee dalka ka qabsoonteyba isaga ayaa ku guuleystey,kol hadii laba jeer oo isku xigta la doortayna waxaa kuu muqaneysa in dad badani xisbiga kalsooni ay siiyeen,oo siyaasadiisa la dhacsan yihiin.
- Dadka Xisbiga hogaankiisa ku jiray ee iscasilay labadii sano ee u dambeyey aad bay u hooseeyaan marka loo eego xisbiga wadani oo aad u sareeya kaadirinta saree e xisbiga iskaga baxay, taasina xisbiga kulmiye waxay muujinaysaa in weli aaney isbedel ku iman kalsoonida ay kaadiriinta xisbigu ku qabaan hanaanka shaqada xisbiga.
- Xisbiga Kulmiye waxaa uu ku dhamaa labada Xisbi waxaa ku yar Qabyaalada qaawan ee laga dhex arkayo,maqlayo bulshada iyo media yaha dhexdooda ee madaxda xisbiyadu adeegsanayaan.
- Xisbiga Kulmiye waxaa ku yar aflagaadooyinka tooska ah ee shaqsi cayga tooska ah, ee aan ku dhisney daliil shaqo.
Xisbiga kulmiye Waxaa aan ku nacay oo aan Saluugsan ahay isaga oo aan weli si casri ah oo hogaamin sare ah u bisleyn kaadiriintiisa,dawlada ku ilaalin balanqaadyadii ay ku gashay doorashooyinka iyo fulintooda, isaga oo aan la hayn barnaamuj cad oo ku saleysan stragy dii lagu hanan lahaa quluubta bulshada caalamka ee qadiyada somaliland.
2. Xisbiga UCID
Xisbiga UCID waa xisbiga ugu da’da weyn Xisbiyada ka jira Somaliland sida uu inta badan Gudoomiyaha xisbigu inoo sheego waxaanu ku aragnaa xisbigan:
- Ma laha nuxur Xisbi Siyaasadeed balse waa xisbi u muuqda xisbi magaca uun xisbi karan ka ah iyo dhinaca sharciga
- Waxaa hogaamiya Mudane Faysal oo aaney cid kula tartanta xisbiga aaney jirin,waana xisbi kelidii talis oo nin qudhi ah u iska lee yahay taas waxaa aad markhaati kugu filan
- Mar walba waa musharaxa xisbiga xitaa isaga oo 3 jeer oo hore ku guuldareystey musharaxnimada xisbiga ayuu doorashada dambena ina hor iman doonaa
- Waxaa uu aaminsan yahay in xisbigu yahay mid beeshiisu ku ilaaliso oo beeshiisu codka ay siiso sida uu inta badan inoo sheego oo uu ina yidhaado beesheyda ayuun baa I dooratay oo codka ka helay,isaga oo aan xitaa xusin dadka kale ee reer Somaliland ee codka siiya.
- Waa Xisbi aan lahay hadaf siyaasadeed,balse ku dhexnool duruufaha siyaasdad ee Somaliland inta badana waxa aynu odhankarnaa waa xisbiga hogaamiyihiisu ugu balan ka bax badan yahay ee aan la aamini karan marka loo eego habdhaqankiisa taas waxaa kuu cadeynay oo tusaale kugu filan arintii uu kaga baxay balantii uu la galey Jamaal Cali Xuseen oo uu kaga baxay musharaxnimadii uu u cumaamuday.
- Waa xisbi u dhisan ku danaysi shaqsi keliya waxaa uu dhisan yahay oo keliya danaha gudoomiyaha xisbiga tusaale ma arkeysid xisbiga oo mucaaridnimo iyo talooyin saxa bixinaya marka danaha qaranka ee guud laga hadlayo:-
- Kama damqanayo biyo la’aanta,wadao xumida iyo dib u dhaxa dhaqaale ee dalka
- Kama qaab qaato dhexdhexaadinta arimaha nabad gelya iyo danaha guud ee qaranka balse danaha gaarka ah ee dhinacyada siyaasada sida doorashooyinka,komishanka iwm waa u dagaalamaha kowaad ee safka hore uga jira dooda iyo dacwada.
Xisbiga UCID waxaa aan ku nacay waa xisbi shaqsi ligii ka taliyo oo uu aaminsan yahayna in uu keligii lee yahay dhistey,reerkiisa oo qudhina uu codka uu ku soo boxo ka helo.
3. Xisbiga Wadani
Xisbiga wadani waa xisbiga ugu dada yar 3 xisbi waana xisbii kaalinta 2aad ka galay doorashadii ugu dambeysey ee Somaliland.
Wadani waxaa uu Siyaasada Xisbiyada Somaliland ku soo kordhiyey ficilo dadka reer Somaliland intooda badani walaac ka muujineyso Waxaana ka xusi karnaa:
- Waa Xisbiga keliya ee ololihii ugu dambeeyey ee madaxnimada ku ololeeya Cayda Musharixii Xisbiga kulmiye oo waxa uu ololahiisa u adeegsadey cayda musharixii la tartamayey isaga oo xisbigu goobaha ay iskugu soo baxaan taageerayaashiisa keenayey ninba ninka uu kaga cayi og yahay muuse biixi, halkii uu wax qabadka iyo sidii uu dalka u dhisi lahaa kaga ololeyn lahaa ayuu muuse biixi caydiisa uun ku mashquuley taasina waa ta keen tay in uu guur dareysto doorashadii
- Xisbigu waa xisbiga keliya ee dhisay qaab dhismeyd ku cusub dhismaha xisbiyada:
- Gudoomiye ku meel gaadha iyada oo Gudoomiyihii Joogo
- Hogaamiye Xisbi iwm,taas oo uu uga danlahaa ku soo jiidasho codeeyayasha ku codeeya qabyaalada ee aan ku codeyn aragti xisbi iyo mabda toona.
Arintaasi oo iska ahayd uun xeelad siyaasadeed balse dhinaca kale waa ifaafaalayaasha cusub ee xisbigu soo kordhiyey.
- Xisbigu waxaa uuurursadey Shaqsiyaad ka soo horjeeda Somaliland inay ka ka godo Somaliya, ama kuwo ku guul dareystey siyaasada,oo hore loo ogaa in ay ku saaqideen siyaasada .
- Xisbiga wadani waxaa uu ku wareeeray qaabkii uu u hanan lahaa maamulka dalka,isaga oo la aamin san yahay in uu lug ku lee yahay jabhada ka soo muuqday meelo ka tirsan Jamhuuriya Somaliland, halkii uu dib uskugu habeyn lahaa doorasho cusub iyo taakikooyin uu ku gaadho hogaanka ayuu ku dhacay dabinka xasadka iyo xinka, tanina waa sababta ilaa hada hortagan doorasho loo galo barlabaanada,degaanada iwm..
Xisbiga Wadani waa Xisbiga ugu liitaa dhinaca arimaha qaranimada Somaliland waana xisbi aan lahay aragti siyaasadeed oo lagu hagaajinayo siyaasada,dhaqaalaha iyo bulshada waxaana aan ku nacay mar walba waa caqabad ha kinaya horumarka bulshada iyo afxumo joogto ah oo ay xubnihiisu caadaysteen taasna xisbiga hogaankiisu u xusho jagooyinka sare kolba midka ugu cayda iyo afxumada badan tartaranka Cayda Madaxweyne Muuse iyo Beeshiisa, Taas micnaheedu waa hadii aad rabto in aad xil sare lagaaga magacaabo xisbiga wadani waa in aad ku sifoowdaa laba arimood :
- Waa in aad isku beel tihiin Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Ciro oo ah Gudoomiyaha xisbiga
- Waa in aad Si fiican u Caayi Taqaan Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi iyo Beeshiisa
Labadaa arimood hadii lagaa helo waxaa aad tahay geesi wadani ah xilkaaguna waa wadani in aad hogaamiso.
Arimahaasina waxay xisbiga wadani gelinsiiyeen in uu lumiyo hogaamiyaal door weyn ku lahaa dhismaha iyo inuu xisbiga wadani ku soo boxo kaalintii xisbiyada siyaasada,balse waxaa aynu eegin halkuu ku dambeeyo wadani aniga oo saadaalin kara in uu ka sii baxayo saaxada siyaasada hadii aanu la iman isbedel weyn oo xisbiga u haga dhinaca guusha.
Saddexdan Xisbi waa kuwo hagaasiyey siyaasadii kori lahayd ee somalilalnd iyaga ayaana masuul ka ah citiraaf la,aanta,sixir bararka,qaybyaalada,hogaamin xumida, iyo aragti la,aanta sidaa darteed waxaa la joogaa wakhtigii wax garadka soomaliland loo furi lahaa xisbiyo cusub oo ka aragti iyo raad duwan kuwan manta ee aan dananeyn dadka iyo dalka balse ay u muuqato kursi aan wax kale ka hooseyn.
Hadii Xisbiyada Somaliland ahaan lahaayeen kuwo Firfircoon looma baahdey in ay cidi dhexdhexaadiso xisbiyada iyo dawlada ee iyaga ayaa sharciga iyo dustuurka ku kala bixi lahaa balse waxaa kolba cid kale uGu gurmanaysaa waa liidnimada iyo fadhiidhnimada xisbiyada qaranka oo doorkoodii lumiyey taasi waata keentay in kooxo kale dhexdhexaadin galaan sida madaxsha,ganacsato iwm, halkii haydaha dastuuriga ah iyo xisbiyadu doorkooda qaadan lahaayeen ayeynu arkeynaa saddex nin oo keliya oo loo gar qaadayo oo la lee yahay Ciro,Faysal iyo Muuse bixi ayaa is mari waayey oo talo loo soo jeedinayaa la dhexdhexaadinayaa aawey doorkii ururadii siyaasadeed iyo haydahii qaynuuniga ahaa ee ka gar naqi lahaa isqabsiga arimaha farsamo iyo maamul ee dalka.
M J Farah BEng (hon), BA. Certificate H.W. A PhD Research Proposal
By Elizabeth Scott, MS Elizabeth Scott, MS, is a wellness coach specializing in stress management and quality of life, and the author of “8 Keys to Stress Management.” Updated February 07, 2018
Most people don’t’ realize how much clutter causes stress, but it’s true that living in a mess can drain you of time, energy, and even money, creating significant amounts of additional stress. Unfortunately, a cluttered home is the norm. But while stressed, overscheduled people have little time to clean, given the value of having your home as a sanctuary from stress, as well as what you save by being organized, it makes sense to keep your house clean. The key is to be smart about cleaning, and clean in a way that causes little additional stress, or actually help you reduce stress while you clean. There are many specific tips on how to declutter a space or an entire home, but one important aspect of cleaning that shouldn’t be overlooked is keeping things low-stress and as enjoyable as possible so you don’t mind the chore. If you’re able to do this, you’ll be more likely to clean on a more regular basis and this can reduce the stress of cleaning as well. The following low-stress housekeeping tips can help you do all of this:
Put on Some Music
There are many proven benefits of music for stress relief, and music is even used to promote wellness in the form of music therapy. Music can actually calm you down or energize you, depending on what type of music you choose. You can harness the stress relieving and energy-inducing powers of music to help your cleaning efforts so that you’re actually less stressed (or at least no more stressed and tired) when you’re finished, plus you’ll get a boost from the great feelings you get from your cleaner space.
Pare Down and Organize
Toss or donate everything that you don’t need or love. Find a place for everything that’s left, so it’ll be easier to clean up. And don’t buy new things unless you absolutely need them. These simple guidelines will leave you with less stuff to clutter up your space and make cleaning quicker and easier.
Make Small, Consistent Goals
When creating new habits of any type, it’s good to make realistic goals, work toward them consistently and reward yourself for even the smallest progress. This is also true for cleaning. If you set small, doable cleaning goals, such as 30 Second Chores (a list of chores that can be done quickly so that you can knock a bunch out when you have a few free minutes), or a Daily Cleaning List (which is a group of lists that cover all chores so that you’ll keep your house clean over the course of a week or month if you just do a few a day), you won’t get overwhelmed by the work.
Enjoy Your Results
Clean a little bit every day, and you just may have the magic formula for a cleaner, stress-free living environment. Further your rewards and keep your motivation up by enjoying your home when your work is done! If you clean your bathroom, give yourself a regular home spa experience so you can really appreciate all of your hard work. Enjoy a candlelit dinner in your kitchen, burn essential oils to enjoy aromatherapy, and decorate in a way that really makes your heart smile. Once you get used to having your home as a sanctuary from stress instead of another cause of it, you’ll probably be hooked
Waxaa aad moodaa in ciwaanka maqalkaygani la yaab ku noqon doono dad badan balse baadhitaan iyo daraasada in mudo ah aan ku eegayey hab dhaqanka Siyaasiinta Somaliland intooda badan ayaa waxaa ii soo baxay in mushkilada khilaafaadka ee mar walba dhibka ku ah horumarka,hanaqaadka ,aqoonsiga iyo barwaaqeynta dalkan curdinka ah uu salka ku hayo in aaney jirin oo meesha ay ka maqan yihiin Siyaasintii bulshada hagi lahaa kuwan aaynu maanta haynaana ay yihiin intooda badani dhibta iyo tacadiyada horumarka bulshada Somaliland.
Hadii aynu si agadami ah u sharaxno siyaasiyiinta waxaa ay yihiin waxaynu heleynaa fahanka siyaasiga iyo siyaasiinta sidaa darteed aynu iswaydiino su’aalahan kooban?
- Waa maxay siyaasi?
Siyaasi waa shaqsi ku firfircoon siyaasadaha xisbi , ama waa shaqsi haya ama doonaya in uu xil ka qabto dawlad.
Sidaa darteed Siyaasiina waa wadarta ereyga Siyaasi uun.
Halkaa waxaynu ka garan karnaa in siyaasugu ahayn qof la soo qasbay balse inta badan uu isagu isku gartey in uu siyaasada saaxadeeda yimaado.
Siyaasiintu waxay soo jeediyaan, taageeraan oo abuuraan sharciyo.
Hadaba Siyaasiinta marka aynu eegno waa kuwo saameyn ku leh dal kasta horumarkiisa iyo dubudhaciisa oo muhiim u ah qaran jiritaankiisa iyo burburkiisa labadaba.
Taariikh ahaan Somaliland waxaa gumeystihii boqoryoda ingiriisku soo gashay 1884 waxayna ku soo galeen heshiis ay la galeen odaydii Somaliland ee wakhtigaa ku jirey kaalinta siyaasiinta maanta ee casriga ah.Nasiib daro odayadaa taariikhdooda iyo waxa ay qabteen heshiiskii qodobadiisii midna laguma xusin taariikhdii lagu dhigan jirey dugsiyada dalkii Somaliya la odhan jirey oo maanta anigu ma hayo magacyadoodii taasina oo mid ka mid ah qarinta iyo aasida taariikhda iyo halgamayaashii dalka somaliland.
Maxaynu uga baahan nahay in aynu bedelno siyaasiinta ?
Isbedel ku yimaada hab dhaqanka siyaasiinta Somaliland waa mid baahi weyn loo qabo sababta oo ah waxay meel cidla ah mar walba kaga tagaan dalkii iyo dadkii reer Somaliland taas waxaa makhaati ka ah ficiladooda taariikhdiga ah oo ay ka mid yihiin kuwan:
- 26 June 1960 waxaa xornimadii qaatey British Somaliland waxaana markaa taladii wareejiyey ,Sir Douglas Hall mudadii u dhaxaysey
11 Jul 1959 – 26 Jun 1960 ahaa gudoomiyihii ugu dambeyey ee maamula intii maxmiyada Engiriisku ku jirtey Somaliland.
- 26 Jun 1960 Taladii dalku waxay gacanta loo geliyey siyasiintii Somaliland oo markaa uu hogaaminayey Alle ha u naxariistee Maxamed X. Ibrahim Cigaal
Sida ay yidhaahdaan dadka taariikhda Somaliland ee aan qoreynini tabiyaan in bilaa shuruud dawladnimadii Somaliland lagu geeyo koonfurtii Somaliya ee talyanigu gumeysanayey waxaa sabab u ahaa:
- Xifaaltan iyo xasad ka dhex dhashey siyaasiintii wakhtigaa taas oo salka ku haysey si Maxamed X. Ibrahim u noqon hogaamiyaha Somalilanta xorowdey oo halkii maxamed madax u noqon lahaa laga door biday in geeyaan xornimo aan shurud lahayd midowga walaalaheen konfureed hadii shuruudo la geeyo ileyn wasiirka kowaad Maxamed X. Ibrahim baa noqonayee si aanu booskaa u helin baa dalkaas dhan xuquuqdiisii lagu duudsiyey.
- Iyada oo Siyaasiintii wakhtigaasi si fiicaan u dersin xaadada oo aaney meel isla dhigin si fiicaana u wada hadal xisbiyadii markaa jirey oo dhexdooda isa saxin ayaa jujub xamar lagu tagey taas masuuliyadeedana waxaa lahaa siyaasiintii wakhtigaa.
- Dadka qaarkii waxay eeda dusha u saaraan Siyaasiintii beesha Habaryoonis oo ay yidhaahdaan iyaga yaa masuul ka ahaa inta badan in aan lagu heshiin gudaha Somaliland intaan la tegin koonfurta wakhtigaasi
Arimaahsi aynu kor ku soo sheegney waxay tusaale fiican u yihiin sida ilaa hada Siyaasiinta maanta ee Somaliland uga faa’iideysan taariikhihii hore oo ay mar walba ugu noqnoqonayaan khaladkii shaley ee burburka iyo khasaaraha dhaliyey maanta bal u fiirso arimahan:
Somaliland waxay xoriyadeedii dib ula soo noqotey 18 May 1991 waxaana mudadaa laga bilaabo socdey dhismo dib loogu yagleelayo Somaliland cusub oo ka duwan tii 1960. Balse Siyaasiyiintii dambe ee u hana qaadey Somaliland waxay noqdeen kuwo dhaqankoodu yahay uun dabacadihii lagu guurdareystay ee 1960kii waa kuwo aan ka faa’iideysan waayo aragnimadii laga dhaxley taariikhdii hore loo soo marey,waa kuwo aan lahay arimahan:
Aragti fog oo Siyaasadeed, Hal abuur ,wadaniyad, hogaamin iyo fikir waxbadeli kara,Sharci u hogaamsamid iyo dhowrid midna asal ahaan ma jecla,waa kuwo ismuujin iyo xoog aaminsan,waana kuwo ka fikireyn mustaqbalka dadka iyo dalka balse inagu beel laxawsada qabiil jilib iyo wax aan meel ina geeneyn sidaa darteed waxaa keliya ee inoo furani waa in aynu isbedel ku sameyno siyaasiinta oo aaynu bedelno dhaqankooda doorano kuwo wadaniyiin ah aragti siyaasadeed oo fog leh,waxna ka qaban kara baahiyaha baahsan ee jira .
Saddexda xisbi iyaga oo sii kala liita hadana waa kuwo iskaga mid ah nuxurka aan qorneyn oo ah cuqaal reereed siyaasad ku dhisan ma aha xisbiyo ku dhisan mabadiida xisbi qaran balse waa xisbiyo u muuqda in la mara habaabiyey oo aan lahay hogaamin xisbi siyaasadeed oo casri ah.
Isbedelku waa xalka keliya ee lagu heli karo siyaasiin wadaniyada kor u qaada qabyaaladana u dhaafa sidii Alle inoogu sheegey in ay tahay.
The Human rights act ayaa qodobkiisa 11 aad qeexayaa xaqa mudaharaadada ay u lee yihiin adamigu kaas oo si fiican u sharxaya in dadku samey karaan isku soobax nabad ah oo aan wax dhibaato ah keenin, waa la isku soo bixi karaa,shir jarayid baa la qaban karaa,waana laga qayb geli karaa ururada iwm ,qodobkan ayaa ah midka loo cuskado sharciga mudaharaadada ee shuruucda xuquuqda adamaha.
Dalkastaba dastuurkiisa ayey ku qeexan tahay xuquuqda ay muwaadiyiintu u lee yihiin in ay mudaharaad nabad gelyo ah sameen karaan.
Hadaba sida ay xaq u tahay in aad abaabushid mudaharaad,ka qayb gashid si nabadgelyo ah ayey dhinaca kale la xadidi karaa mudaharaadada balse waxaa muhiima in la eego arimahan:
- Xadidaada mudaharaadu waa in ay sharciga dalka waafaqsan yihiin oo uu jiraa sharciyad loo cuskanayo in la xadido
- Waa in uu noqdaa mid lagama maarmaan ah oo laga fursan waayey
- Waa in loo racaa mid ama in ka badan arimahan :
- the interests of national security or public safety
- the protection of health or morals
- The protection of others’ rights and freedoms.
- the prevention of disorder or crime
Hayadaha nabadgelyadu (Army Force, Police others) waxay xayiraad sharciya ku sameyn nayaan isku soo baxyada markey u cadaato jiritaanka arimahaasi kor ku xusan in ay jiraan qodobka 11 ee xuquuqda mudaharaadana waa la xayirayaa.
Hadaba sida aan u arko Mudaharada ay ku baaqeen Xisbiga wadani maha mid ka madhan dhibaatooyinka iyo hagardaamada danaha qaranka Somaliland balse waa mid ay ka dhalan karaan dhibaatooyin xaga nabadgelyada ah lidna ku ah danaha nabadgelyada qaranka ee Somaliland xiligana looma baahna mudaharaado noocaas ah iyada oo la og yahay in ay baryahan dambe jiraan kooxo hubeysan oo khatar u ah nabadgelyada qaranka Somaliland oo ku hanjabayey iney waxyeeleen doonaan Qaranimada,iyo amaanka dalka. Sidaa darteed Xisbiga wadani waxaa ugu baaqayaa inay mudaharaada dib ugu dhigtaan wakhti ku haboon oo ciidamada amaanka kala shaqeeyaan nabadgelyada iyo xasiloonida dalka una hogaansamaan shuruucda dalka iyo nidaamka amaanka qaranka,dawladana waxaa aan ugu baaqayaa in ay ilaaliso xuquuqda muwaadiniinta,iyo amniga guud ee qaranka sharciguna uu noqdo ka lagu kala baxo.
By Elizabeth Scott, MS Updated October 15, 2019
Want a secret weapon for relieving stress? Getting organized. Putting in the effort of getting organized, especially if this organization extends to multiple areas of your life, can help reduce stress levels long term by requiring less last-minute scrambling in a variety of everyday situations. It can also feel empowering, so you experience new situations as “exciting” rather than “stressful,” which can minimize the strength and duration of your stress response, or keep it from getting triggered in the first place.
However, getting organized is more difficult than it initially sounds. For example, how organized must you be? When do you know when you’re ‘organized enough’? (Do your clothes need to be hung according to color, or alphabetically? Must every minute be scheduled and accounted for in a calendar somewhere?) And what are the most important areas of life for getting organized?
The following tips for getting organized cover how organized to be, what areas carry the greatest benefits, and how to get started:
Organize Your House
A cluttered home can subtly drain you of energy; that much is pretty common knowledge. However, there are other hidden costs of clutter as well. (Clutter can drain your finances and schedule, too.) That’s why it’s important to organize your home. While you don’t need to have your books alphabetized or your shoes lined up according to the date you bought them, it is important to have everything in its place and have that place be somewhere that makes sense. There are a variety of ways to maintain an organized home.
Organize Your Time
Do you find yourself constantly rushing? Does your mind race with all that you have to do? And do you have trouble remembering it all? If so, you already know that living like this can be pretty stressful, don’t you? Getting organized with your time can make a huge impact on your life: Your to-do list can all get done, and it can stop occupying your thoughts.
In getting your schedule organized, remember a few important things. First, don’t overbook yourself. Plan only as many activities as you have time for. Also, be aware of what you need to get done and when—in a way other than keeping it all in your head. (I recommend David Allen’s Getting Things Done for a cohesive time management plan.) Finally, schedule in some downtime. If you’re always running, running, running, you may be less efficient overall because you’re tired of all the running. Schedule in some downtime, and you can really focus the rest of the time.
Yes, you may consider being proactive with your problems to be part of getting organized in that it’s a tendency to be organized with your approach to stress, which can be quite empowering. It’s important to notice and eliminate patterns of stressors so that your stress response isn’t constantly triggered. For example, if you’re having trouble with your kids, don’t just face each situation like it’s happened for the first time; try to notice patterns of behavior and address those patterns, so they won’t keep happening. (I like to call that ‘getting organized with discipline.”) If you find yourself constantly stressed in traffic, try to pinpoint why, and address those issues.
You can be organized in your life in a host of ways. These are three of the main ones. Give them a try, and start feeling less stressed today.
source: Verywell Mind
Marka aynu dhinac kasta ka eegno Somaliland waxa ku xeeran dalal aan intooda badani yihiin kuwo aaney ka dhalanba dimuqraadiyada casriga ahi oo weliba aanay ka jirin xasilooni siyaasadeed nabadgelyo iyo horumar bulsho. Tusaale fiican waxaa inoogu filan dalka ay Jaarka nahay ee Somaliya oo ah dal aan jirin dal ahaan balse u jira si qaynuuni ah oo caalamku sharci ahaan u aqoonsan yihiin dal balse ruux ahaan ah dal fashilmay, oo caalamkuna ku bixiyaan dhaqaale aad u balaadhan oo bilyans dollar ah oo lacag ah.
Somaliland beesha caalamku waxay markhaati ka tahay in ay horumar ka jirto dhinyada nabadgelyada, ismaamulka iyo jaar wanaaga.
Somaliland waxaa uu ka amaan wanaagsan yahay meelo badan oo dalalka horumarey ah,amaankiisuna waa mid laysku haleyn karo.
Weliba Somaliland waxay qayb weyn ka qaadataa degenaashaha iyo sugida nabada ee madaqada ay ku taalo.
Waa wadan aan la aqoonsan weli balse buuxiyey shuruudaha dawladnimada iyo wadan xor ah.Waa wadan inta badan ku hawlan arimihii gudaha,oo aan wax farogelina ku haynin jaarkiisa.
Somaliland iyada oo doorashooyin xora oo xalaal ah lagu doorto golayaashii iyo madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisa,oo caalamku markhaati ka yahay aaney jirin wax ka qarsoon caalamka ayaa hada cadaw lagu yahay jiritaankiisa,oo mar walba laysku dayaa in la mijo xaabiyo jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadan Curdunka ah.
Sida aan hada rumeysanahay burburka Jamhuuriyadan waxaa daneenaya kooxo kala duwan kuwaas oo kaleh ujeedooyin kala duwan waxaaney adeegsanayaan siyaasiin reer Somaliland ah oo iyagu aad dan iyo muraad toon aka lahayn dadkooda iyo dalkooda toona.
Sidaa aan qabo way og yihiin wayna la socdaan bulshada caalamku,dhaqdhaaqyada ka soo horjeeda dimuqraadiyada Somaliland,balse waxbaa si ka ah fashilaada kooxahaasi iyo dalalka ka dambeeyaba.
Balse waxaa aan hubaa in dadka iyo dalalka khatarka ku ah dimoqraadiyada Somaliland iney khatar ku yihiin nabadgelyada geeska Afrika iyo tan caalamkaba.
Ninka ama kooxda maanta oo lagu jiro wakhti caalamku tuulo yar yahay oo dhaqdhaqaaq iyo xarakooyinka socda si weyn loo wada og yahay malaha kooxda ama ninka qoriga u qaatey dal dimoqraatiya oo madaxweynihii ugu dambeyey uu hada hayey 2 sano oo qudha ee leh xoog baan xukun ku rabaa oo dadka iyo dalka Ayaan ka ridayaa dagaalo iyo burbur malaha waxba ma dhaamo ninkii mar dhexdaa ah sheegtey inuu yahay madaxweynaha Somaliland ee hadana inagu yidhi sidan:
Soo dhaweyntii Madaxweynaha
By Dr. R Ahmed
Hayadaha Dawlada ee Shaqadoodu tahay amaanka airportda Somaliland iyo kuwa maamulaba waxaa looga fadhiyaa in ay ka jawaabaan eedeemahaasi loo soo jeediyey ee xisbiga wadani. Hadii ay xaqiiqo noqoto wararkaasina waa in uu is casilaa maareeyaha garoomada diyaaradaha Somaliland iyo wasiirka ay hoos yimaadaanba.
Hadii dacaayad tahayna waa in xisbiga wadani gudoomiyahiisu iscasilaa waliba sharciga la horgeeyaa cidii ka dambeysey.
A German city has officially declared a “Nazi emergency” after seeing an increase in far-right extremism.
Councillors in Dresden said they passed the resolution to protect minorities against dangerous views and rising violence.
Officials became uneasy when far-right groups like PEGIDA and Alternative for Germany gained more support in the city, Deutsche Welle reported.
Die Partei councillor Max Aschenbach, whose party brought forward the resolution, said: “We have a Nazi problem in Dresden and have to do something about it.”
He added in an interview with the BBC: “‘Nazinotstand’ means – similar to the climate emergency – that we have a serious problem. The open democratic society is threatened.”
The resolution won cross-party support, with members of the Greens, Left Party, Social Democrats and Free Democrats backing it.
The policy statement said: “Anti-democratic, anti-pluralist, misanthropic and right-wing extremist attitudes and actions, including violence in Dresden, are occurring with increasing frequency”.
Saxaafadu waxay Soo shaac baxday qiyaas ahaan 1780 yadii waxayna ku bilaabantay warsidayaal (newspapers) ilaa wakhtigaa laga soo bilaabo way koreysey,oo kolba heer bay mareysey.
Saxaafadu waxay qaab weyn oo muhiima ka qaadatey ama ka qaadataa qaabeynta maskaxda adamaha.
Saxaafadu waxay kaalin weyn ku leedahay kobcinta dhaqaalaha iyo horumarinta siyaasada ee muwaadiyiinta wadankasta oo caalamka ka midaba.Waxaay sameeysaa wergelin iyo wax isdhaafsi dhinacyada isgaadhsiinta ah oo muwaadiyiintu dalkooda siyaaba kala duwan ugu horumarin karaan.Saxaafadu waxay muhiim u tahay oo ay kobcisaa democracy ga iyo isku xukunka sharciga hadii ay hesho fursada madaxbanaanida si ay fariimaha u gaadhsiiso bulshada iyada oo aan cidna dulmin,kuna xadgudbin xoriyada aasaasiga ah ee umada,hayadaha dawladuna ka hor istaagin shaqadeeda in ay muwaadiyiinta gaadhsiiso wararka sugan ee muhiimka u ah dadka iyada oo aan cidna ka baqaneynin oo xor ah, qadarinta iyo isxushmeyntana lagu wada shaqeenayo.
Saxaafadu waxay qayb ka qaadataa dhisida bulsho domuqradiya oo isku tiirsan danahoodana ilaashanaya.
SAXAAFADA IYO SOMALILAND
Somaliland waxa ay soomalida kale kaga horeysey taariikhda dhinaca saxaafada taas waxaa markhaati u ah radiyihii ugu horeyey ee Afka somaliga lagu baahiyaa wuxuu ahaa radio hargeysa 1941.
Xitaa Qorista Afsomaliga waxaa laga bilaabay Somaliland taas oo culimo reer Somaliland ahi qoreen buugag farsomali ah.
Dhinaca kale markii laanta afsomaliga ee BBC da la aas aasey wariyayaashii lagu aas aasey waxay ahaayeen kuwo reer Somaliland ah, Sidaa awgeed Saxaafada Somaliya ee casriga ah waxaa ay ka soo aas aasantay Somaliland.
Suxufiyiin badan oo magac iyo maamuus ku dhex leh bulshada somaliyeed ayaa ka soo dhexbaxay bulshada Somaliland.
Suxufiyaantaasi hore waa kuwa kor u qaaday wacyiga iyo xitaa horumarinta afka Somaliga,waxay ku soo kordhiyeen erey bixino afsomali ah oo cusub,waxayna kaalin weyn ka qaadeen qaabeynta saxaafada iyo doorkeeda in kasta oo dhinaca Somalida konfureed aan la dafiri Karin in ay suxufiyiinta ka soo jeedaa ay kaalin weyn iyaguba ku lahaayeen saxaafada Somalida gaar ahaan wixii ka dambeyey 1970 yadii hadana suxufiyiinta ka soojeeda Somaliland waxaa odhan karaa waa kuwa dhidibada u dhigay saxaafada somalida gaar ahaan Radio yaasha,iyo wargeysyada.
Hadana taariikhdooda iyo kaalintoodii taariikheed waa mid la ilowbay oo aan ku suntaneyn taariikhda saxaafada somalida taasina waa qayb ka mid ah taariikhda Somaliland ee aasan ee xitaa dadkeedu aaney rabin in taariikhda dadkooda iyo dalkooda ururiyaan halka kuwa somalida kale dadkoodu ururiyaan oo ay wax ka qoraan.
Taariikhda lunsan ee Somaliland saxaafada oo qudhi kuma koobna balse xitaa xisbiyaadii siyaasadeed ee Somaliland ee xoriyada keenay Ayaan ka muuqan meelaha taariikhaha lagu kaydiyo
Dawladii kala dabeyey ee Somaliya waxay taariikhda xoriyada Somaliya si weyn ugu buunbuuniyeen xisbigii SYL ee konfurta halka aan taariikhda lagu xusin xisyadii SNL, USP iyo NUF oo aan xitaa aas aasayaashoodii la xusin halka 13 kii dhalinyarada ahaa ee SYL meel walba magacyadooda iyo taariikhdooda laga helayo intii ay Somali dawlad yeelateyna la xusayey dugsiyadana lagu dhigayey xagey qabatey dadkii aasaasey ee dhidibada u taagey Somaliland siyaasadeeda saxaafadeeda iyo aqoonta iyo waxbarashada somaliya oo dhan.
Halgamayaashii xoriyada Somalida kuwa ugu taariikhda weyni waxay ahaayeen kuwii ka soo jeedey Somaliland saxaafadu wax weyn kama qorin:
- Sayid Maxamed Cabdule xasan (keligii ayaa laga xusaa aadna wax looga qoray)
- Farax Omaar (wax badan laga sheego)
- Sheekh Bashiir (wax ba lagama sheego)
- Axmed Gurey (Wax yar baa laga qorey)
Saxaafadu waxa qayb muhiima oo dadka u gudbisa taariikh,warar,aqoon iyo wacyi gelin.
Saxaafadu waxay isla bedeshay isbedelka Technology ee Caalamka waxaana maanta ku soo biirey qaybo cusub oo wararka ,fariimaha,aqoonta,madadaalooyinka laysku gaadhsiiyo kuwaas oo la kowsadey internatka iyo www ka.
Sidaa darteed waxaa isbedel ku yimi qaabkii iyo shuruucdii caalamka ee lagu dhaqayey saxaafada madax banaanideeda, iyo privacy, balse saxaafada Somaliland weli ma helin sharciyo si fiican ula jaanqaadaya saxaafada iyo madaxbanaanideed. Taasina waa ta keenta inay iska horyimaadaan hayadaha sharciga iyo suxufiyiintu.
Saxufiyiintu waa iney noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh shaqada saxaafada, hayadaha fulintuna waa in ay noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh xeerarka saxaafada iyo qaabka loola dhaqmo suxufiga labaduba waa in ay u diyaarasan yihiin hawlaha ay qabanayaan,balse ma muuqato fahan iyo wadashaqayn dhinaca sharciga ah oo ay labada dhinac ilaalinayaan taasina waa caqabada ay mar walba la kulmayaan saxafiyiintu.
Ciidamada amaanka waa in la siiyaa tababaro ku saabsan saxaafada iyo sida loola shaqeeyo waana in ay fahansan yihiin xoriyada saxaafada iyo wixii xadgudub ah iyo qaabka loo maareeyo,saxaafadu waa in ay noqoto mid dhexdhexaad ah oo gudanaysa uun xilkeeda saxaafadeed.
Hadhwanaagnews oo ka mid ah saxaafada madaxa banaan ee Somaliland ayaa dhawaanahan xanibaad kala kulantay Somaliland arintaasi waxay u baahan tahay in hadhwanaagnews na is saxdo oo ay dib iskugu noqoto,hayadaha sharciguna is saxaan oo dib iskugu nodaan iyada oo la kaashanayo sharciga iyo nidaamka dalka. Suxifiyiintana tacadiyada laga daayo wixii qalad ah ee jirana lagu dhameeyo Isfahan iyo sharciga saxaafada.
Anigu shaqsiyan xogogaal uma ihi waxaa la isku hayo, balse rayigayga waxaan u arkaa in saxaafada xoriyada madaxbanideeda la wada ilaaliyo saxaafaduna ilaaliyo dhexdhaxaadnimada iyo hubinta waxa ay ka warameyso xaqiiqadeeda mar walba danta dalkana laga horumariyo wax kastaba oo saxaafaduna qaranimada ilaaliso.
Ugu dambeyntii waxaa aan qabaa kuna talinayaa hayadaha fulinta iyo kuwa garsoorka in saxaafada iyo suxufiyiinta gudashada waajibkooda lagu ilaaliyo loona arko kuwo gudanaya waajibaad qaran oo ay ku saxayaan dhaliilo jira marwalbana lagu gacansiiyo gudashada waajibkooda lana ilaaliyo naftooda,hantidooda iyo sharaftooda suxufiyiinta xidhana la siidaayo arintoodana lagu xaliyo qaabka shuruucda saxaafada.
Suxufiyiintana waxaa laga rabaa in ay ku sifoobaan dhexdhaad,xaqiiqo ka waran,ilaalinta sharciyada saxaafada iyo dhaqanka suxufiga waxaad haysaan hawl adag oo u baahan aqoon,taxadir iyo hufnaan badan.
Waad mahadsantihiin Dhamaantiin
M J Farah
Certified Microsoft Innovative Educator
Thursday October 31, 2019 by G. Good
Guddidan wasiirrada ah oo uu hogaaminayo wasiirka wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali Koore, ayaa kulan foolka fool ah oo ka dhacay geed hoostii isugu keenay Xidheyaasha labada dhinac ee ay dhibaabadu ku dhex martay, deegaanka Wada-jir ee gobolka Selel, waxaana goob-joog ka ahaa Badhasaabka Gobolkaasi Selel
Shirkan ayaa labada dhinac loogu jeediyey hadallo isugu jiro mahad-naq, waano iyo wacad xidh nabaddeed. Odayaasha labada dhinac ayaa dhankooda balanqaaday inay u hogaansamayaan qorshaha nabadeynta.
“Waxaan anigu u kacay laba qodob dhinaca dhibgeystaha waxaan leeyahay waar wixii dhibgeyste lagu yaqaaney ayaa maanta madashaasi lagaga fadhiya ee halaaga helo, dhinaca dhibanahana waxaan leeyahay, walaalkayow culeys ayaa kugu dhacay adna wixii dhibane lagu yaqaaney ee tanaasul lahaa ee xurmolahaa, ee dulqaadasho-laha adna halagaa hello”ayuu yidhi gudoomiyaha gobolka Selel Mawliid Maxamed.
Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Beeraha Axmed Muumin Seed oo isna madasha ka hadlay ayaa yidhi “Waxaa madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisu ay noo soo direen in arrintaasi xalkeeda iyo dhibteedu aanay halkaasi dhaafin, oo aynu joojino, waxaanu uga
mahad celineyna falkii dhacay in aanay dhib ku sixin, ee ay fadhiyeen oo ay sugayeen go’aanka xukuumaddu ay qaadaneyso iyo go’aanka cida dhibta geysatay ay u soo dhaweyneyso, oday waliba gurigiisi iyo reerkiisi iyo ubadkiisi ayuu ka yimid, oo uu duurka ugalay in arrintaasi xal lagu dhammeeyo fidnadii dhacday ayaa damiseen ILLAAHEY heydinka abaal mariyo, ka gudi ahaan waxaanu garaney in maanta leysa soo hor fadhiisto waxaananu anaga iyo ciidamada amniguba aanu gacanta ku heyna hawsha”
Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali koore oo ah gudoomiyaha gudidan xalinaya shaqaaqada ayaa hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Teynu u fadhina maanta waxaa weeye, waxaad tihiin dhibane iyo dhibgeyste qoladda dhibta geysatay waxaa aanu ka rajeynaynaa oo aanu ka fileynaa sidii dhaqanku ahaa ee lagu yaqaaney in aad martaan wadadii dhaqanka aheyd ee lagu yaqaaney ee dhaqan, odayaasha dhibta loo geystay waxaanu aad iyo aad ugu amaaneynaa intii dhibtaa loo geystay in aanay wax dhiba ka daba geyn, culeyska ay arrintaasi xukuumaddu saareyso waad garaneysaan.
Shaqaaqadan ayaa ka dambaysay ka dib markii dhul beero ah la isku qabsaday, taas oo keentay in mid ka mid ah ku naf waayo, waana markii labaad ee weftiga u yimaado xalinta shaqaaqadan.
Nin baa laga hayey waar goorma ayaa Dr. Cabdiraxmaan Ciro Xilkii Wadani ee Gudoomiyaha dhiibey.Markaa ayaa mid kale ugu Jawaabey Xilkii Xisbiga muu dhiibin maalin gelinkeede markii uu Shahaadada Sare ee Ph.D. Diyaarinayey ayuu soo kordhiyey Qabdhismeedkan Cusub ee Xisbiga wadani kaas oo ah thesis kii Cilmibaadhista ee uu sameyey ayuu ku daah furay in Xisbiyadu yeelan karaan wakhti isku mida xilal isku mida taas ayuuna ku saleeyey dhismaha xisbiga
- Gudoomiyaha ku-meel gaadha Xisbiga Wadani( Cabdulqaadir Jirde)
- Hogaamiyaha Xisbiga Wadani (Xirsi Xaaji)
- Gudoomiyaha Xisbiga Wadani (Cabdiraxmaan Ciro)
Saddexdaa Xilba waa kuwo Shaqeenaya oo saddex qof ku kala magacaaban yihiin balse shaqada ay hayaan waa isku mid waana isku macne iyo isku hawl.
Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Wuxuu maanta ku soo kordhiyey Saddex xildhibaan oo uu u magacaabey Xubno ka mida Hogaanka Xisbiga Wadani.
Xisbiga Wadani Khuburada iskugu tagtey waxay ina barayaan nidaam cusub oo dhismaha axsaabta casriga ah ee hal jago oo keliya saddex qof oo kala duwani maamulayaan.
La soco qaybaha kale…….
October 25, 2019
By Michael Rubin
Somaliland is an unlikely success. Somali dictator Siad Barre’s genocidal wrath destroyed more than 80 percent of Hargeisa, Somaliland’s capital city, and leveled other towns. And yet, despite a lack of formal international recognition or external assistance, it has reconstructed its cities and built a communications infrastructure that rivals any country in Africa if not beyond.
In contrast, Somalia receives generous assistance from traditional donors like the United States, European Union and World Bank. Between 1991 and 2011, Somalia received more than $50 billion in aid. Excluding humanitarian and security assistance, development aid from the traditional donors alone is considerably is above $1 billion annually. Increasingly—and with less transparency—from Turkey and Qatar. In one day in November 2018 when both the European Union and World Bank approved new aid totaling $250 million for Somalia, intended mainly for budgetary support. New aid in that one day is more than the entire annual budget of Somaliland, which is raised through taxation.
The impact of foreign aid on people’s lives in Somalia has been limited, however, due both to corruption and poor absorptive capacity. While a significant portion of donor funds goes directly into government coffers, Somalia has failed to distribute it equitably throughout the country. By sheer necessity, therefore, Somaliland has established a taxation system, which has built capacity and created a more sustainable economy not dependent on continued assistance from the donor community.
Somaliland’s economic stewardship is generally good. It spends about two-thirds of its budget on maintain peace and security, given the general volatility in that region, and on governance. The remainder is spent on basic services like health and education. There is little excess available for development. Although the United Kingdom, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany do provide some additional development assistance and have created a Somaliland Development Fund, albeit at $15 million per year, this remains several orders of magnitude below what Somalia receives.
While it is easy for Somaliland to compare itself favorably to Somalia, such a comparison should not be reason to stop reform within Somaliland. Somaliland’s businessmen have done well not only in bringing clan leaders to the table for peace talks when the rest of Somalia descended into chaos, but also for their efforts to seek not subsistence, but first world standards. That is certainly the case with Somaliland’s two large cell phone companies, Telesom and Somtel, which maintain not only a cell phone system that competes globally in terms of quality and technology, but also established a financial system to enable a virtually cashless economy for which many developed countries strive.
Somaliland’s business climate also increasingly attracts multinational firms. Coca Cola maintains its second-largest African bottling plant in the country. Somalia, despite the privileges that come from international recognition, has been unable to attract significant private investment. While Turkey brags about its investment in Mogadishu’s airport and port, the Emirati investment in the Port of Berbera and Berbera’s airport is more sustainable and, from a commercial standpoint, wise. Berbera already serves a lucrative trade corridor to Ethiopia, and the conversion of its airport to a logistical cargo hub could bring both Emirati investors and Somaliland tens of millions of dollars in profits and fees. As corruption hobbles Djibouti and China leverages its investment to undercut Djibouti’s traditional even playing field, Somaliland could fill the gap in importer-of-record trade.
Still, as important as private enterprise has been to Somaliland, a lack of regulation and consolidation of monopoly control can undermine the progress already made. Competition must be the bedrock of free markets. When any company or interest grows too powerful, it can be tempted to shut out upstarts, not with quality of product but rather with control over financial infrastructure. Somaliland still lacks modern banking which can offer loans for small businesses as well as startups at more competitive rates. The absence of completive banking system, especially conventional banks, has been attributed to opposition from religious groups as well as from the locally dominant banks. On one hand, the fact that the conventional banking sector is well-established in almost all Muslim countries would suggest that those countries have found a way to combine the principles of conventional and Islamic banking. On the other hand, should monopolies effectively leverage clerics to shut out a more modern banking sector, it will do harm to longer-term prospects for Somaliland, even if it might be to the short-term economic interest of some major firms. A lack of government regulation and consolidation of the finance sector within just a few companies also puts the entire population’s holding at risk should any business investment among those owning the banks fail. Modern banks must be transparent; privately-owned companies are opaque.
Those monopolistic tendencies go beyond the banking sector. While some companies gained their monopoly status through business prowess and provision of much-needed services, their current suppression of competitors undercuts job prospects for Somalilanders. High unemployment among young men has already led to an uptick in crime, although nothing compared to what occurs in Mogadishu. Idle youth also provide openings for outside extremists to try to radicalize disaffected youth.
Somaliland is not now in danger, but its success may be tarnished if Somalilanders blame their problems only on the lack of international recognition—something which will likely come sooner rather than later as Somalia falls farther behind and teeters on the brink of chaos. If Somaliland is to take the next step and position itself not only to be Africa’s newest state but also among its more sustainable and prosperous ones, its political and commercial leadership must together address the need for basic regulation on financial services and set a framework for fair competition which encourages greater innovation and broader economic growth.
Source: Wardheer news