The Human rights act ayaa qodobkiisa 11 aad qeexayaa xaqa mudaharaadada ay u lee yihiin adamigu kaas oo si fiican u sharxaya in dadku samey karaan isku soobax nabad ah oo aan wax dhibaato ah keenin, waa la isku soo bixi karaa,shir jarayid baa la qaban karaa,waana laga qayb geli karaa ururada iwm ,qodobkan ayaa ah midka loo cuskado sharciga mudaharaadada ee shuruucda xuquuqda adamaha.
Dalkastaba dastuurkiisa ayey ku qeexan tahay xuquuqda ay muwaadiyiintu u lee yihiin in ay mudaharaad nabad gelyo ah sameen karaan.
Hadaba sida ay xaq u tahay in aad abaabushid mudaharaad,ka qayb gashid si nabadgelyo ah ayey dhinaca kale la xadidi karaa mudaharaadada balse waxaa muhiima in la eego arimahan:
- Xadidaada mudaharaadu waa in ay sharciga dalka waafaqsan yihiin oo uu jiraa sharciyad loo cuskanayo in la xadido
- Waa in uu noqdaa mid lagama maarmaan ah oo laga fursan waayey
- Waa in loo racaa mid ama in ka badan arimahan :
- the interests of national security or public safety
- the protection of health or morals
- The protection of others’ rights and freedoms.
- the prevention of disorder or crime
Hayadaha nabadgelyadu (Army Force, Police others) waxay xayiraad sharciya ku sameyn nayaan isku soo baxyada markey u cadaato jiritaanka arimahaasi kor ku xusan in ay jiraan qodobka 11 ee xuquuqda mudaharaadana waa la xayirayaa.
Hadaba sida aan u arko Mudaharada ay ku baaqeen Xisbiga wadani maha mid ka madhan dhibaatooyinka iyo hagardaamada danaha qaranka Somaliland balse waa mid ay ka dhalan karaan dhibaatooyin xaga nabadgelyada ah lidna ku ah danaha nabadgelyada qaranka ee Somaliland xiligana looma baahna mudaharaado noocaas ah iyada oo la og yahay in ay baryahan dambe jiraan kooxo hubeysan oo khatar u ah nabadgelyada qaranka Somaliland oo ku hanjabayey iney waxyeeleen doonaan Qaranimada,iyo amaanka dalka. Sidaa darteed Xisbiga wadani waxaa ugu baaqayaa inay mudaharaada dib ugu dhigtaan wakhti ku haboon oo ciidamada amaanka kala shaqeeyaan nabadgelyada iyo xasiloonida dalka una hogaansamaan shuruucda dalka iyo nidaamka amaanka qaranka,dawladana waxaa aan ugu baaqayaa in ay ilaaliso xuquuqda muwaadiniinta,iyo amniga guud ee qaranka sharciguna uu noqdo ka lagu kala baxo.
By Elizabeth Scott, MS Updated October 15, 2019
Want a secret weapon for relieving stress? Getting organized. Putting in the effort of getting organized, especially if this organization extends to multiple areas of your life, can help reduce stress levels long term by requiring less last-minute scrambling in a variety of everyday situations. It can also feel empowering, so you experience new situations as “exciting” rather than “stressful,” which can minimize the strength and duration of your stress response, or keep it from getting triggered in the first place.
However, getting organized is more difficult than it initially sounds. For example, how organized must you be? When do you know when you’re ‘organized enough’? (Do your clothes need to be hung according to color, or alphabetically? Must every minute be scheduled and accounted for in a calendar somewhere?) And what are the most important areas of life for getting organized?
The following tips for getting organized cover how organized to be, what areas carry the greatest benefits, and how to get started:
Organize Your House
A cluttered home can subtly drain you of energy; that much is pretty common knowledge. However, there are other hidden costs of clutter as well. (Clutter can drain your finances and schedule, too.) That’s why it’s important to organize your home. While you don’t need to have your books alphabetized or your shoes lined up according to the date you bought them, it is important to have everything in its place and have that place be somewhere that makes sense. There are a variety of ways to maintain an organized home.
Organize Your Time
Do you find yourself constantly rushing? Does your mind race with all that you have to do? And do you have trouble remembering it all? If so, you already know that living like this can be pretty stressful, don’t you? Getting organized with your time can make a huge impact on your life: Your to-do list can all get done, and it can stop occupying your thoughts.
In getting your schedule organized, remember a few important things. First, don’t overbook yourself. Plan only as many activities as you have time for. Also, be aware of what you need to get done and when—in a way other than keeping it all in your head. (I recommend David Allen’s Getting Things Done for a cohesive time management plan.) Finally, schedule in some downtime. If you’re always running, running, running, you may be less efficient overall because you’re tired of all the running. Schedule in some downtime, and you can really focus the rest of the time.
Yes, you may consider being proactive with your problems to be part of getting organized in that it’s a tendency to be organized with your approach to stress, which can be quite empowering. It’s important to notice and eliminate patterns of stressors so that your stress response isn’t constantly triggered. For example, if you’re having trouble with your kids, don’t just face each situation like it’s happened for the first time; try to notice patterns of behavior and address those patterns, so they won’t keep happening. (I like to call that ‘getting organized with discipline.”) If you find yourself constantly stressed in traffic, try to pinpoint why, and address those issues.
You can be organized in your life in a host of ways. These are three of the main ones. Give them a try, and start feeling less stressed today.
source: Verywell Mind
Marka aynu dhinac kasta ka eegno Somaliland waxa ku xeeran dalal aan intooda badani yihiin kuwo aaney ka dhalanba dimuqraadiyada casriga ahi oo weliba aanay ka jirin xasilooni siyaasadeed nabadgelyo iyo horumar bulsho. Tusaale fiican waxaa inoogu filan dalka ay Jaarka nahay ee Somaliya oo ah dal aan jirin dal ahaan balse u jira si qaynuuni ah oo caalamku sharci ahaan u aqoonsan yihiin dal balse ruux ahaan ah dal fashilmay, oo caalamkuna ku bixiyaan dhaqaale aad u balaadhan oo bilyans dollar ah oo lacag ah.
Somaliland beesha caalamku waxay markhaati ka tahay in ay horumar ka jirto dhinyada nabadgelyada, ismaamulka iyo jaar wanaaga.
Somaliland waxaa uu ka amaan wanaagsan yahay meelo badan oo dalalka horumarey ah,amaankiisuna waa mid laysku haleyn karo.
Weliba Somaliland waxay qayb weyn ka qaadataa degenaashaha iyo sugida nabada ee madaqada ay ku taalo.
Waa wadan aan la aqoonsan weli balse buuxiyey shuruudaha dawladnimada iyo wadan xor ah.Waa wadan inta badan ku hawlan arimihii gudaha,oo aan wax farogelina ku haynin jaarkiisa.
Somaliland iyada oo doorashooyin xora oo xalaal ah lagu doorto golayaashii iyo madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisa,oo caalamku markhaati ka yahay aaney jirin wax ka qarsoon caalamka ayaa hada cadaw lagu yahay jiritaankiisa,oo mar walba laysku dayaa in la mijo xaabiyo jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadan Curdunka ah.
Sida aan hada rumeysanahay burburka Jamhuuriyadan waxaa daneenaya kooxo kala duwan kuwaas oo kaleh ujeedooyin kala duwan waxaaney adeegsanayaan siyaasiin reer Somaliland ah oo iyagu aad dan iyo muraad toon aka lahayn dadkooda iyo dalkooda toona.
Sidaa aan qabo way og yihiin wayna la socdaan bulshada caalamku,dhaqdhaaqyada ka soo horjeeda dimuqraadiyada Somaliland,balse waxbaa si ka ah fashilaada kooxahaasi iyo dalalka ka dambeeyaba.
Balse waxaa aan hubaa in dadka iyo dalalka khatarka ku ah dimoqraadiyada Somaliland iney khatar ku yihiin nabadgelyada geeska Afrika iyo tan caalamkaba.
Ninka ama kooxda maanta oo lagu jiro wakhti caalamku tuulo yar yahay oo dhaqdhaqaaq iyo xarakooyinka socda si weyn loo wada og yahay malaha kooxda ama ninka qoriga u qaatey dal dimoqraatiya oo madaxweynihii ugu dambeyey uu hada hayey 2 sano oo qudha ee leh xoog baan xukun ku rabaa oo dadka iyo dalka Ayaan ka ridayaa dagaalo iyo burbur malaha waxba ma dhaamo ninkii mar dhexdaa ah sheegtey inuu yahay madaxweynaha Somaliland ee hadana inagu yidhi sidan:
Soo dhaweyntii Madaxweynaha
By Dr. R Ahmed
Hayadaha Dawlada ee Shaqadoodu tahay amaanka airportda Somaliland iyo kuwa maamulaba waxaa looga fadhiyaa in ay ka jawaabaan eedeemahaasi loo soo jeediyey ee xisbiga wadani. Hadii ay xaqiiqo noqoto wararkaasina waa in uu is casilaa maareeyaha garoomada diyaaradaha Somaliland iyo wasiirka ay hoos yimaadaanba.
Hadii dacaayad tahayna waa in xisbiga wadani gudoomiyahiisu iscasilaa waliba sharciga la horgeeyaa cidii ka dambeysey.
A German city has officially declared a “Nazi emergency” after seeing an increase in far-right extremism.
Councillors in Dresden said they passed the resolution to protect minorities against dangerous views and rising violence.
Officials became uneasy when far-right groups like PEGIDA and Alternative for Germany gained more support in the city, Deutsche Welle reported.
Die Partei councillor Max Aschenbach, whose party brought forward the resolution, said: “We have a Nazi problem in Dresden and have to do something about it.”
He added in an interview with the BBC: “‘Nazinotstand’ means – similar to the climate emergency – that we have a serious problem. The open democratic society is threatened.”
The resolution won cross-party support, with members of the Greens, Left Party, Social Democrats and Free Democrats backing it.
The policy statement said: “Anti-democratic, anti-pluralist, misanthropic and right-wing extremist attitudes and actions, including violence in Dresden, are occurring with increasing frequency”.
Saxaafadu waxay Soo shaac baxday qiyaas ahaan 1780 yadii waxayna ku bilaabantay warsidayaal (newspapers) ilaa wakhtigaa laga soo bilaabo way koreysey,oo kolba heer bay mareysey.
Saxaafadu waxay qaab weyn oo muhiima ka qaadatey ama ka qaadataa qaabeynta maskaxda adamaha.
Saxaafadu waxay kaalin weyn ku leedahay kobcinta dhaqaalaha iyo horumarinta siyaasada ee muwaadiyiinta wadankasta oo caalamka ka midaba.Waxaay sameeysaa wergelin iyo wax isdhaafsi dhinacyada isgaadhsiinta ah oo muwaadiyiintu dalkooda siyaaba kala duwan ugu horumarin karaan.Saxaafadu waxay muhiim u tahay oo ay kobcisaa democracy ga iyo isku xukunka sharciga hadii ay hesho fursada madaxbanaanida si ay fariimaha u gaadhsiiso bulshada iyada oo aan cidna dulmin,kuna xadgudbin xoriyada aasaasiga ah ee umada,hayadaha dawladuna ka hor istaagin shaqadeeda in ay muwaadiyiinta gaadhsiiso wararka sugan ee muhiimka u ah dadka iyada oo aan cidna ka baqaneynin oo xor ah, qadarinta iyo isxushmeyntana lagu wada shaqeenayo.
Saxaafadu waxay qayb ka qaadataa dhisida bulsho domuqradiya oo isku tiirsan danahoodana ilaashanaya.
SAXAAFADA IYO SOMALILAND
Somaliland waxa ay soomalida kale kaga horeysey taariikhda dhinaca saxaafada taas waxaa markhaati u ah radiyihii ugu horeyey ee Afka somaliga lagu baahiyaa wuxuu ahaa radio hargeysa 1941.
Xitaa Qorista Afsomaliga waxaa laga bilaabay Somaliland taas oo culimo reer Somaliland ahi qoreen buugag farsomali ah.
Dhinaca kale markii laanta afsomaliga ee BBC da la aas aasey wariyayaashii lagu aas aasey waxay ahaayeen kuwo reer Somaliland ah, Sidaa awgeed Saxaafada Somaliya ee casriga ah waxaa ay ka soo aas aasantay Somaliland.
Suxufiyiin badan oo magac iyo maamuus ku dhex leh bulshada somaliyeed ayaa ka soo dhexbaxay bulshada Somaliland.
Suxufiyaantaasi hore waa kuwa kor u qaaday wacyiga iyo xitaa horumarinta afka Somaliga,waxay ku soo kordhiyeen erey bixino afsomali ah oo cusub,waxayna kaalin weyn ka qaadeen qaabeynta saxaafada iyo doorkeeda in kasta oo dhinaca Somalida konfureed aan la dafiri Karin in ay suxufiyiinta ka soo jeedaa ay kaalin weyn iyaguba ku lahaayeen saxaafada Somalida gaar ahaan wixii ka dambeyey 1970 yadii hadana suxufiyiinta ka soojeeda Somaliland waxaa odhan karaa waa kuwa dhidibada u dhigay saxaafada somalida gaar ahaan Radio yaasha,iyo wargeysyada.
Hadana taariikhdooda iyo kaalintoodii taariikheed waa mid la ilowbay oo aan ku suntaneyn taariikhda saxaafada somalida taasina waa qayb ka mid ah taariikhda Somaliland ee aasan ee xitaa dadkeedu aaney rabin in taariikhda dadkooda iyo dalkooda ururiyaan halka kuwa somalida kale dadkoodu ururiyaan oo ay wax ka qoraan.
Taariikhda lunsan ee Somaliland saxaafada oo qudhi kuma koobna balse xitaa xisbiyaadii siyaasadeed ee Somaliland ee xoriyada keenay Ayaan ka muuqan meelaha taariikhaha lagu kaydiyo
Dawladii kala dabeyey ee Somaliya waxay taariikhda xoriyada Somaliya si weyn ugu buunbuuniyeen xisbigii SYL ee konfurta halka aan taariikhda lagu xusin xisyadii SNL, USP iyo NUF oo aan xitaa aas aasayaashoodii la xusin halka 13 kii dhalinyarada ahaa ee SYL meel walba magacyadooda iyo taariikhdooda laga helayo intii ay Somali dawlad yeelateyna la xusayey dugsiyadana lagu dhigayey xagey qabatey dadkii aasaasey ee dhidibada u taagey Somaliland siyaasadeeda saxaafadeeda iyo aqoonta iyo waxbarashada somaliya oo dhan.
Halgamayaashii xoriyada Somalida kuwa ugu taariikhda weyni waxay ahaayeen kuwii ka soo jeedey Somaliland saxaafadu wax weyn kama qorin:
- Sayid Maxamed Cabdule xasan (keligii ayaa laga xusaa aadna wax looga qoray)
- Farax Omaar (wax badan laga sheego)
- Sheekh Bashiir (wax ba lagama sheego)
- Axmed Gurey (Wax yar baa laga qorey)
Saxaafadu waxa qayb muhiima oo dadka u gudbisa taariikh,warar,aqoon iyo wacyi gelin.
Saxaafadu waxay isla bedeshay isbedelka Technology ee Caalamka waxaana maanta ku soo biirey qaybo cusub oo wararka ,fariimaha,aqoonta,madadaalooyinka laysku gaadhsiiyo kuwaas oo la kowsadey internatka iyo www ka.
Sidaa darteed waxaa isbedel ku yimi qaabkii iyo shuruucdii caalamka ee lagu dhaqayey saxaafada madax banaanideeda, iyo privacy, balse saxaafada Somaliland weli ma helin sharciyo si fiican ula jaanqaadaya saxaafada iyo madaxbanaanideed. Taasina waa ta keenta inay iska horyimaadaan hayadaha sharciga iyo suxufiyiintu.
Saxufiyiintu waa iney noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh shaqada saxaafada, hayadaha fulintuna waa in ay noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh xeerarka saxaafada iyo qaabka loola dhaqmo suxufiga labaduba waa in ay u diyaarasan yihiin hawlaha ay qabanayaan,balse ma muuqato fahan iyo wadashaqayn dhinaca sharciga ah oo ay labada dhinac ilaalinayaan taasina waa caqabada ay mar walba la kulmayaan saxafiyiintu.
Ciidamada amaanka waa in la siiyaa tababaro ku saabsan saxaafada iyo sida loola shaqeeyo waana in ay fahansan yihiin xoriyada saxaafada iyo wixii xadgudub ah iyo qaabka loo maareeyo,saxaafadu waa in ay noqoto mid dhexdhexaad ah oo gudanaysa uun xilkeeda saxaafadeed.
Hadhwanaagnews oo ka mid ah saxaafada madaxa banaan ee Somaliland ayaa dhawaanahan xanibaad kala kulantay Somaliland arintaasi waxay u baahan tahay in hadhwanaagnews na is saxdo oo ay dib iskugu noqoto,hayadaha sharciguna is saxaan oo dib iskugu nodaan iyada oo la kaashanayo sharciga iyo nidaamka dalka. Suxifiyiintana tacadiyada laga daayo wixii qalad ah ee jirana lagu dhameeyo Isfahan iyo sharciga saxaafada.
Anigu shaqsiyan xogogaal uma ihi waxaa la isku hayo, balse rayigayga waxaan u arkaa in saxaafada xoriyada madaxbanideeda la wada ilaaliyo saxaafaduna ilaaliyo dhexdhaxaadnimada iyo hubinta waxa ay ka warameyso xaqiiqadeeda mar walba danta dalkana laga horumariyo wax kastaba oo saxaafaduna qaranimada ilaaliso.
Ugu dambeyntii waxaa aan qabaa kuna talinayaa hayadaha fulinta iyo kuwa garsoorka in saxaafada iyo suxufiyiinta gudashada waajibkooda lagu ilaaliyo loona arko kuwo gudanaya waajibaad qaran oo ay ku saxayaan dhaliilo jira marwalbana lagu gacansiiyo gudashada waajibkooda lana ilaaliyo naftooda,hantidooda iyo sharaftooda suxufiyiinta xidhana la siidaayo arintoodana lagu xaliyo qaabka shuruucda saxaafada.
Suxufiyiintana waxaa laga rabaa in ay ku sifoobaan dhexdhaad,xaqiiqo ka waran,ilaalinta sharciyada saxaafada iyo dhaqanka suxufiga waxaad haysaan hawl adag oo u baahan aqoon,taxadir iyo hufnaan badan.
Waad mahadsantihiin Dhamaantiin
M J Farah
Certified Microsoft Innovative Educator
Thursday October 31, 2019 by G. Good
Guddidan wasiirrada ah oo uu hogaaminayo wasiirka wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali Koore, ayaa kulan foolka fool ah oo ka dhacay geed hoostii isugu keenay Xidheyaasha labada dhinac ee ay dhibaabadu ku dhex martay, deegaanka Wada-jir ee gobolka Selel, waxaana goob-joog ka ahaa Badhasaabka Gobolkaasi Selel
Shirkan ayaa labada dhinac loogu jeediyey hadallo isugu jiro mahad-naq, waano iyo wacad xidh nabaddeed. Odayaasha labada dhinac ayaa dhankooda balanqaaday inay u hogaansamayaan qorshaha nabadeynta.
“Waxaan anigu u kacay laba qodob dhinaca dhibgeystaha waxaan leeyahay waar wixii dhibgeyste lagu yaqaaney ayaa maanta madashaasi lagaga fadhiya ee halaaga helo, dhinaca dhibanahana waxaan leeyahay, walaalkayow culeys ayaa kugu dhacay adna wixii dhibane lagu yaqaaney ee tanaasul lahaa ee xurmolahaa, ee dulqaadasho-laha adna halagaa hello”ayuu yidhi gudoomiyaha gobolka Selel Mawliid Maxamed.
Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Beeraha Axmed Muumin Seed oo isna madasha ka hadlay ayaa yidhi “Waxaa madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisu ay noo soo direen in arrintaasi xalkeeda iyo dhibteedu aanay halkaasi dhaafin, oo aynu joojino, waxaanu uga
mahad celineyna falkii dhacay in aanay dhib ku sixin, ee ay fadhiyeen oo ay sugayeen go’aanka xukuumaddu ay qaadaneyso iyo go’aanka cida dhibta geysatay ay u soo dhaweyneyso, oday waliba gurigiisi iyo reerkiisi iyo ubadkiisi ayuu ka yimid, oo uu duurka ugalay in arrintaasi xal lagu dhammeeyo fidnadii dhacday ayaa damiseen ILLAAHEY heydinka abaal mariyo, ka gudi ahaan waxaanu garaney in maanta leysa soo hor fadhiisto waxaananu anaga iyo ciidamada amniguba aanu gacanta ku heyna hawsha”
Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali koore oo ah gudoomiyaha gudidan xalinaya shaqaaqada ayaa hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Teynu u fadhina maanta waxaa weeye, waxaad tihiin dhibane iyo dhibgeyste qoladda dhibta geysatay waxaa aanu ka rajeynaynaa oo aanu ka fileynaa sidii dhaqanku ahaa ee lagu yaqaaney in aad martaan wadadii dhaqanka aheyd ee lagu yaqaaney ee dhaqan, odayaasha dhibta loo geystay waxaanu aad iyo aad ugu amaaneynaa intii dhibtaa loo geystay in aanay wax dhiba ka daba geyn, culeyska ay arrintaasi xukuumaddu saareyso waad garaneysaan.
Shaqaaqadan ayaa ka dambaysay ka dib markii dhul beero ah la isku qabsaday, taas oo keentay in mid ka mid ah ku naf waayo, waana markii labaad ee weftiga u yimaado xalinta shaqaaqadan.
Nin baa laga hayey waar goorma ayaa Dr. Cabdiraxmaan Ciro Xilkii Wadani ee Gudoomiyaha dhiibey.Markaa ayaa mid kale ugu Jawaabey Xilkii Xisbiga muu dhiibin maalin gelinkeede markii uu Shahaadada Sare ee Ph.D. Diyaarinayey ayuu soo kordhiyey Qabdhismeedkan Cusub ee Xisbiga wadani kaas oo ah thesis kii Cilmibaadhista ee uu sameyey ayuu ku daah furay in Xisbiyadu yeelan karaan wakhti isku mida xilal isku mida taas ayuuna ku saleeyey dhismaha xisbiga
- Gudoomiyaha ku-meel gaadha Xisbiga Wadani( Cabdulqaadir Jirde)
- Hogaamiyaha Xisbiga Wadani (Xirsi Xaaji)
- Gudoomiyaha Xisbiga Wadani (Cabdiraxmaan Ciro)
Saddexdaa Xilba waa kuwo Shaqeenaya oo saddex qof ku kala magacaaban yihiin balse shaqada ay hayaan waa isku mid waana isku macne iyo isku hawl.
Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Wuxuu maanta ku soo kordhiyey Saddex xildhibaan oo uu u magacaabey Xubno ka mida Hogaanka Xisbiga Wadani.
Xisbiga Wadani Khuburada iskugu tagtey waxay ina barayaan nidaam cusub oo dhismaha axsaabta casriga ah ee hal jago oo keliya saddex qof oo kala duwani maamulayaan.
La soco qaybaha kale…….
October 25, 2019
By Michael Rubin
Somaliland is an unlikely success. Somali dictator Siad Barre’s genocidal wrath destroyed more than 80 percent of Hargeisa, Somaliland’s capital city, and leveled other towns. And yet, despite a lack of formal international recognition or external assistance, it has reconstructed its cities and built a communications infrastructure that rivals any country in Africa if not beyond.
In contrast, Somalia receives generous assistance from traditional donors like the United States, European Union and World Bank. Between 1991 and 2011, Somalia received more than $50 billion in aid. Excluding humanitarian and security assistance, development aid from the traditional donors alone is considerably is above $1 billion annually. Increasingly—and with less transparency—from Turkey and Qatar. In one day in November 2018 when both the European Union and World Bank approved new aid totaling $250 million for Somalia, intended mainly for budgetary support. New aid in that one day is more than the entire annual budget of Somaliland, which is raised through taxation.
The impact of foreign aid on people’s lives in Somalia has been limited, however, due both to corruption and poor absorptive capacity. While a significant portion of donor funds goes directly into government coffers, Somalia has failed to distribute it equitably throughout the country. By sheer necessity, therefore, Somaliland has established a taxation system, which has built capacity and created a more sustainable economy not dependent on continued assistance from the donor community.
Somaliland’s economic stewardship is generally good. It spends about two-thirds of its budget on maintain peace and security, given the general volatility in that region, and on governance. The remainder is spent on basic services like health and education. There is little excess available for development. Although the United Kingdom, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany do provide some additional development assistance and have created a Somaliland Development Fund, albeit at $15 million per year, this remains several orders of magnitude below what Somalia receives.
While it is easy for Somaliland to compare itself favorably to Somalia, such a comparison should not be reason to stop reform within Somaliland. Somaliland’s businessmen have done well not only in bringing clan leaders to the table for peace talks when the rest of Somalia descended into chaos, but also for their efforts to seek not subsistence, but first world standards. That is certainly the case with Somaliland’s two large cell phone companies, Telesom and Somtel, which maintain not only a cell phone system that competes globally in terms of quality and technology, but also established a financial system to enable a virtually cashless economy for which many developed countries strive.
Somaliland’s business climate also increasingly attracts multinational firms. Coca Cola maintains its second-largest African bottling plant in the country. Somalia, despite the privileges that come from international recognition, has been unable to attract significant private investment. While Turkey brags about its investment in Mogadishu’s airport and port, the Emirati investment in the Port of Berbera and Berbera’s airport is more sustainable and, from a commercial standpoint, wise. Berbera already serves a lucrative trade corridor to Ethiopia, and the conversion of its airport to a logistical cargo hub could bring both Emirati investors and Somaliland tens of millions of dollars in profits and fees. As corruption hobbles Djibouti and China leverages its investment to undercut Djibouti’s traditional even playing field, Somaliland could fill the gap in importer-of-record trade.
Still, as important as private enterprise has been to Somaliland, a lack of regulation and consolidation of monopoly control can undermine the progress already made. Competition must be the bedrock of free markets. When any company or interest grows too powerful, it can be tempted to shut out upstarts, not with quality of product but rather with control over financial infrastructure. Somaliland still lacks modern banking which can offer loans for small businesses as well as startups at more competitive rates. The absence of completive banking system, especially conventional banks, has been attributed to opposition from religious groups as well as from the locally dominant banks. On one hand, the fact that the conventional banking sector is well-established in almost all Muslim countries would suggest that those countries have found a way to combine the principles of conventional and Islamic banking. On the other hand, should monopolies effectively leverage clerics to shut out a more modern banking sector, it will do harm to longer-term prospects for Somaliland, even if it might be to the short-term economic interest of some major firms. A lack of government regulation and consolidation of the finance sector within just a few companies also puts the entire population’s holding at risk should any business investment among those owning the banks fail. Modern banks must be transparent; privately-owned companies are opaque.
Those monopolistic tendencies go beyond the banking sector. While some companies gained their monopoly status through business prowess and provision of much-needed services, their current suppression of competitors undercuts job prospects for Somalilanders. High unemployment among young men has already led to an uptick in crime, although nothing compared to what occurs in Mogadishu. Idle youth also provide openings for outside extremists to try to radicalize disaffected youth.
Somaliland is not now in danger, but its success may be tarnished if Somalilanders blame their problems only on the lack of international recognition—something which will likely come sooner rather than later as Somalia falls farther behind and teeters on the brink of chaos. If Somaliland is to take the next step and position itself not only to be Africa’s newest state but also among its more sustainable and prosperous ones, its political and commercial leadership must together address the need for basic regulation on financial services and set a framework for fair competition which encourages greater innovation and broader economic growth.
Source: Wardheer news
October 24, 2019
Slavery has not gone away. Unbelievably, more than 250 cases were reported in London last year alone. A new national campaign is showing how you might be able to help spot the signs of modern slavery.
The campaign highlights how the problem is ‘hiding in plain sight’ and that there are a number of tell-tale signs of illegal exploitation to look out for. The campaign asks people to ‘Spot it. Stop it.’
It is believed people working in banks, social care or healthcare, or anyone recruiting for jobs, would be most likely to be able to identify potential victims and help authorities to take action. This is because slavery gang masters are known to exploit everyday elements of Londoners’ daily life, such as accessing free healthcare, opening a bank account or being able to claim employment benefits.
In 2018, the Metropolitan Police reported 263 cases of modern slavery in London. In Ealing, 10 potential victims were identified. But thousands of victims are believed to be living and working undetected in London – with forced labour being the most common form of illegal exploitation.
A potential victim may:
• Appear withdrawn, frightened or confused
• Appear unsure or be vague when giving personal details
• Be accompanied by someone who appears controlling or unwilling to leave them alone – and may be posing as their relative or translator
• Not be in possession of their own documents
• Be forced to pay cash wages into someone else’s bank account
• Share the same address as many others.
Nationally, the number of potential victims of modern slavery in the UK has increased year on year, with nearly 7,000 potential victims identified – according to the National Crime Agency, that is an increase of 75% in the five years from 2013-2018. Overall, victims – including children – are also now more likely to come from the UK, with referrals regarding UK nationals in 2017 increasing by 151% from the previous year.
Councillor Joanna Camadoo-Rothwell, Ealing Council’s cabinet member for community safety and inclusion, said: “This modern slavery campaign can help the public to help save victims from a life of exploitation – and even save lives. It is, frankly, astonishing and utterly horrific that slavery still exists, in any form. It must be rooted out and stopped and we wholeheartedly support anything that might pull someone out of this awful situation. I would urge everyone to read the list of tell-tale signs and to stay vigilant.”
More information – and reporting suspicions
You can call the national Modern Slavery Helpline on 08000 121 700 to get help, report a suspicion or seek advice. And you can find out more at the Modern Slavery Helpline website.
TwitterFacebookGoogle + Source : Ealing news extra
Nonprofit organization Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) has called on the federal government to consider adding label to cheese ADVERTISEMENT products that would warn women about the risk of breast cancer. Doctors said hormones found in cow milk-based cheese could contribute to development of the disease.
PCRM sent a petition to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) early in October as part of its campaign during the Breast Cancer Awareness Month, Insider reported Monday. The document highlights a study that found high-fat cheese products could increase breast cancer risk by 53 percent in women.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers breast cancer as the second most common cause of death for women in the country. The disease affects more than 240,000 women every year and causes more than 40,000 deaths.
They are concerned with the hormones that can be transferred to cheese from cows during the manufacturing process. These potentially harmful hormones include IGF-1, which has been directly linked to breast cancer.
“Instead of cheese manufacturers slapping a pink ribbon on products as they have done during previous Breast Cancer Awareness Months, they should be adding warning labels,” Neal Barnard, president of PCRM, said in a press release. “We want women to be aware that dairy cheese could put them at risk of dying from breast cancer.”
However, women can still continue eating some cheese and other dairy products, PCRM noted. Adding low-fat dairy products to diets could also offer some benefits, such as lower risk of cancer.
The Mediterranean diet can be the best approach for people who want to add more cheese to their daily meals. This diet has been considered as one of the healthiest in the world because of a good combination of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and healthy fats.
No Danger In Cheese
One nutritionist expressed concerns with the study cited by PCRM in their petition. Keri Gans said the research involved too many variables to directly link cheese to breast cancer risk.
Women’s lifestyle and some dietary factors should be considered. She said a well-balanced diet would allow women to avoid the negative effects of cheese by managing daily consumption and intake of saturated fat.
“There is no danger in cheese,” Gans added. “We can’t blame anything on one particular food, as much as we might like to. We need to look at a person’s total diet. I’m not convinced and I’m not sure the consumer should be either.”
Doctors said hormones found in cow milk-based cheese could contribute to development of breast cancer in women
Source: medical daily
Waxay ahayd aroornimo Arbaca ah 10:00 barqanimo ee 24 July 2019, waxaa aan dhex lugeenayey wado cidhiidhi ah ee suuqa gobanimo. Mudo laga joogo 23 Sano ah ayaa aan ka maqnaa magaalada Hargeysa,xiiso badan baan u qabey bal in aan wax badan ka ogaado,magaaladii aan ku dhashay kuna soo barbaarey, waxna ku soo bartey Dugsiga Hoose,Dhexe New Hargeisa ,Shacab Boy, ilaa dugsiga Sare Farah Oamar na ku dhameystey, bal xaalkeeda guud.Sidaa darteed waxaa aan u fiirsanayey wax kasta oo iga soo horbaxa dhegtuna waa I taagneyd . Waxaa dhegehayga ku soo duuley Ereyadaan iyo kuwo u dhow oo cabasho ah:
Meel la isku dhaafo ma jirto,ee iska suga inta jidku furmayo
waxay ka soo burqanayeen hooyoyin qudaarta ku gada magaalada hargeysa,gaar ahaan suuqa gobanimo, waa wadhatada qudaarta,balse dhibku iyaga oo qudha ma haysato,ee ganacsatada suuqa oo dhani waa la qabaan,dhibta xitaa suuqa gobanimo oo keliya ma aha ee cidhiidhigu meel walba waa ka jiraa, qof kastaaba waa dareemi karaa dhibta,cidhiidhiga.
Su’aalshii ugu horeysey ee aan isweydiiyey waxay ahayd:-
Hadii ay dhibaato la xidhiidha caafimaadka iyo badbaada (Health and Safety) maxaa ka dhalan kara suuqan?
Waxaa ku qiimeyey in aaney diyaar garow ku saabsan ka hortaga iyo u gurmasho midna aaney jirin ma ka helaysid calaamada khatarta,kama muuqdaan hadii dhibi ka dhacdo suuqa meela laga bixi karo ee dadku amaan bidi karaan, suuqaa dhami ma laha gargaar degdega ( FIRST AID) oo ay tahay meherad walba inay taalo sanduuqa yare ee Gargaarka Degdeaga ah (FRIST AID KID).
Waxaa aan u doortey Su’aashaasi waxa ugu horeeya ee laga fikiro waa badbaada iyo nabadgelyada dadka sidaa darteed waa in muhiimada kowaad noqotaa suuqa in uu noqdo mid u diyaarsan ka hortaga dhibaato kasta oo ka dhalata hawlaha kala duwan ee nolol maalmeelka suuqa.
Hadaba Shaqadaa yaa u xilsaaran oo masuul ka ah? a- Ganacsatada b- Dawlada hoose
Iyo c– haydaha dabdamiska d- caafimaadka iyo Qofkasta oo ku nool goobtaa ama joogaa xilbaa kasaaran, caafimaadka iyo badbaadada suuqa.
Golaha deegaanka ee hargeysa,waxay ahayd shaqadooda loo doortey iney ugu horeyn xooga saaraan Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada (Health and Safety) oo Caasimadu noqoto mid u qalanta caasimad leh arimaha aas aasiga ah ee Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada ,qorsheyntooda, ku ilaalinta sharciga kormeerida iyo qiimeynta.
Ma waxaa la aqbali karaa magaalo madax intaas oo Gole deegaan leh in magaalada xitaa xafiiyada dawlada laga heli karan hal sanduuq oo ay ku jiraan agabka Gargaarka Degdega ah(First Aid Kid), iyo dad u tababaran oo caawiya marka qof u baahdo gargaar degdega inta gurmadka caafimaad soo gaadhayo.
Arinta Kale ee u baahan in laga fikiro waa Qabka loo agaasimo laydhka oo aan waafaqsaneyn qawaaninta Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada (Health and Safety Regulations).
Magaalada Hargeysa iyo kuwo kaleba 0% waxay ku guuldareysteen in ay dabaqaan (basic standard health and safety international regulations).
II. Laydhka Hargeysa
Marka laga hadlayo laydhka waa in maskada lagu hayaa wadhaha ah Ugu horeyn laydhka Badbaadada (Electrical Safety First).Waxaa ay xadhkaha laydhku ka wada laalaadaan qoryo aad u daciifa oo aad iska xajin Karin xitaa dabeyl yar oo soo dhacda leedheeda waxaa aad arkaysaa in aaney 10% ku habooneyn qodimada laydhka ee magaalada dhexdeedu laga taagey oo aaney safety ahayn, waxaa khatarta ay xadhka laydhku geesan karaan ka tahay 90% ma jirto cid kormeertaa cid masuuliyadeeda leh oo lagula xisaabtamayaa lama sameeyo test iwm.Waxaad arkeysaa xitaa qabka loo geliyo laydhka guryahu in aanu lahayn xitaa waafaqsaneyn nidaamka laydhgelinta ee caalamiga ah,ma jirto cid kula xisaabtanta shirkadaha laydhka aqoonta shaqaalaha geliya laydhka lama qiimeeyo,inanka laba cisho la tuso ayaa farsamo yaqaan loo yaqaan ama engineerba ah. Waxaa laga yaabaa kuwii aqoonta u lahaa in ay shaqo la’aan yihiin oo aan waxbaba loo diran.
Dadkii hawshaa lahaa waxay ku mashquulsan yihiin hawlo kale oo aan cidiba u diran, Haday Golaha degaanka tahay,hadey tahay dawladaha hoose kuwa gobolada,haydaha tayada iyo dawlada dhexeba waxaa shaqo laga dhigtaa Siyaasad iyo arimo kale oo aan loo idman waxaa aan qabaa in eeda aanay lahay cid qudha balse dhamaan ilaa goloyaashii kala duwanaa ee degaanda maayaradii kala dambeyey intuba ku guul dareysteen in ay wax ka qabtaan dhibaatada taala caasimada Hargeysa intuba waa dad u dhashay Magaalada mana dhibayso qaab darada iyo khatarta caasimadu markaa wax kale ma jiraane: kuwii aanu dooranay baa na khiyaamay!
Goldaloolooyinka iyo dayaca aan ku soo arkey hargeysa waa ka badan tahay labadaa aan xusey balse waxaa aan soo arkey magaalo ooyeysa daranyada iyo dayaca ka muuqda Jidadkeeda iyo guud ahaanba adeegii la filayey in ay fuliso, hargeysi waxay hooy u tahay dad kor u dhaafaya 1M oo qof waxaa ku jira dadkaasi :
-Madaxweynayshii qaranka soo marey ilaa kan hada, Ku-xigeenadoodii,golayasha qaranka,Madaxda Xisbiyada Wadani iyo UCID, Wasaaradaha iyo wasiirada heer qaran , Ganacsatada waaweyn ee Somaliland Sida Dahabshiil, Somcable iyo qaar kale. Intaas oo Culeys ah baa saran cid wax u qabatana waa la layahay xitaa qorshe wanaagsan oo magaalo madax baan diyaar u ahayn oo loo diyaarin mustaqbalka.
KACAANKII KU DHASHAY DHIIG LA’AANTA BALSE DAADSHAY DHIIGII UGU BADANAA TAARIIKHDA SOMALIDA INTA LA OG YAHAY!
Waxay ahay 21 Oktoobar 1969 kii Maalin Salaasa ah 3saac ee habeenimo,kolkii Saraakiishii ugu sareysey Ciidamadii Somaliya,ay afgabi kula wareegeen xukunkii dalkii Jahmuuriyada Somaliya.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee waxaa dadkii Somaliyeed ku soo dhaweeyeen heeso,iyo caleemo qoyan,waxaana dadku aaminsanayeen in ciidamadu ka dhiidhiyeen dhibaatooyin dhinaca siyaasada ,cadaalad la’aanta musuqa iyo eexda.Arintaasina waa mida u saamaxday in si niyad leh dadkii Somaaliyeed u soo dhaweeyaan.
Waxay Kooxdii Afgambiga ku qabsatey xukunku ku dhawaaqeen in dastuurkii dalka la laalay,wakiiladii laka direy la sameeyey Golaha Saree e Kacaanka,hogaamiyana uu u yahay Gen.Maxamed Siyaad Bare oo markaa ahaa Taliyihii Ciidamada muratiriga ee Somaliya.
Waxay soo saareen laba axdi oo ku saleeyeysan qodoba 13 ka kooban oo lagu dhaqayo siyaasada gudaha iyo debeda.
Dhalashada Kacaankii 21 Oktobar waxa dhiiga oo ku daatey ma jirin am acid kala hortimi xoog oo iska cabin kalama kulmin la wareegida xukunka,taasina waa tay iskugu magacdareen kacaankii aan dhiig ku daadan.
Bilowgii 4 sano ee ugu horeeyey waxaa kacaanku u muuqday mid dhiga horumarka iyo dal dhiska u socda,waxaa kordhay wax qabad ka sida Qoristii Afka Somaliga oo uu hirgeliyey,waxbeerashada oo la dhiirigeliyey,isku tashi dhinaca wax qabadka ah oo soo muuqanayey,waxaa aan taasna saldhig u ahaa dhalinyaro aqoon fiican leh oo xilal muhiima u magacaabey kacaanku hawl geliyey iyagu aqoontoodii uga faa’iideyey dalkoodii.
Kacaankii 21 Oktobar ee uu hogaaminayey Gen.Maxamed Siyaad Bare wuxuu Siyaasadii Dalka u jaheeyey dhinacaa iyo Shuuciyadii wuxuuna xidhiidh fiican la sameystey dalalkii Midowgii Sofiyeeti iyo isbahaysiyadoodii ,waxaana la abuuray xisbi hantiwaag ah Bishii Julay 1976 kaas oo saldhig looga dhigay siyaasada dalka ee dhinyada dhaqaalaha bulshada iyo ideology yadaba. Waxaa la abuurey Ciidamo loogu magac darey Guul-wadayaal oo ka kooban dadkii aan waxbaran ee aqoontoodu hoosaysey,waxaa la abuurey hawl wadaano xisbi oo aan iyagana lagu xushey wax loogu yeedhay kacaan yahano iwm dadkaasi oo 85% ahaa dad aan xitaa dugsi hoose ka bixin ,balse bartey afsoomaliga sida loo qoro ama qaarkood waxna akhriyi Karin waxna qori Karin oo ah ma gudbayaal.
Dadkii aqoonta,waya aragnimada lahaa ee hawlwadeegana iyo madaxda ka ahaa xafiiyada dawlada waxaa kacaanku u arkay kacaandiid oo shaqooyinkii baa laga fadhiisiyey,qaarna xabsiyada ayaa loo taxaabey,halkoodiina waxaa lagu bedelay dadkii aan aqoontaba lahay eek a soo gudbay koogagii aan waxba baran balse kacaanku u aqoon yaday kacaamiin daacad u ah kacaanka.
Maalintaa laga bilaabo waxaa bilawdey Burburkii aqoonta,waayo aragnimada,ee hawlwadeenadii meshiinka u ahaa shaqada dawlada,waxaana timi in nin aqoonyahana oo garanaya shaqada uu hoostago mid aan xitaa dugsi hoose ka qaadan shahaado,oo aan fahansaneen shaqada loo magacaabey balse bilada xisbii hantiwadaaga laabta ku sita oo loo gu yeedho kacaan,kaadir,hawlwadeen iwm.
Dhibaatooyinka uu Kacaankii 21 Oktobar uu soo gaadhsiyey Dalkii la odhan jirey Jamhuuriyadii Somaliya ma aha mid lagu soo koobi karo maqaalo iyo wax la mida,balse waa mid taagan ilaa hada waxaase lagu xusuustaa Arimahan:
- Xasuuqii Wadaadii ka horyimi Xeerkii Qoyska ee iyaga oo xaq ku doodaya lagu toogtay Xaqii ay sheegayeen.
- Xasuuqii Saraakiishii hogaaminayey dagaalkii 1977 kuwoodii ugu mudnaa ee dhagta dhiiga uu u darey Kacaankii 21 Oktbobar
- Xasuuqii 1978 kii ee Gobolada Dhexe markii majeerteenka lagu eedeyey inay inqilaab dhicisoobey dhigay.
- Xasuuqii 1984 kii Dadka rayidka ah ee iyaga oo ducaysanaya inta la soo qabqabtey lagu xasuuqay wakhtii uu taliyaha qaybta 26 uu ka ahaa Gen. Gaani gobolada waqooyi.
- Duqaytii iyo Dhiig bixii Magaalooyinka Hargeysa,Burco,Barbara, ee lagu dilay tiro boqolaal kun kor u qaaftey oo dad rayida ah Caruur,waayeel,iyo haweenba lahaa
- Dadkii Lagu Xasuuqay Gabiiley.
- Dadkii lagu xasuuqay xeebta Jasiira ee Muqdisho
Iyo in badan oo aan halkan lagu soo koobi Karin balse lahayo Data tooda oo ku hafidan meelo badan,hadii aynoqoto hayadaha caalamiga ah ee xuquuqda adamaha,dawladaha caalamka iyo Jimciyada Quruumaha ka dhaxaysa intuba waa laga helayaa xasuuqii uu geystey Kacaankii 21 Oktoobar waxaana lagu xusuustaa Kacaankii Xalaashaday dhiiga dadkiisa astaantiisuna waa Kacaankii “KACAANKII KU DHASHAY DHIIG LA’AANTA BALSE DAADSHAY DHIIGII UGU BADANAA TAARIIKHDA SOMALIDA INTA LA OG YAHAY!”
Arinta xiisaha lahi wali lama hayo cadaalad la horkeenay dadkii ka dambeyey xasuuqaasi balse waxaa lahayaa in Dawlada Federalka ee Somaliya u haysato Halyeyo qaran dadkii fuliyey xasuuqaasi aan qarsoomeyn ugu dambeyntii xasuuqayaashu waa ay helidoonaan abaalkooda mar uun ama Dunida ama Akhiro oo Allah ayaa Xisaabindoona hadii ay isleeyihiin dunida waa ku qarsoomaysaan oo dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya ayaa idin difaacaysa Alle (swt) cid kama difacidoonto. Dawlada Somaliya ee hadana waa qayb ka mid ah Kacaankii Siyaad Bare oo waxaaad kagaran kartaa ficilada xasuuqdoonka ah iyo habdhaqanka bulshada Somaliyeed ula dhaqanto.
by Michael Rubin October 21, 2019 02:15 PM
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in a January 2010 speech that “development was once the province of humanitarians, charities, and governments looking to gain allies in global struggles. Today it is a strategic, economic, and moral imperative — as central to advancing American interests and solving global problems as diplomacy and defense.” President Trump has been more dubious about the utility of foreign aid but has nonetheless allowed much of it to continue.
The international donor community has become its own lobby. Often, diplomats and donors believe the benefits of humanitarian assistance trump its drawbacks (although a new book by my colleague challenges that assumption). Corruption is often downplayed or ignored. To World Bank employees, for example, Paul Wolfowitz’s greatest sin during his short tenure at the helm was to prioritize anti-corruption accountability.
Somalia may provide a test case for Trump, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and their seriousness to reform foreign assistance. The Horn of Africa country received more than $50 billion in aid between 1991 and 2011 and hundreds of millions of dollars annually in U.S. aid ever since. U.S. Ambassador to Somalia Donald Yamamoto has promised to increase that amount.
Reports have now emerged that $18 million in aid from the European Union, Saudi Arabia, and the United Nations have disappeared. The government received the funding, but it did not pass through the Treasury’s account at the Central Bank. $18 million might be a pittance compared to the total aid Somalia receives, nor is it the only money that has disappeared. Transparency International has listed Somalia as the world’s most corrupt country for 16 years running. But, that $18 million could be a useful test for Prime Minister Hassan Khaire as he comes to Washington to ask for even more aid from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
Pompeo and every senator on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee should demand that President Mohamed Farmajo and Khaire account for the $18 million before Somalia receives any more assistance. There was a chain of custody for that money, and it should not be difficult to determine through whom it last passed and who along its path lives above their means.
To suspend international assistance until Farmajo and Khaire can account for the missing money would signal accountability. An aid suspension might also enhance security, especially as corruption is one of the leading catalysts for violence in Somalia. In contrast, to enable assistance to move forward despite apparent embezzlement sends the signal that the World Bank, IMF, and the United States are not serious about the need for Somalia to reform.
Somalia’s endemic corruption also undermines the strategy of Yamamoto and international organizations the U.S. influences to channel money through Mogadishu to enable Somalia’s government to build patronage. That theory was questionable from the start and suggests tremendous ignorance of Somali history, but turning a blind eye to corruption undercuts whatever potential success the Mogadishu-first strategy might otherwise have had.
Hillary Clinton was correct that foreign assistance can bolster American interests, but Trump is right that too often in the past it was granted without clear reasons and accountability. The State Department and international organizations are content to conduct business as usual. The questions now are these. Is Trump serious about his desire to restore accountability and tie American interests to money granted directly by U.S. agencies or indirectly through international organizations? Second, do Khaire and Farmajo believe Somali government appointments are meant to rebuild the country or simply to enrich their appointees?
Michael Rubin (@Mrubin1971) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner’s Beltway Confidential blog. He is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former Pentagon official.
By:Sherin Helal, Tuesday 15 Oct 2019
The success of the break-away Republic of Somaliland and other examples show the limits of Western political thinking on Africa, writes Sherin Helal
While Somalia has achieved notoriety in Africa as the most striking example of a failed state and the continent’s biggest battlefield, it has nevertheless also been able to present a model in the form of the autonomous Republic of Somaliland in the north of the country. This has not gained international recognition, but it retains the elements of a state capable of providing basic rights of life and coexistence.
It had been evident since 1988 that the Somali National Movement had long been in favour of the secession of the north when it raised its flag over the towns and cities it had seized control of with the expulsion of government forces. On 18 May 1991, the movement announced the formation of the Republic of Somaliland headed by Abdel-Rahman Ahmed Ali Nur, saying that it would be ready to hold free-and-fair elections within two years. In Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, the Somali Congress refused to adopt this declaration, pushing aside the separatist option and causing the Somali state to verge on internal collapse and ongoing instability.
However, since its unilateral declaration of independence in 1991, Somaliland has enjoyed independent administrative and political systems. It manages its sea and land borders through its army, police and security apparatus. Having a population of about 3.5 million, it maintains informal relations with many foreign governments that have sent delegations to the capital Hargeisa.
Ethiopia has commercial offices in Hargeisa, and relations between the two countries are highly regarded. Ethiopia has also set up a number of hospitals in areas that have special status with regional and international organisations. The new state is the result of a political and tribal consensus among the people of the region, and traditional tribal leaders have played a pivotal role in preventing tribal clashes.
Although no other country officially recognises it, Somaliland has issued its own passports that enable holders to visit a number of countries, though most people who travel abroad use the passports of other countries. Somaliland receives part of the aid budget allocated to Somalia in general and has informal representative offices in a number of countries.
It has succeeded, unlike many of the surrounding countries, in overseeing the peaceful transfer of political power, as all its presidents have handed power to their successors through elections. Women are guaranteed representation in parliament, fortified by a state constitutional quota that reaches up to 30 per cent of the seats. Neither UN monitoring reports on elections nor UN Development Programme (UNDP) reports on human rights have registered significant violations in Somaliland, especially compared to the magnitude of such abuses in Mogadishu.
The earlier civil war in Somalia continued for decades, during which several foreign military interventions took place, starting with the United States followed by the United Nations and then the African Union and the IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) countries in the Horn of Africa. The case of Somalia is unique, and it raises many questions that may take years to answer. It is a regional and international arena open to politics, war, economics and even education and exploration in which international players have been represented with their own arms and tools for influence in the region.
Ranging from a superpower such as the United States all the way to Arab Gulf states such as the United Arab Emirates, foreign powers have been represented in the region through financing or involvement in military conflicts. Even Turkey has opted for a foothold that will enable it to exert an influence that appears to be economically and political imperialist. Few major powers seem to be absent from the scene, which has made it difficult for political observers to invite all the parties to meet at the table of reconciliation.
The circumstances and causes that separate states into states do not explain the absence of international recognition for the current political status quo in the country. We cannot predict the timing of such recognition when it comes, and it might be sooner rather than later. However, the delay of such recognition acts as pressure on Mogadishu to force it to accept the political and economic ambitions of the international powers.
All this is one example that forces political analysts to accept Africa’s own unique contributions to political science. Somaliland, Rwanda and Morocco have each presented a different approach to popular consensus as a form of government that political science, in its Western definition, refuses to recognise as good governance.
The Somaliland case enjoys its own form of political and economic stability to a dramatic extent and one unrelated to that of traditional democracies, whether consensual or participatory. This is while other political actors have left Somaliland’s grand dream to fall between the aspirations of ethnic factions and the aspirations of international powers.
The second case mentioned above, Rwanda, has risen economically and politically despite the rule of a dictator for more than a quarter of a century. The West praises Rwanda’s figures on indicators designed to measure democracy and political stability and economic and human development. The final case, Morocco, is a monarchy defined as a holistic political system, but it is the Moroccan people who hold the king in his position and reject Western interference while interacting in a positive manner with the political process in the country.
Given this political spectrum, we need to be ready to grant respect for African political models by reviewing and evaluating them according to their own unique considerations and circumstances.
*The writer is expert in African affairs.
source : english.ahram.org.eg
Wakhti badan ayaa dadka iyo dalkaba kaga lumay,shaqsiyaad dartooda uun ka fikiraya,oo aan dan iyo muraad ka lahay qaran iyo dawladnimo kuwaasi weliba waa kuwo cashuurta iyo dhaqaalaha kale ee qaranka ku tanaadey,lagu sharfay in ay madax ka noqdaan qarankan la daalaa dhacaya aqoonsi la’aanta iyo durufaha kale ee dhaqaale,caafimaad iyo shaqo la’aanta.Dadkaas waxaa ka mid ah ninka hore ciidamada qaranka uga tirsanan jirey ee ka gaadhay Darajada Koraneelka ee lagu magacaabo Caare. Caare Marka taariikhdiisa laga waramayo waxa la soo qaataa in markii dalka la soo galey uu dad ku laayey biliqo uu jiingado ka furanayey guryo dhisnaa, mudaa wixii ka dambeyeyna uu gaadhey derajada Koranelka. Weli taariikhdiisa kuma maqal inuu wax soo bartey,inuu kuliyada ciidan ka soo baxay,darajada sida uu u qaatey oo uu ku gaadhey Koranel iwm.Sidaa darteed miyaaney u muuqan in uu cadaalad daro ku helay derejada,kol hadii uu darajada si hadaalad daro ah ku helay soo maa aha in uu Cadaalad darada ku helo waxyaabo badan oo kale iley waa halkii uu ka soo aflaxaye.Hadii reernimo xitaa loo eego waxaa jiri kara tiro badan oo ay isku raas yihiin oo aqoon karti iyo wadaniyad ba leh oo u qalma derejada uu gaadhey iyo mid ka sareysa,kuwaas maxa garxajis ugu hadliwayey,in xaqooda helaan hadii reernimadu dhab inaga tahay,maxaa wadani ugu hadliwaayey hadii cadaalad raadintu dhab inaga tahay,mise arinku waa mushruuc kale,ragaasi weliba waa ka xishoonayaan iney reernimo wax ku helaan oo waxay aaminsan yihiin qaranimada iyo wadankooda,Kornal Caarana Mushaharkoodii buu ku sii faralaabey markii uu baxayey.Siyaasiinteenuna waa kuwa u doonaya in Caare xil loo dhiibo oo xitaa General laga dhigo Ciidamada Somalilandna uu hogaamiyo.
Waxaa ugu dambeeyey Cid u dooda Caare:
Guddoomiye ku xigeenka labaad ee Xisbiga Waddani Saleeban Ducaale Xaaji Jaamac, oo u waramayWargeyska Geeska Afrikaayaa ugu horeyn hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Carab iyo labadiisa daan ayaa is qabta oo is qaniina, adduunyadana waxaa la inoo keenay in la ina imtixaano,waa la is qabtaa, wixii la isku qabtana waa laga heshiiya, sida aynu ognahayna Madaxweynayaashii taladda dalka u kala dambeeyey jabhadihii wey wada cafiyeen , oo may u kala eexan, haddii ay tahay Jabhadii Suldaan Wabar , Jabhadihii kala ee ka horeeyey ama ka dambeeyey, sidaas darteed waxaa jiray dadaalo ku waajahna arinta Caare, oo Odayaal dhaqan oo ah Odayaasha Caare ayaa nabad ka keenay Caare, markaas gobonimadu waxay ku jirtay inuu Madaxweynuhu wada cafiyo Caare iyo Ciidanka raacayba, oo uu tixgeliyo Odayaasha u tagay,balse may ahayn inuu Ciidan oo qudh uu cafis u fidiyo”.
Sida aan qabo gobanimadu waxay ku jirtey in Odayaashu soo kaxeeyaan Caare oo ay horkeenan Madaxweynaha yidhaahdaana Caare waa kan ku horfadhiya maanta Madaxweyne hadii aad Cafiyeysid iyo hadii sharciga lagu qaadayabo naga gudoon,weliba xisbiga wadanina goobjoog ka ahaado kulankaa iyo waliba xisbiga UCID.Ma waxay ka liitaan hoyadan qaadatey go’aanka geesinimada ah bal ila daawo:
Tan kale doodii Madaxweynaha iyo Odayadii(Garxajis) Caare may ahayn mid dheeli tiran oo ku miisaaman xaqiiqda jirta ee dhabta ah waxaa ka muuqday dhaliilo dhinaca farsamada ah oo ay ka mid ahaayeen:
- Mayirka Ceeri-gaabo oo halkii uu ka ma telilahaa maamulka gobolkaasi dhinaca reerka mateley, Sidee ayey u suurgal tahay masuul qaran oo metelayey degaanka gobalka sanaag oo dhan in uu af hayeen u noqdo beel waxay ahayd in uu xilka iska casilo oo uu siga oo shaqsi ah u dodo Caare iyo Beeshiisa.
- Madaxweynuhu Si dhameytiran oo Cad umuu soo bandhigin Dhibaatada Qrankan uu gaadhsiiyey Caare,Taariikhdiisa nololeed,dembiyada loo haysto,sida ay muhiim u tahay in maxkamad la horkeeno,oo marka la xukumo ama wax lagu waayo arintiisa dib loo eego.
Arimaasi waxay fududeyn lahaayeen fahamka rayi caalamka ee Caare ayuu yahay muxuu sameeyey ee dhiba oo lagu eedeynayaa.
Waa mahadsan tihiin dhamaantiin.
La soco qaybaha dambe ……….
Three professors, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, both of M.I.T., and Michael Kremer of Harvard, were honored.
Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo of M.I.T. and Michael Kremer of Harvard have devoted more than 20 years of economic research to developing new ways to study — and help — the world’s poor.
On Monday, their experimental approach toward poverty alleviation won them the 2019 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Dr. Duflo, 46, is both the youngest economics laureate ever and the second woman to be honored.
The three researchers study problems like education deficiencies and child health scientifically. They break issues into smaller questions, search for evidence about which interventions work to resolve them, and seek practical ways to bring those treatments to scale.
“In just two decades, their new experiment-based approach has transformed development economics, which is now a flourishing field of research,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement.
Source: The new York times 14/10/19
Waxaa ugu horeynba aan qabaa in khaladka ay lee yihiin xildhibaanada golayaasha ee iyaga oo aan nidaamka dawliga ah marin si iskooda iskaga tagaya qusilad,waayo xildhibaanka ama masuulka sare ee qaran markuu safaaradaha ama qusiladaha arin uga baahdo waa in uu kala xidhiidhaa haydaha qaranka ee shaqada ku leh,si ay nidaamka dawliga ah u mariyaan codsiga masuulkaasi. Hadii se uu igagu sida dadka caadiga ah iska tago safaarada,oo uu safka dadka caadiga ah galo dee isaga ayaa meel qaldan maray markaa sida dadka caadiga ah baa loola dhaqmayaa.
Wasaarada arimaha debeda ee dalkasta oo aduunka ka mid ahi shaqada ugu mihiimsan ee ay qabataa waa difaaca danaha qarankeeda,waana isku xidhaha qarankaasi iyo qaramada kale ama haydaha caalamiga ah,ee dhinacyada,siyaasada,dhaqaalaha,iyo xidhiidhka caalamigaha.
The most important function of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the contemporary International system is to assist in formulating the nation’s foreign policy that will accommodate domestic policy content and use such policy to engage other nations through their foreign missions and other channels, with a view to realize her national interest- advancing their social, economic, cultural and political aspirations that will have positive impact on the nation’s citizens well-being.
Hadaba golaha wakiiladu Somaliland waxay ku ceebeesan yihiin arintan ay ka cabanayaan. Halkaas waxaa aad ka garan gartaa in aaney xitaa fahansaneed qaabka loola macaamilo wakiilada dalalka kale ee wadanka jooga (Ergada dalalka kale). Waa in wakiilada wax la baraa oo aqoontooda siyaasadeed kor loo qaado,hadii kale ceebtaasi iyo kuwo ka daranbaa aynu maqlidoonaa. Maxay dad wakil ka noqon iyagii baa ambanayee.
Suhuur yare waxay gudbisay fariin Togan oo Siyaasiin badani kari waayeen in ay wadankooda iyo qadiyadiisa gaadhsiiyaan caalamka. Iskaba daa in ay Qadiyada Aqoonsiga Somaliland Caalamka gaadhsiiyaane waxay u xusul duubaan in ay qadiyada Somaliland xabaal ku ridaan.
Suhuur waa u hambalyeynayaa fariinta ay gaadhsiisay Caalamka iyo Madaxdaweynaha Rwanda Paul Kagame Talada uu Madaxweynuhu ka bixiyeyna waa mid muhiim ah oo iftiiminaysa mahmahda Somaliyeed ee tidhaahda NIN AAN HADAL HOOYADII QADISAY!
By Sherri Gordon Updated October 06, 2019
Everyone has one—that Facebook friend that posts obnoxious, and sometimes offensive, political statements, articles, memes and more every day, multiple times a day. You know—that friend that has a strong opinion about anything and everything political. Even if you agree with her political views, you cringe at the inflammatory way she states her opinions.
If you find yourself in this situation, you are not alone. In fact, unfriending someone for their political views is fairly common.
According to a study by Pew Research Center, nearly 20 percent of social media users have blocked, unfriended or hidden someone because of their political posts online.
This fact should not be surprising. Civility in politics has been decreasing for a long time and people are losing patience with the rhetoric. Much of this increase in online bullying, shaming, and political bullying has to do with the changing culture and the ability to insult others on the Internet. These insults are often made through the use of blogs, social media and more. Consequently, it is not surprising that people have become much freer with their use of words. This has become painfully apparent in recent years as religious and political disagreements become more and more volatile. And while many people have embraced the freedom that social media provides, just as many are simply fed up.
A Closer Look at the Political Bullying in the 2016 Election
In the 2016 election, both candidates engaged in name-calling and other bullying tactics. For instance, Democratic presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton, called people who supported Republican presidential nominee, “deplorables,” and said they were irredeemable. Meanwhile, Trump labeled Clinton a “nasty woman” and referred to her as “Crooked Hillary.”
Even the supporters of each candidate engaged in bullying tactics. On social media, Clinton supporters shamed Trump supporters by calling them racists, homophobes, xenophobes and a variety of other labels. On the Republican side of things, supporters yelled “build that wall,” and chanted “lock her up” at rallies and posted similar sentiments online.
There is no doubt that the campaigning and debates in 2016 ignited tempers, unlike any other presidential race, has done. And while there has always been some mudslinging during elections, the 2016 election was much more volatile, much more personal. Many believe that the passionate disagreements were far more prevalent because of the ease and influence of social media. What’s more, social media empowers people to say things that they would never say to someone’s face. Much of this has to do with the fact that they can hide behind a computer screen.
As a result, during the election season, people on social media were not just ranting about how much they disliked the candidates, but they often took it a step further. They also ranted about how much they disliked anyone who might support an opposing candidate often engaging in name-calling, shaming, labeling and sometimes even threats of violence. It was cyberbullying at its worst.
And while most would argue that people have a right to speak their mind, is bullying through social media really free speech? Most would argue that in some ways the mean-spirited posts, the labeling, and the name-calling actually silence free speech. As a result, people are afraid to be honest about what they really think for fear of being judged or labeled.
Additionally, when people do not talk about their views or why they believe a certain way, they start to make assumptions about what other people believe. This often causes them to believe that they are being judged. They also assume that people are displeased with them or disagree with them. Yet, they have never talked about what they truly believe nor have they asked why their friends believe the way that they do. As a result, there is a lot of hostility and frustration based solely on assumptions.
Tips for Dealing With Obnoxious Political Posts
If you are someone that would rather see posts about a person’s dinner than her monologue about a political candidate, here are some sure-fire ways to navigate the lack of digital etiquette on Facebook without losing your sanity.
Take a minute. When it comes to social media, it is easy to fire off a response before you really think about it. Resist the urge to react instead of respond. Slow down and take a minute. Scroll past the post and read something else. The goal is to avoid posting something equally inflammatory and then later regretting it. Remember, even if you delete your comment later, you can never truly make it go away. So put on the brakes. A thoughtful response, or even no response at all, is a much better approach in the long run.
Ask why. Not only does it allow for greater understanding, but it also broadens your own perspective. Just be sure to ask in a way that doesn’t put your friend on the defensive. You don’t want her to feel like she has to justify her feelings to you. Instead, keep the focus on the issues. Additionally, it might be best to have this type of conversation offline and in person. This way, you can actually see the emotions she is expressing rather than trying to assume you know by interpreting her words. A lot of interpretation is lost online. It is risky to assume you know what someone is feeling when all you have to go on are a few typed words.
If you do not understand why a friend feels so strongly, ask her. Find out how this impacts her life. Sometimes it helps to view the world through a different lens.
Ignore, scan or move on. Sometimes the best way to deal with cringe-worthy political posts is to simply scan through them and move on, especially if the post is simply a rant laced with name-calling and labeling. An even better option is to ignore them altogether. Remember, you cannot control what your Facebook friend posts online. And you probably won’t be able to change her mind or even get her to see your side of things. But you can control how you respond. And if reading her posts irritates you, ruins your day or causes you anxiety, then it is healthier for you to ignore them. Do not allow another person’s blanket bullying statements impact you and your day.
Utilize the hide or block options. Fortunately, Facebook offers some options for dealing with the deluge of political bullying that takes place online. One option is to “hide” your friend. With this option, you remain friends but you no longer see her posts in your newsfeed. A lot of people appreciate this option because they do not want the drama of unfriending someone online, but they also do not want to see their blatantly inappropriate posts any longer either. Of course, the other option is to unfriend the person and even block her from friending you again. This option should only be used in extreme cases where you no longer hope to have contact or a relationship with the person. It is very hard to salvage a friendship once you have unfriended or blocked them on Facebook.
Remember who you are dealing with. If you are friends with this person online, chances are you have some sort of relationship with the person. So when you see something that is unsettling, take a step back and look at the big picture. Is your friend going through a tough time right now? Could these political posts have something to do with a bigger issue in her life? Try to be empathetic and remember why you are friends with this person in the first place. However, if your friend’s political views define who she is as a person and it gets under your skin, you have some evaluating to do. Is this person a toxic friend that you should avoid, or is her friendship worth an effort?
Set some limits. If you find yourself getting too worked up about other people’s political posts and subtle bullying online, it might be a good idea to take a break. You need to protect yourself from the negative feelings these posts create in you. As a result, you may want to limit the time you spend on Facebook or take a break from it altogether. Or maybe the answer is to avoid engaging in any political discussions online. If you find that you absolutely have to say something in response to all the negativity online, consider journaling your responses but then never posting them. In this way, you have released your frustration by formulating a response, but you have not offended anyone, or ticked off your employer, by actually posting it.
Check your answers. Remember, there are a lot of unsubstantiated articles and information online. Make sure that if you do post a response to a political post, that your post is factual and can be verified. You don’t want to contribute to the plethora of misinformation that is floating around on Facebook. Make sure that what you post is factual, accurate and not offensive. Keep in mind, that your goal should become a conscientious poster and not just someone who shares sensationalized stories because of their shock value. The last thing you want to do is to become just like your obnoxiously-political friend. After all, you need to protect your online reputation
Source : VerywellMind
Minister invites investors to enter the country’s exploration and development industry
CAPE TOWN, South Africa, October 11, 2019/APO Group/ —
Rich in hydrocarbons and possessing a favorable geological structure, Somalia holds huge opportunities for investors looking to enter the East African market, said the country’s Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Hon. Abdirashid Mohamed Ahmed at the Africa Oil & Power conference.
“Nowhere is the contribution that the energy industry can make to civil society and economic development greater than in Somalia,” he said. Noting that the sector has the potential to greatly enhance stability and economic development.
On its path to transforming its petroleum industry and attract the attention of new investors, Somalia has made significant progress in recent years. This year, the country passed a new petroleum law which enabled it to make progress in exploration and development, and attract interest from oil and gas majors ExxonMobil and Shell.
“My ministry worked successfully with the six federal member states to develop an equitable and transparent framework for development, focused on the greater good of Somalia and all its people, whilst ensuring that we are highly competitive internationally to attract investment by delivering returns that are consistent with the risks and rewards of developing our off-shore industry,” said the minister
The minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector
Eager to demonstrate to the world that Somalia is open for business, the minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector.
“This includes seismic data recently shot by Spectrum covering 20,185 km. The current licensing round is in respect of up to 15 blocks, covering a total area of approximately 7,500 square miles. The bid round will follow shortly after to ensure that the world knows: Somalia is open for business.”
Minister Ahmed also spoke on the attractiveness of the country’s production sharing agreement (PSA) model for offshore oil exploration and development – regarding it as being amongst the most attractive to investors in the frontier basins. The PSA provides a highly attractive regulatory fiscal framework that is both competitive and equitable for both the people of Somalia and international oil companies (IOC).
“By equitably linking of royalties and share of revenue closely to the price of oil, the Somalia PSA ensures that IOCs can recover their up-front development costs and earn a fair share profit even if oil prices fall, whilst maximizing the profit going to the Somalian people,” the minister explained.
The Africa Oil & Power conference and exhibition comes to a close today. For news and updates, visit www.AfricaOilAndPower.com
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Africa Oil & Power Conference.
By Elizabeth Scott, MS
If you find that you are stressed and not getting enough sleep, you’re not alone. In a national sleep survey, 40 percent of respondents said they aren’t getting the recommended amount of rest. Many of the stressors we face in modern life, such as traffic jams, difficult co-workers, or relationship conflicts, can trigger a fight-or-flight response, and prolonged exposure to this stress without relaxation can result in shorter sleep duration and poorer quality sleep. To improve sleep quality and cope with chronic stress, some strategies are more effective than others.
How Chronic Stress Affects Sleep
When you experience a perceived threat (physical or psychological, real or imagined), your body’s hormonal stress response gets triggered, creating a cascade of physical changes that lead to the release of glucocorticoids like cortisol by the endocrine system. The release of cortisol and other stress hormones creates a burst of energy that allows you to fight or run from a real and present danger.
A healthy stress response involves a quick cortisol spike followed by a rapid decrease once the stressful event has passed. This endocrine system response is controlled by negative feedback loops mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) access in the central nervous system.
What’s important to know in this context is that the HPA access also plays an important role in modulating the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle. Prolonged stress levels have been correlated with HPA access hyperactivity, decreased sleep duration, as well as reduced REM sleep and delta power, leading to poorer quality sleep, impaired memory, poorer mood regulation, which can, in turn, lead to more stress.
Stress Management Sleep Strategies
If your sleep problems are being compounded by the effects of stress, sleep may come easier with the implementation of healthy stress management techniques before bed. Coping with stress takes many forms, and can involve emotional engagement or emotional disengagement.
Notably, one study found that strategies that reduce emotional avoidance and enhance emotional awareness are helpful for reducing the impact of stress on sleep onset latency, while strategies that increase avoidance, such as alcohol use, can lead to longer sleep delays.
Healthy coping strategies that reduce emotional avoidance include meditation and simple breathing exercises, which can reduce stress and tension in the body, lower stress hormone levels, and help sleep come more easily.
Problem-solving can also be a way to reduce stress, but it can be stimulating and should be done earlier in the day rather than before bed.
It is important to leave enough time for stress management and also enough time for sleep itself. Educate yourself about additional stress management sleep strategies and read more about the benefits of a good night’s sleep to inspire you to figure out a plan to create space in your busy life to reduce your stress before bed.
A Word From Verywell
Not all sleep problems are due directly or entirely to stress. Certain hormonal changes that come with menopause or even natural aging can alter sleep patterns. Certain medications can also have an effect on sleep, as can caffeine, alcohol, and other things you consume. If you are feeling that you are managing your stress well and find that your sleep has not improved, you should consult your doctor to see if one of these other causes could be affecting you or if you might have a sleep disorder.
Shalay waxay ahayd Maalin qiimo badan waa markii ugu horeysey ee Ardayda loo asteeyey Shaqo qaran nasiib u heleen qayb ka mid ahi oo ka kooban 126 arday iney si rasmi ah ugu biiraan ciidamada Qaranka. kuwaas oo ka aflaxay barnaamijki shaqo qaran ee uu aasaasay Madaxweynaha qaranka Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi .in ay kala yihiin 112 wiilal , iyo 14 hablood oo dhammaantood ka mid noqday ciidamada Millatariga,booliska iyo asluubta.
Sida aan filayo waa kooxdii ku soo gasha ciidamada qaranka qaabkan ah:
- Shaqo qaran
- Ciidamo Qaran
Waa nidaam wanaagsan oo aan ku iman qaab ku dhisan:
- Suuq- joog
- Reer keen (oday caaqil ah)
- Ha naloo qarameeyo (jug soo dhacdey)
Sidaa darteed waxaa la idinka rabaa in aad hogaan u noqotaan Ciidamada qaranka idinka oo ku hagidoona shuruucda,edebta,iyo dhaqanka,aqoonta wanaagsan ee wadaniyada iyo u adeega dadka iyo dalka Somaliland.
Waxaa ku timaateen dariiq saxa oo nidaam dawladeed ah sidaa darteed waa in aad wax ka bedeshaan dhaqanka ciidamada ee aan la socon Karin wakhtigan casriga ah.
Waxaa filayaa in aad yeelaan doontaan takhasusaad kala duwan oo qaarkiin noqondoonaan
- Dhaqaale yahano
- Sharci yaqaano
- Xoogaga gaarka ah (special forces)
Iyo in ka badan oo la xidhiidha takhasuuska kala duwan ee ciidamada qaranka, sidaa darteed waxaa idin lee yahay nasiib wanaagsan dhamaantiin.
Hogaanka Media Group.
By Michael Rubin
© Getty Images
It has now been 21 months since Kurdish forces, backed by U.S. Special Forces and U.S. air support, moved into Raqqa, the capital of the Islamic State. Earlier this month, I spoke at a Rojava Centre for Strategic Studies conference in Amudeh, Syria, exploring the Islamic State’s enablers, after which I had the opportunity to visit Raqqa as the local administration’s guest.
To enter Raqqa is to be overwhelmed by destruction. Thousands of former residents remain in tents at a camp alongside the road outside Ayn Issa. Most would like to return to their homes just 45 minutes’ drive away, but Raqqa remains largely destroyed. Driving into town requires passing the shells of apartment buildings stretching miles. Local authorities have given a face lift to Naim Square, where the Islamic State executed prisoners and mounted their heads, and rebranded it Freedom Square. The buildings facing the square, however, remain bombed out.
There are signs of life in the center of town: wedding dresses, children’s toys, and sweets sold in shops surrounded by rubble. Children played soccer in a stadium once used as the Islamic State’s chief prison. Graffiti on the stadium wall cursed the Islamic State and expressed love for Taylor Swift. Unexploded ordnance slows recovery, as workers clear rubble by hand, and tempers are short. The biggest obstacle to Raqqa’s recovery, however, lies in Washington rather than Syria: The U.S. Treasury Department has been sitting on the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver for the Syrian Democratic Council for four years.ADVERTISEMENT
Opposition groups in Syria can be an alphabet soup of acronyms but, in short, the Syrian Democratic Council is the umbrella organization for pro-American Syrian Kurdish militias like the People’s Protection Units (YPG), the all-female Women’s Protection Units (YPJ), and the Syrian Democratic Forces.
When I first visited northeastern Syria in January 2014, U.S. diplomats had refused to talk to the Syrian Kurdish opposition out of deference to Turkey. The United States reconsidered its position due to both Kurds’ effectiveness against the Islamic State and Turkey’s double-dealing on terrorism. The United States began talking to the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), in December 2015, and almost immediately, the SDC applied for a U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver so that they could hire American companies to participate in reconstruction and so that they could spend their own money in the United States. The SDC does not ask for handouts: one of the biggest differences between my most recent trip and my first is that the oil derricks between Qamishli and the Tigris River are now operating but absent a waiver, the SDC cannot legally spend money in the United States or elsewhere.
It is unclear whether inertia or a misguided strategy motivates OFAC to sit for years on the pending SDC waiver: The group is pro-Western and cooperates closely with Washington. The Treasury Department previously granted the Syrian National Council, the political arm of the Free Syrian Army, a waiver even though extremists and terrorists have infiltrated the Free Syrian Army. In contrast, U.S. military members in Syria trust the SDF more than local partners in Iraq or Afghanistan; there has not been a single instance of SDF men or women turning on American mentors.
The Treasury Department’s inaction not only handicaps diplomacy but also undercuts U.S. strategy.
Isolating Syrian President Bashar al-Assad remains a core U.S. interest. The Kurds dislike Assad: He voided citizenship papers Kurds need for school and employment, and imprisoned Kurdish activists. However, given Turkey’s support for Islamist radicals and its anti-Kurdish ethnic cleaning in areas of Syria the Turkish army occupies, Syrian Kurds fear Turkey more. Simply put, Treasury’s failure is pushing pro-American Kurds back toward Assad.
Numerous diplomats castigate the Iraqi government for its failure to reconstruct Mosul after it was damaged first by Islamic State conquest and then its liberation. Diplomats fear frustration could fuel Islamic State resurgence. The same is now true with Raqqa, where frustration is palpable. The only difference is that if Raqqa erupts, the blame will not be on a foreign government, but on the glacial pace of the U.S. government’s own bureaucracy.
Michael Rubin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. A former Pentagon official, he teaches classes on terrorism for the FBI and on security, politics, religion and history for U.S. and NATO military units. He has a Ph.D. in history from Yale University.
Mar walba aragtida waxaa laga eegaa dhinaca wanaagsan,balse in la qaadaa dhigo wixii la isla gaadhey ma xuma oo waa fikir ka dhiibasho iyo aragti guud uun.
20/08/18 ayaa lagu qorey Puntland mirror warkan:
Qardho-(Puntland Mirror) Siciid Cawil Caare, oo ahaa sargaal hore oo katirsan ciidamada Somaliland, ayaa bilaabay dhaqdhaqaaq jabhadeed oo ka dhan ah maamulka Somaliland.
Caare ayaa sheegay in Somaliland uu uga soo tagay cadaalad daro iyo dulmi.
“Markii aan ka dhex arki waayay cadaalad, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay dowlad loo simanyahay, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay horumar balaaran oo ummadu u simantahay, waxaan go’aansaday in aan saldhig weydiisto Puntland si aan u suuliyo dulmiga,” ayuu yiri.
Waxaa ku xigey muqqlkan oo 24/11/18 wuu ku sheegay warkan:
Waxaa aan isweydiinaynaa Caare iyo abaabulkiisa ayaa ka dambeyey?
Waxaa ka dambeeyey oo uu ka dhashay tabashadii doorashadii xisbi Wadani ee guuldaradii Cabdiraxman Ciro taas oo aan xisbiga wadani khilaaf ka muujiyey in doorashada lagaga adkaadey taageerayaashii qayb ka mida oo ah jilibkiisa ay qaarkood isku dustey in ay xoog kula wareegaan talada dalka taas oo ay Puntland u direyn ciidan uu hogaaminayo ex.K.CAARE taasi oo ay isku tuseyn talada ay xukunka ku qabsan karaan.Ka dib waxaa ku soo biirey dadkii danaynayey in ay meel ka soo galaan siyaasada dalka,kuwo dhaqaale kaga raadinaya qaranka,kuwo xilal ku gorgortamaya,kuwo aan waxba ka ogeyn oo magaca garxajis uun maqley iyo kuwo kale oo u arkey in ay fursad siyaasadeed tahay oo Somaliland lagu kala qaybin karo.
Cadaad daro ayuu sheegay Caare in uu Somaliland uga tegey hadii ay runtii tahay oo uu cadaalad daro uu Somaliland hubka ugu haatey ma saxbaa in dal dimoqraadi ah oo mar walba doorasho laga qabanqaabiyo in hub iyo xoog afgambi cadaalad u keeni karto caqliga iyo aragtiyaha siyaasadu midna ma ogola isbedel xoog ku yimaadaa cadaalad ma keeno balse waa aas aaska cadaalad darada. Hadaba Care iyo cidii la aas aastey Jahbada waa in la soo bandhigaa oo taariikhda ay galaan,si loo fahmo Caare garanaye yaa ku wahaliya hawsha waxaa jira sida uu Caare ama taageerayaashiisu sheegeen dad dhaqaale hub lagu iibiyey iyo xitaa gaadiid bixiyey dadkaasi lama yaqaan balse dadka reer Somaliland waxay u baahan yihiin iney ogaadaan cida ay yihiin. Waa xil xukuumada saran inay soo bandhigto dhamaan xogta iyo hogaamiyasha Jabhadan hubeysan,Golaha guurtida oo xaga nabada u xilsaaran iyo golaha wakiiladuna qaybaha dawlada iyaga kula xisaabtamaan (hold them accountable ). Cafiska iyo Saamaxaadu waxay timaataa marka la og yahay dhibaatada,cida gashay inta ay leeg tahay si cafisku u noqdo mid marey dariiqii saxa ahaa,oo la fahmey waxa dhib dhacdey iyo cida dusha ku qaadatey ee laga saamaxayo.Dawlada Somaliland waxaa la gudboon in ay gudi gaara u saarto xhashiiskaasi Caare ,Garxajis,Muuse iyo Somaliland gudigan oo qiimeyn iyo darsid ku sameynaysa dhibaatooyinka,xalka,iyo waafajista shuruucda qaranka si si cad loo ogaado natiijada heshiiska.In hashiis lagu dhameeyaa dhibkastaba waa arin wanaagsan balse waa in arin walba salka ku haysaa isxisaabin iyo hayn xogta si cida heshiiska ka hortimaada loogu xukumo dhamaan,wakhtigii,iyo dhaqaalihii ku baxay heshiiska waayo qaranka wakhtigaa iyo dhaqaalaha ku baxa fadhi kasta waa mid lagu qaban lahaa shaqo kale oo qaranka wax tar u leh.
© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited
Tributes have been paid to “incredible” BBC journalist Hanna Yusuf, who has died at the age of 27.
Ms Yusuf wrote for the corporation’s website and as recently as August had exposed working conditions at Costa Coffee, with workers alleging managers’ refusal to pay for sickness or annual leave. The story prompted the café giant to launch an audit.
The cause of her death is unknown. Her family said in a statement that it was “sudden and unexpected and has come as a shock to us all”.
The tribute went on: “Hanna was a dedicated young vibrant professional who became a bridge between the media and the community, helping break boundaries in providing a voice and representation.
© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited Hanna Yusuf’s death was
“Many will know Hanna for her incredible contributions to journalism and for her work at the BBC.
“While we mourn her loss, we hope that Hanna’s legacy will serve as an inspiration and beacon to her fellow colleagues and to her community and her meaningful memory and the people she has touched for many years lives on.”
Fran Unsworth, director of BBC News, said: “This is terrible news that has left us all deeply saddened.
“Hanna Yusuf was a talented young journalist who was widely admired across the BBC and our utmost sympathies go to her family and many friends. Hanna will be much missed.”
Museumkan Saryan waa mid casri ah waxaa aan booqday 15/07/19 in kasta oo aanan wakhti badan u helin inaan kawada bogto taariikhda iyo asraarta ku duugan qaybaha uu museumku ka kooban yahay wakhtiga oo igu yaraa awgii hadana aad baan ugu qushuucay,ugana helay ,waxaa jirey dhalinyaro iyaguna daawanayey wakhtigaa Museum .
Runtii sideedaba Museum yadu waxay ka mid yihiin waxyabaha lagu qiimeeyo heerka ay umadi ka gaadhey ilbaxnimada waxaana lagu kaadiyaa dhaxalka umada ee farsamada,dhaqanka.taariikhda,aqoonta iyo wax wal oo umadi ku soo dhaqmi jirtey bilowgii ilaa maanta.
Waxaa kula talinayaa Hayadaha waxbarashada iyo kuwa dalxiisku inay taageeraan Museumkan oo ay ku dhiirigeliyaan ardayda iyo dadka dalxiisayasha ahba in ay booqdaan,walibana ardayda lageeyo Museumka oo ay wakhti ku soo qaataan,waxbarashadana lagu daro safarada(trips) gaagab oo lagu tago meelaha taariikhiga ah ama lagu keydiyo sida ardayda caalamkaba loo geeyo meelahaa.
Maamulka Meseumkana waxaa aan kula talin nayaa in uu u diyaariyo dadka dalxiiska ah ama dadka kale iyo ardaydaba maalmo ay soo bookhan karaan oo gaar ah.
Dadka reer Somalilandna waxaa kula talinayaa in ay Museum koodan dhaqaaleeyaan oo ay ku taageeraan xoog,xoolo iyo aqoonba.
Waad Mahadsan tihiin
diyaariye: Maxamed rashiid
Social Media and Addiction
How People Become Hooked on Social Media and What to Do About It
Researchers at Michigan State University have found that people who report using social media a lot tend to struggle with decision-making. As part of their study, participants answered questions about their social media use. The questions were tailored to see how dependent people were on social media, as well as how they felt when they couldn’t use it and how they would feel about never using it again.
After the survey, the participants completed a common psychological task known as the Iowa Gambling Task, which helps gauge value-based decision-making skills. During the task, the goal is for the participants to collect as much money as possible. The researchers found that those participants who spent more time on social media were likely to have less money at the end of the task. Meanwhile, those who spent less time on social media finished the task with more money.
Because this type of deficit in decision-making skills often goes hand-in-hand with drug addiction as well as a gambling addiction, the researchers likened the results of excessive social media use to aspects of an addiction.
In another study, researchers explored what it would “cost” for certain participants to deactivate their Facebook profiles for up to one year. Consequently, experimental auctions revealed that it would anywhere from $1,000 to more than $2,000 for participants to cancel their Facebook profiles for that length of time.
Still, some users refused to bid at all, which researchers believe signaled their dependence on Facebook and their unwillingness to even consider deactivating their accounts. These results show just how dependent, or addicted to, social media some people are that they would not even consider deactivating their accounts for a year, despite being paid.
Other Issues With Excessive Social Media Use
For some people, the thought of not being able to check their social media accounts causes them to break out in a cold sweat. They get nervous and anxious and are not sure how to handle the situation. When this occurs, therapists often refer to this as social media anxiety disorder, which may share similarities to social anxiety disorder.
This connection is not surprising given that anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder in the United States; and technology seems to be making things worse. In fact, appears that the more technology people acquire, the more stressed out they become.
For instance, researchers estimate that 20 percent of people with social media accounts cannot go more than three hours without checking them; and for people with social media anxiety disorder, just being away from their social media accounts for just a few minutes can cause severe anxiety.
Signs You (or Your Teen) Are Hooked
Aside from the obvious anxiety and nervousness that being away from social media can cause some people, there are some other telltale signs that they may have an addiction to social media. These include everything from isolating themselves from others, losing interest in activities they once found enjoyable, and getting agitated, angry, or anxious when they are unable to check social media. Following is a closer look at some of the signs that you (or your teen) may be hooked on social media:
Anxiety, agitation, or anger when you cannot check social media. Not being able to check social media is not a life-threatening situation. But, for some people, not being able to get online and check their status and their updates can feel like one. Even though they may feel embarrassed or confused by their reactions, they often feel like they cannot control their feelings or their situation.
Interrupt conversations to check social media. Sometimes people can be so obsessed with the online world that they have trouble staying in the moment or paying attention to what others are saying. Consequently, their faces are often buried in their phones; or, they may appear distracted and constantly check their phones.
Lie to others about how much time is spent online. Most people who struggle with social media addiction are embarrassed by how much time they spend online. So, they lie to their loved ones about how much they are scrolling social media. They know they should not be online so much, but they just cannot help it.
Withdraw from family and friends. When social media addiction progresses, it can become consuming of a person’s time and energy. As a result, a person with an addiction to social media will withdraw from family and friends and spend most of their time in the virtual world.
Lose interest in other activities. As social media takes up more and more time, it becomes the most important thing in a person’s life. Consequently, the addicted person will spend the bulk of their time on social media and very little time doing the things they once loved.
Neglect school or work in favor of social media. One hallmark of addiction, is the way that it consumes a person’s time, energy, and attention. For this reason, many people with social media addiction often neglect their schoolwork or their work assignments because they cannot tear themselves away from social media.
Experience negative impacts to your personal or professional life. One of the biggest indicators that you or your teen has a problem with social media is when it starts interfering with your life in a negative way. For instance, grades start dropping and deadlines are missed for school or work are definite indicators that there is a problem.
Feel stressed and that your life is lacking. It is important to remind yourself (and your teen) that what you see on social media is just another person’s highlight reel. They have normal, boring days filled with work and obligations just like everyone else. Remind yourself that if social media makes you think that your life is boring, it is not going to get any better sitting there obsessing about it. You have to get out and enjoy your life – experience it – not just document it.
Practical Ways to Monitor Social Media Use
Whether you want to monitor your social media use, your teens’ use, or both, there are a number of steps you can take to see not only how often you are using social media, but also to determine if you are using it in healthy and productive ways.
When notifications from social media ping on your phone all day, every day, it can be challenging not to toggle over to your social media accounts and see what is happening.
For this reason, it can be extremely useful, and preventative, to turn off the notifications on your social media accounts. This way, instead of social media beckoning you to check out what people are posting or saying, you are in control. As a result, you are free to check social media at times that are convenient for you rather than feeling you should check right away when your phone pings.
Meanwhile, you may want to turn on notifications for when your kids post to their social media accounts.
In other words, you can set up notifications on your account to notify you know anytime your teen posts something on their social media account. This way, you can see what they are posting, how often they are posting, and determine if they need some tips on digital etiquette or to take something down.
With notifications, hopefully you see a questionable post before too many other people do.
See Certain Posts First
On some social media accounts, like Facebook, you can set guidelines that allow you to see certain social media posts first. What’s more, you also can indicate who your “close friends” are so that you get notifications when they post. (You can still get notifications when they post that do not alert your phone immediately. Instead, these notifications are only listed in the notifications tab.)
When you set up these types of parameters on social media, you are making it work for you instead of allowing it to push you into behaving or interacting in a certain way. Additionally, these types of parameters make it much easier to just see what you want on social media rather than scrolling through every post in your feed. This way, it is much easier to limit the time you spend on social media.
Conduct a Social Media Audit
One of the best ways to get a picture of how you or your teen is using social media, is to conduct a social media audit. Take a look at the posts, photos, and comments. Then consider what these things say about you and your social media use.
For instance, are you posting every day, multiple times a day? Or do you go days or even weeks without posting? If you find that you are posting every day, multiple times per day, you may want to take a closer look at how much time you are spending on social media.
Your social media audit could be your first clue that things are starting to go off the tracks somewhat.
Track Your Time on Social Media
Whether you use your phone’s settings or get a free app like Quality Time, there are countless ways to manage your time and track how much time you are spending not only on your phone but also on social media, Netflix, and online gaming.
Once you know how you are spending your time, you will be able to set goals and limits for your social media use. Additionally, some apps allow you to add family members so that you can all disconnect or unplug together as well as keep one another accountable.
A Word From Verywell
Social media is a fun way to document and share your life, especially with friends or relatives that live far away. But just as with anything else in life, there is such a thing as too much. If you find that you (or your teen) are spending a lot time on social media, and it makes you anxious when you cannot check your posts or see what others are doing, then that is a red flag that something is wrong. It is time to take some steps to cut back and truly experience life around you rather than just document it.
Additionally, if you are showing signs of social media anxiety, or if you feel like social media is impacting your decision-making, you may want to schedule some time with a counselor or therapist. They can help you work through your anxiety and make sense of your feelings as well as provide you with ideas on how to make healthy changes in your life.
By Sherri Gordon
Source: Verywell mind
Maanta waxaa aan u qaatay mawduucan kor ku xusan,markaa aan in badan dersaayey hab dhaqanka qaar badan oo ka mida siyaasiinta reer Somaliland,guud ahaan sida ay hagardaamada ugu hayaan horumarka dadkooda iyo dalkooda,iyaga oo inta badani dantiisa gaarka ah ka horumarinaya waxwalba arintaasi waxay igu dhalisay in aan si guud uga hadlo siyaasiga iyo shaqadiisa tilmaamo dhaliilaha jira dadka Somaliland u bayaamiyo dantoodu waxa ay ku jirto.
- Ugu horeyn waxaa aan rabaa in aynu qeexno siyaasi waxaa uu yahay oo ugu horeyn ka jawaabno su’aashan:
- Waa maxay siyaasi?
- Siyaasi waa shaqsi ku firficoon siyaasada xisbi, ama waa shaqsi haya ama doonaya in uu xil ka qabto xafiis dawladeed, Siyaasiintu waxay soo jeediyaan sharciyada,taageeraan oo abuuraan ama kordhinta siyaasadaha xukunka dalka iyo dadkiisa.
- Siyaasi waa shaqsi si xirfad leh ugu lug leh siyaasada,qaas ahaan haya xil xafiis loo doortey.
- Siyaasi waa qof u dhaqma si khiyaano ah iyo hab marin habaabin ah caadiyan inuu horumar ka helo ha’ad.
Qeexida siyaasi kuma koobna 3 dan oo kaliya balse waa ay ka badan yihiin cilmi ahaan sida ay aqoonyahanda cilmiga bulshadu u qeexaan ama u taxliiliyaan,balse nuxurka aan u jeedaa waa in aynu wax ka fahano uun siyaasi waxaa uu yahay.
- Waa maxay Shaqada Siyaasigu?
Marka aynu si kooban u eegno waxaynu ku soo ururin karnaa:
Go,aan qaadasho,sameynta siyaasadaha iyo dastuurka,wadida hawlaha qaran ee loo idmadey,jihaynta iyo qorsheynta sida dhaqaalaha,siyaasada,nabadgelyada iyo arimaha bulshada ee qaranka u hogaamin lahaa jidka guusha.
Laga soo bilaabo xildhibaanada deegaanka ilaa cida markaa haysa xilka madaxtooyada Somaliland siyaasiintu waxay sameeyaan go’aano muhiima sameyn ku leh qaabeynta dhamaan dhinacyada siyaasada,dhaqaalaha,arimaha bulshada,nabadgelyada iwm nolosha dadka reer Somaliland.
Waxaa aan filayaa in intaasi inaga filan tahay fahanka guud ee siyaasiga,imika hadii aan u soo noqdo ujeedada qoraalkaygan gaaban.
Maxaa aan u doortey ciwaanka ah SIYAASIINTYADU TIRO BADANAA OO TAYO XUMAA!
- Siyaasadu waa waxqabad wadareed dhexyaala kooxo
Tusaale Somaliland waxay leedahay 3 xisbi siyaasadeed qaran sida ku cad dastuurka iyo shirciyada asxaabta sidaa darteed siyaasada Somaliland waxay isku keenaysaa oo si wadar ah uga dhexeysaa seddexdaas xusbi,waanay dhaxtaalaa wax qabadkeeda, tusaale ahaan golaha wakiilada Somaliland waxay ka soo baxeen mid ka mida asxaabta saddexda ah,uun.Marka uu shaqsigu noqdo xubin bar barlamaan wuxuu wakil ka yahay siyaasada qaranka.
Markaa hadii aynu tusaale u soo qaadano dhibatada Ceel-afweyn cida ugu horeysa ee laga rabo in ay faragelisaa waa:
- Wakiilada heer degaan iyo kuwa heer qaran ee degaankaas laga soo doortey,iyaga oo baadhaya kormeeraya ururinaya xogta laga diyaariyey ee haydaha nabadgelyada degaanku (degmada Ceel-Afweyn) hayaan.
- In qiimeeyaan xaalada guud ee degmaanta
- In ay soo saaraan go’aano iyo talooyin ku saabsan dhibaatooyinka gobolkaasi iyo taloyinka lagu xalilayo.
Taas bedelkeeda waxaa aad moodaa in aaney warba ka hayn ama aan bad an ka lahay siyaasiinta degaankaasi wax aka socda degaankooda,oo ay u arkaan in cid kale xilkaasi saran yahay.
Waxaa iyaguna talada tu la mida saareyd in ay qaataan waa Gudoomiyasha iyo golaha degmada ee saddexda xisbi qaran saaxada kamaba muuqdaan oo maba arkeysid xisbiyo firfircoon oo degaanka ceel afweyn oo ka hadlaya dhibaatadaasi.
Xitaa Siyaasiinta heer qaran ee saddexda xisbi kama muuqdaan in ay qayb ka galaan deminta Xasarada Ceel-Afweyn. Waxaaney Madaxdoodu inoo sheegayaan in dhibaatada Ceel-Afweyn tahay mid weyn waxaad moodaa markey Media yah aka hadlayaan kuwo raadinaya cidii dhibkan xalin lahayd oo kol dawlada ayey ku riixayaan kol cid kale ayey farta ku fiicayaan, ogow waa xilkooda waxan ay doondoonayaan cidii qaban lahayd.Arimahaasi oo dhami waa qayb ka mida tayo xumida iyo tiro badnida Siyaasiinta Somaliland.
Dhibaatada Somaliland maanta haysataa waa Siyaasinta oo aan lahayn aragti fog,iyaga oo doonaya madaxtanimo kursi oo kaliya balse aan rabin in ay isbedel keenan lagu horumarinayo siyaasada dhaqaalaha iyo nolosha bulshada,taas bedelkeeda waa kuwo u soo xoogsi tegey dal aanad moodeynin dalkoodii.
Somaliland ahaan siyaasiidta Somaliland ee ku jira siyaasada hadii aynu tirino kama yara ilaa 1000 oo qof hadii aaney ka badneyn Sida:
Tirada golaha Guurtida iyo golaha wakiilada
Golaha Wasiirada iyo Safiirada
,Xisbiga kulmiye,Wadani iyo UCID
Qiyaastaa intaas oo shaqsi iyo kuwo kale oo siyaasada hawlgab ka noqday waxaa ay yihiin kuwo la rabay in Somaliland cusub u fikiraan oo ay dhisaan,dal barwaaqo ah oo ka mida kuwa caalamka ugu dhaqaale iyo nololba fiican.Hadii la helilahaa siyaasiin dhexda u xidha dhismaha dhaqaale iyo siyaasadeed bulsho mudo yar ayaa Somaliland ku noqon lahayd mid isku filan,oo dadkeedu noqdaan kuwo ku raaxaysta nicmada Alle (swt) Dhigay dhulkooda ee ay ka qaawan yihiin.Arinta kale ee xusida mudani waxay tahay siyaasinta tirade badani ee tayada lahayni ma kala garataan arimaha danta guud ( public interest) iyo waxaaney dani ugu jirin qaranka,waxaad arkeysaa in badan siyaasiintaasi oo iyagu aan la gabaneynin iney aragti ahaan lidi ku yihiin nabadgelyada qaranka,sidaa qof siyaasiya oo aan rabin jiritaanka Somaliland uu hadana mushar uga qaataa maalka qaranka,waa arimaha la yaabka leh ee aad ka heleysid Somaliland siyaasiintooda.
La soco …………………
The annual U.N. General Assembly is an orgy of symbolism. Who meets whom on the sidelines? Who tried but failed to secure a meeting with the U.S. president? Who walks out of whose speech? Whom do security officers intercept when they try to exceed the permissions of their visa?
But there’s a second chapter to the diplomatic saga: Who continues on to Washington? What they do there matters. Some go to the White House, others to Congress, and still others hold meetings with their respective diasporas.
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, or Farmajo as he is known to his Somali constituents, visited Washington, D.C., to formally open the Somali embassy. Farmajo was once the State Department’s great hope for Somalia. Long a refugee in the United States, he acquired American citizenship and even worked in various local government posts in Buffalo, New York, before returning to Somalia to become president.
The State Department sent Donald Yamamoto, one of its highest ranking Africanists, to head the U.S. mission in Mogadishu. Yamamoto, in turn, promised Somalia almost a billion dollars in aid, although that number has shrunk considerably because of Farmajo’s ineffectiveness against (if not participation in) endemic corruption and a host of unanswered questions about his governance and priorities.
U.S. priorities in the Horn of Africa are promoting peace and stability, countering terrorism, and preventing Chinese inroads. On the latter two counts, Farmajo has already become a liability. He has sold Somali waters to Chinese interests, for example, undercutting Somali fishing and aiding a revival of piracy. In recent months, he has appeared to endorse terrorism as a policy tool against neighboring states.
His visit to Washington should now end any question about whether the Farmajo regime deserves U.S. support.
Less than six months ago, the revelation that an Uber and Lyft driver in the Washington, D.C., area was a confirmed war criminal made international headlines. At the time, numerous Somalis testified that the driver, Yusuf Abdi Ali (better known as Colonel Tukeh), had directed torture and gruesome executions of prisoners during the 1980s.
In one case, he had tied prisoners to a tree, doused them with oil, and lit them on fire. In another case, he tied a prisoner to a military vehicle and dragged him to his death. The cases were well documented, and so when Abdi Ali was found living in Canada, the Canadian government deported him. He later entered the U.S. and found work as an airport screener until he was recognized. Ultimately, after a long legal battle, the Federal Court in Alexandria, Virginia, found Abdi Ali guilty and fined him $500,000 in the case of Farhan Tani Warfaa, a Somali whom Abdi Ali had tortured and shot five times while Warfaa was a teenager.
Human rights activists and Somalia watchers were shocked, therefore, not only to see Abdi Ali attending the opening of the new Somali embassy in Washington, but also to pose for pictures with Farmajo. Politicians might get a pass when asked to pose by well-wishers whom they do not know. But in this case, Abdi Ali appeared to be working for Farmajo, setting the security perimeter.
No diplomatic smoke and mirrors can obfuscate Farmajo’s behavior. He is seeking to appeal to the worst elements of his clan rather than promoting reconciliation. In Somaliland especially, where the bulk of former dictator Siad Barre’s genocide against the Isaaq clan occurred, the wounds are still fresh and mass graves still uncovered.
Yamamoto’s strategy has effectively been one of bribery: Flood Mogadishu with aid and allow Farmajo to use it to grease patronage to unite Somalia. The strategy has not worked, however, and instead has worsened corruption, undercut development by distorting salaries, and undermines stability in Somaliland and the southern Jubbaland state, as well as other portions of Somalia that have also seen modest stabilization and success.
Even before Farmajo’s Washington trip, there were ample grounds for the State Department or Congress to review Somalia policy. For a leader such as Farmajo to pose with a war criminal should be grounds for automatic cessation of support. Somalia cannot recover with Farmajo in power. Both Somalis and American taxpayers deserve better.
by Michael Rubin | October 01, 2019
September 26, 2019
Days appear numbered for Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving prime minister. Arrogance, vendettas and corruption accusations appear to have taken their toll as Benny Gantz, a former Israeli general, squeaked past Netanyahu’s party in the election.
Progressives rejoiced. “Netanyahu is a corrupt authoritarian who tried to control the media, broke laws, and is left with no play other than lying and lashing out to stay out of prison. Israelis deserve better,” Ben Rhodes, President Obama’s deputy national security adviser, tweeted. Sara Leah Whitson, executive director for the Middle East at Human Rights Watch, celebrated, calling Netanyahu’s apparent defeat, “Hopefully a harbinger for the end of racist extremist rulers the world over!”
Netanyahu may be on his way out, but if his American opponents believe that his successors would pursue different policies, they do not understand Israel’s democracy.
Within Israeli society, Netanyahu resolved two-decades-old debates: First as finance minister and then as prime minister, he closed the door on socialism and set the seeds for Israel to become the “start-up nation.” The Israeli economy boomed, bureaucracy shrank, and almost all Israelis benefited. Many left-of-center Israeli parties dug in their heels and refused to acknowledge the debate’s end. Today, their regressive economic philosophy drags down the Israeli left as much as disputes over peace process posture.
The greater issue, however, is that Israelis consider the debate over security policy closed as well. When I taught Iranian history at Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 2001-2002, attacks interrupted almost every class, as sirens followed by text messages recalled students to hospitals, military bases or forensic units.
Many Israelis recall that period as the nadir of Israeli security. Bombs devastated pizzerias, bars, buses and hotels, killing hundreds of civilians. The West Bank barrier effectively ended the terror campaign. Progressives may conflate it with Donald Trump’s border wall, but there is broad consensus in Israeli society that walls work. Indeed, conservative Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, another lightening rod for the progressive left, might have claimed credit for the wall, but it was actually the idea of Yitzhak Rabin, the left-of-center Israeli prime minister and Nobel laureate who was later assassinated. Neither Israeli left nor right dispute the walls’ success; rather, their main dispute is who gets credit for it.
Israelis, too, are largely of one mind with regard to the futility of the land-for-peace formula. In 2005, Sharon returned the Gaza Strip in its entirety. Palestinians razed the green houses and other economic infrastructure, and transformed Gaza into a launchpad for terrorism, which did more to further cycles of violence than enable peace.
Many Democrats blame Netanyahu for peace process demise after Netanyahu rejected Obama’s 2009 call for a full settlement freeze and hope a new prime minister might reverse course and jumpstart the peace process. This too is naive. Israelis differentiate between isolated outposts and so-called natural growth – adding apartments within existing towns or rooms to existing houses. Many also believe that, since the West Bank is technically disputed rather than occupied, Palestinian construction should likewise be regulated.
The simple reality is that Palestinian rejectionism rather than settlements are the real reason for diplomatic stalemate: First in 2000 and then in 2008, Israeli prime ministers offered the Palestinian Authority independence in exchange for peace. Even Palestinian negotiators acknowledge that Ehud Olmert’s last offer was, in area, more than the entire West Bank. Palestinian leaders rejected both offers without any counteroffer, convincing Israelis that Palestinians simply would accept no peace, no matter how generous. Netanyahu’s departure will not change that.
Netanyahu’s real legacy in U.S.-Israeli ties will be different. Whereas support for Israel was once American consensus, Netanyahu’s arrogance accelerated the progressive tilt away from the Jewish state. Too many transposed hatred of Netanyahu upon Israel. Today, Democrats – especially young ones – are far more hostile to Israel and its partnership with America than their parents or peers across the aisle.
Gantz would never steer Israel away from Netanyahu’s economic or security policies, but he would steer Israel away from Netanyahu. Whether it is too late to reverse the damage the last decade of Netanyahu did in Congress, however, is another question entirely
The programmes will be delivered in partnership with the Somaliland government to promote long-term stability in the region. Published 11 September 2019 From: British Embassy Mogadishu and DFID Somalia
The UK yesterday signed an agreement with the government of Somaliland and Denmark to support the implementation of Phase II of the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF2) programme, which aims to improve lives of local people through the delivery of essential public services.
SDF2 (£25 million, 2018 to 2022), will be delivered in partnership with the Somaliland government to promote long-term stability in the region. It will include building of critical infrastructure, such as roads, water systems and agricultural facilities, and will also help build capacity within Somaliland’s institutions. The new programme which is aligned to Somaliland’s National Development Plan II (NDPII) will build on the achievements of the original SDF (2013 to 2018) programme.
The UK and Somaliland also signed a renewed Memorandum of Understanding to support the implementation of the Energy Security and Resource Efficiency in Somaliland (ESRES) Programme that aims to provide a clean, affordable renewable energy boost in Somaliland.
The agreements were signed by President Bihi and Damon Bristow, the Head of Office for the UK’s Department of International Development (DFID) in Somalia. Also present at the signing ceremony was the British Ambassador, Ben Fender, and the Head of the British Office in Hargeisa, Stuart Brown.
Speaking after the signing ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Hargeisa, Damon said:
The UK is committed to supporting the people of Somaliland. We recognise the efforts being made to improve institutions and to provide access to basic services for local people.
SDF 2 will ensure that ordinary people across Somaliland will benefit from improved services by supporting the growth of Somaliland’s economy.
ESRES will address the high costs of electricity in Somaliland and help promote green growth and poverty reduction by increasing access to more affordable and reliable renewable energy services.
While in Hargeisa, Damon visited the Hargeisa Water Agency which SDF is supporting to supply clean water to the people of Hargeisa. He also visited the Somaliland Roads Development Authority (RDA) to discuss the UK’s investment in roads and supporting the RDA’s capacity to deliver on quality and safeguarding standards.
- The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) provides a single vehicle through which donors can support Somaliland’s development goals, supporting projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan.
- The UK-funded Energy Security and Resource Efficiency in Somaliland (ESRES) programme has supported the installation of Six hybrid mini-grids providing clean energy and lowering energy prices in sites across Somaliland
Writing in the Sunday Telegraph, the Foreign Secretary says that the UK is leading by example as a force for good in the world. Published 23 September 2019 From: Foreign & Commonwealth Office and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP Written on: 22 September 2019
This week, I will join the Prime Minister in New York, where he is leading the UK delegation to the United Nations’ annual General Assembly. As we make progress in our Brexit negotiations, we are also taking our vision of a truly Global Britain to the UN – leading by example as a force for good in the world.
The Government is making progress on Brexit negotiations, with the European Commission President, Jean‑Claude Juncker, stating plainly “I think we can have a deal”. Meanwhile, Liz Truss, the Trade Secretary, has been in Tokyo, paving the way for a free-trade deal with Japan and the wider Asia‑Pacific region.
We want to be good European neighbours and buccaneering global free traders. But Global Britain is about more than Brexit or even free trade, important though they are. Under Boris Johnson, we intend to reinforce Britain’s role in the world as a good global citizen – and the UN is a great place to start.
Next year, we will host the UN Climate Change Summit, bringing the world together in Glasgow to demonstrate our leadership on climate change. We’ve got an impressive story to tell. After all, Britain was the first country to legislate to end our contribution to global warming, so that we leave the environment in a better state for the next generation. And our innovative approach to green technologies such as electric vehicles and renewable energy will help lead the way. We want to bring that experience to bear with our international partners – from Brazil to Indonesia – because we know this is a global challenge that demands international action.
In New York, I will speak alongside human rights lawyer and UK Special Envoy, Amal Clooney, about the new Media Freedom Coalition we’ve set up with Canada. The first wave of 26 countries has signed up, committing to protecting media freedoms in their own countries, speaking out against abuses, and standing up for oppressed journalists around the world.
Amal Clooney is convening a high-level panel of legal experts to advise countries on how to strengthen their legal protections for journalists. This international team will turn these lofty ideals into national laws that will protect journalists on the ground.
And when journalists come under assault, we’ll be there to defend them – with a Global Media Defence Fund backed by £3 million of UK funding. Working with Unesco, the fund will train journalists, help keep them safe, and provide legal assistance in some of the most dangerous places journalists work – whether it’s reporting on the Taliban from Afghanistan or tracking cartel violence in Mexico.
When we leave the EU, we will also reinforce our sanctions legislation to hold those who commit serious abuses of human rights to account – by barring them from entering the UK and freezing their assets such as bank accounts. That will provide a layer of UK accountability against those who target journalists, whistle-blowers and human rights campaigners with impunity in their own countries.
As well as championing these causes, the UN General Assembly is also an opportunity for the international community to come together to defend the international rule of law, by calling on all its members to play by the rules.
We will shine a spotlight on Iran’s violations of international law, including its destabilising actions in the region. And we will be condemning that country’s cruel practice of arbitrarily detaining dual nationals on spurious charges, often in appalling conditions, and in a flagrant disregard for international law.
We want to be a constructive voice on Hong Kong, supporting its people’s right to peaceful protest and encouraging political dialogue on all sides – within the framework of ‘one country, two systems’ that China has consistently advocated since 1984.
When we leave the EU, there will be enormous opportunities across the world. And Britain will be a force for good. We will trade more liberally, including with the poorest countries held back by Western protectionism. We will lead on climate change. We will be a champion of the basic freedoms enshrined in the UN Charter, and a doughty defender of the rules-based international system – the world’s best bet when it comes to tackling the challenges we all share
|Thursday, Sep 26, 2019|
|By Melina Delkic|
|President Trump holding a news conference during the U.N. General Assembly on Wednesday. Doug Mills/The New York Times|
|New revelations as Trump impeachment fight heats up|
|Less than a day after Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced an impeachment inquiry into President Trump, the White House released a log detailing a call between Mr. Trump and the Ukrainian leader, and allowed lawmakers to view a whistle-blower’s complaint. We break the developments down for you:|
|■ In a July 25 phone call, Mr. Trump urged the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, to consider investigating Joe Biden, the former vice president, and alluded to American aid to Ukraine. (Note: The linkage was not explicit, and the document was not verbatim.) Read the log for yourself.|
|■ A whistle-blower complaint filed by an anonymous intelligence officer, as described by members of Congress who saw it under strict security, conveys concerns about how the White House handled the phone records and identifies multiple witnesses. The inspector general for the intelligence community concluded that the conversation meant the president may have illegally solicited a foreign campaign contribution.|
|■ A Justice Department official told The Times that after the whistle-blower raised concerns, the inspector general and the acting director of national intelligence referred the complaint for a possible criminal investigation into the president’s actions. The Justice Department concluded that there was no basis for a criminal investigation into Mr. Trump’s behavior.|
|■ On Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Trump appeared alongside Mr. Zelensky on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly. “We had, I think, a good phone call. It was normal. We spoke about many things,” Mr. Zelensky said of their conversation. “Nobody pushed me,” he added. Then Mr. Trump jumped in, “In other words, no pressure.”|
|What’s next? The acting director of national intelligence will testify before a House committee today. The number of House members supporting impeachment reached a majority last night, and Democrats plan to spend the next few weeks building a strong case against Mr. Trump. Here’s an explanation of how the impeachment process works. (It has never resulted in the removal of an American president from office.)|
On Sept. 9, Somalia’s government announced that President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed who is better known as “Farmajo,” would make his first visit to the United States as president, first visiting the United Nations General Assembly before traveling to Washington, D.C. This trip will be a homecoming of sorts for Farmajo who, after the collapse of Somalia’s government in 1991, sought asylum in the United States and worked here for years.
Somalia receives only peripheral attention in the U.S., but it nevertheless receives approximately a half billion dollars of foreign aid annually, far more than any country in Latin America and the majority of Africa. Even against the backdrop of budget cuts, U.S. Ambassador Donald Yamamoto has sought nearly to double that funding. But Somalia has little to show for U.S. aid and diplomatic investment: Every year of Farmajo’s administration has seen corruption continue and insecurity increase.
While Farmajo has avoided serious discussion of Somalia’s future in Mogadishu, his visit to the U.S. provides an opportunity for him to answer some basic questions. Below are a few questions Farmajo should be asked, grouped by subject:
Mr. President, you retained U.S. citizenship until earlier this summer, when you voluntarily renounced it. Did you file income tax each year during which you were an American citizen? Even Americans living abroad without tax obligations must fully report their income.
Your wealth and fortune have increased tremendously since you became Somalia’s president in February 2017. Will you release your filings to show the sources of this wealth? If you have not fulfilled your filing obligations, why not? When you step down from Somalia’s presidency and no longer have diplomatic immunity, will you be able to step foot in the United States? Or would you face charges for tax delinquency from your time as a citizen?
Mr. President, Somalia receives upward of a billion dollars annually in aid, yet Transparency International has ranked Somalia as the world’s most corrupt country for well over a decade, more corrupt even than Syria, Iraq, Venezuela, Yemen and Afghanistan. “Bribery, stealing of public funds, and profiteering by authorities is an everyday fact of life” in Somalia, it found.
Do you believe Transparency International’s assessment of Somalia is wrong? If so, why? If Transparency International’s findings are correct, however, does that signal that the federal government of Somalia lacks capacity to manage the aid it receives? Why should American taxpayers support sending hundreds of millions of dollars to Mogadishu when most of it is wasted and when corruption remains rampant?
Mr. President, it almost seems that terrorist group Al-Shabaab strikes into the heart of Mogadishu, Kismayo, and other supposedly-secure areas of Somalia on a monthly basis, and the problem only appears to be getting worse. Why? Can you show anywhere where you have made progress?
Is the government of Somalia able to maintain security as the African Union Mission in Somalia winds down its mission? How do you assess recent videos emerging showing Somalis seeking absolution from al-Shabab or swearing allegiance to the group?
There have been multiple reports that Al-Shabaab forced workers to cease construction on the Mogadishu stadium. Your government has denied this, despite evidence to the contrary. How, then, do you explain the failure of so many projects to be completed? Corruption? Incompetence?
4. Human Rights
Mr. President, can you speak to the strengths and weaknesses of the Somali constitution? Since you came to power, there have been many killings of opposition activists, and many more have been imprisoned.
An unarmed demonstrator in Baidoa was murdered. Independent journalism has declined under your watch, not only because of repression but also because of financial co-option. What are your human rights priorities? Can you outline a plan to address many of the problems that have emerged under your rule?
Mr. President, when you campaigned for the presidency, you criticized your predecessor for his frequent travel abroad. After all, there was so much work to be done in Somalia, the president was needed at home. And yet, once in office, you have traveled more than many other foreign leaders do.
Over the past year, for example, you have visited Ethiopia at least three-times, Italy, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Burundi, Eritrea, Japan, Turkey, the U.S., and soon Russia. This travel doesn’t include that of Somalia’s foreign minister or Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire. How much has such travel cost? Can you point to any trip that could not have been conducted by the foreign minister instead?
As a side note: On this current visit, you originally planned visits to see the Somali communities in Minnesota and Ohio, but canceled them after learning of planned protests. Why not listen to the protestors’ concerns directly and, if you believe them unwarranted, debate them head-on?
Mr. President, your administration has moved Somalia’s foreign policy into much closer partnership with both Turkey and Qatar. You recently promoted Fahad Yasin, a former Al Jazeera employee, to be Somalia’s intelligence chief, even though as deputy intelligence director, he reportedly bragged that he was Qatar’s bagman and the maker and breaker of Somali political fortunes.
Is there truth to Yasin’s claims? Or to allegations that Yasin has multiple passports? What do you see as Qatar’s goals in Somalia? Can you account for all Qatari aid? Does it all get channeled through you, or do other Somali officials receive Qatari funding directly? Can you shed new light on reports of intercepted phone calls showing Qatari direction of some terrorist attacks inside Somalia?
You have crafted tight relations with Turkey, even providing Turkey a military base in Mogadishu. Turkish officials, however, make clear that there is a quid pro quo to Turkish outreach to Africa. “We have to help them develop their system of educating Muslim clergy who will not only serve the people but also teach the people the true Islam in its purest form,” one of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s court journalists explained.
Do you agree? Erdoğan approaches Islam through the lens of the Muslim Brotherhood. Within Somalia, however, Islam traditionally embodies very different exegesis. Do you agree with Turkey’s religious imperialism? As for the base, can you explain the presence of SADAT, an Islamist paramilitary which has regularly armed and trained Islamist and insurgent groups? How much Turkish money gets distributed without any Somali audit?
British Somaliland gained its independence in 1960, but then voluntarily joined with Italian Somaliland to form Somalia. In 1991, after facing genocide at the hands of Somali dictator Siad Barre’s regime, Somaliland re-asserted its independence. It has had repeated presidential elections, its own security forces, its own currency and, unlike Somalia proper, it has security.
Mr. President, under your leadership, Somalia has increasingly sought to compel Somaliland to re-subordinate itself to Mogadishu, seeking a stop to international aid to Somaliland, an end to Somaliland’s control of its airspace, and reassertion of Mogadishu’s control. Given all the problems Somalia faces, though, should a political or military fight with Somaliland really be your priority?
Is the conflict with Somaliland part of a strategy to utilize nationalism to deflect attention from Somalia’s own failures? More basically, if Somalia’s goal is unification, wouldn’t it be better to convince Somaliland to rejoin by ensuring Somalia outperforms it? If security and standards of living are higher in Somaliland than in Somalia proper, why not replicate Somaliland’s success rather than try to smother it?
9. Prime Minister Khaire
Mr. President, Prime Minister Khaire visited Washington, DC, less than six months ago. Much of his visit appears geared to positioning himself to replace you. To what extent is the jockeying for position between you and he impacting re-construction? If Khaire becomes president, will you feel safe remaining in Somalia? If not, what does this say about rule-of-law inside Somalia? Are you satisfied with Khaire’s stewardship and his cabinet?
Mr. President, it is widely believed that there is significant oil in Somali and Kenyan waters. Somalia has taken its maritime dispute to the International Court of Justice. Many experts believe the ruling falls in Somalia’s favor, although the presence of a Somali judge who did not recuse himself may given Kenyan authorities a way to dispute it.
Can you reveal details of the auction held for oil and gas exploration in the disputed waters? Why did you not wait for the court’s ruling? If oil is found, what mechanisms have you planned to ensure it does not fuel further conflict within Somalia or get siphoned off into officials’ overseas bank accounts?
In short, Mr. President, welcome back to the United States. You have an incredibly difficult job, but that should not mean a blank check. Can you assure Congress and the broader public that Somalia is better off under your leadership and that its trajectory remains positive?
Does aid do more harm than good? Or is Somalia destined to another decade or more of state failure?
More than two years into your administration, the questions above remain unanswered. Your visit to the United Nations and Washington, D.C., provides an opportunity to address them, and frankly, due diligence requires that you do.
by Michael Rubin | September 18, 2019
Michael Rubin (@Mrubin1971) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner‘s Beltway Confidential blog. He is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former Pentagon official.
A. What is the ruling on accusing somebody of having a loose tongue?
B. Do you have to tell them what they have said and to whom?
This is a matter that has arisen and instead of the person being told what they are supposed to have said and to whom. They are being told that the ones telling them they have a loose tongue, that they have it on good authority that they do not have to say any more than “you have a loose tongue”
C. How can a person be accused of something they might not have said without telling them?
The person could be innocent and their reputation is now in pieces.
I ask you to please provide all the relevant Islamic rulings on this matter to Inshallah stop all the slandering and backbiting that is happening to the person accused of having a loose tongue.
Praise be to Allah.
The Muslim has to guard his tongue and avoid things that have been forbidden. Among these forbidden things which people often take lightly are gheebah (backbiting), buhtan (slander) and nameemah (malicious gossip).
Gheebah or backbiting means speaking about a Muslim in his absence and saying things that he would not like to have spread around or mentioned. Buhtan or slander means saying things about a Muslim that are not true, or in other words telling lies about him. Nameemah or malicious gossip means telling one person what another said in order to cause trouble between them.
There is a great deal of evidence to show that these actions are haram (impermissible). It will suffice for us to mention just a few of them in order to demonstrate that they are haram.
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful” [49:12]
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Do you know what gheebah (backbiting) is?” They said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “Saying something about your brother that he dislikes.” It was said, “What if what I say about my brother is true?” He said, “If what you say is true then you have backbitten about him, and if it is not true, then you have slandered him.”
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed by two graves and said, “They are being punished, but they are not being punished for anything that was difficult to avoid. One of them used to walk about spreading malicious gossip (nameemah), and the other used not to take precautions to avoid getting urine on himself when he urinated.” Then he called for a green branch, which he split in two and planted a piece on each grave, and said, “May their torment be reduced so long as these do not dry out.” [al-Bukhaari, Muslim]
For a person to say of another, “He cannot control his tongue (or he has a loose tongue)” is undoubtedly one of those things that a person would dislike to have said about him. If it is true, then it is gheebah (backbiting), and if it is not true then it is buhtan (slander).
Everyone who does any kind of backbiting, slander or malicious gossip has to repent and pray for forgiveness, and that is between him and Allaah. If he knows that any of his words reached the person about whom he was speaking, then he should go to him and ask him to forgive him. But if he does not know, then he should not tell him; rather he should pray for forgiveness for him and make du’a(supplication) for him, and speak well of him in his absence just as he spoke against him. Similarly, if he knows that telling him will provoke more enmity, then it is sufficient to make du’a for him, speak well of him and pray for forgiveness for him.
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever has wronged his brother with regard to his honour or anything else, let him seek his forgiveness today, before there will be no dinar and no dirham, and if he has any good deeds to his credit they will be taken from him in a manner commensurate with the wrong he did, and if he has no good deeds, then some of his counterpart’s bad deeds will be taken and added to his burden.” [al-Bukhaari].
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
Whoever wrongs a person by slandering him, backbiting about him or insulting him, then repents, Allah will accept his repentance, but if the one who was wronged finds out about that, he has the right to settle the score. But if he slandered him or backbit about him and the person did not hear of that, then there are two views according to the scholars, both of which were narrated from Ahmad, the more correct of which is that he should not tell him that he spoke against him in his absence. It was said that he should rather speak well of him in his absence just as he spoke badly of him in his absence, as al-Hasan al-Basri said: the expiation for gheebah is to pray for forgiveness for the person about whom you backbit. Majmoo’ al-Fataawa.
And Allah knows best.
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