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11
Dec

"Ruwaayadda Ayaan Abti U Ahay" Kaftan Siyaasadeedka Jamaal Cali Xuseen

Kaftanka Maanta: Beri ayaa ruwaayad laga dhigay magaaladda Hargeysa.

Bal Ilaahay amarkii, dadkii ruwaayaddaasi xilligaasi matelaayey badankooda ama jilayaasha waaweeyn ka ahaaba waxaa u ahaa reer abti qabiil ka mid ah kuwa Hargeysa deegaan ahaan degga ee la yidhaa “reer Gadiid” oo ku abtirsadda qabiilka Sacad Muuse ee beesha Habar Awal. Ragaasi ay reer Gadiidku abtiga u ahaayeen waxaa ka mid ahaa Ilma Mooge Liibaan, Axmed Cali Haaruun (Dararamle), Shimbir Muxumed Good, Axmed Ismaaciil Xudeydi, iyo weliba Cabdi Qays oo isagu ruwaayadaba alifay iyo rag kaleba. Kolkii ruwaayaddii xalay oo kale la dhigay ayaa maqaaxi layskugu yimid. Nin ka mid ah dadkii maqaaxidda fadhiyey ayaa ruwaayaddii caayey. Kolkaasaa nin isagu asal ahaan reer Gadiid ah oo goobta fadhiyey ayaa ninkii ruwaayadda caayey bahal budh ah ku dhuftay oo gagabiyey. Ninkii dhaawaca geystay ayaa dadkii goobta joogay saddex isu qabteen oo ku yidhaahdeen; ” waar ninka maxaad ku dishay”, ninkii wax dilayna wuxuu ku jawaabay “dee ruwaayaddii ayuu caayey” Nimankii ayaa Ilaahay yaab isugu keenay, kolkaasay ku yidhaahdeen ” waar adiga maxaa ruwaayadda kaa galay”. Ninkii ismuu lurine waxaabu la soo booday oo yidhi; “Ruwaayadda ayaan abti u ahay.” Halkii bay nimankii qosol kala jeesteen. Imika waa halkiiye; waar ninku xisbigga ayuu adeer u yahee ka baydha yaanu bud idin qabsane. Kaftan wanaagsan.

Waxa Qoray Jamaal Cali Xuseen

Source: hadhwanaagnews.com

11
Dec

GAARIYE ALLE HA U NAXARIISTO DEELEY MAXA UU KA YIDHI?

11
Dec

18 MAY 1991 GOSGOS XUSUS TAARIIKHEED SOMALILAND

6
Dec

Joint statement on delays to Somaliland parliamentary and local council elections

World news story

International partners signed a joint statement on delays to parliamentary and local council elections in Somaliland.Published 27 November 2019 From: British Embassy Mogadishu

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The below statement was signed by United Nations, IGAD, European Union, United States of America, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway, Ireland, Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Finland, France, Italy, Greece, Switzerland.

We, the undersigned international partners of Somaliland, recall the significant agreement between political parties in July 2019 which recognised the “critical importance of holding the long due Parliamentary and Local Council Elections” and “agreed to hold the elections as soon as they will be politically and technically possible”. We are concerned that events have significantly undermined these commitments to the detriment of Somaliland’s democratic credentials and international standing. Likewise, we are deeply concerned by instances of seemingly arbitrary detentions and by increased restrictions on freedom of expression.

We are especially concerned by the decision of the Guurti to extend both House of Representatives and Guurti’s mandates to January 2022 and January 2023 respectively. Both Houses, established to represent the women and men of Somaliland, have been sitting for a period much too long by any democratic standards. Local councils have been operating without a democratic mandate since April 2019.

We therefore call on the government and all political actors to reaffirm, through both words and deeds, the long-standing culture of mutual agreement, consensus and compromise, to find a way through this current impasse in order for both parliamentary and local elections to take place without any further delay, well before the end of the calendar year 2020. As long-standing partners for the progress of Somaliland during the last 25 years, we praise the ongoing local mediation efforts and underline that for us to support the electoral process, it must promote political inclusiveness and the full respect of the law. As a solid foundation of such a process, there needs to be an Electoral Commission that inspires broad trust from all political actors as well as from the citizens of Somaliland.

Only strong, democratically elected institutions can deliver the development outcomes that the people of Somaliland deserve. This is also what we as partners expect from our cooperation with Somaliland.

5
Dec

Dhaxal Sugaha Imaaraadka Oo Booqday Gabadh Yar Oo Lagu Dhaleeceeyey Markii Uu Salaan Ka Qaadi Waayey

Dhaxal Sugaha Imaaraadka Oo Booqday Gabadh Yar Oo Lagu Dhaleeceeyey Markii Uu Salaan Ka Qaadi Waayey

Baraha bulshada ee dalka Imaaraatka Carabta iyo guud ahaan dalalka Carabta ayaa waxaa saacadihii lasoo dhaafay qabsaday gabar yar oo aad uga qalbi jabtay dhaxal sugaha Imaaraatka, Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, kadib markii ay gacanta u taagta, si ay u salaamto, kadibna uu isaga dhaqaaqay.

Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan oo xiligaas dalkiisa kusoo dhaweynayay dhaxal sugaha dalka Sacuudiga, Maxamed Bin Salmaan ayaa waxaa soo dhaweyntiisa ka qeybqaatay dad ay u badan yihiin caruur saf la geliyay, waxaana dhaxal suge Maxamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan uu salamaay inta badan caruurtii safka ku jirtay ee diyaarka u ahayd soo dhaweynta wafdiga Sacuudiga, balse aakhirka safka, waxaa uu ka tegay in uu salaamo gabar yar oo gacanta usoo taagtay.

Muuqaal laga duubay dhaxal sugaha oo sii dhaafay gabadha yar oo gacanta haadineysa ayaa qabsaday baraha bulshada ee dalkaas, waxaana dad badan ay hogaamiyaha ku canaanteen sababta uu u salaami waayay ilmaha yar ee gacanta usoo taagay.

Gabadha yar oo lagu magacaabo Aisha Maxamed Masheet Al Mazroui ayaa u muuqatay in ay aad u dooneysay in ay salaanto dhaxal sugaha, balse markiiba waxay dib ula laabatay gacanteeda iyadoo aad uga niyad jabsan.

Hasayeeshee markii muuqaalka gabadha yar ee salaanta seegtay uu baraha bulshada qabsaday, dad badan waxaa ay bilaabeen olole ay ku dalbanayaan sababta uu Maxamed Bin Zayed u salaami waayay gabadha yar ee sida niyad samida leh u dooneysay in ay salaanto.

Saacado kadib, dhaxal suge Maxamed Bin Zayed ayaa waxaa uu arkay sida dadka baraha bulshada ay uga falceliyeen gabadha yar ee ka qalbi jabtay in uu salaami waayay, waxaana maalin kadib uu booqday guriga ay degan yihiin qoyska gabadha yar, isagoona ka raaligeliyay wixii dhacay oo uu sheegay in uusan u qasdin.

Maxamed Bin Zayed ayaa markii uu galay albaabka guriga Aisha Maxamed Masheet, waxaa uu ka dhuunkaday dhabanada iyo wajiga, waana uu salaamay isagoo u muuqday qof aad ugu faraxsan la kulanka gabadhaas yar.

Muuqaaladii laga soo qaaday dhaxal sugaha Imaaraatka oo la kulmay gabadha yar ayaa markale qabsaday baraha bulshada ee dalalka Carabta, waxaana dad badan ay ku bogaadiyeen sida uu u tixgeliyay rajada gabadha yar ee dooneysay in ay salaanto.

Source:-BBCsomali

5
Dec

HAMBALYO CALEEMO SAARKA SULDAAN CABDILAHI MAXAMED FIDAAR

hogaanka media group waxay halbalyo u dirayaan Suldaanka Cusub ee Beesha Makaahiil Isaxaaq ee Degaanka Somalida Ethiopia oo Maanta oo taariikdu tahay 5/12/2019 Lagu Caleemo Saarey DABEYL WEYNE oo Ka tirsan Degmada XARSHIN

5
Dec

Iran Is Secretly Moving Missiles Into Iraq, U.S. Officials Say

The buildup of a hidden arsenal of short-range missiles is the latest sign that American efforts to deter Iran have largely failed.

American officials said that Iran had capitalized on unrest in Iraq, where protesters demonstrated this week in Basra.
American officials said that Iran had capitalized on unrest in Iraq, where protesters demonstrated this week in Basra.Credit…Essam Al-Sudani/Reuters

By Julian E. Barnes and Eric Schmitt

  • Dec. 4, 2019

WASHINGTON — Iran has used the continuing chaos in Iraq to build up a hidden arsenal of short-range ballistic missiles in Iraq, part of a widening effort to try to intimidate the Middle East and assert its power, according to American intelligence and military officials.

The buildup comes as the United States has rebuilt its military presence in the Middle East to counter emerging threats to American interests, including attacks on oil tankers and facilities that intelligence officials have blamed on Iran. Since May, the Trump administration has sent roughly 14,000 additional troops to the region, primarily to staff Navy ships and missile defense systems.

But new intelligence about Iran’s stockpiling of missiles in Iraq is the latest sign that the Trump administration’s efforts to deter Tehran by increasing the American military presence in the Middle East has largely failed.

The missiles pose a threat to American allies and partners in the region, including Israel and Saudi Arabia, and could endanger American troops, the intelligence officials said.

Both Iran and Iraq have been gripped in recent weeks by sometimes violent public protests. In Iraq, some are protesting against Iranian influence.

Iraqis “do not want to be led around on a leash by the Iranians,” Representative Elissa Slotkin, Democrat of Michigan and a member of the House Armed Services Committee, said in an interview. “But, unfortunately, due to the chaos and confusion in the Iraqi central government, Iran is paradoxically the best poised to take advantage of the grass-roots unrest.”

Iranian officials did not return a request for comment.

Tehran is engaged in a shadow war, striking at countries in the Middle East but thinly disguising the origin of those attacks to reduce the chance of provoking a response or escalating the fight, military and intelligence officials said.

An arsenal of missiles outside its borders gives advantages to the Iranian government, military and paramilitary in any standoff with the United States and its regional allies. If the United States or Israel were to bomb Iran, its military could use missiles hidden in Iraq to strike back against Israel or a gulf country. The mere existence of those weapons could also help deter attacks.

Intelligence officials would not discuss the precise model of ballistic missile Iran has sneaked into Iraq. But short-range missiles have a range of just over 600 miles, meaning that one fired from the outskirts of Baghdad could strike Jerusalem.The Iran Cables: Secret Documents Show How Tehran Wields Power in IraqHundreds of leaked intelligence reports shed light on a shadow war for regional influence — and the battles within the Islamic Republic’s own spy divisions

American intelligence officials first warned about new Iranian missiles in Iraq last year, and Israel launched an airstrike aimed at destroying the hidden Iranian weaponry. But since then, American officials have said the threat is growing, with new ballistic missiles being secretly moved in.

Officials said Iran was using Iraqi Shiite militias, many of which it has long supplied and controlled, to move and hide the missiles. The Iranian-backed militias have effectively taken control of a number roads, bridges and transportation infrastructure in Iraq, easing Tehran’s ability to sneak the missiles into the country, officials said.

“People are not paying enough attention to the fact that ballistic missiles in the last year have been placed in Iraq by Iran with the ability to project violence on the region,” said Ms. Slotkin, an expert on Shiite militias who recently visited Baghdad to meet with Iraqi and American officials.

Ms. Slotkin pressed Iraqi leaders on the threat from Iran, telling them that if Iran launched a missile from Iraqi territory, it could threaten the American training effort in Iraq and other support from the United States.

The United States was concerned about potential Iranian aggression in the near future, John C. Rood, an under secretary of defense, told reporters on Wednesday, but he provided no details about what prompted officials’ concerns. CNN reported on Tuesday about American intelligence officials warning about new threats by Iran against American forces in the Middle East.

Tensions in the Persian Gulf have risen since attacks on oil tankers this spring, including off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, as well as a major drone and missile strike on Saudi oil fields in September. The Trump administration and European allies have blamed Iran, which has denied responsibility for the attacks.

Mr. Trump opted against a military strike in response to those attacks, but has authorized the United States Cyber Command to strike targets in Iran, although military and intelligence officials have said such electronic attacks are unlikely to deter Tehran.

Last year, Reuters reported that Iran had moved ballistic missiles into Iraq. In a public report released last month, the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that Iran’s ballistic missiles were “a primary component of its strategic deterrent.”

Tehran has been building up its arsenal to better dissuade the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia from attacking.

While decades of international sanctions have weakened the Iranian military, the agency’s report said Iran had invested in its domestic infrastructure, allowing it to continue to develop capable cruise and ballistic missiles.

In the strike in September, Iran used sophisticated cruise missiles to attack Saudi oil facilities and disguise, at least for a time, where the strike originated. Those missiles were fired from Iran, but flew around the northern Persian Gulf before striking their targets.

Positioning missiles in Iraq as well as in Iran would further allow the Iranian government to create initial doubts about an attack’s origins. Obscuring responsibility, if only for a short time, is a key part of Iran’s hybrid war strategy, in which it tries to keep its adversaries off balance and pressure them without prompting a larger crisis or even war.

Gen. Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr., the head of the military’s Central Command, has said that he does not think that the American defensive buildup has deterred Tehran. Last month, he said that he expected Iran to try to mount additional attacks in the region.

General McKenzie added in a later interview, “It’s the trajectory and the direction that they’re on.”

source: NYTimes.com

1
Dec

5G service is here, but do you really need to get a 5G phone now?

FOSTER CITY, Calif. – In case you hadn’t heard yet, 5G, the next-generation cellular network technology, is here. All the major U.S. telecom carriers, including AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon, have announced offerings of various types. In addition, there are 5G-capable smartphones now available from several major vendors, including Samsung, LG, Motorola and more. (Unfortunately, you can’t take advantage of 5G’s benefits without a new phone. Sorry.)

Creative background, male hand holding a phone with a 5G hologram on the background of the city. The concept of 5G network, high-speed mobile Internet, new generation networks. Copy space, Mixed media.

© Getty Creative background, male hand holding a phone with a 5G hologram on the background of the city. The concept of 5G network, high-speed mobile Internet, new generation networks. Copy space, Mixed media.

Now for the obvious question: Is it time to jump in on this promising new technology, or does it make more sense to wait?

The short answer for many people is that you are probably better off waiting. But the longer answer for many others is, it depends.

To understand why, it’s important to know that not all 5G is the same. In fact, there are essentially several “flavors” of 5G, determined by the radio frequencies on which they transmit. Each of those flavors has unique characteristics. (If you want to learn a bit more about how frequencies impact 5G, see my previous column, which explains the technology behind 5G in more detail.)

What are the different flavors of 5G?

The sub-6 GHz signals, which use lower frequencies, travel farther and therefore offer a much wider range of coverage, which is critical for more rural parts of the country. The millimeter wave (mmWave) signals, on the other hand, can offer significantly faster performance but offer a significantly smaller range (think Wi-Fi hotspot size per mmWave cell).

Ideally, of course, you would want a service and a phone that would support both types, but, unfortunately, none of those exist yet in the U.S. While most carriers have what are called spectrum in each of those frequency ranges, the earliest 5G phones only support one or the other. This is a big part of the reason that some people are waiting.

Another key question to ask yourself: Are you (or the person who’s ultimately getting the phone) in an area that currently has 5G service or is expected to get it soon?

We’re still in the early days of 5G, so coverage is definitely limited. However, carriers have finally started publishing coverage maps that allow us to see where their 5G service offerings are available.

If you are in a coverage area, ready for a phone upgrade, and are considering whether or not to get a 5G-capable device, then the story starts to be more compelling. For one, 5G is going to offer you faster download speeds in a given location than you’ve been able to get with 4G. If you’re the type of person who downloads a lot of Netflix, Disney+ or Amazon Prime videos, you could see nice improvements.

However – and this is important – depending on the type of service available, those speed improvements may not be very impressive, at least for right now.

Why 5G won’t really be any faster – yet 

AT&T has said that its new low-band 5G service, which uses the farther-reaching sub-6 GHz frequencies, is expected to offer speeds that are essentially comparable to their existing 4G service (which may appear on your phone now misleadingly labeled 5Ge). Thankfully, they aren’t charging more for 5G service if you have one of their unlimited plans – some carriers are – but that’s still a bit of a tough sell.

Part of the problem is that the early 5G networks aren’t yet leveraging all the potential technologies that will eventually allow 5G devices to reach much faster download speeds. However, all of the carriers are committed to making those improvements over time.

What that means is that 5G service will get faster as carriers upgrade their networks, even on the early 5G phones. To be clear, you can’t make a sub-6 GHz phone work with millimeter wave via a software upgrade or vice versa, but software and hardware updates to cellular networks will start to make these new sub-6 GHz phones and services faster next year.

For millimeter wave-based devices and services, performance can be great already – but it’s only in very limited areas (and, oh by the way, generally only outside because the signals can’t go through walls). So, the network upgrades for companies like Verizon are going to involve extending the range of their network, which, frankly, is a tougher and generally slower task.

5G phones in a 4G world

For either sub-6 GHz or mmWave, it’s important to remember that early 5G phones can also use 4G. In fact, most 5G phones currently have the most advanced version of 4G (LTE Advanced Pro) built-in, which means you’re going to get the best possible 4G experience on those phones if you do fall outside 5G coverage areas.

If you’re eager to get access to the latest technologies and can patiently wait for network upgrades that will make the service better, then jumping into 5G now does make sense. If not, there’s always next year.

USA TODAY columnist Bob O’Donnell is the president and chief analyst of TECHnalysis Research, a market research and consulting firm that provides strategic consulting and market research services to the technology industry and professional financial community. His clients are major technology firms including Microsoft, HP, Dell, Samsung and Intel. You can follow him on Twitter @bobodtech.

By: Bob O’Donnell, Special for USA TODAY

30
Nov

Methodology: The 50 Wealthiest Countries in the World

By Justin Cupler on September 13, 20190 SlidesNext

Finding the wealthiest nations in most peoples’ eyes involves either gross domestic product – the dollar amount of finished products a country creates – and average income. While these are great metrics, there is one other newer metric that looks at the overall well-being of a country, and that it the Social Progress Index, which uses 0 to 100 scores to rank the overall quality of life in each country to create a complementary metric to place alongside GDP and average income.

To rank the 50 wealthiest nations in the world, we looked at average income from World Data, OECD and Numbeo, 2018 GDP from the World Bank and SPI. We ranked the countries in each metric and gave each country a final ranking based on the unweighted average of the ranking of the three metrics. Income and GDP figures are in U.S. dollars. 

Source : https://www.workandmoney.com

29
Nov

KA FIIRSO INTAAD BAAHIN

Anigu shaqsiyan ma hubo mana ogi in uu codkani yahay mid run ah oo u dhacay sidaa hadhwanaagnews inoo soo tabisey,mana cadeyn karo in uu ka soo baxay Fadumo Siciid oo codkeedii yahay iyo in kale.Balse waxaa aan isweydiinayaa su’aalahan oo u baahan in loo helo jawaab toosa.

1- Ma saxbaa in Qof qof kale la hadlaya aad ka duubtid codkiisa isaga oo aan ogeyn?

2-Shuruucda xuquuqda adamiga iyo xoriyada shaqsiga ahi side ayey u arkaan arinta korku xusan?

3- Maxaa kaga soo baxay codkan ujeedada ka dambeysa?

4- Fasiraada suxufiga ee codkaa uu ina maqashiiyey wuxuu inoogu sheegay in ay hogaaminayso xildhibaano kulmiye ah, sidaa miyeyno ka maqalney codka gabadhan la inoogu sheegay?

Inta badan Suxufiyiintu waxay qaab sir ah u duuban wada sheekeysi dhex maraya laba qof ama in ka badan dabadeedna waa ay tebiyaan ama dabacaan iyaga oo aan kala kulmin dhinaca sharciga wax dhibaatooyin ah.

Sababtoo ah waxay marka hore ba waxay xaqiijiyaan labada arimood ee ugu muhiimsan sharci ahaan in aad ilaalisid oo kala ah:

a) ogolaasho u helid (consent) ama

b) dood xaqiiqo ah oo salka ku haysa in duubitaankani ay ku jirto qaranka dantiisa (Public interest).

labadaa qodob ayaa u suurta geliya in aaney suxufiyiinta dalalka dumuqraadiga ahi dhinaca sharciga kala kulmin dhibaatooyin inta badan balse hadii ay marka horeba xaqiijin waayaan labadaa arimood mid kood in ay salka ku hayso duubista codadka waxay wajahaan dhibaato dhinaca sharciga ah waayo waxay jebinayaan sharciga qayb ka mida sida xoriyada xuquuqda dadka kale iwm.

Hadaba idinka ayaa ka garnaqi doodaaasi balse aniga waxay iila muuqadaa mid aan haysan rukumo sharci ah in la daabaco ama la baahiyo cod aan cadeyn xaqiiqanimadiisa.

Mahadsanidin.

28
Nov

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) welcomes Somalia’s ratification of the Kampala Convention

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Source: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) |

The move is a significant milestone for Somalia, which has the fourth largest population of internally displaced people in the world, estimated at over 2.6 million individuals

Somalia’s ratification of a key convention to protect internally displaced people in Africa is a landmark achievement for the country and the African continent, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, said today.

The ratification of the Kampala Convention cements the Government’s commitment to the millions of highly vulnerable internally displaced people living in Somalia

The African Union (AU) Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Africa, known as the Kampala Convention, was signed on 26 November 2019 by Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, “Farmaajo”, after being passed with a near-unanimous vote by parliament last week. Somalia is the 30th African Union Member State to ratify the convention since 2009.

“The ratification of the Kampala Convention cements the Government’s commitment to the millions of highly vulnerable internally displaced people living in Somalia, and to finding solutions for the issue of displacement,” said UNHCR Somalia Representative, Johann Siffointe. “Today, Somalia serves as a regional model for others to follow, and UNHCR is eager to continue supporting the government in implementing its treaty obligations.”

The move is a significant milestone for Somalia, which has the fourth largest population of internally displaced people in the world, estimated at over 2.6 million individuals. In 2019 alone, over 665,000 people have been forced to flee their homes due to floods, conflict and drought. Serious protection challenges faced by IDPs include inadequate shelter, poor sanitation, insecurity, threats of evictions and gender-based violence.

The Kampala Convention was adopted in 2009 by Africa’s 55 states. It is the world’s first and only regional legally binding instrument for the protection and assistance of IDPs, who often face heightened risks, violations and sexual violence because of their displacement, while they struggle to access their rights and basic protection. They often remain in dire need of humanitarian assistance.

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

27
Nov

Xisbiyada Somaliland ee Siyaasada Kolba Sida aan Mid u nacayey Ayaan wada nacay

Xisbi Siyaasadeed waa urur ay ku midowbeen  koox dad isku fikir,iyo aragti ah dhinaca kalena siyaasada xisbigooda iney ku hantaan hogaaminta dalka si ay ugu dabaqaan si ficil ah ah aragtidooda siyaasadeed,dhaqaale iyo bulshoba.Xisbiyada Dumuqraadiyada ku dhisani waxay talada dalka kula wareegaan qaab doorasho ah, markaa doorashadu waa qaabta ugu muhiimsan ku guuleysashada hogaaminta dal ama xisbiba.

Somaliland waxa ka jira 3 saddex Xisbi Siyaasadeed kuwaas oo kala ah:

  1. Xisbiga Kulmiye
  2. Xisbiga UCID iyo
  3. Wadani

Saddexdan Xisbi waa Xisbiyada siyaasada ee Somaliland ee sharciga ah waana kuwa ay ahayd in ay dhibaatooyinka iyo tabashooyinka bulshada Somaliland wax ka qabtaan,oo kolba xisbigii talada dalka qabta labada xisbi ee kala ku ilaaliyaan maamulka iyo khadka siyaasadeed ee dalka sida dastuurka iyo shuruucda kaleba.

Hadaba saddexdan Xisbi ee Somaliland waa kuwo mar ka aynu daraasiyadeeno aan weli dhameys ahayn oo daldalloolooyin waa weyn leh oo noqday god bahalo galeen ah, oo si fudud iskaga soo geli karo qof kasta oo aan wadin danta siyaaasada iyo horumarka Somaliland, iyada oo rukunada aas aasayasha looga saari karo si fudud.

Taas waxaa aynu ku cadeyneynaa waaqica dhabta ah ee maanta iyo xisbiyada Siyaasadeed ee Somaliland ugu horeyn aynu u milicsano mid mid:

  1. Xisbiga Kulmiya

Xisbiga kulmiye oo ah xisbiga hada talada dalka Somaliland hayaa waa xisbiga marka la barbar dhigo labada xisbi ee kale loogu qaatey ee aad is odhaneysid wuxuu lee yahay muuqaal xisbi siyaasi ah

Tusaale

  1. Waxaa hogaankiisa sare isku bedelay laba hogaamiye oo kala ah Mudane Axmed Siiraanyo iyo Mudane Muuse Biixi oo hada talada Xisbiga haya.
  2. Xisbigu Labadii doorasho ee u dambeyey ee dalka ka qabsoonteyba isaga ayaa ku guuleystey,kol hadii laba jeer oo isku xigta la doortayna waxaa kuu muqaneysa in dad badani xisbiga kalsooni ay siiyeen,oo siyaasadiisa la dhacsan yihiin.
  3. Dadka Xisbiga hogaankiisa ku jiray ee iscasilay labadii sano ee u dambeyey aad bay u hooseeyaan marka loo eego xisbiga wadani oo aad u sareeya kaadirinta saree e xisbiga iskaga baxay, taasina xisbiga kulmiye waxay muujinaysaa in weli aaney isbedel ku iman kalsoonida ay kaadiriinta xisbigu ku qabaan hanaanka shaqada xisbiga.
  4. Xisbiga Kulmiye waxaa uu ku dhamaa labada Xisbi waxaa ku yar Qabyaalada qaawan ee laga dhex arkayo,maqlayo bulshada iyo media yaha dhexdooda ee madaxda xisbiyadu adeegsanayaan.
  5. Xisbiga Kulmiye waxaa ku yar aflagaadooyinka tooska ah ee shaqsi cayga tooska ah, ee aan ku dhisney daliil shaqo.

Xisbiga kulmiye Waxaa aan ku nacay oo aan Saluugsan ahay isaga oo aan weli si casri ah oo hogaamin sare ah u bisleyn kaadiriintiisa,dawlada ku ilaalin balanqaadyadii ay ku gashay doorashooyinka iyo fulintooda, isaga oo aan la hayn barnaamuj cad oo ku saleysan stragy dii lagu hanan lahaa quluubta bulshada caalamka ee qadiyada somaliland.

2. Xisbiga UCID

Xisbiga UCID waa xisbiga ugu da’da weyn Xisbiyada ka jira Somaliland sida uu inta badan Gudoomiyaha xisbigu inoo sheego waxaanu ku aragnaa xisbigan:

  1. Ma laha nuxur Xisbi Siyaasadeed balse waa xisbi u muuqda xisbi magaca uun xisbi karan ka ah iyo dhinaca sharciga
  2. Waxaa hogaamiya Mudane Faysal oo aaney cid kula tartanta xisbiga aaney jirin,waana xisbi kelidii talis oo nin qudhi ah u iska lee yahay taas waxaa aad markhaati kugu filan
  3. Mar walba waa musharaxa xisbiga xitaa isaga oo 3 jeer oo hore ku guuldareystey musharaxnimada xisbiga ayuu doorashada dambena ina hor iman doonaa
  4. Waxaa uu aaminsan yahay in xisbigu yahay mid beeshiisu ku ilaaliso oo beeshiisu codka ay siiso sida uu inta badan inoo sheego oo uu ina yidhaado beesheyda ayuun baa I dooratay oo codka ka helay,isaga oo aan xitaa xusin dadka kale ee reer Somaliland ee codka siiya.
  5. Waa Xisbi aan lahay hadaf siyaasadeed,balse ku dhexnool duruufaha siyaasdad ee Somaliland inta badana waxa aynu odhankarnaa waa xisbiga hogaamiyihiisu ugu balan ka bax badan yahay ee aan la aamini karan marka loo eego habdhaqankiisa taas waxaa kuu cadeynay  oo tusaale kugu filan arintii uu kaga baxay balantii uu la galey Jamaal Cali Xuseen oo uu kaga baxay musharaxnimadii uu u cumaamuday.
  6. Waa xisbi u dhisan ku danaysi shaqsi keliya waxaa uu dhisan yahay oo keliya danaha gudoomiyaha xisbiga tusaale ma arkeysid xisbiga oo mucaaridnimo iyo talooyin saxa bixinaya marka danaha qaranka ee guud laga hadlayo:-
  7. Kama damqanayo biyo la’aanta,wadao xumida iyo dib u dhaxa dhaqaale ee dalka
  8. Kama qaab qaato dhexdhexaadinta arimaha nabad gelya iyo danaha guud ee qaranka balse danaha gaarka ah ee dhinacyada siyaasada sida doorashooyinka,komishanka iwm waa u dagaalamaha kowaad ee safka hore uga jira dooda iyo dacwada.

Xisbiga UCID waxaa aan ku nacay waa xisbi shaqsi ligii ka taliyo oo uu aaminsan yahayna in uu keligii lee yahay dhistey,reerkiisa oo qudhina uu codka uu ku soo boxo ka helo.

3. Xisbiga Wadani

Xisbiga wadani waa xisbiga ugu dada yar 3 xisbi waana xisbii kaalinta 2aad ka galay doorashadii ugu dambeysey ee Somaliland.

Wadani waxaa uu Siyaasada Xisbiyada Somaliland ku soo kordhiyey ficilo dadka reer Somaliland intooda badani walaac ka muujineyso Waxaana ka xusi karnaa:

  1. Waa Xisbiga keliya ee ololihii ugu dambeeyey ee madaxnimada ku ololeeya Cayda Musharixii Xisbiga kulmiye oo waxa uu ololahiisa u adeegsadey cayda musharixii la tartamayey isaga oo xisbigu goobaha ay iskugu soo baxaan taageerayaashiisa keenayey ninba ninka uu kaga cayi og yahay muuse biixi, halkii uu wax qabadka iyo sidii uu dalka u dhisi lahaa kaga ololeyn lahaa ayuu muuse biixi caydiisa uun ku mashquuley taasina waa ta keen tay in uu guur dareysto doorashadii
  2. Xisbigu waa xisbiga keliya ee dhisay qaab dhismeyd ku cusub dhismaha xisbiyada:
  3. Gudoomiye ku meel gaadha iyada oo Gudoomiyihii Joogo
  4. Hogaamiye Xisbi iwm,taas oo uu uga danlahaa ku soo jiidasho codeeyayasha ku codeeya qabyaalada ee aan ku codeyn aragti xisbi iyo mabda toona.

Arintaasi oo iska ahayd uun xeelad siyaasadeed balse dhinaca kale waa ifaafaalayaasha cusub ee xisbigu soo kordhiyey.

  •  Xisbigu waxaa uuurursadey Shaqsiyaad ka soo horjeeda Somaliland inay ka ka godo Somaliya, ama kuwo ku guul dareystey siyaasada,oo hore loo ogaa in ay ku saaqideen siyaasada .
  • Xisbiga wadani waxaa uu ku wareeeray qaabkii uu u hanan lahaa maamulka dalka,isaga oo la aamin san yahay in uu lug ku lee yahay jabhada ka soo muuqday meelo ka tirsan Jamhuuriya Somaliland, halkii uu dib uskugu habeyn lahaa doorasho cusub iyo taakikooyin uu ku gaadho hogaanka ayuu ku dhacay dabinka xasadka iyo xinka, tanina waa sababta ilaa hada hortagan doorasho loo galo barlabaanada,degaanada iwm..

Xisbiga Wadani waa Xisbiga ugu liitaa dhinaca arimaha qaranimada Somaliland waana xisbi aan lahay aragti siyaasadeed oo lagu hagaajinayo siyaasada,dhaqaalaha iyo bulshada waxaana aan ku nacay mar walba waa caqabad ha kinaya horumarka bulshada iyo afxumo joogto ah oo ay xubnihiisu caadaysteen taasna xisbiga hogaankiisu u xusho jagooyinka sare kolba midka ugu cayda iyo afxumada badan tartaranka Cayda Madaxweyne Muuse iyo Beeshiisa, Taas micnaheedu waa hadii aad rabto in aad xil sare lagaaga magacaabo xisbiga wadani waa in aad ku sifoowdaa laba arimood :

  1. Waa in aad isku beel tihiin Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Ciro oo ah Gudoomiyaha xisbiga
  2. Waa in aad Si fiican u Caayi Taqaan Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi iyo Beeshiisa

Labadaa arimood hadii lagaa helo waxaa aad tahay geesi wadani ah xilkaaguna waa wadani in aad hogaamiso.

Arimahaasina waxay xisbiga wadani gelinsiiyeen in uu lumiyo hogaamiyaal door weyn ku lahaa dhismaha iyo inuu xisbiga wadani ku soo boxo kaalintii xisbiyada siyaasada,balse waxaa aynu eegin halkuu ku dambeeyo wadani aniga oo saadaalin kara in uu ka sii baxayo saaxada siyaasada hadii aanu la iman isbedel weyn oo xisbiga u haga dhinaca guusha.

Saddexdan Xisbi waa kuwo hagaasiyey siyaasadii kori lahayd ee somalilalnd iyaga ayaana masuul ka ah citiraaf la,aanta,sixir bararka,qaybyaalada,hogaamin xumida, iyo aragti la,aanta sidaa darteed waxaa la joogaa wakhtigii wax garadka soomaliland loo furi lahaa xisbiyo cusub oo ka aragti iyo raad duwan kuwan manta ee aan dananeyn dadka iyo dalka balse ay u muuqato kursi aan wax kale ka hooseyn.

Hadii Xisbiyada Somaliland ahaan lahaayeen kuwo Firfircoon looma baahdey in ay cidi dhexdhexaadiso xisbiyada iyo dawlada ee iyaga ayaa sharciga iyo dustuurka ku kala bixi lahaa balse waxaa kolba cid kale uGu gurmanaysaa waa liidnimada iyo fadhiidhnimada xisbiyada qaranka oo doorkoodii lumiyey taasi waata keentay in kooxo kale dhexdhexaadin galaan sida madaxsha,ganacsato iwm, halkii haydaha dastuuriga ah iyo xisbiyadu doorkooda qaadan lahaayeen ayeynu arkeynaa saddex nin oo keliya oo loo gar qaadayo oo la lee yahay Ciro,Faysal iyo Muuse bixi ayaa is mari waayey oo talo loo soo jeedinayaa la dhexdhexaadinayaa aawey doorkii ururadii siyaasadeed iyo haydahii qaynuuniga ahaa ee ka gar naqi lahaa isqabsiga arimaha farsamo iyo maamul ee dalka.

M J Farah BEng (hon), BA. Certificate H.W. A PhD Research Proposal

22
Nov

Simple Housekeeping Tips For Less Stress

By Elizabeth Scott, MS Elizabeth Scott, MS, is a wellness coach specializing in stress management and quality of life, and the author of “8 Keys to Stress Management.” Updated February 07, 2018

Cleaning with music can relieve stress
Playing music is one of the best ways to make cleaning fun. Creative RM/Kactus/Getty Images

Most people don’t’ realize how much clutter causes stress, but it’s true that living in a mess can drain you of time, energy, and even money, creating significant amounts of additional stress. Unfortunately, a cluttered home is the norm. But while stressed, overscheduled people have little time to clean, given the value of having your home as a sanctuary from stress, as well as what you save by being organized, it makes sense to keep your house clean. The key is to be smart about cleaning, and clean in a way that causes little additional stress, or actually help you reduce stress while you clean. There are many specific tips on how to declutter a space or an entire home, but one important aspect of cleaning that shouldn’t be overlooked is keeping things low-stress and as enjoyable as possible so you don’t mind the chore. If you’re able to do this, you’ll be more likely to clean on a more regular basis and this can reduce the stress of cleaning as well. The following low-stress housekeeping tips can help you do all of this:

Put on Some Music

There are many proven benefits of music for stress relief, and music is even used to promote wellness in the form of music therapy. Music can actually calm you down or energize you, depending on what type of music you choose. You can harness the stress relieving and energy-inducing powers of music to help your cleaning efforts so that you’re actually less stressed (or at least no more stressed and tired) when you’re finished, plus you’ll get a boost from the great feelings you get from your cleaner space.

Pare Down and Organize

Toss or donate everything that you don’t need or love. Find a place for everything that’s left, so it’ll be easier to clean up. And don’t buy new things unless you absolutely need them. These simple guidelines will leave you with less stuff to clutter up your space and make cleaning quicker and easier.

Make Small, Consistent Goals

When creating new habits of any type, it’s good to make realistic goals, work toward them consistently and reward yourself for even the smallest progress. This is also true for cleaning. If you set small, doable cleaning goals, such as 30 Second Chores (a list of chores that can be done quickly so that you can knock a bunch out when you have a few free minutes), or a Daily Cleaning List (which is a group of lists that cover all chores so that you’ll keep your house clean over the course of a week or month if you just do a few a day), you won’t get overwhelmed by the work.

Enjoy Your Results

Clean a little bit every day, and you just may have the magic formula for a cleaner, stress-free living environment. Further your rewards and keep your motivation up by enjoying your home when your work is done! If you clean your bathroom, give yourself a regular home spa experience so you can really appreciate all of your hard work. Enjoy a candlelit dinner in your kitchen, burn essential oils to enjoy aromatherapy, and decorate in a way that really makes your heart smile. Once you get used to having your home as a sanctuary from stress instead of another cause of it, you’ll probably be hooked

22
Nov

The economic growth of Somaliland

22
Nov

SIYAASIINTA SOMALILAND WAXAY U BAAHAN YIHIIN IN LA BEDELO

Waxaa aad moodaa in ciwaanka maqalkaygani la yaab ku noqon doono dad badan balse baadhitaan iyo daraasada in mudo ah aan ku eegayey hab dhaqanka Siyaasiinta Somaliland intooda badan ayaa waxaa ii soo baxay in mushkilada khilaafaadka ee mar walba dhibka ku ah horumarka,hanaqaadka ,aqoonsiga iyo barwaaqeynta dalkan curdinka ah uu salka ku hayo in aaney jirin oo meesha ay ka maqan yihiin Siyaasintii bulshada hagi lahaa kuwan aaynu maanta haynaana ay yihiin intooda badani dhibta iyo tacadiyada horumarka bulshada Somaliland.

Hadii aynu si agadami ah u sharaxno siyaasiyiinta waxaa ay yihiin waxaynu heleynaa fahanka siyaasiga iyo siyaasiinta sidaa darteed aynu iswaydiino su’aalahan kooban?

  1. Waa maxay siyaasi?

Siyaasi waa shaqsi ku firfircoon siyaasadaha xisbi , ama waa shaqsi haya ama doonaya in uu xil ka qabto dawlad.

Sidaa darteed Siyaasiina waa wadarta ereyga Siyaasi uun.

Halkaa waxaynu ka garan karnaa in siyaasugu ahayn qof la soo qasbay balse inta badan uu isagu isku gartey in uu siyaasada saaxadeeda yimaado.

Siyaasiintu waxay soo jeediyaan, taageeraan oo abuuraan sharciyo.

Hadaba Siyaasiinta marka aynu eegno waa kuwo saameyn ku leh dal kasta horumarkiisa iyo dubudhaciisa oo muhiim u ah qaran jiritaankiisa iyo burburkiisa labadaba.

Taariikh ahaan Somaliland  waxaa gumeystihii boqoryoda ingiriisku soo gashay 1884 waxayna ku soo galeen heshiis ay la galeen odaydii Somaliland ee wakhtigaa ku jirey kaalinta siyaasiinta maanta ee casriga ah.Nasiib daro odayadaa taariikhdooda iyo waxa ay qabteen heshiiskii qodobadiisii midna laguma xusin taariikhdii lagu dhigan jirey dugsiyada dalkii Somaliya la odhan jirey oo maanta anigu ma hayo magacyadoodii taasina oo mid ka mid ah qarinta iyo aasida taariikhda iyo halgamayaashii dalka somaliland.

Maxaynu uga baahan nahay in aynu bedelno siyaasiinta ?

Isbedel ku yimaada hab dhaqanka siyaasiinta Somaliland waa mid baahi weyn loo qabo sababta oo ah waxay meel cidla ah mar walba kaga tagaan dalkii iyo dadkii reer Somaliland taas waxaa makhaati ka ah ficiladooda taariikhdiga ah oo ay ka mid yihiin kuwan:

  1. 26 June 1960 waxaa xornimadii qaatey British Somaliland waxaana markaa taladii wareejiyey ,Sir Douglas Hall mudadii u dhaxaysey
    11 Jul 1959 – 26 Jun 1960   ahaa gudoomiyihii ugu dambeyey ee maamula intii maxmiyada Engiriisku ku jirtey Somaliland.
  2. 26 Jun 1960 Taladii dalku waxay gacanta loo geliyey siyasiintii Somaliland oo markaa uu hogaaminayey Alle ha u naxariistee Maxamed X. Ibrahim Cigaal

Sida ay yidhaahdaan dadka taariikhda Somaliland ee aan qoreynini tabiyaan in bilaa shuruud dawladnimadii Somaliland lagu geeyo koonfurtii Somaliya ee talyanigu gumeysanayey waxaa sabab u ahaa:

  1. Xifaaltan iyo xasad ka dhex dhashey siyaasiintii wakhtigaa taas oo salka ku haysey si Maxamed X. Ibrahim u noqon hogaamiyaha Somalilanta xorowdey oo halkii maxamed madax u noqon lahaa laga door biday in geeyaan xornimo aan shurud lahayd midowga walaalaheen konfureed hadii shuruudo la geeyo ileyn wasiirka kowaad Maxamed X. Ibrahim baa noqonayee si aanu booskaa u helin baa dalkaas dhan xuquuqdiisii lagu duudsiyey.
  2. Iyada oo Siyaasiintii wakhtigaasi si fiicaan u dersin xaadada oo aaney meel isla dhigin si fiicaana u wada hadal xisbiyadii markaa jirey oo dhexdooda isa saxin ayaa jujub xamar lagu tagey taas masuuliyadeedana waxaa lahaa siyaasiintii wakhtigaa.
  3. Dadka qaarkii waxay eeda dusha u saaraan Siyaasiintii beesha Habaryoonis oo ay yidhaahdaan iyaga yaa masuul ka ahaa inta badan in aan lagu heshiin gudaha Somaliland intaan la tegin koonfurta wakhtigaasi

Arimaahsi aynu kor ku soo sheegney waxay tusaale fiican u yihiin sida ilaa hada Siyaasiinta maanta ee Somaliland uga faa’iideysan taariikhihii hore oo ay mar walba ugu noqnoqonayaan khaladkii shaley ee burburka iyo khasaaraha dhaliyey maanta bal u fiirso arimahan:

Somaliland waxay xoriyadeedii dib ula soo noqotey 18 May 1991 waxaana mudadaa laga bilaabo socdey dhismo dib loogu yagleelayo Somaliland cusub oo ka duwan tii 1960. Balse Siyaasiyiintii dambe ee u hana qaadey Somaliland waxay noqdeen kuwo dhaqankoodu yahay uun dabacadihii lagu guurdareystay ee 1960kii waa kuwo aan ka faa’iideysan waayo aragnimadii laga dhaxley taariikhdii hore loo soo marey,waa kuwo aan lahay arimahan:

Aragti fog oo Siyaasadeed, Hal abuur ,wadaniyad, hogaamin iyo fikir waxbadeli kara,Sharci u hogaamsamid iyo dhowrid midna asal ahaan ma jecla,waa kuwo ismuujin iyo xoog aaminsan,waana kuwo ka fikireyn mustaqbalka dadka iyo dalka balse inagu beel laxawsada qabiil jilib iyo wax aan meel ina geeneyn sidaa darteed waxaa keliya ee inoo furani waa in aynu isbedel ku sameyno siyaasiinta oo aaynu bedelno dhaqankooda doorano kuwo wadaniyiin ah aragti siyaasadeed oo fog leh,waxna ka qaban kara baahiyaha baahsan ee jira .

Saddexda xisbi iyaga oo sii kala liita hadana waa kuwo iskaga mid ah nuxurka aan qorneyn oo ah cuqaal reereed siyaasad ku dhisan ma aha xisbiyo ku dhisan mabadiida xisbi qaran balse waa xisbiyo u muuqda in la mara habaabiyey oo aan lahay hogaamin xisbi siyaasadeed oo casri ah.

Isbedelku waa xalka keliya ee lagu heli karo siyaasiin wadaniyada kor u qaada qabyaaladana u dhaafa sidii Alle inoogu sheegey in ay tahay.

Mahadsanidin dhamaan

17
Nov

Ma Mudaharaad Mise Qas iyo Qalalaase?

The Human rights act ayaa qodobkiisa 11 aad qeexayaa xaqa mudaharaadada ay u lee yihiin adamigu kaas oo si fiican u sharxaya in dadku samey karaan isku soobax nabad ah oo aan wax dhibaato ah keenin, waa la isku soo bixi karaa,shir jarayid baa la qaban karaa,waana laga qayb geli karaa ururada iwm ,qodobkan ayaa ah midka loo cuskado sharciga mudaharaadada ee shuruucda xuquuqda adamaha.

Article 11 Right to protest and freedom of association

Dalkastaba dastuurkiisa ayey ku qeexan tahay xuquuqda ay muwaadiyiintu u lee yihiin in ay mudaharaad nabad gelyo ah sameen karaan.

Hadaba sida ay xaq u tahay in aad abaabushid mudaharaad,ka qayb gashid si nabadgelyo ah ayey dhinaca kale la xadidi karaa mudaharaadada balse waxaa muhiima in la eego arimahan:

  1. Xadidaada mudaharaadu waa in ay sharciga dalka waafaqsan yihiin oo uu jiraa sharciyad loo cuskanayo in la xadido
  2. Waa in uu noqdaa mid lagama maarmaan ah oo laga fursan waayey
  3. Waa in loo racaa mid ama in ka badan arimahan :
  4.  the interests of national security or public safety
  5.   the protection of health or morals
  6.  The protection of others’ rights and freedoms.
  7. the prevention of disorder or crime

Hayadaha nabadgelyadu (Army Force, Police others) waxay xayiraad sharciya ku sameyn nayaan isku soo baxyada  markey u cadaato jiritaanka arimahaasi kor ku xusan in ay jiraan qodobka 11 ee xuquuqda mudaharaadana waa la xayirayaa.

Hadaba sida aan u arko Mudaharada ay ku baaqeen Xisbiga wadani maha mid ka madhan dhibaatooyinka iyo hagardaamada danaha qaranka Somaliland balse waa mid ay ka dhalan karaan dhibaatooyin xaga nabadgelyada ah lidna ku ah danaha nabadgelyada qaranka ee Somaliland xiligana looma baahna mudaharaado noocaas ah iyada oo la og yahay in ay baryahan dambe jiraan kooxo hubeysan oo khatar u ah nabadgelyada qaranka Somaliland oo ku hanjabayey iney waxyeeleen doonaan Qaranimada,iyo amaanka dalka. Sidaa darteed Xisbiga wadani waxaa ugu baaqayaa inay mudaharaada dib ugu dhigtaan wakhti ku haboon oo ciidamada amaanka kala shaqeeyaan nabadgelyada iyo xasiloonida dalka una hogaansamaan shuruucda dalka iyo nidaamka amaanka qaranka,dawladana waxaa aan ugu baaqayaa in ay ilaaliso xuquuqda muwaadiniinta,iyo amniga guud ee qaranka sharciguna uu noqdo ka lagu kala baxo.

14
Nov

How to Get Organized to Manage Stress

By Elizabeth Scott, MS Updated October 15, 2019

Being organized can help with stress relief
Anthony Harvie / Stone / Getty Images
Stress Management

Want a secret weapon for relieving stress? Getting organized. Putting in the effort of getting organized, especially if this organization extends to multiple areas of your life, can help reduce stress levels long term by requiring less last-minute scrambling in a variety of everyday situations. It can also feel empowering, so you experience new situations as “exciting” rather than “stressful,” which can minimize the strength and duration of your stress response, or keep it from getting triggered in the first place.

However, getting organized is more difficult than it initially sounds. For example, how organized must you be? When do you know when you’re ‘organized enough’? (Do your clothes need to be hung according to color, or alphabetically? Must every minute be scheduled and accounted for in a calendar somewhere?) And what are the most important areas of life for getting organized?

The following tips for getting organized cover how organized to be, what areas carry the greatest benefits, and how to get started:

Organize Your House

A cluttered home can subtly drain you of energy; that much is pretty common knowledge. However, there are other hidden costs of clutter as well. (Clutter can drain your finances and schedule, too.) That’s why it’s important to organize your home. While you don’t need to have your books alphabetized or your shoes lined up according to the date you bought them, it is important to have everything in its place and have that place be somewhere that makes sense. There are a variety of ways to maintain an organized home.

Organize Your Time

Do you find yourself constantly rushing? Does your mind race with all that you have to do? And do you have trouble remembering it all? If so, you already know that living like this can be pretty stressful, don’t you? Getting organized with your time can make a huge impact on your life: Your to-do list can all get done, and it can stop occupying your thoughts.

In getting your schedule organized, remember a few important things. First, don’t overbook yourself. Plan only as many activities as you have time for. Also, be aware of what you need to get done and when—in a way other than keeping it all in your head. (I recommend David Allen’s Getting Things Done for a cohesive time management plan.) Finally, schedule in some downtime. If you’re always running, running, running, you may be less efficient overall because you’re tired of all the running. Schedule in some downtime, and you can really focus the rest of the time.

Be Proactive

Yes, you may consider being proactive with your problems to be part of getting organized in that it’s a tendency to be organized with your approach to stress, which can be quite empowering. It’s important to notice and eliminate patterns of stressors so that your stress response isn’t constantly triggered. For example, if you’re having trouble with your kids, don’t just face each situation like it’s happened for the first time; try to notice patterns of behavior and address those patterns, so they won’t keep happening. (I like to call that ‘getting organized with discipline.”) If you find yourself constantly stressed in traffic, try to pinpoint why, and address those issues.

You can be organized in your life in a host of ways. These are three of the main ones. Give them a try, and start feeling less stressed today.

source: Verywell Mind

14
Nov

Horumar baa laga gaadhey arintan

13
Nov

JAMHUURIYADA SOMALILAND DAL DIMUQRAADI AH OO AY DAGAAL KULA JIRAAN XOOGAGA DIMUQRAADIYADA NECEB

Marka aynu dhinac kasta ka eegno Somaliland waxa ku xeeran dalal aan intooda badani yihiin kuwo aaney ka dhalanba dimuqraadiyada casriga ahi oo weliba aanay ka jirin xasilooni siyaasadeed nabadgelyo iyo horumar bulsho. Tusaale fiican waxaa inoogu filan dalka ay Jaarka nahay ee Somaliya oo ah dal aan jirin dal ahaan balse u jira si qaynuuni ah oo caalamku sharci ahaan u aqoonsan yihiin dal balse ruux ahaan ah dal fashilmay, oo caalamkuna ku bixiyaan dhaqaale aad u balaadhan oo bilyans dollar ah oo lacag ah.

Somaliland beesha caalamku waxay markhaati ka tahay in ay horumar ka jirto dhinyada nabadgelyada, ismaamulka iyo jaar wanaaga.

Somaliland waxaa uu ka amaan wanaagsan yahay meelo badan oo dalalka horumarey ah,amaankiisuna waa mid laysku haleyn karo.

Weliba Somaliland waxay qayb weyn ka qaadataa degenaashaha iyo sugida nabada ee madaqada ay ku taalo.

Waa wadan aan la aqoonsan weli balse buuxiyey shuruudaha dawladnimada iyo wadan xor ah.Waa wadan inta badan ku hawlan arimihii gudaha,oo aan wax farogelina ku haynin jaarkiisa.

Somaliland iyada oo doorashooyin xora oo xalaal ah lagu doorto golayaashii iyo madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisa,oo caalamku markhaati ka yahay aaney jirin wax ka qarsoon caalamka ayaa hada cadaw lagu yahay jiritaankiisa,oo mar walba laysku dayaa in la mijo xaabiyo jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadan Curdunka ah.

Sida aan hada rumeysanahay burburka Jamhuuriyadan waxaa daneenaya kooxo kala duwan kuwaas oo kaleh ujeedooyin kala duwan waxaaney adeegsanayaan siyaasiin reer Somaliland ah oo iyagu aad dan iyo muraad toon aka lahayn dadkooda iyo dalkooda toona.

Sidaa aan qabo way og yihiin wayna la socdaan bulshada caalamku,dhaqdhaaqyada ka soo horjeeda dimuqraadiyada Somaliland,balse waxbaa si ka ah fashilaada kooxahaasi iyo dalalka ka dambeeyaba.

Balse waxaa aan hubaa in dadka iyo dalalka khatarka ku ah dimoqraadiyada Somaliland iney khatar ku yihiin nabadgelyada geeska Afrika iyo tan caalamkaba.

Ninka ama kooxda maanta oo lagu jiro wakhti caalamku tuulo yar yahay oo dhaqdhaqaaq iyo xarakooyinka socda si weyn loo wada og yahay malaha kooxda ama ninka qoriga u qaatey dal dimoqraatiya oo madaxweynihii ugu dambeyey uu hada hayey 2 sano oo qudha ee leh xoog baan xukun ku rabaa oo dadka iyo dalka Ayaan ka ridayaa dagaalo iyo burbur malaha waxba ma dhaamo ninkii mar dhexdaa ah sheegtey inuu yahay madaxweynaha Somaliland ee hadana inagu yidhi sidan:

Soo dhaweyntii Madaxweynaha

Jabhadan lagu dhawaaqayaana kama duwana uun arimaha aan ku dhisnayn caqliga iyo cilmiga ee lagu Khalkhal gelinayo nabadgelyada iyo dumuqraadiyada Somaliland.

By Dr. R Ahmed

5
Nov

GABOOSE MIYUU SOO TOOSAY HADA FAALO MA LAHA

4
Nov

MADADALO AAN DHAMAANEYN

3
Nov

DAWLADA SOMALILAND WAXAA LOOGA BAAHAN YAHAY IN AY KA JAWAABTO EEDEYNTAASI

Hayadaha Dawlada ee Shaqadoodu tahay amaanka airportda Somaliland iyo kuwa maamulaba waxaa looga fadhiyaa in ay ka jawaabaan eedeemahaasi loo soo jeediyey ee xisbiga wadani. Hadii ay xaqiiqo noqoto wararkaasina waa in uu is casilaa maareeyaha garoomada diyaaradaha Somaliland iyo wasiirka ay hoos yimaadaanba.

Hadii dacaayad tahayna waa in xisbiga wadani gudoomiyahiisu iscasilaa waliba sharciga la horgeeyaa cidii ka dambeysey.

2
Nov

German city declares ‘Nazi emergency’ as far-right violence and extremism increases

Jimmy Nsubuga,Yahoo News UK

CORRECTS CITY TO DRESDEN -- Police officers secure a synagogue in Dresden, Germany, Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2019. One or more gunmen fired several shots on Wednesday in the German city of Halle. Police say a person has been arrested after a shooting that left two people dead. (Robert Michael/dpa via AP)
Police officers secure a synagogue in Dresden, after two people were gunned down in Halle in a anti-Semitic attack (Picture: AP)

A German city has officially declared a “Nazi emergency” after seeing an increase in far-right extremism.

Councillors in Dresden said they passed the resolution to protect minorities against dangerous views and rising violence.

Officials became uneasy when far-right groups like PEGIDA and Alternative for Germany gained more support in the city, Deutsche Welle reported.

Die Partei councillor Max Aschenbach, whose party brought forward the resolution, said: “We have a Nazi problem in Dresden and have to do something about it.”

He added in an interview with the BBC: “‘Nazinotstand’ means – similar to the climate emergency – that we have a serious problem. The open democratic society is threatened.”

People carry a sign reading
A PEGIDA rally in Dresden (Picture: AP)

The resolution won cross-party support, with members of the Greens, Left Party, Social Democrats and Free Democrats backing it.

The policy statement said: “Anti-democratic, anti-pluralist, misanthropic and right-wing extremist attitudes and actions, including violence in Dresden, are occurring with increasing frequency”.

1
Nov

SAXAAFADA IYO DOORKEEDA

Saxaafadu waxay Soo shaac baxday qiyaas ahaan 1780 yadii waxayna ku bilaabantay    warsidayaal  (newspapers) ilaa wakhtigaa laga soo bilaabo way koreysey,oo kolba heer bay mareysey.

Saxaafadu waxay qaab weyn oo muhiima ka qaadatey ama ka qaadataa qaabeynta maskaxda adamaha.

Saxaafadu waxay kaalin weyn ku leedahay kobcinta dhaqaalaha iyo horumarinta siyaasada ee muwaadiyiinta wadankasta oo caalamka ka midaba.Waxaay sameeysaa wergelin iyo wax isdhaafsi dhinacyada isgaadhsiinta ah oo muwaadiyiintu dalkooda siyaaba kala duwan ugu horumarin karaan.Saxaafadu waxay muhiim u tahay oo ay kobcisaa democracy ga iyo isku xukunka sharciga hadii ay hesho fursada madaxbanaanida si ay fariimaha u gaadhsiiso bulshada iyada oo aan cidna dulmin,kuna xadgudbin xoriyada aasaasiga ah ee umada,hayadaha dawladuna ka hor istaagin shaqadeeda in ay muwaadiyiinta gaadhsiiso wararka sugan ee muhiimka u ah dadka iyada oo aan cidna ka baqaneynin oo xor ah, qadarinta iyo isxushmeyntana lagu wada shaqeenayo.

Saxaafadu waxay qayb ka qaadataa dhisida bulsho domuqradiya oo isku tiirsan danahoodana ilaashanaya.

SAXAAFADA IYO SOMALILAND

Somaliland waxa ay soomalida kale kaga horeysey taariikhda dhinaca saxaafada taas waxaa markhaati u ah radiyihii ugu horeyey ee Afka somaliga lagu baahiyaa wuxuu ahaa radio hargeysa 1941.

Xitaa Qorista Afsomaliga waxaa laga bilaabay Somaliland taas oo culimo reer Somaliland ahi qoreen buugag farsomali ah.

Dhinaca kale markii laanta afsomaliga ee BBC da la aas aasey wariyayaashii lagu aas aasey waxay ahaayeen kuwo reer Somaliland ah, Sidaa awgeed Saxaafada Somaliya ee casriga ah waxaa ay ka soo aas aasantay Somaliland.

Suxufiyiin badan oo magac iyo maamuus ku dhex leh bulshada somaliyeed ayaa ka soo dhexbaxay bulshada Somaliland.

Suxufiyaantaasi hore waa kuwa kor u qaaday wacyiga iyo xitaa horumarinta afka Somaliga,waxay ku soo kordhiyeen erey bixino afsomali ah oo cusub,waxayna kaalin weyn ka qaadeen qaabeynta saxaafada iyo doorkeeda in kasta oo dhinaca Somalida konfureed aan la dafiri Karin in ay suxufiyiinta ka soo jeedaa ay kaalin weyn iyaguba ku lahaayeen saxaafada Somalida gaar ahaan wixii ka dambeyey 1970 yadii hadana suxufiyiinta ka soojeeda Somaliland waxaa odhan karaa waa kuwa dhidibada u dhigay saxaafada somalida gaar ahaan Radio yaasha,iyo wargeysyada.

Hadana taariikhdooda iyo kaalintoodii taariikheed waa mid la ilowbay oo aan ku suntaneyn taariikhda saxaafada somalida taasina waa qayb ka mid ah taariikhda Somaliland ee aasan ee xitaa dadkeedu aaney rabin in taariikhda dadkooda iyo dalkooda ururiyaan halka kuwa somalida kale dadkoodu ururiyaan oo ay wax ka qoraan.

Taariikhda lunsan ee Somaliland saxaafada oo qudhi kuma koobna balse xitaa xisbiyaadii siyaasadeed ee Somaliland ee xoriyada keenay Ayaan ka muuqan meelaha taariikhaha lagu kaydiyo

Tusaale 1

Dawladii kala dabeyey ee Somaliya waxay taariikhda xoriyada Somaliya si weyn ugu buunbuuniyeen xisbigii SYL ee konfurta halka aan taariikhda lagu xusin xisyadii SNL, USP iyo NUF oo aan xitaa aas aasayaashoodii la xusin halka 13 kii dhalinyarada ahaa ee SYL meel walba magacyadooda iyo taariikhdooda laga helayo intii ay Somali dawlad yeelateyna la xusayey dugsiyadana lagu dhigayey xagey qabatey dadkii aasaasey ee dhidibada u taagey Somaliland siyaasadeeda saxaafadeeda iyo aqoonta iyo waxbarashada somaliya oo dhan.

Tusaale 2

Halgamayaashii xoriyada Somalida kuwa ugu taariikhda weyni waxay ahaayeen kuwii ka soo jeedey Somaliland saxaafadu wax weyn kama qorin:

  1. Sayid Maxamed Cabdule xasan  (keligii ayaa laga xusaa aadna wax looga qoray)
  2. Farax Omaar (wax badan laga sheego)
  3. Sheekh Bashiir (wax ba lagama sheego)
  4. Axmed Gurey (Wax yar baa laga qorey)

Saxaafadu waxa qayb muhiima oo dadka u gudbisa taariikh,warar,aqoon iyo wacyi gelin.

Saxaafadu waxay isla bedeshay isbedelka Technology ee Caalamka waxaana maanta ku soo biirey qaybo cusub oo wararka ,fariimaha,aqoonta,madadaalooyinka laysku gaadhsiiyo kuwaas oo la kowsadey internatka iyo www ka.

Sidaa darteed waxaa isbedel ku yimi qaabkii iyo shuruucdii caalamka ee lagu dhaqayey saxaafada madax banaanideeda, iyo privacy, balse saxaafada Somaliland weli ma helin sharciyo si fiican ula jaanqaadaya saxaafada iyo madaxbanaanideed. Taasina waa ta keenta inay iska horyimaadaan hayadaha sharciga iyo suxufiyiintu.

Saxufiyiintu waa iney noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh shaqada saxaafada, hayadaha fulintuna waa in ay noqdaan kuwo aqoon u leh xeerarka saxaafada iyo qaabka loola dhaqmo suxufiga labaduba waa in ay u diyaarasan yihiin hawlaha ay qabanayaan,balse ma muuqato fahan iyo wadashaqayn dhinaca sharciga ah oo ay labada dhinac ilaalinayaan taasina waa caqabada ay mar walba la kulmayaan saxafiyiintu.

Ciidamada amaanka waa in la siiyaa tababaro ku saabsan saxaafada iyo sida loola shaqeeyo waana in ay fahansan yihiin xoriyada saxaafada iyo wixii xadgudub ah iyo qaabka loo maareeyo,saxaafadu waa in ay noqoto mid dhexdhexaad ah oo gudanaysa uun xilkeeda saxaafadeed.

Tusaale 3

Hadhwanaagnews oo ka mid ah saxaafada madaxa banaan ee Somaliland ayaa dhawaanahan xanibaad kala kulantay Somaliland arintaasi waxay u baahan tahay in hadhwanaagnews na is saxdo oo ay dib iskugu noqoto,hayadaha sharciguna is saxaan oo dib iskugu nodaan iyada oo la kaashanayo sharciga iyo nidaamka dalka. Suxifiyiintana tacadiyada laga daayo wixii qalad ah ee jirana lagu dhameeyo Isfahan iyo sharciga saxaafada.

Anigu shaqsiyan xogogaal uma ihi waxaa la isku hayo, balse rayigayga waxaan u arkaa in saxaafada xoriyada madaxbanideeda la wada ilaaliyo saxaafaduna ilaaliyo dhexdhaxaadnimada iyo hubinta waxa ay ka warameyso xaqiiqadeeda mar walba danta dalkana laga horumariyo wax kastaba oo saxaafaduna qaranimada ilaaliso.

Ugu dambeyntii waxaa aan qabaa kuna talinayaa hayadaha fulinta iyo kuwa garsoorka in saxaafada iyo suxufiyiinta gudashada waajibkooda lagu ilaaliyo loona arko kuwo gudanaya waajibaad qaran oo ay ku saxayaan dhaliilo jira marwalbana lagu gacansiiyo gudashada waajibkooda lana ilaaliyo naftooda,hantidooda iyo sharaftooda suxufiyiinta xidhana la siidaayo arintoodana lagu xaliyo qaabka shuruucda saxaafada.

Suxufiyiintana waxaa laga rabaa in ay ku sifoobaan dhexdhaad,xaqiiqo ka waran,ilaalinta sharciyada saxaafada iyo dhaqanka suxufiga waxaad haysaan hawl adag oo u baahan aqoon,taxadir iyo hufnaan badan.

Waad mahadsantihiin Dhamaantiin

M J Farah

Certified Microsoft Innovative Educator

31
Oct

Wasiiro Ka Tirsan Xukuumada Oo Wali Ku Hawlan Xal U Helida Shaqaaqo Ka Taagan Salel

Thursday October 31, 2019 by G. Good

Guddidan wasiirrada ah oo uu hogaaminayo wasiirka wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali Koore, ayaa kulan foolka fool ah oo ka dhacay geed hoostii isugu keenay Xidheyaasha labada dhinac ee ay dhibaabadu ku dhex martay, deegaanka Wada-jir ee gobolka Selel, waxaana goob-joog ka ahaa Badhasaabka Gobolkaasi Selel

Shirkan ayaa labada dhinac loogu jeediyey hadallo isugu jiro mahad-naq, waano iyo wacad xidh nabaddeed. Odayaasha labada dhinac ayaa dhankooda balanqaaday inay u hogaansamayaan qorshaha nabadeynta.

“Waxaan anigu u kacay laba qodob dhinaca dhibgeystaha waxaan leeyahay waar wixii dhibgeyste lagu yaqaaney ayaa maanta madashaasi lagaga fadhiya ee halaaga helo, dhinaca dhibanahana waxaan leeyahay, walaalkayow culeys ayaa kugu dhacay adna wixii dhibane lagu yaqaaney ee tanaasul lahaa ee xurmolahaa, ee dulqaadasho-laha adna halagaa hello”ayuu yidhi gudoomiyaha gobolka Selel Mawliid Maxamed.

Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Beeraha Axmed Muumin Seed oo isna madasha ka hadlay ayaa yidhi “Waxaa madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenkiisu ay noo soo direen in arrintaasi xalkeeda iyo dhibteedu aanay halkaasi dhaafin, oo aynu joojino, waxaanu uga

mahad celineyna falkii dhacay in aanay dhib ku sixin, ee ay fadhiyeen oo ay sugayeen go’aanka xukuumaddu ay qaadaneyso iyo go’aanka cida dhibta geysatay ay u soo dhaweyneyso, oday waliba gurigiisi iyo reerkiisi iyo ubadkiisi ayuu ka yimid, oo uu duurka ugalay in arrintaasi xal lagu dhammeeyo fidnadii dhacday ayaa damiseen ILLAAHEY heydinka abaal mariyo, ka gudi ahaan waxaanu garaney in maanta leysa soo hor fadhiisto waxaananu anaga iyo ciidamada amniguba aanu gacanta ku heyna hawsha”

Wasiirka Wasaaradda horumarinta Biyaha Saleban Yuusuf Cali koore oo ah gudoomiyaha gudidan xalinaya shaqaaqada ayaa hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Teynu u fadhina maanta waxaa weeye, waxaad tihiin dhibane iyo dhibgeyste qoladda dhibta geysatay waxaa aanu ka rajeynaynaa oo aanu ka fileynaa sidii dhaqanku ahaa ee lagu yaqaaney in aad martaan wadadii dhaqanka aheyd ee lagu yaqaaney ee dhaqan, odayaasha dhibta loo geystay waxaanu aad iyo aad ugu amaaneynaa intii dhibtaa loo geystay in aanay wax dhiba ka daba geyn, culeyska ay arrintaasi xukuumaddu saareyso waad garaneysaan.

Shaqaaqadan ayaa ka dambaysay ka dib markii dhul beero ah la isku qabsaday, taas oo keentay in mid ka mid ah ku naf waayo, waana markii labaad ee weftiga u yimaado xalinta shaqaaqadan.

Source: hadhwanaagnews.com

28
Oct

DOOD FURAN XISBIGA WADANI EE SOMALILAND MAXAA KA QALDAN QAABDHISMEEDKIISA?

Nin baa laga hayey waar goorma ayaa Dr. Cabdiraxmaan Ciro Xilkii Wadani ee Gudoomiyaha dhiibey.Markaa ayaa mid kale ugu Jawaabey Xilkii Xisbiga muu dhiibin maalin gelinkeede markii uu Shahaadada Sare ee Ph.D. Diyaarinayey ayuu soo kordhiyey Qabdhismeedkan Cusub ee Xisbiga wadani kaas oo ah thesis kii Cilmibaadhista ee uu sameyey ayuu ku daah furay in Xisbiyadu yeelan karaan wakhti isku mida xilal isku mida taas ayuuna ku saleeyey dhismaha xisbiga

  1. Gudoomiyaha ku-meel gaadha Xisbiga Wadani( Cabdulqaadir Jirde)
  2. Hogaamiyaha  Xisbiga  Wadani  (Xirsi Xaaji)
  3. Gudoomiyaha Xisbiga Wadani (Cabdiraxmaan Ciro)

Saddexdaa Xilba waa kuwo Shaqeenaya oo saddex qof ku kala magacaaban yihiin balse shaqada ay hayaan waa isku mid waana isku macne iyo isku hawl.

Mudane Cabdiraxmaan Wuxuu maanta ku soo kordhiyey Saddex xildhibaan oo uu u magacaabey Xubno ka mida Hogaanka Xisbiga Wadani.

Xisbiga Wadani Khuburada iskugu tagtey waxay ina barayaan nidaam cusub oo dhismaha axsaabta casriga ah ee hal jago oo keliya saddex qof oo kala duwani maamulayaan.

La soco qaybaha kale…….

26
Oct

Somaliland Can’t Wait for Recognition to Address Monopolies

October 25, 2019

By Michael Rubin

Somaliland is an unlikely success. Somali dictator Siad Barre’s genocidal wrath destroyed more than 80 percent of Hargeisa, Somaliland’s capital city, and leveled other towns. And yet, despite a lack of formal international recognition or external assistance, it has reconstructed its cities and built a communications infrastructure that rivals any country in Africa if not beyond.

Berbera port

In contrast, Somalia receives generous assistance from traditional donors like the United States, European Union and World Bank. Between 1991 and 2011, Somalia received more than $50 billion in aid. Excluding humanitarian and security assistance, development aid from the traditional donors alone is considerably is above $1 billion annually. Increasingly—and with less transparency—from Turkey and Qatar.   In one day in November 2018 when both the European Union and World Bank approved new aid totaling $250 million for Somalia, intended mainly for   budgetary support. New aid in that one day is more than the entire annual budget of Somaliland, which is raised through taxation.

The impact of foreign aid on people’s lives in Somalia has been limited, however, due both to corruption and poor absorptive capacity. While a significant portion of donor funds goes directly into government coffers, Somalia has failed to distribute it equitably throughout the country.  By sheer necessity, therefore, Somaliland has established a taxation system, which has built capacity and created a more sustainable economy not dependent on continued assistance from the donor community.

Somaliland’s economic stewardship is generally good. It spends about two-thirds of its budget on maintain peace and security, given the general volatility in that region, and on governance. The remainder is spent on basic services like health and education. There is little excess available for development. Although the United Kingdom, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany do provide some additional development assistance and have created a Somaliland Development Fund, albeit at $15 million per year, this remains several orders of magnitude below what Somalia receives.

While it is easy for Somaliland to compare itself favorably to Somalia, such a comparison should not be reason to stop reform within Somaliland. Somaliland’s businessmen have done well not only in bringing clan leaders to the table for peace talks when the rest of Somalia descended into chaos, but also for their efforts to seek not subsistence, but first world standards. That is certainly the case with Somaliland’s two large cell phone companies, Telesom and Somtel, which maintain not only a cell phone system that competes globally in terms of quality and technology, but also established a financial system to enable a virtually cashless economy for which many developed countries strive.

Somaliland’s business climate also increasingly attracts multinational firms. Coca Cola maintains its second-largest African bottling plant in the country. Somalia, despite the privileges that come from international recognition, has been unable to attract significant private investment. While Turkey brags about its investment in Mogadishu’s airport and port, the Emirati investment in the Port of Berbera and Berbera’s airport is more sustainable and, from a commercial standpoint, wise. Berbera already serves a lucrative trade corridor to Ethiopia, and the conversion of its airport to a logistical cargo hub could bring both Emirati investors and Somaliland tens of millions of dollars in profits and fees. As corruption hobbles Djibouti and China leverages its investment to undercut Djibouti’s traditional even playing field, Somaliland could fill the gap in importer-of-record trade.

Still, as important as private enterprise has been to Somaliland, a lack of regulation and consolidation of monopoly control can undermine the progress already made. Competition must be the bedrock of free markets. When any company or interest grows too powerful, it can be tempted to shut out upstarts, not with quality of product but rather with control over financial infrastructure. Somaliland still lacks modern banking which can offer loans for small businesses as well as startups at more competitive rates.  The absence of completive banking system, especially conventional banks, has been attributed to opposition from religious groups as well as from the locally dominant banks.  On one hand, the fact that the conventional banking sector is well-established in almost all Muslim countries would suggest that those countries have found a way to combine the principles of conventional and Islamic banking. On the other hand, should monopolies effectively leverage clerics to shut out a more modern banking sector, it will do harm to longer-term prospects for Somaliland, even if it might be to the short-term economic interest of some major firms. A lack of government regulation and consolidation of the finance sector within just a few companies also puts the entire population’s holding at risk should any business investment among those owning the banks fail. Modern banks must be transparent; privately-owned companies are opaque.

Those monopolistic tendencies go beyond the banking sector. While some companies gained their monopoly status through business prowess and provision of much-needed services, their current suppression of competitors undercuts job prospects for Somalilanders. High unemployment among young men has already led to an uptick in crime, although nothing compared to what occurs in Mogadishu. Idle youth also provide openings for outside extremists to try to radicalize disaffected youth.

Somaliland is not now in danger, but its success may be tarnished if Somalilanders blame their problems only on the lack of international recognition—something which will likely come sooner rather than later as Somalia falls farther behind and teeters on the brink of chaos. If Somaliland is to take the next step and position itself not only to be Africa’s newest state but also among its more sustainable and prosperous ones, its political and commercial leadership must together address the need for basic regulation on financial services and set a framework for fair competition which encourages greater innovation and broader economic growth.

Michael Rubin
__________

Michael Rubin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, DC.Share7

Source: Wardheer news

26
Oct

HORAA LOO SOCONAYAA…..

26
Oct

QADAR NASASHO AH IYO WAAYO WAAYO!

25
Oct

How you can help to spot, and stop, slavery

October 24, 2019

modern slavery campaign

Slavery has not gone away. Unbelievably, more than 250 cases were reported in London last year alone. A new national campaign is showing how you might be able to help spot the signs of modern slavery.

The campaign highlights how the problem is ‘hiding in plain sight’ and that there are a number of tell-tale signs of illegal exploitation to look out for. The campaign asks people to ‘Spot it. Stop it.’

It is believed people working in banks, social care or healthcare, or anyone recruiting for jobs, would be most likely to be able to identify potential victims and help authorities to take action. This is because slavery gang masters are known to exploit everyday elements of Londoners’ daily life, such as accessing free healthcare, opening a bank account or being able to claim employment benefits.

Campaign to raise awareness of modern slavery and how the public can help to spot it, and stop it
Campaign has started to raise awareness of modern slavery and how the public can help to spot it, and stop it. Healthcare reception rooms are just one of the places that tell-tale signs may show up

In 2018, the Metropolitan Police reported 263 cases of modern slavery in London. In Ealing, 10 potential victims were identified. But thousands of victims are believed to be living and working undetected in London – with forced labour being the most common form of illegal exploitation.

A potential victim may:
• Appear withdrawn, frightened or confused
• Appear unsure or be vague when giving personal details
• Be accompanied by someone who appears controlling or unwilling to leave them alone – and may be posing as their relative or translator
• Not be in possession of their own documents
• Be forced to pay cash wages into someone else’s bank account
• Share the same address as many others.

Nationally, the number of potential victims of modern slavery in the UK has increased year on year, with nearly 7,000 potential victims identified – according to the National Crime Agency, that is an increase of 75% in the five years from 2013-2018. Overall, victims – including children – are also now more likely to come from the UK, with referrals regarding UK nationals in 2017 increasing by 151% from the previous year.

Councillor Joanna Camadoo-Rothwell, Ealing Council’s cabinet member for community safety and inclusion, said: “This modern slavery campaign can help the public to help save victims from a life of exploitation – and even save lives. It is, frankly, astonishing and utterly horrific that slavery still exists, in any form. It must be rooted out and stopped and we wholeheartedly support anything that might pull someone out of this awful situation. I would urge everyone to read the list of tell-tale signs and to stay vigilant.”

More information – and reporting suspicions

You can call the national Modern Slavery Helpline on 08000 121 700 to get help, report a suspicion or seek advice. And you can find out more at the Modern Slavery Helpline website.
TwitterFacebookGoogle + Source : Ealing news extra

25
Oct

Thousands Of Doctors Want FDA To Warn Women About Cheese And Breast Cancer Link

By Darwin Malicdem

Nonprofit organization Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) has called on the federal government to consider adding label to cheese ADVERTISEMENT products that would warn women about the risk of breast cancer. Doctors said hormones found in cow milk-based cheese could contribute to development of the disease. 

PCRM sent a petition to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) early in October as part of its campaign during the Breast Cancer Awareness Month, Insider reported Monday. The document highlights a study that found high-fat cheese products could increase breast cancer risk by 53 percent in women. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers breast cancer as the second most common cause of death for women in the country. The disease affects more than 240,000 women every year and causes more than 40,000 deaths.

PCRM aims to promote plant-based nutrition and lower consumption of animal products for better health. Up to 12,000 members agreed with the findings that cheese made from cow’s milk could be harmful. 

They are concerned with the hormones that can be transferred to cheese from cows during the manufacturing process. These potentially harmful hormones include IGF-1, which has been directly linked to breast cancer. 

“Instead of cheese manufacturers slapping a pink ribbon on products as they have done during previous Breast Cancer Awareness Months, they should be adding warning labels,” Neal Barnard, president of PCRM, said in a press release. “We want women to be aware that dairy cheese could put them at risk of dying from breast cancer.”

However, women can still continue eating some cheese and other dairy products, PCRM noted. Adding low-fat dairy products to diets could also offer some benefits, such as lower risk of cancer. 

The Mediterranean diet can be the best approach for people who want to add more cheese to their daily meals. This diet has been considered as one of the healthiest in the world because of a good combination of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and healthy fats.

No Danger In Cheese

One nutritionist expressed concerns with the study cited by PCRM in their petition. Keri Gans said the research involved too many variables to directly link cheese to breast cancer risk.

Women’s lifestyle and some dietary factors should be considered. She said a well-balanced diet would allow women to avoid the negative effects of cheese by managing daily consumption and intake of saturated fat. 

“There is no danger in cheese,” Gans added. “We can’t blame anything on one particular food, as much as we might like to. We need to look at a person’s total diet. I’m not convinced and I’m not sure the consumer should be either.”

cheese

Doctors said hormones found in cow milk-based cheese could contribute to development of breast cancer in women

Source: medical daily

25
Oct

KUWII AAN DOORANAY BAA NA KHIYAAMAY!

Waxay ahayd aroornimo Arbaca ah 10:00 barqanimo ee 24 July 2019, waxaa aan dhex lugeenayey wado cidhiidhi ah ee  suuqa gobanimo. Mudo laga joogo 23 Sano ah ayaa aan ka maqnaa magaalada Hargeysa,xiiso badan baan u qabey bal in aan wax badan ka ogaado,magaaladii aan ku dhashay kuna soo barbaarey, waxna ku soo bartey  Dugsiga Hoose,Dhexe New Hargeisa ,Shacab Boy,  ilaa dugsiga Sare Farah Oamar na ku dhameystey, bal xaalkeeda guud.Sidaa darteed waxaa aan u fiirsanayey wax kasta oo iga soo horbaxa dhegtuna waa I taagneyd . Waxaa dhegehayga ku soo duuley Ereyadaan iyo kuwo u dhow oo cabasho ah:

Meel la isku dhaafo ma jirto,ee iska suga inta jidku furmayo

I. Suuqyada

 waxay ka soo burqanayeen hooyoyin qudaarta ku gada magaalada hargeysa,gaar ahaan suuqa gobanimo, waa wadhatada qudaarta,balse dhibku iyaga oo qudha ma haysato,ee ganacsatada suuqa oo dhani waa la qabaan,dhibta xitaa suuqa gobanimo oo keliya ma aha ee cidhiidhigu meel walba waa ka jiraa, qof kastaaba waa dareemi karaa dhibta,cidhiidhiga.

Su’aalshii ugu horeysey ee aan isweydiiyey waxay ahayd:-

Hadii ay dhibaato la xidhiidha caafimaadka iyo badbaada (Health and Safety) maxaa ka dhalan kara suuqan?

Waxaa ku qiimeyey in aaney diyaar garow ku saabsan ka hortaga iyo u gurmasho midna aaney jirin ma ka helaysid calaamada khatarta,kama muuqdaan hadii dhibi ka dhacdo suuqa meela laga bixi karo ee dadku amaan bidi karaan, suuqaa dhami ma laha gargaar degdega ( FIRST AID) oo ay tahay meherad walba inay taalo sanduuqa yare  ee Gargaarka Degdeaga ah (FRIST AID KID).

Waxaa aan u doortey Su’aashaasi waxa ugu horeeya ee laga fikiro waa badbaada iyo nabadgelyada dadka sidaa darteed waa in muhiimada kowaad noqotaa suuqa in uu noqdo mid u diyaarsan ka hortaga dhibaato kasta oo ka dhalata hawlaha kala duwan ee nolol maalmeelka suuqa.

Hadaba Shaqadaa yaa u xilsaaran oo masuul ka ah? a- Ganacsatada b- Dawlada hoose

Iyo c– haydaha dabdamiska d- caafimaadka iyo Qofkasta oo ku nool goobtaa ama joogaa xilbaa kasaaran, caafimaadka iyo badbaadada suuqa.

Golaha deegaanka ee hargeysa,waxay ahayd shaqadooda loo doortey iney ugu horeyn xooga saaraan Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada (Health and Safety) oo Caasimadu noqoto mid u qalanta caasimad leh arimaha aas aasiga ah ee Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada ,qorsheyntooda, ku ilaalinta sharciga kormeerida iyo qiimeynta.

Ma waxaa la aqbali karaa magaalo madax intaas oo Gole deegaan leh in magaalada xitaa xafiiyada dawlada laga heli karan hal sanduuq oo ay ku jiraan agabka Gargaarka Degdega ah(First Aid Kid), iyo dad u tababaran oo caawiya marka qof u baahdo gargaar degdega inta gurmadka caafimaad soo gaadhayo.

Arinta Kale ee u baahan in laga fikiro waa Qabka loo agaasimo laydhka oo aan waafaqsaneyn qawaaninta Caafimaadka iyo Badbaadada (Health and Safety Regulations).

Magaalada Hargeysa iyo kuwo kaleba 0% waxay ku guuldareysteen in ay dabaqaan (basic standard health and safety international regulations).

II. Laydhka Hargeysa

Marka laga hadlayo laydhka waa in maskada lagu hayaa wadhaha ah Ugu horeyn  laydhka Badbaadada (Electrical Safety First).Waxaa ay xadhkaha laydhku ka wada laalaadaan qoryo aad u daciifa oo aad iska xajin Karin xitaa dabeyl yar oo soo dhacda leedheeda waxaa aad arkaysaa in aaney 10% ku habooneyn qodimada laydhka ee magaalada dhexdeedu laga taagey oo aaney safety ahayn, waxaa khatarta ay xadhka laydhku geesan karaan ka tahay 90% ma jirto cid kormeertaa cid masuuliyadeeda leh oo lagula xisaabtamayaa lama sameeyo test iwm.Waxaad arkeysaa xitaa qabka loo geliyo laydhka guryahu in aanu lahayn xitaa waafaqsaneyn nidaamka laydhgelinta ee caalamiga ah,ma jirto cid kula xisaabtanta shirkadaha laydhka aqoonta shaqaalaha geliya laydhka lama qiimeeyo,inanka laba cisho la tuso ayaa farsamo yaqaan loo yaqaan ama engineerba ah. Waxaa laga yaabaa kuwii aqoonta u lahaa in ay shaqo la’aan yihiin oo aan waxbaba loo diran.

Dadkii hawshaa lahaa waxay ku mashquulsan yihiin hawlo kale oo aan cidiba u diran, Haday Golaha degaanka tahay,hadey tahay dawladaha hoose kuwa gobolada,haydaha tayada iyo dawlada dhexeba waxaa shaqo laga dhigtaa Siyaasad iyo arimo kale oo aan loo idman waxaa aan qabaa in eeda aanay lahay cid qudha balse dhamaan ilaa goloyaashii kala duwanaa ee degaanda maayaradii kala dambeyey intuba ku guul dareysteen in ay wax ka qabtaan dhibaatada taala caasimada Hargeysa intuba waa dad u dhashay Magaalada mana dhibayso qaab darada iyo khatarta caasimadu markaa wax kale ma jiraane: kuwii aanu dooranay baa na khiyaamay!

Goldaloolooyinka iyo dayaca aan ku soo arkey hargeysa waa ka badan tahay labadaa aan xusey balse waxaa aan soo arkey magaalo ooyeysa daranyada iyo dayaca ka muuqda Jidadkeeda iyo guud ahaanba adeegii la filayey in ay fuliso, hargeysi waxay hooy u tahay dad kor u dhaafaya 1M oo qof waxaa ku jira dadkaasi :

-Madaxweynayshii qaranka soo marey ilaa kan hada, Ku-xigeenadoodii,golayasha qaranka,Madaxda Xisbiyada Wadani iyo UCID, Wasaaradaha iyo wasiirada heer qaran , Ganacsatada waaweyn ee Somaliland Sida Dahabshiil, Somcable iyo qaar kale. Intaas oo Culeys ah baa saran cid wax u qabatana waa la layahay xitaa qorshe wanaagsan oo magaalo madax baan diyaar u ahayn oo loo diyaarin mustaqbalka.

23
Oct

KACAANKII KU DHASHAY DHIIG LA’AANTA BALSE DAADSHAY DHIIGII UGU BADANAA TAARIIKHDA SOMALIDA INTA LA OG YAHAY!

Waxay ahay 21 Oktoobar 1969 kii Maalin Salaasa ah 3saac ee habeenimo,kolkii Saraakiishii ugu sareysey Ciidamadii Somaliya,ay afgabi kula wareegeen xukunkii dalkii Jahmuuriyada Somaliya.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee waxaa dadkii Somaliyeed ku soo dhaweeyeen heeso,iyo caleemo qoyan,waxaana dadku aaminsanayeen in ciidamadu ka dhiidhiyeen dhibaatooyin dhinaca siyaasada ,cadaalad la’aanta musuqa iyo eexda.Arintaasina waa mida u saamaxday in si niyad leh dadkii Somaaliyeed u soo dhaweeyaan.

Waxay Kooxdii Afgambiga ku qabsatey xukunku ku dhawaaqeen in dastuurkii dalka la laalay,wakiiladii laka direy la sameeyey Golaha Saree e Kacaanka,hogaamiyana uu u yahay Gen.Maxamed Siyaad Bare oo markaa ahaa Taliyihii Ciidamada muratiriga ee Somaliya.

Waxay soo saareen laba axdi oo ku saleeyeysan qodoba 13 ka kooban oo lagu dhaqayo siyaasada gudaha iyo debeda.

Dhalashada Kacaankii 21 Oktobar waxa dhiiga oo ku daatey ma jirin am acid kala hortimi xoog oo iska cabin kalama kulmin la wareegida xukunka,taasina waa tay iskugu magacdareen kacaankii aan dhiig ku daadan.

Bilowgii 4 sano ee ugu horeeyey waxaa kacaanku u muuqday mid dhiga horumarka iyo dal dhiska u socda,waxaa kordhay wax qabad ka sida Qoristii Afka Somaliga oo uu hirgeliyey,waxbeerashada oo la dhiirigeliyey,isku tashi dhinaca wax qabadka ah oo soo muuqanayey,waxaa aan taasna saldhig u ahaa dhalinyaro aqoon fiican leh oo xilal muhiima u magacaabey kacaanku hawl geliyey iyagu aqoontoodii uga faa’iideyey dalkoodii.

Kacaankii 21 Oktobar ee uu hogaaminayey Gen.Maxamed Siyaad Bare wuxuu Siyaasadii Dalka u jaheeyey dhinacaa iyo Shuuciyadii wuxuuna xidhiidh fiican la sameystey dalalkii Midowgii Sofiyeeti iyo isbahaysiyadoodii ,waxaana la abuuray xisbi hantiwaag ah Bishii Julay 1976 kaas oo saldhig looga dhigay siyaasada dalka ee dhinyada dhaqaalaha bulshada iyo ideology yadaba. Waxaa la abuurey Ciidamo loogu magac darey Guul-wadayaal oo ka kooban dadkii aan waxbaran ee aqoontoodu hoosaysey,waxaa la abuurey hawl wadaano xisbi oo aan iyagana lagu xushey wax loogu yeedhay kacaan yahano iwm dadkaasi oo 85% ahaa dad aan xitaa dugsi hoose ka bixin ,balse bartey afsoomaliga sida loo qoro ama qaarkood waxna akhriyi Karin waxna qori Karin oo ah ma gudbayaal.

Dadkii aqoonta,waya aragnimada lahaa ee hawlwadeegana iyo madaxda ka ahaa xafiiyada dawlada waxaa kacaanku u arkay kacaandiid oo shaqooyinkii baa laga fadhiisiyey,qaarna xabsiyada ayaa loo taxaabey,halkoodiina waxaa lagu bedelay dadkii aan aqoontaba lahay eek a soo gudbay koogagii aan waxba baran balse kacaanku u aqoon yaday kacaamiin daacad u ah kacaanka.

Maalintaa laga bilaabo waxaa bilawdey Burburkii aqoonta,waayo aragnimada,ee hawlwadeenadii meshiinka u ahaa shaqada dawlada,waxaana timi in nin aqoonyahana oo garanaya shaqada uu hoostago mid aan xitaa dugsi hoose ka qaadan shahaado,oo aan fahansaneen shaqada loo magacaabey balse bilada xisbii hantiwadaaga laabta ku sita oo loo gu yeedho kacaan,kaadir,hawlwadeen iwm.

Dhibaatooyinka uu Kacaankii 21 Oktobar uu soo gaadhsiyey Dalkii la odhan jirey Jamhuuriyadii Somaliya ma aha mid lagu soo koobi karo maqaalo iyo wax la mida,balse waa mid taagan ilaa hada waxaase lagu xusuustaa Arimahan:

  1. Xasuuqii Wadaadii ka horyimi Xeerkii Qoyska ee iyaga oo xaq ku doodaya lagu toogtay Xaqii ay sheegayeen.
  2. Xasuuqii Saraakiishii hogaaminayey dagaalkii 1977 kuwoodii ugu mudnaa ee dhagta dhiiga uu u darey Kacaankii 21 Oktbobar
  3. Xasuuqii 1978 kii ee Gobolada Dhexe markii majeerteenka lagu eedeyey inay inqilaab dhicisoobey dhigay.
  4. Xasuuqii 1984 kii Dadka rayidka ah ee iyaga oo ducaysanaya inta la soo qabqabtey lagu xasuuqay wakhtii uu taliyaha qaybta 26 uu ka ahaa Gen. Gaani gobolada waqooyi.
  5. Duqaytii iyo Dhiig bixii Magaalooyinka Hargeysa,Burco,Barbara, ee lagu dilay tiro boqolaal kun kor u qaaftey oo dad rayida ah Caruur,waayeel,iyo haweenba lahaa
  6. Dadkii Lagu Xasuuqay Gabiiley.
  7. Dadkii lagu xasuuqay xeebta Jasiira ee Muqdisho

Iyo in badan oo aan halkan lagu soo koobi Karin balse lahayo Data tooda oo ku hafidan meelo badan,hadii aynoqoto hayadaha caalamiga ah ee xuquuqda adamaha,dawladaha caalamka iyo Jimciyada Quruumaha ka dhaxaysa intuba waa laga helayaa xasuuqii uu geystey Kacaankii 21 Oktoobar waxaana lagu xusuustaa Kacaankii Xalaashaday dhiiga dadkiisa astaantiisuna waa Kacaankii “KACAANKII KU DHASHAY DHIIG LA’AANTA BALSE DAADSHAY DHIIGII UGU BADANAA TAARIIKHDA SOMALIDA INTA LA OG YAHAY!”

Arinta xiisaha lahi wali lama hayo cadaalad la horkeenay dadkii ka dambeyey xasuuqaasi balse waxaa lahayaa in Dawlada Federalka ee Somaliya u haysato Halyeyo qaran dadkii fuliyey xasuuqaasi aan qarsoomeyn ugu dambeyntii xasuuqayaashu waa ay helidoonaan abaalkooda mar uun ama Dunida ama Akhiro oo Allah ayaa Xisaabindoona hadii ay isleeyihiin dunida waa ku qarsoomaysaan oo dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya ayaa idin difaacaysa Alle (swt) cid kama difacidoonto. Dawlada Somaliya ee hadana waa qayb ka mid ah Kacaankii Siyaad Bare oo waxaaad kagaran kartaa ficilada xasuuqdoonka ah iyo habdhaqanka bulshada Somaliyeed ula dhaqanto.

22
Oct

Somalia must explain missing cash before receiving more foreign aid

by Michael Rubin October 21, 2019 02:15 PM

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in a January 2010 speech that “development was once the province of humanitarians, charities, and governments looking to gain allies in global struggles. Today it is a strategic, economic, and moral imperative — as central to advancing American interests and solving global problems as diplomacy and defense.” President Trump has been more dubious about the utility of foreign aid but has nonetheless allowed much of it to continue.

The international donor community has become its own lobby. Often, diplomats and donors believe the benefits of humanitarian assistance trump its drawbacks (although a new book by my colleague challenges that assumption). Corruption is often downplayed or ignored. To World Bank employees, for example, Paul Wolfowitz’s greatest sin during his short tenure at the helm was to prioritize anti-corruption accountability.

Somalia may provide a test case for Trump, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and their seriousness to reform foreign assistance. The Horn of Africa country received more than $50 billion in aid between 1991 and 2011 and hundreds of millions of dollars annually in U.S. aid ever since. U.S. Ambassador to Somalia Donald Yamamoto has promised to increase that amount.

Reports have now emerged that $18 million in aid from the European Union, Saudi Arabia, and the United Nations have disappeared. The government received the funding, but it did not pass through the Treasury’s account at the Central Bank. $18 million might be a pittance compared to the total aid Somalia receives, nor is it the only money that has disappeared. Transparency International has listed Somalia as the world’s most corrupt country for 16 years running. But, that $18 million could be a useful test for Prime Minister Hassan Khaire as he comes to Washington to ask for even more aid from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.

Pompeo and every senator on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee should demand that President Mohamed Farmajo and Khaire account for the $18 million before Somalia receives any more assistance. There was a chain of custody for that money, and it should not be difficult to determine through whom it last passed and who along its path lives above their means.

To suspend international assistance until Farmajo and Khaire can account for the missing money would signal accountability. An aid suspension might also enhance security, especially as corruption is one of the leading catalysts for violence in Somalia. In contrast, to enable assistance to move forward despite apparent embezzlement sends the signal that the World Bank, IMF, and the United States are not serious about the need for Somalia to reform.

Somalia’s endemic corruption also undermines the strategy of Yamamoto and international organizations the U.S. influences to channel money through Mogadishu to enable Somalia’s government to build patronage. That theory was questionable from the start and suggests tremendous ignorance of Somali history, but turning a blind eye to corruption undercuts whatever potential success the Mogadishu-first strategy might otherwise have had.

Hillary Clinton was correct that foreign assistance can bolster American interests, but Trump is right that too often in the past it was granted without clear reasons and accountability. The State Department and international organizations are content to conduct business as usual. The questions now are these. Is Trump serious about his desire to restore accountability and tie American interests to money granted directly by U.S. agencies or indirectly through international organizations? Second, do Khaire and Farmajo believe Somali government appointments are meant to rebuild the country or simply to enrich their appointees?

Michael Rubin (@Mrubin1971) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner’s Beltway Confidential blog. He is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former Pentagon official.

19
Oct

Political examples from Africa

By:Sherin Helal, Tuesday 15 Oct 2019

The success of the break-away Republic of Somaliland and other examples show the limits of Western political thinking on Africa, writes Sherin Helal

While Somalia has achieved notoriety in Africa as the most striking example of a failed state and the continent’s biggest battlefield, it has nevertheless also been able to present a model in the form of the autonomous Republic of Somaliland in the north of the country. This has not gained international recognition, but it retains the elements of a state capable of providing basic rights of life and coexistence.

It had been evident since 1988 that the Somali National Movement had long been in favour of the secession of the north when it raised its flag over the towns and cities it had seized control of with the expulsion of government forces. On 18 May 1991, the movement announced the formation of the Republic of Somaliland headed by Abdel-Rahman Ahmed Ali Nur, saying that it would be ready to hold free-and-fair elections within two years. In Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, the Somali Congress refused to adopt this declaration, pushing aside the separatist option and causing the Somali state to verge on internal collapse and ongoing instability.

However, since its unilateral declaration of independence in 1991, Somaliland has enjoyed independent administrative and political systems. It manages its sea and land borders through its army, police and security apparatus. Having a population of about 3.5 million, it maintains informal relations with many foreign governments that have sent delegations to the capital Hargeisa.

Ethiopia has commercial offices in Hargeisa, and relations between the two countries are highly regarded. Ethiopia has also set up a number of hospitals in areas that have special status with regional and international organisations. The new state is the result of a political and tribal consensus among the people of the region, and traditional tribal leaders have played a pivotal role in preventing tribal clashes.

 Although no other country officially recognises it, Somaliland has issued its own passports that enable holders to visit a number of countries, though most people who travel abroad use the passports of other countries. Somaliland receives part of the aid budget allocated to Somalia in general and has informal representative offices in a number of countries.

It has succeeded, unlike many of the surrounding countries, in overseeing the peaceful transfer of political power, as all its presidents have handed power to their successors through elections. Women are guaranteed representation in parliament, fortified by a state constitutional quota that reaches up to 30 per cent of the seats. Neither UN monitoring reports on elections nor UN Development Programme (UNDP) reports on human rights have registered significant violations in Somaliland, especially compared to the magnitude of such abuses in Mogadishu.

The earlier civil war in Somalia continued for decades, during which several foreign military interventions took place, starting with the United States followed by the United Nations and then the African Union and the IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) countries in the Horn of Africa. The case of Somalia is unique, and it raises many questions that may take years to answer. It is a regional and international arena open to politics, war, economics and even education and exploration in which international players have been represented with their own arms and tools for influence in the region.

Ranging from a superpower such as the United States all the way to Arab Gulf states such as the United Arab Emirates, foreign powers have been represented in the region through financing or involvement in military conflicts. Even Turkey has opted for a foothold that will enable it to exert an influence that appears to be economically and political imperialist. Few major powers seem to be absent from the scene, which has made it difficult for political observers to invite all the parties to meet at the table of reconciliation.

The circumstances and causes that separate states into states do not explain the absence of international recognition for the current political status quo in the country. We cannot predict the timing of such recognition when it comes, and it might be sooner rather than later. However, the delay of such recognition acts as pressure on Mogadishu to force it to accept the political and economic ambitions of the international powers.

All this is one example that forces political analysts to accept Africa’s own unique contributions to political science. Somaliland, Rwanda and Morocco have each presented a different approach to popular consensus as a form of government that political science, in its Western definition, refuses to recognise as good governance.

The Somaliland case enjoys its own form of political and economic stability to a dramatic extent and one unrelated to that of traditional democracies, whether consensual or participatory. This is while other political actors have left Somaliland’s grand dream to fall between the aspirations of ethnic factions and the aspirations of international powers.

The second case mentioned above, Rwanda, has risen economically and politically despite the rule of a dictator for more than a quarter of a century. The West praises Rwanda’s figures on indicators designed to measure democracy and political stability and economic and human development. The final case, Morocco, is a monarchy defined as a holistic political system, but it is the Moroccan people who hold the king in his position and reject Western interference while interacting in a positive manner with the political process in the country.

Given this political spectrum, we need to be ready to grant respect for African political models by reviewing and evaluating them according to their own unique considerations and circumstances.

*The writer is expert in African affairs.

source : english.ahram.org.eg

18
Oct

GARNAQSI CAARE, WADANI,MADAXWEYNE MUUSE IYO TIRADA YAR GARXAJIS KA QALDAN Q.1 AAD!

Wakhti badan ayaa dadka iyo dalkaba kaga lumay,shaqsiyaad dartooda uun ka fikiraya,oo aan dan iyo muraad ka lahay qaran iyo dawladnimo kuwaasi weliba waa kuwo cashuurta iyo dhaqaalaha kale ee qaranka ku tanaadey,lagu sharfay in ay madax ka noqdaan qarankan la daalaa dhacaya aqoonsi la’aanta iyo durufaha kale ee dhaqaale,caafimaad iyo shaqo la’aanta.Dadkaas waxaa ka mid ah ninka hore ciidamada qaranka uga tirsanan jirey ee ka gaadhay Darajada Koraneelka ee lagu magacaabo Caare. Caare Marka taariikhdiisa laga waramayo waxa la soo qaataa in markii dalka la soo galey uu dad ku laayey biliqo uu jiingado ka furanayey guryo dhisnaa, mudaa wixii ka dambeyeyna uu gaadhey derajada Koranelka. Weli taariikhdiisa kuma maqal inuu wax soo bartey,inuu kuliyada ciidan ka soo baxay,darajada sida uu u qaatey oo uu ku gaadhey Koranel iwm.Sidaa darteed miyaaney u muuqan in uu cadaalad daro ku helay derejada,kol hadii uu darajada si hadaalad daro ah ku helay soo maa aha in uu Cadaalad darada ku helo waxyaabo badan oo kale iley waa halkii uu ka soo aflaxaye.Hadii reernimo xitaa loo eego waxaa jiri kara tiro badan oo ay isku raas yihiin oo aqoon karti iyo wadaniyad ba leh oo u qalma derejada uu gaadhey iyo mid ka sareysa,kuwaas maxa garxajis ugu hadliwayey,in xaqooda helaan hadii reernimadu dhab inaga tahay,maxaa wadani ugu hadliwaayey hadii cadaalad raadintu dhab inaga tahay,mise arinku waa mushruuc kale,ragaasi weliba waa ka xishoonayaan iney reernimo wax ku helaan oo waxay aaminsan yihiin qaranimada iyo wadankooda,Kornal Caarana Mushaharkoodii buu ku sii faralaabey markii uu baxayey.Siyaasiinteenuna waa kuwa u doonaya in Caare xil loo dhiibo oo xitaa General laga dhigo Ciidamada Somalilandna uu hogaamiyo.

Waxaa ugu dambeeyey Cid u dooda Caare:

Guddoomiye ku xigeenka labaad ee Xisbiga Waddani Saleeban Ducaale Xaaji Jaamac, oo u waramayWargeyska Geeska Afrikaayaa ugu horeyn hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Carab iyo labadiisa daan ayaa is qabta oo is qaniina, adduunyadana waxaa la inoo keenay in la ina imtixaano,waa la is qabtaa, wixii la isku qabtana waa laga heshiiya, sida aynu ognahayna Madaxweynayaashii taladda dalka u kala dambeeyey jabhadihii wey wada cafiyeen , oo may u kala eexan, haddii ay tahay Jabhadii Suldaan Wabar , Jabhadihii kala ee ka horeeyey ama ka dambeeyey, sidaas darteed waxaa jiray dadaalo ku waajahna arinta Caare, oo Odayaal dhaqan oo ah Odayaasha Caare ayaa nabad ka keenay Caare, markaas gobonimadu waxay ku jirtay inuu Madaxweynuhu wada cafiyo Caare iyo Ciidanka raacayba, oo uu tixgeliyo Odayaasha u tagay,balse may ahayn inuu Ciidan oo qudh uu cafis u fidiyo”.

Sida aan qabo gobanimadu waxay ku jirtey in Odayaashu soo kaxeeyaan Caare oo ay horkeenan Madaxweynaha yidhaahdaana Caare waa kan ku horfadhiya maanta Madaxweyne hadii aad Cafiyeysid iyo hadii sharciga lagu qaadayabo naga gudoon,weliba xisbiga wadanina goobjoog ka ahaado kulankaa iyo waliba xisbiga UCID.Ma waxay ka liitaan hoyadan qaadatey go’aanka geesinimada ah bal ila daawo:

Tan kale doodii Madaxweynaha iyo Odayadii(Garxajis) Caare may ahayn mid dheeli tiran oo ku miisaaman xaqiiqda jirta ee dhabta ah waxaa ka muuqday dhaliilo dhinaca farsamada ah oo ay ka mid ahaayeen:

  1. Mayirka Ceeri-gaabo oo halkii uu ka ma telilahaa maamulka gobolkaasi dhinaca reerka mateley, Sidee ayey u suurgal tahay masuul qaran oo metelayey degaanka gobalka sanaag oo dhan in uu af hayeen u noqdo beel waxay ahayd in uu xilka iska casilo oo uu siga oo shaqsi ah u dodo Caare iyo Beeshiisa.
  2. Madaxweynuhu Si dhameytiran oo Cad umuu soo bandhigin Dhibaatada Qrankan uu gaadhsiiyey Caare,Taariikhdiisa nololeed,dembiyada loo haysto,sida ay muhiim u tahay in maxkamad la horkeeno,oo marka la xukumo ama wax lagu waayo arintiisa dib loo eego.

Arimaasi waxay fududeyn lahaayeen fahamka rayi caalamka ee Caare ayuu yahay muxuu sameeyey ee dhiba oo lagu eedeynayaa.

Waa mahadsan tihiin dhamaantiin.

 La soco qaybaha dambe ……….

17
Oct

DHACDO XANUUN BADAN!

14
Oct

Nobel Economics Prize Goes to Pioneers in Reducing Poverty

By Jeanna Smialek

Three professors, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, both of M.I.T., and Michael Kremer of Harvard, were honored.

Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, both of M.I.T., and Michael Kremer of Harvard University won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, both of M.I.T., and Michael Kremer of Harvard University won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.CreditCreditJonathan Nackstrand/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo of M.I.T. and Michael Kremer of Harvard have devoted more than 20 years of economic research to developing new ways to study — and help — the world’s poor.

On Monday, their experimental approach toward poverty alleviation won them the 2019 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Dr. Duflo, 46, is both the youngest economics laureate ever and the second woman to be honored.

The three researchers study problems like education deficiencies and child health scientifically. They break issues into smaller questions, search for evidence about which interventions work to resolve them, and seek practical ways to bring those treatments to scale.

“In just two decades, their new experiment-based approach has transformed development economics, which is now a flourishing field of research,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement.

Source: The new York times 14/10/19

13
Oct

MAXAY KULA TAHAY IN BARLAMAANKA SOMALILAND KA CAWDO QUSILAD YAR OO KA FURAN HARGEYSA?

Waxaa ugu horeynba aan qabaa in khaladka ay lee yihiin xildhibaanada golayaasha ee iyaga oo aan nidaamka dawliga ah marin si iskooda iskaga tagaya qusilad,waayo xildhibaanka ama masuulka sare ee qaran markuu safaaradaha ama qusiladaha arin uga baahdo waa in uu kala xidhiidhaa haydaha qaranka ee shaqada ku leh,si ay nidaamka dawliga ah u mariyaan codsiga masuulkaasi. Hadii se uu igagu sida dadka caadiga ah iska tago safaarada,oo uu safka dadka caadiga ah galo dee isaga ayaa meel qaldan maray markaa sida dadka caadiga ah baa loola dhaqmayaa.

Wasaarada arimaha debeda ee dalkasta oo aduunka ka mid ahi shaqada ugu mihiimsan ee ay qabataa waa difaaca danaha qarankeeda,waana isku xidhaha qarankaasi iyo qaramada kale ama haydaha caalamiga ah,ee dhinacyada,siyaasada,dhaqaalaha,iyo xidhiidhka caalamigaha.

The most important function of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the contemporary International system is to assist in formulating the nation’s foreign policy that will accommodate domestic policy content and use such policy to engage other nations through their foreign missions and other channels, with a view to realize her national interest- advancing their social, economic, cultural and political aspirations that will have positive impact on the nation’s citizens well-being.

Hadaba golaha wakiiladu Somaliland waxay ku ceebeesan yihiin arintan ay ka cabanayaan. Halkaas waxaa aad ka garan gartaa in aaney xitaa fahansaneed qaabka loola macaamilo wakiilada dalalka kale ee wadanka jooga (Ergada dalalka kale). Waa in wakiilada wax la baraa oo aqoontooda siyaasadeed kor loo qaado,hadii kale ceebtaasi iyo kuwo ka daranbaa aynu maqlidoonaa. Maxay dad wakil ka noqon iyagii baa ambanayee.

12
Oct

Suhuur waxay Jabisey Darbi in badani oo Siyaasin Somaliland ahi reexi kari waayeen!

Suhuur yare waxay gudbisay fariin Togan oo Siyaasiin badani kari waayeen in ay wadankooda iyo qadiyadiisa gaadhsiiyaan caalamka. Iskaba daa in ay Qadiyada Aqoonsiga Somaliland Caalamka gaadhsiiyaane waxay u xusul duubaan in ay qadiyada Somaliland xabaal ku ridaan.

Suhuur waa u hambalyeynayaa fariinta ay gaadhsiisay Caalamka iyo Madaxdaweynaha Rwanda Paul Kagame Talada uu Madaxweynuhu ka bixiyeyna waa mid muhiim ah oo iftiiminaysa mahmahda Somaliyeed ee tidhaahda NIN AAN HADAL HOOYADII QADISAY!

12
Oct

How to Handle Political Bullying on Facebook

woman's hands using a smartphone
diego_cervo / iStockphoto

By Sherri Gordon Updated October 06, 2019

Everyone has one—that Facebook friend that posts obnoxious, and sometimes offensive, political statements, articles, memes and more every day, multiple times a day. You know—that friend that has a strong opinion about anything and everything political. Even if you agree with her political views, you cringe at the inflammatory way she states her opinions.

If you find yourself in this situation, you are not alone. In fact, unfriending someone for their political views is fairly common.

According to a study by Pew Research Center, nearly 20 percent of social media users have blocked, unfriended or hidden someone because of their political posts online.

This fact should not be surprising. Civility in politics has been decreasing for a long time and people are losing patience with the rhetoric. Much of this increase in online bullying, shaming, and political bullying has to do with the changing culture and the ability to insult others on the Internet. These insults are often made through the use of blogs, social media and more. Consequently, it is not surprising that people have become much freer with their use of words. This has become painfully apparent in recent years as religious and political disagreements become more and more volatile. And while many people have embraced the freedom that social media provides, just as many are simply fed up.

A Closer Look at the Political Bullying in the 2016 Election

In the 2016 election, both candidates engaged in name-calling and other bullying tactics. For instance, Democratic presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton, called people who supported Republican presidential nominee, “deplorables,” and said they were irredeemable. Meanwhile, Trump labeled Clinton a “nasty woman” and referred to her as “Crooked Hillary.”

Even the supporters of each candidate engaged in bullying tactics. On social media, Clinton supporters shamed Trump supporters by calling them racists, homophobes, xenophobes and a variety of other labels. On the Republican side of things, supporters yelled “build that wall,” and chanted “lock her up” at rallies and posted similar sentiments online.

There is no doubt that the campaigning and debates in 2016 ignited tempers, unlike any other presidential race, has done. And while there has always been some mudslinging during elections, the 2016 election was much more volatile, much more personal. Many believe that the passionate disagreements were far more prevalent because of the ease and influence of social media. What’s more, social media empowers people to say things that they would never say to someone’s face. Much of this has to do with the fact that they can hide behind a computer screen.

As a result, during the election season, people on social media were not just ranting about how much they disliked the candidates, but they often took it a step further. They also ranted about how much they disliked anyone who might support an opposing candidate often engaging in name-calling, shaming, labeling and sometimes even threats of violence. It was cyberbullying at its worst.

And while most would argue that people have a right to speak their mind, is bullying through social media really free speech? Most would argue that in some ways the mean-spirited posts, the labeling, and the name-calling actually silence free speech. As a result, people are afraid to be honest about what they really think for fear of being judged or labeled.​

Additionally, when people do not talk about their views or why they believe a certain way, they start to make assumptions about what other people believe. This often causes them to believe that they are being judged. They also assume that people are displeased with them or disagree with them. Yet, they have never talked about what they truly believe nor have they asked why their friends believe the way that they do. As a result, there is a lot of hostility and frustration based solely on assumptions.

Tips for Dealing With Obnoxious Political Posts

If you are someone that would rather see posts about a person’s dinner than her monologue about a political candidate, here are some sure-fire ways to navigate the lack of digital etiquette on Facebook without losing your sanity.

Take a minute. When it comes to social media, it is easy to fire off a response before you really think about it. Resist the urge to react instead of respond. Slow down and take a minute. Scroll past the post and read something else. The goal is to avoid posting something equally inflammatory and then later regretting it. Remember, even if you delete your comment later, you can never truly make it go away. So put on the brakes. A thoughtful response, or even no response at all, is a much better approach in the long run.

Ask why. Not only does it allow for greater understanding, but it also broadens your own perspective. Just be sure to ask in a way that doesn’t put your friend on the defensive. You don’t want her to feel like she has to justify her feelings to you. Instead, keep the focus on the issues. Additionally, it might be best to have this type of conversation offline and in person. This way, you can actually see the emotions she is expressing rather than trying to assume you know by interpreting her words. A lot of interpretation is lost online. It is risky to assume you know what someone is feeling when all you have to go on are a few typed words.

If you do not understand why a friend feels so strongly, ask her. Find out how this impacts her life. Sometimes it helps to view the world through a different lens.

Ignore, scan or move on. Sometimes the best way to deal with cringe-worthy political posts is to simply scan through them and move on, especially if the post is simply a rant laced with name-calling and labeling. An even better option is to ignore them altogether. Remember, you cannot control what your Facebook friend posts online. And you probably won’t be able to change her mind or even get her to see your side of things. But you can control how you respond. And if reading her posts irritates you, ruins your day or causes you anxiety, then it is healthier for you to ignore them. Do not allow another person’s blanket bullying statements impact you and your day.

Utilize the hide or block options. Fortunately, Facebook offers some options for dealing with the deluge of political bullying that takes place online. One option is to “hide” your friend. With this option, you remain friends but you no longer see her posts in your newsfeed. A lot of people appreciate this option because they do not want the drama of unfriending someone online, but they also do not want to see their blatantly inappropriate posts any longer either. Of course, the other option is to unfriend the person and even block her from friending you again. This option should only be used in extreme cases where you no longer hope to have contact or a relationship with the person. It is very hard to salvage a friendship once you have unfriended or blocked them on Facebook.

Remember who you are dealing with. If you are friends with this person online, chances are you have some sort of relationship with the person. So when you see something that is unsettling, take a step back and look at the big picture. Is your friend going through a tough time right now? Could these political posts have something to do with a bigger issue in her life? Try to be empathetic and remember why you are friends with this person in the first place. However, if your friend’s political views define who she is as a person and it gets under your skin, you have some evaluating to do. Is this person a toxic friend that you should avoid, or is her friendship worth an effort?

Set some limits. If you find yourself getting too worked up about other people’s political posts and subtle bullying online, it might be a good idea to take a break. You need to protect yourself from the negative feelings these posts create in you. As a result, you may want to limit the time you spend on Facebook or take a break from it altogether. Or maybe the answer is to avoid engaging in any political discussions online. If you find that you absolutely have to say something in response to all the negativity online, consider journaling your responses but then never posting them. In this way, you have released your frustration by formulating a response, but you have not offended anyone, or ticked off your employer, by actually posting it.

Check your answers. Remember, there are a lot of unsubstantiated articles and information online. Make sure that if you do post a response to a political post, that your post is factual and can be verified. You don’t want to contribute to the plethora of misinformation that is floating around on Facebook. Make sure that what you post is factual, accurate and not offensive. Keep in mind, that your goal should become a conscientious poster and not just someone who shares sensationalized stories because of their shock value. The last thing you want to do is to become just like your obnoxiously-political friend. After all, you need to protect your online reputation

Source : VerywellMind

11
Oct

Somalia Open for Business, says Petroleum Minister: 15 Licenses on Offer

Minister invites investors to enter the country’s exploration and development industry

CAPE TOWN, South Africa, October 11, 2019/APO Group/ —

Rich in hydrocarbons and possessing a favorable geological structure, Somalia holds huge opportunities for investors looking to enter the East African market, said the country’s Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Hon. Abdirashid Mohamed Ahmed at the Africa Oil & Power conference.

“Nowhere is the contribution that the energy industry can make to civil society and economic development greater than in Somalia,” he said. Noting that the sector has the potential to greatly enhance stability and economic development.

On its path to transforming its petroleum industry and attract the attention of new investors, Somalia has made significant progress in recent years. This year, the country passed a new petroleum law which enabled it to make progress in exploration and development, and attract interest from oil and gas majors ExxonMobil and Shell.

“My ministry worked successfully with the six federal member states to develop an equitable and transparent framework for development, focused on the greater good of Somalia and all its people, whilst ensuring that we are highly competitive internationally to attract investment by delivering returns that are consistent with the risks and rewards of developing our off-shore industry,” said the minister

The minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector

Eager to demonstrate to the world that Somalia is open for business, the minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector.

“This includes seismic data recently shot by Spectrum covering 20,185 km. The current licensing round is in respect of up to 15 blocks, covering a total area of approximately 7,500 square miles.  The bid round will follow shortly after to ensure that the world knows: Somalia is open for business.”

Minister Ahmed also spoke on the attractiveness of the country’s production sharing agreement (PSA) model for offshore oil exploration and development – regarding it as being amongst the most attractive to investors in the frontier basins. The PSA provides a highly attractive regulatory fiscal framework that is both competitive and equitable for both the people of Somalia and international oil companies (IOC).

“By equitably linking of royalties and share of revenue closely to the price of oil, the Somalia PSA ensures that IOCs can recover their up-front development costs and earn a fair share profit even if oil prices fall, whilst maximizing the profit going to the Somalian people,” the minister explained.

The Africa Oil & Power conference and exhibition comes to a close today. For news and updates, visit www.AfricaOilAndPower.com

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Africa Oil & Power Conference.

10
Oct

The Relationship Between Sleep and Stress

By Elizabeth Scott, MS

If you find that you are stressed and not getting enough sleep, you’re not alone. In a national sleep survey, 40 percent of respondents said they aren’t getting the recommended amount of rest. Many of the stressors we face in modern life, such as traffic jams, difficult co-workers, or relationship conflicts, can trigger a fight-or-flight response, and prolonged exposure to this stress without relaxation can result in shorter sleep duration and poorer quality sleep. To improve sleep quality and cope with chronic stress, some strategies are more effective than others.

How Chronic Stress Affects Sleep

When you experience a perceived threat (physical or psychological, real or imagined), your body’s hormonal stress response gets triggered, creating a cascade of physical changes that lead to the release of glucocorticoids like cortisol by the endocrine system. The release of cortisol and other stress hormones creates a burst of energy that allows you to fight or run from a real and present danger.

A healthy stress response involves a quick cortisol spike followed by a rapid decrease once the stressful event has passed. This endocrine system response is controlled by negative feedback loops mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) access in the central nervous system.

What’s important to know in this context is that the HPA access also plays an important role in modulating the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle. Prolonged stress levels have been correlated with HPA access hyperactivity, decreased sleep duration, as well as reduced REM sleep and delta power, leading to poorer quality sleep, impaired memory, poorer mood regulation, which can, in turn, lead to more stress.

Stress Management Sleep Strategies

If your sleep problems are being compounded by the effects of stress, sleep may come easier with the implementation of healthy stress management techniques before bed. Coping with stress takes many forms, and can involve emotional engagement or emotional disengagement.

Notably, one study found that strategies that reduce emotional avoidance and enhance emotional awareness are helpful for reducing the impact of stress on sleep onset latency, while strategies that increase avoidance, such as alcohol use, can lead to longer sleep delays.

Healthy coping strategies that reduce emotional avoidance include meditation and simple breathing exercises, which can reduce stress and tension in the body, lower stress hormone levels, and help sleep come more easily.

Problem-solving can also be a way to reduce stress, but it can be stimulating and should be done earlier in the day rather than before bed.

It is important to leave enough time for stress management and also enough time for sleep itself. Educate yourself about additional stress management sleep strategies and read more about the benefits of a good night’s sleep to inspire you to figure out a plan to create space in your busy life to reduce your stress before bed.

A Word From Verywell

Not all sleep problems are due directly or entirely to stress. Certain hormonal changes that come with menopause or even natural aging can alter sleep patterns. Certain medications can also have an effect on sleep, as can caffeine, alcohol, and other things you consume. If you are feeling that you are managing your stress well and find that your sleep has not improved, you should consult your doctor to see if one of these other causes could be affecting you or if you might have a sleep disorder.

Source: Verywellmind

10
Oct

HAMBALYO ARDADA SHAQO QARAN EE KU BIIRAY CIIDAMADA QARANKA SOMALILAND

Shalay waxay ahayd Maalin qiimo badan waa markii ugu horeysey ee Ardayda loo asteeyey Shaqo qaran nasiib u heleen qayb ka mid ahi oo ka kooban 126 arday iney si rasmi ah ugu biiraan ciidamada Qaranka. kuwaas oo ka aflaxay barnaamijki shaqo qaran ee uu aasaasay Madaxweynaha qaranka Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi .in ay kala yihiin 112 wiilal , iyo 14 hablood oo dhammaantood ka mid noqday ciidamada Millatariga,booliska iyo asluubta.

Sida aan filayo waa kooxdii ku soo gasha ciidamada qaranka qaabkan ah:

  1. Arday
  2. Shaqo qaran
  3. Ciidamo Qaran
  4. Sarkaal

Waa nidaam wanaagsan oo aan ku iman qaab ku dhisan:

  1. Suuq- joog
  2. Reer keen (oday caaqil ah)
  3. Ha naloo qarameeyo (jug soo dhacdey)
  4. Dable

Sidaa darteed waxaa la idinka rabaa in aad hogaan u noqotaan Ciidamada qaranka idinka oo ku hagidoona shuruucda,edebta,iyo dhaqanka,aqoonta wanaagsan ee wadaniyada iyo u adeega dadka iyo dalka Somaliland.

Waxaa ku timaateen dariiq saxa oo nidaam dawladeed ah sidaa darteed waa in aad wax ka bedeshaan dhaqanka ciidamada ee aan la socon Karin wakhtigan casriga ah.

Waxaa filayaa in aad yeelaan doontaan takhasusaad kala duwan oo qaarkiin noqondoonaan

  1. Dhakhaatiir
  2. Engineero
  3. Dhaqaale yahano
  4. Macalimiin
  5. Sharci yaqaano
  6. Xoogaga gaarka ah (special forces)

Iyo in ka badan oo la xidhiidha takhasuuska kala duwan ee ciidamada qaranka, sidaa darteed waxaa idin lee yahay nasiib wanaagsan dhamaantiin.

Hogaanka Media Group.

10
Oct

Treasury Department bureaucrats risk jumpstarting Islamic State resurgence

By Michael Rubin

Treasury Department bureaucrats risk jumpstarting Islamic State resurgence

© Getty Images

It has now been 21 months since Kurdish forces, backed by U.S. Special Forces and U.S. air support, moved into Raqqa, the capital of the Islamic State. Earlier this month, I spoke at a Rojava Centre for Strategic Studies conference in Amudeh, Syria, exploring the Islamic State’s enablers, after which I had the opportunity to visit Raqqa as the local administration’s guest.

To enter Raqqa is to be overwhelmed by destruction. Thousands of former residents remain in tents at a camp alongside the road outside Ayn Issa. Most would like to return to their homes just 45 minutes’ drive away, but Raqqa remains largely destroyed. Driving into town requires passing the shells of apartment buildings stretching miles. Local authorities have given a face lift to Naim Square, where the Islamic State executed prisoners and mounted their heads, and rebranded it Freedom Square. The buildings facing the square, however, remain bombed out.

There are signs of life in the center of town: wedding dresses, children’s toys, and sweets sold in shops surrounded by rubble. Children played soccer in a stadium once used as the Islamic State’s chief prison. Graffiti on the stadium wall cursed the Islamic State and expressed love for Taylor Swift. Unexploded ordnance slows recovery, as workers clear rubble by hand, and tempers are short. The biggest obstacle to Raqqa’s recovery, however, lies in Washington rather than Syria: The U.S. Treasury Department has been sitting on the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver for the Syrian Democratic Council for four years.ADVERTISEMENT

Opposition groups in Syria can be an alphabet soup of acronyms but, in short, the Syrian Democratic Council is the umbrella organization for pro-American Syrian Kurdish militias like the People’s Protection Units (YPG), the all-female Women’s Protection Units (YPJ), and the Syrian Democratic Forces.

When I first visited northeastern Syria in January 2014, U.S. diplomats had refused to talk to the Syrian Kurdish opposition out of deference to Turkey. The United States reconsidered its position due to both Kurds’ effectiveness against the Islamic State and Turkey’s double-dealing on terrorism. The United States began talking to the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), in December 2015, and almost immediately, the SDC applied for a U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver so that they could hire American companies to participate in reconstruction and so that they could spend their own money in the United States. The SDC does not ask for handouts: one of the biggest differences between my most recent trip and my first is that the oil derricks between Qamishli and the Tigris River are now operating but absent a waiver, the SDC cannot legally spend money in the United States or elsewhere.

It is unclear whether inertia or a misguided strategy motivates OFAC to sit for years on the pending SDC waiver: The group is pro-Western and cooperates closely with Washington. The Treasury Department previously granted the Syrian National Council, the political arm of the Free Syrian Army, a waiver even though extremists and terrorists have infiltrated the Free Syrian Army. In contrast, U.S. military members in Syria trust the SDF more than local partners in Iraq or Afghanistan; there has not been a single instance of SDF men or women turning on American mentors.

The Treasury Department’s inaction not only handicaps diplomacy but also undercuts U.S. strategy.

Isolating Syrian President Bashar al-Assad remains a core U.S. interest. The Kurds dislike Assad: He voided citizenship papers Kurds need for school and employment, and imprisoned Kurdish activists. However, given Turkey’s support for Islamist radicals and its anti-Kurdish ethnic cleaning in areas of Syria the Turkish army occupies, Syrian Kurds fear Turkey more. Simply put, Treasury’s failure is pushing pro-American Kurds back toward Assad.

Numerous diplomats castigate the Iraqi government for its failure to reconstruct Mosul after it was damaged first by Islamic State conquest and then its liberation. Diplomats fear frustration could fuel Islamic State resurgence. The same is now true with Raqqa, where frustration is palpable. The only difference is that if Raqqa erupts, the blame will not be on a foreign government, but on the glacial pace of the U.S. government’s own bureaucracy.

Michael Rubin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. A former Pentagon official, he teaches classes on terrorism for the FBI and on security, politics, religion and history for U.S. and NATO military units. He has a Ph.D. in history from Yale University.

Source: Thehill.com

9
Oct

FAALO KOOBAN GARXAJIS, CAARE IYO MADAXWEYNE MUUSE IYO SOMALILAND?

Mar walba aragtida waxaa laga eegaa dhinaca wanaagsan,balse in la qaadaa dhigo wixii la isla gaadhey ma xuma oo waa fikir ka dhiibasho iyo aragti guud uun.

20/08/18 ayaa lagu qorey Puntland mirror warkan:

Qardho-(Puntland Mirror) Siciid Cawil Caare, oo ahaa sargaal hore oo katirsan ciidamada Somaliland, ayaa bilaabay dhaqdhaqaaq jabhadeed oo ka dhan ah maamulka Somaliland.

Caare ayaa sheegay in Somaliland uu uga soo tagay cadaalad daro iyo dulmi.

“Markii aan ka dhex arki waayay cadaalad, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay dowlad loo simanyahay, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay horumar balaaran oo ummadu u simantahay, waxaan go’aansaday in aan saldhig weydiisto Puntland si aan u suuliyo dulmiga,” ayuu yiri.

Waxaa ku xigey muqqlkan oo 24/11/18 wuu ku sheegay warkan:

Waxaa aan isweydiinaynaa Caare iyo abaabulkiisa ayaa ka dambeyey?

Waxaa ka dambeeyey oo uu ka dhashay tabashadii doorashadii xisbi Wadani ee guuldaradii Cabdiraxman Ciro taas oo aan xisbiga wadani khilaaf ka muujiyey in doorashada lagaga adkaadey taageerayaashii qayb ka mida oo ah jilibkiisa ay qaarkood isku dustey in ay xoog kula wareegaan talada dalka taas oo ay Puntland u direyn ciidan uu hogaaminayo ex.K.CAARE taasi oo ay isku tuseyn talada ay xukunka ku qabsan karaan.Ka dib waxaa ku soo biirey dadkii danaynayey in ay meel ka soo galaan siyaasada dalka,kuwo dhaqaale kaga raadinaya qaranka,kuwo xilal ku gorgortamaya,kuwo aan waxba ka ogeyn oo magaca garxajis uun maqley iyo kuwo kale oo u arkey in ay fursad siyaasadeed tahay oo Somaliland lagu kala qaybin karo.

Cadaad daro ayuu sheegay Caare in uu Somaliland uga tegey hadii ay runtii tahay oo uu cadaalad daro uu Somaliland hubka ugu haatey ma saxbaa in dal dimoqraadi ah oo mar walba doorasho laga qabanqaabiyo in hub iyo xoog afgambi cadaalad u keeni karto caqliga iyo aragtiyaha siyaasadu midna ma ogola isbedel xoog ku yimaadaa cadaalad ma keeno balse waa aas aaska cadaalad darada. Hadaba Care iyo cidii la aas aastey Jahbada waa in la soo bandhigaa oo taariikhda ay galaan,si loo fahmo Caare garanaye yaa ku wahaliya hawsha waxaa jira sida uu Caare ama taageerayaashiisu sheegeen dad dhaqaale hub lagu iibiyey iyo xitaa gaadiid bixiyey dadkaasi lama yaqaan balse dadka reer Somaliland waxay u baahan yihiin iney ogaadaan cida ay yihiin. Waa xil xukuumada saran inay soo bandhigto dhamaan xogta iyo hogaamiyasha Jabhadan hubeysan,Golaha guurtida oo xaga nabada u xilsaaran iyo golaha wakiiladuna qaybaha dawlada iyaga kula xisaabtamaan (hold them accountable ). Cafiska iyo Saamaxaadu waxay timaataa marka la og yahay dhibaatada,cida gashay inta ay leeg tahay si cafisku u noqdo mid marey dariiqii saxa ahaa,oo la fahmey waxa dhib dhacdey iyo cida dusha ku qaadatey ee laga saamaxayo.Dawlada Somaliland waxaa la gudboon in ay gudi gaara u saarto xhashiiskaasi Caare ,Garxajis,Muuse iyo Somaliland gudigan oo qiimeyn iyo darsid ku sameynaysa dhibaatooyinka,xalka,iyo waafajista shuruucda qaranka si si cad loo ogaado natiijada heshiiska.In hashiis lagu dhameeyaa dhibkastaba waa arin wanaagsan balse waa in arin walba salka ku haysaa isxisaabin iyo hayn xogta si cida heshiiska ka hortimaada loogu xukumo dhamaan,wakhtigii,iyo dhaqaalihii ku baxay heshiiska waayo qaranka wakhtigaa iyo dhaqaalaha ku baxa fadhi kasta waa mid lagu qaban lahaa shaqo kale oo qaranka wax tar u leh.

5
Oct

Hanna Yusuf death: Tributes paid after ‘incredible’ BBC journalist dies aged 27

by James Morris

a person posing for the camera

© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited

Tributes have been paid to “incredible” BBC journalist Hanna Yusuf, who has died at the age of 27.

Ms Yusuf wrote for the corporation’s website and as recently as August had exposed working conditions at Costa Coffee, with workers alleging managers’ refusal to pay for sickness or annual leave. The story prompted the café giant to launch an audit.

The cause of her death is unknown. Her family said in a statement that it was “sudden and unexpected and has come as a shock to us all”.

The tribute went on: “Hanna was a dedicated young vibrant professional who became a bridge between the media and the community, helping break boundaries in providing a voice and representation.

Maryam Nemazee standing in front of a building: Hanna Yusuf's death was

© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited Hanna Yusuf’s death was

“Many will know Hanna for her incredible contributions to journalism and for her work at the BBC.

“While we mourn her loss, we hope that Hanna’s legacy will serve as an inspiration and beacon to her fellow colleagues and to her community and her meaningful memory and the people she has touched for many years lives on.”

Fran Unsworth, director of BBC News, said: “This is terrible news that has left us all deeply saddened.

“Hanna Yusuf was a talented young journalist who was widely admired across the BBC and our utmost sympathies go to her family and many friends. Hanna will be much missed.”

4
Oct

SARYAN MUSEUM WAA QAYB KA MIDA HORUMARKA SOMALILAND

Museum Saryan

Museumkan Saryan waa mid casri ah waxaa aan booqday 15/07/19 in kasta oo aanan wakhti badan u helin inaan kawada bogto taariikhda iyo asraarta ku duugan qaybaha uu museumku ka kooban yahay wakhtiga oo igu yaraa awgii hadana aad baan ugu qushuucay,ugana helay ,waxaa jirey dhalinyaro iyaguna daawanayey wakhtigaa Museum .

Runtii sideedaba  Museum yadu waxay ka mid yihiin waxyabaha lagu qiimeeyo heerka ay umadi ka gaadhey ilbaxnimada waxaana lagu kaadiyaa dhaxalka umada ee farsamada,dhaqanka.taariikhda,aqoonta iyo wax wal oo umadi ku soo dhaqmi jirtey bilowgii  ilaa maanta.

Waxaa kula talinayaa Hayadaha waxbarashada iyo kuwa dalxiisku inay taageeraan Museumkan oo ay ku dhiirigeliyaan ardayda iyo dadka dalxiisayasha ahba in ay booqdaan,walibana ardayda lageeyo Museumka oo ay wakhti ku soo qaataan,waxbarashadana lagu daro safarada(trips) gaagab oo lagu tago meelaha taariikhiga ah ama lagu keydiyo sida ardayda caalamkaba loo geeyo meelahaa.

Maamulka Meseumkana waxaa aan kula talin nayaa in uu u diyaariyo dadka dalxiiska ah ama dadka kale iyo ardaydaba maalmo ay soo bookhan karaan oo gaar ah.

Dadka reer Somalilandna waxaa kula talinayaa in ay Museum koodan dhaqaaleeyaan oo ay ku taageeraan xoog,xoolo iyo aqoonba.

Waad Mahadsan tihiin

diyaariye: Maxamed rashiid

4
Oct

Excessive Social Media Use Comparable to Drug Addiction

Social Media and Addiction

How People Become Hooked on Social Media and What to Do About It

Researchers at Michigan State University have found that people who report using social media a lot tend to struggle with decision-making. As part of their study, participants answered questions about their social media use. The questions were tailored to see how dependent people were on social media, as well as how they felt when they couldn’t use it and how they would feel about never using it again.

After the survey, the participants completed a common psychological task known as the Iowa Gambling Task, which helps gauge value-based decision-making skills. During the task, the goal is for the participants to collect as much money as possible. The researchers found that those participants who spent more time on social media were likely to have less money at the end of the task. Meanwhile, those who spent less time on social media finished the task with more money.

Because this type of deficit in decision-making skills often goes hand-in-hand with drug addiction as well as a gambling addiction, the researchers likened the results of excessive social media use to aspects of an addiction.

In another study, researchers explored what it would “cost” for certain participants to deactivate their Facebook profiles for up to one year. Consequently, experimental auctions revealed that it would anywhere from $1,000 to more than $2,000 for participants to cancel their Facebook profiles for that length of time.

Still, some users refused to bid at all, which researchers believe signaled their dependence on Facebook and their unwillingness to even consider deactivating their accounts. These results show just how dependent, or addicted to, social media some people are that they would not even consider deactivating their accounts for a year, despite being paid.

Other Issues With Excessive Social Media Use

For some people, the thought of not being able to check their social media accounts causes them to break out in a cold sweat. They get nervous and anxious and are not sure how to handle the situation. When this occurs, therapists often refer to this as social media anxiety disorder, which may share similarities to social anxiety disorder.

This connection is not surprising given that anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder in the United States; and technology seems to be making things worse. In fact, appears that the more technology people acquire, the more stressed out they become.

For instance, researchers estimate that 20 percent of people with social media accounts cannot go more than three hours without checking them; and for people with social media anxiety disorder, just being away from their social media accounts for just a few minutes can cause severe anxiety.

Signs You (or Your Teen) Are Hooked

Aside from the obvious anxiety and nervousness that being away from social media can cause some people, there are some other telltale signs that they may have an addiction to social media. These include everything from isolating themselves from others, losing interest in activities they once found enjoyable, and getting agitated, angry, or anxious when they are unable to check social media. Following is a closer look at some of the signs that you (or your teen) may be hooked on social media:

Anxiety, agitation, or anger when you cannot check social media. Not being able to check social media is not a life-threatening situation. But, for some people, not being able to get online and check their status and their updates can feel like one. Even though they may feel embarrassed or confused by their reactions, they often feel like they cannot control their feelings or their situation.

Interrupt conversations to check social media. Sometimes people can be so obsessed with the online world that they have trouble staying in the moment or paying attention to what others are saying. Consequently, their faces are often buried in their phones; or, they may appear distracted and constantly check their phones.

Lie to others about how much time is spent online. Most people who struggle with social media addiction are embarrassed by how much time they spend online. So, they lie to their loved ones about how much they are scrolling social media. They know they should not be online so much, but they just cannot help it.

Withdraw from family and friends. When social media addiction progresses, it can become consuming of a person’s time and energy. As a result, a person with an addiction to social media will withdraw from family and friends and spend most of their time in the virtual world.

Lose interest in other activities. As social media takes up more and more time, it becomes the most important thing in a person’s life. Consequently, the addicted person will spend the bulk of their time on social media and very little time doing the things they once loved.

Neglect school or work in favor of social media. One hallmark of addiction, is the way that it consumes a person’s time, energy, and attention. For this reason, many people with social media addiction often neglect their schoolwork or their work assignments because they cannot tear themselves away from social media.

Experience negative impacts to your personal or professional life. One of the biggest indicators that you or your teen has a problem with social media is when it starts interfering with your life in a negative way. For instance, grades start dropping and deadlines are missed for school or work are definite indicators that there is a problem.

Feel stressed and that your life is lacking. It is important to remind yourself (and your teen) that what you see on social media is just another person’s highlight reel. They have normal, boring days filled with work and obligations just like everyone else. Remind yourself that if social media makes you think that your life is boring, it is not going to get any better sitting there obsessing about it. You have to get out and enjoy your life – experience it – not just document it.

Practical Ways to Monitor Social Media Use

Whether you want to monitor your social media use, your teens’ use, or both, there are a number of steps you can take to see not only how often you are using social media, but also to determine if you are using it in healthy and productive ways.

Manage Notifications

When notifications from social media ping on your phone all day, every day, it can be challenging not to toggle over to your social media accounts and see what is happening.

For this reason, it can be extremely useful, and preventative, to turn off the notifications on your social media accounts. This way, instead of social media beckoning you to check out what people are posting or saying, you are in control. As a result, you are free to check social media at times that are convenient for you rather than feeling you should check right away when your phone pings.

Meanwhile, you may want to turn on notifications for when your kids post to their social media accounts.

In other words, you can set up notifications on your account to notify you know anytime your teen posts something on their social media account. This way, you can see what they are posting, how often they are posting, and determine if they need some tips on digital etiquette or to take something down.

With notifications, hopefully you see a questionable post before too many other people do.

See Certain Posts First

On some social media accounts, like Facebook, you can set guidelines that allow you to see certain social media posts first. What’s more, you also can indicate who your “close friends” are so that you get notifications when they post. (You can still get notifications when they post that do not alert your phone immediately. Instead, these notifications are only listed in the notifications tab.)

When you set up these types of parameters on social media, you are making it work for you instead of allowing it to push you into behaving or interacting in a certain way. Additionally, these types of parameters make it much easier to just see what you want on social media rather than scrolling through every post in your feed. This way, it is much easier to limit the time you spend on social media.

Conduct a Social Media Audit

One of the best ways to get a picture of how you or your teen is using social media, is to conduct a social media audit. Take a look at the posts, photos, and comments. Then consider what these things say about you and your social media use.

For instance, are you posting every day, multiple times a day? Or do you go days or even weeks without posting? If you find that you are posting every day, multiple times per day, you may want to take a closer look at how much time you are spending on social media.

Your social media audit could be your first clue that things are starting to go off the tracks somewhat.

Track Your Time on Social Media

Whether you use your phone’s settings or get a free app like Quality Time, there are countless ways to manage your time and track how much time you are spending not only on your phone but also on social media, Netflix, and online gaming.

Once you know how you are spending your time, you will be able to set goals and limits for your social media use. Additionally, some apps allow you to add family members so that you can all disconnect or unplug together as well as keep one another accountable.

A Word From Verywell

Social media is a fun way to document and share your life, especially with friends or relatives that live far away. But just as with anything else in life, there is such a thing as too much. If you find that you (or your teen) are spending a lot time on social media, and it makes you anxious when you cannot check your posts or see what others are doing, then that is a red flag that something is wrong. It is time to take some steps to cut back and truly experience life around you rather than just document it.

Additionally, if you are showing signs of social media anxiety, or if you feel like social media is impacting your decision-making, you may want to schedule some time with a counselor or therapist. They can help you work through your anxiety and make sense of your feelings as well as provide you with ideas on how to make healthy changes in your life.

By Sherri Gordon

Source: Verywell mind

3
Oct

Maxaa ka Jira in Shimbiro Dad qaad ahi Somaliland soo booqdeen!

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