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This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum. Author: Kaya Bulbul, Digital Media Specialist, World Economic Forum Our ocean faces an unprecedented set of interconnected challenges. The winners of the Ocean Solutions Sprint, a competition to find the best ideas to save our ocean, have been announced. […]3 innovations which are leading the fight to save our ocean — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
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This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum. Author: Nicholas Davis, Professor of Practice, Thunderbird School of Global Management and Visiting Professor in Cybersecurity, UCL Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy & Algirde Pipikaite, Project Lead, Industry Solutions, Centre for Cybersecurity, World Economic Forum COVID-19 […]What the COVID-19 pandemic teaches us about cybersecurity – and how to prepare for the inevitable global cyberattack — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
Sida ku cad warqad sira oo laga helay wasaarada gaashandhiga ee Somaliya laguna baahiyey qaarka mida baraha bulshada ayaa waxaa isa soo taraya hubka qarsoodiga ah ee dawlada federalka ahi ka heleyso dalal kala duwan iyo qaar ay ka soo iibsaneyso suuqyada modow ee caalamka,xili dadkii somaliyeed gaasho iyo xanuun ugu ildaran yihiin magaalooyinka waaweyn ee konfurta Somaliya,oo xitaa deeqihii loogu talagaley ee caalamku bixiyeen sida kuwa laga hortageyey Covid-19 suuqyada dalalka deriska la ah somaliya iyo suuqyada somaliya si suuqmadow ah loogu kala iibsanayo sidey sheegayaan ilo xogogaal ah.
Halkan ka daalaco waraqadan oo ka hadleysa hubkaasi,sida la sheegayna ka soo baxdey wasaarada gaashandhiga ee Somaliya
Wax qarsoon ma aha dhibaatada dawlada federalka ahi kawado gudaha Somaliland, oo ay ku doonayso iney ku mijo xaabiso nabada iyo wada noolaansha, sida aan xogogaal u nahay siyaasiin badan oo bulshada caalamka ka tirsani way la socdaan,sida ay wax u socdaan balse waxaa aad moodaa in dhinaca Somaliland ay ka jirto il duuf, iyo dabagal,baadhitaan lagula soconayo falalka dawlada farmaajo ee ku aadan khalkhal gelinta degenaashaha iyo jiritaanka Somaliland sidaa darteed waxaa la gudboon dawlada Somaliland in ay isha ku hayso ficilada lagu khadburayo nabada,walaalnimada dadka reer Somaliland ee layskaga horkeenayo,arintaa waa in dawlada Somaliland ka foojignaataa si dhawno ula socotaa macluumaadkana la wadaagtaa dawladaha Somaliland la saaxiibka ah,golaha amaanka UN, iyo UN ta laftigeeda,ururka AU, Mareykanka, UK iyo Midgowga yurub.
Dhaqaalaha lagu Caawiyo Somaliya waxaa ay uga faa’iideysataa mijo xaabinta iyo qalaalasaha Somaliland iyo qaar ka mida Dawlad goboleed yada federalka Somaliya.
Warka uu Madaxweynaha Dawlad goboleedka Somaliya ee Puntland mudane Siciid Cabdilahi Deni uu ku bixiyey wareysiga uu siiyey BBC da eek u saabsan in dawlada federalka ahi ku hawlan tahay arimo nabada Qatar ku ah oo ay ka wado gudaha Somaliland waa war ay siweyn wax uga jiraan oo horeba loo ogaa balse khatarteedu waa mid imika soo gaadhey heer ka halis badan meeshii hore.
Dawlada Somaliland waxaa aan kula talinayaa in ay dacwad ka dhana dawlada federalka ah ee Somaliya gaar ahaan Xukuumada uu hogaamiyo farmaajo u gudbiso Golaha Amaanka ee qaramada midoobey,masuuliyada dagaalo ka dhaca Somaliland gudaheeda in uu masuuliyadeed aaney cidi la wadaagin Madaxweynaha Somaliya iyo xukuumadiisa.
Marka la eego duruufaha ku xeeran Somaliya waxaa bulshada calamka la gudboon in ay dib u eegto aragtida wada hadalada Somaliya iyo Somaliland,si bulshada caalamku uga digtoonaato khalad weyn oo khasaare ku keena dadaalka caalamka ee arimaha Somaliya
Waa hadii bulshada caalamku rabto in somaliya guud ahaan guuleysato oo natiijo wax ku ool ahi ka soo baxdo dadaalkooda ku aadan Somaliya guud ahaan arimahani waxay u baahan yahiin wax ka bedel jadwalka ama road map ka Somaliya oo hada ku saleysneyn qorshe cilmiyeesan oo xalili kara dhibaatooyinka ka jira Somaliya ee aan cidna caad ka saareyn.
Somaliland laga soo bilaabo 18 May 1991 waxay mideysay dadkeedii oo ay u sameysay maamul iyo kala dambeyn waxaaney ku guuleysatey in ay xaliso dhibaatooyinkii uu ka tegey burburkii iyo xukunkii dawladii Somaliya iyada oo shirar dabeed(beesha caalamku) u qabatey iyo cid taageertey toona aaney jirin Alle mooyee.
Somaliland Somaliya waxaa ka dhexey midow laba dal oo 1 July 1960 way midobeen, taas macnaheedu waxaa uu yahay Somaliland si rabitaankeeda ah ayey ugu biirtey Somaliya rabitaankeedana way kaga baxdey sidaa darteed caalamka waxaa la gudboon in markasta oo somaliya iyo Somaliland wax layska weydiinayo maskaxda lagu hayaa kala duwaanshaha dal kala go’ay iyo laba dal oo kala baxay meesha laga bilaabayaa waa taa, ee ma aha somaliya oo ah hal dal ee waa somaliya oo ahayd laba gobol oo midoobey .
Somaliya iyo Somaliland Khilaaf baa ka dhexeeya ku saabsan masiiro umadeed sidaa darteed
Bulshada Caalamka waxaa la gudboon in hadii la rabo in Somaliland iyo Somaliya la dhexgalo in marka hore mid walba si gaara loola dhaqmo taasi macneheedu wuxuu yahay:
- Somaliya waxa caalamku u dhisay dawlad federalka ah ee Somaliya dawladaasi waxay quseysaa Somaliya oo qudha waayo Somaliland qayb kamey ahayd talona kumey lahayn,sidaa darteed cid ku qasbi karta ma jirto in ay u hogaansanto ama ay qab ka noqoto wax aaney waxba kala socon kana saxeexin.
- Dawladii federalka ahaa ee Somaliya loo sameeyey weli ma aha mid ka Talisa oo maamulsha xitaa intii wada dhisatey oo lama odhan karo waa mid guuleysatey balse waa mid gurguurad ku jirta.
- Dalada federalka ah ee Somaliya loo dhisay ma aha mid gaadhey oo ku dhasan codka dadka Somaliyeed ee ku salaysan hal qof iyo hal cod ee waa mid farasmo ama xal lagu dhisay.
- Waxaa jirta in ay umuuqato in xitaa dhaqaalaha caalamku ku caawiyo lamariyo nidaamka musuqa iyo ku fulin halo lagu kharbudo xasiloonida Somaliland ama gobolada kale ee federalka ka mida.
Hadaba hada waxaa la joogaa wakhtigii Somaliland caalamku taageeri lahaa hadii caalamka hogaamiyashiisa iyo bulshada caalamkaba dhab ka tahay daacadna ka yihiin qadiyada Somaliya iyo Somaliland.
Somaliland waxaa loo baahan yahay:
- In mucaawimada beesha Caalamku wixii ay ku taageryso toos u soo mariso Xukumada Somaliland waayo caawimada ma aha aar goosi siyaasadeed
- In Somaliland dadkeeda oo in ka badan 99% maanta aaminsan yihiin in ay horumar gaadheen intii ay somaliya ka maqnaayeen la dhowro xoriyadooda aas aasiga ee baaqyada caalamiga ah ee xoriyada siyaasada,dhaqaalaha iyo bulshada.
- In dawladaha sheega inay xuquuqda adamiga ilaaliyaan iyo ururada xuquuqda adamiga meel wariyaan in la soo saaro lana maxkamadeeyo dadkii xasuuqii Somaliland masuulka ka ahaa oo aad moodo in la aan waxbaba layska waydiineynin arintaa hadii wax laga qaban waayo waxay noqoneysaa arin ku suntanan doonta tacadiyada ay dawaneyso UN.
- Waxaa lagama maarmaan ah in haydaha bixiya abaal gudka nabada ay dib u eegaan sababta odayaashii iyo Siyaasiintii dhidbey nabada Somaliland looga qadiyey Abaal gudyada Caalamiga ah ee la siiyo dadka wax u qabta dadkooda iyo caalamkaba haydahaasina waxay yeelandoonaan dhaliishooda cadaalad daro.
- Somaliland waxay wada hadal la gashay Somaliya qobadii lagu heshiiyey Somaliya way ka muquuratey bulshada caalamku waxba kama odhan Somaliya caadisna laguma saarin.
Ugu dambeyn dalalka iyo bulshada caalamka ee daneenaya arimaha Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxaa la gudboon inay indhahooda u furan si balaadhan oo aaney dhinac qudha uun waxba ka eegin balse u fiirsadaan ficiladooda iyo waxtarkooda meesha ay marinayaan.
Waxaa aan qabaa in aan weli lagaadhin wakhtigii la odhan lahaa Somaliya iyo Somaliland baa wada hadlaya balse waxaa la joogaa wakhtigii labadaba laga taageeri lahaa hanaanka geedi u socodka dhismaha laba qaran oo si isku mida loogu taageero af iyo aduunba iyaga oo sidaa u kala gooniya markey sidaa ku soo dhismaana ee Somaliya Cagaheeda isku taagto afti laga qaado dawlad ay soo dhisato ka dib la qaban qaabiyo wada hadalka oo bisil.
Hadase waxaa bulshada caalamka la gudboon iney ka taxatirto khalad weyn oo ah qasab iskugu geyn laba dal oo markii horaba iyagu ikhtiyaarkooda isku raacay arintaasi hadii bulshada caalamku isku daydo wixii ka dhasha iyaga ayaa masuul ka noqondoona.
Dadka Somaliland waxay tirsanayaan dhibaatooyin badan oo ka soo gaadhey dalal badan oo caalamka ka mida oo lagu xasuuqay dhaqaalihii iyo hubkii ay Somaliya siinjireen waxaana kow ka ah dalka Mareykanka oo ku andacooda in uu dhiso dimoqraadiyada,waa marag madoonto in hubkii iyo dhaqaalihii dadka mareykanka ee uu ku caawinayey dawladii Somaliya ee Siyaad Bare lagu xasuuqay in kabadan 0.8Milyan oo qof oo Somalilander ah, hadaba dawlada mareykanku muxuu yahay nacaybka ay u qabto dadka reer Somaliland oo mar walba dhinaca xun uga eegto arimahooda.
Dadka Somaliland maha kuwo aan la socon cadawgooda iyo Saaxiibkooda,waana kuwo ogsoon warn aka haya waxaa hareerahooda ka dhacaya,balse waxaa la gudboon dalal badan oo caalamka ka mida iyo jaarka Somalilandba iney masxada ku hayaan in aaney Somaliland gobanimadeeda ahayn mid dhayal ah oo meel cidla ah iska taagan siu fududna lagu wiiqi karo balse waa arin ka gundheer sida aad moodeysaan taariikhda ayaana warindoonta mustaqbalka ifaya ee Qaranimada Somaliland
By Ismail Yusuf Adan
Graduate student at the University of Nairobi
The former British Protectorate in the Horn of Africa, officially known as the Republic of Somaliland is a nation, arguably the most democratic state in East Africa, with many success stories that hardly imaginable to happen in the continent, yet the world is insisting NOT to recognize and turned a blind eye. Somaliland has managed to build peace in the flaming and volatile region, the Horn of Africa; right next to Somalia which tops the list of the failed states, in the world. It has established a fully functional and democratic government with NO international assistance, conducted series of elections which was confirmed as free and fair by the international community, in a continent where people barely vote for their presidents and maintained the Montevideo criteria of statehood including; defined territory which is built upon the Anglo-Italian, Anglo-French and Anglo-Ethiopian treaties, having a functioning and forceful government which is democratically elected by the people, a permanent population of 5 million and the capacity to enter into relations with other states.
This former British Protectorate was the 12th African nation to become independent resulted from a Royal Proclamation of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. This means Somaliland became independent way before 42 African countries which, now, are sitting in the African Union (AU) and have the right to decide the fate of whether Somaliland becomes recognized by the AU or not. Soon after the independence, 34 members of the UN, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, recognized Somaliland as an independent and as a sovereign country. Unfortunately, that sovereignty didn’t last long and within 5 days the country, prematurely, got into an unrewarding union with their neighboring Somalia to make the Somali Republic. This unification was a preamble to the Greater Somalia ambition inspired by the Somali people in the region. That Union was never legal and formal. On the contrary, it was a turbulent and unsatisfactory, marriage
After 31 years of difficulties, injustice, inequalities, and prejudice, that union ended horribly with 11 years of War which claimed the lives of a quarter of a million of the Somaliland people after civilians were shelled and cities were bombed and leveled it to the ground by the military aircraft of their government.
In 1991, Somalilanders defeated and destroyed the military deployed to their land by the military government, declaring their withdrawal from the failed union they have been part of, for more than 3 decades. This is where the miraculous and phenomenal African success story starts, and the most democratic country in east Africa begins its extraordinary journey, but before that let us have a glance at the history and some interesting incidents back in time.
The pre-colonial era of the Somali inhabited territory in the Horn of Africa
The Horn of Africa, because of its strategic location which is conducive to trading, has given the Somalis to involve in trade businesses and interact with different cultures. They used to export animal products, rare gums, ostrich feathers, and other products. Having access to both the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, the Horn Africa became a trade hub and coiling station to the ships going to India. Thus, European interests began to crop up in the region, and in the 1880s The British, French, and Italians competed for the Somali territory, which later agreed to share. In 1887 Britain declared Somaliland a protectorate, leading to an Anglo-French agreement to define borders between the countries of new colonies of British Somaliland and French Somaliland (current Djibouti). While Italy found its fair share to colonize Somalia as La Somalia Italiana. The British also colonized Kenya and right before the disbanding of the British colony in the region, they granted the Somali inhabited North Eastern Province administration to Kenya, as well as the Hawd and Reserve Area or Ogaden region to be part of Ethiopia. From there on, Somalis were divided into 5 administrative borders.
The colonial dissolution and the outcome of the greater Somalia Dream
The concept of Greater Somalia protrudes back to the beginning of the 20th century, and the idea was to unite all Somali speaking nations, comprising regions in which ethnic Somalis live or historically inhabited, encompassing not only Somaliland, Somalia, and Djibouti, but also the North Eastern Province of Kenya and current Somali state of Ethiopia included. That’s why the blue light flag which was originally comprehended and served as an ethnic flag, has a five-pointed star at the center, each point representing an area where the Somali ethnic groups have resided.
Shortly, after Somaliland got independence from Britain, they tried to practice what they had been preaching for decades and voluntarily united with their counterpart, La Somalia Italiana which got independence from Italy only four days after Somaliland. Although the two entities united as a single nation, British Somaliland and the Italian Somalia were, from an institutional perspective, two separate countries. Italy and the United Kingdom had left the two with separate administrative, legal, and education systems in which affairs were conducted according to different procedures and in different languages. Police, taxes, and the exchange rates of their respective currencies also differed.
At first, the newly formed parliament of the two united countries promptly created a new Act of Union but it was widely rejected in the State of Somaliland. This was exactly where the confusion started but it was not limited to that. Somalia turned the tables and took advantage of their kind-hearted brothers. A huge injustice and disparities in the power-sharing followed where Mogadishu benefited all state resources. As a result of this, in December 1961, a group of Somaliland junior Officers attempted a coup d’état intended to restore the independence of the Republic of Somaliland, however, it was unsuccessful
That dream of a greater Somalia died after Djibouti received independence from France and refused to join the union, preferring to stand separate and establish their own different country. Having said that, the NFD and the Hawd & Reserve area remained to be parts of Kenya and Ethiopia, respectively. Furthermore, the union between the other two wasn’t hale and hearty.
That dissatisfaction of the Somalilanders with the Act of Union and power-sharing was a subject that the successive civilian governments ignored and the situation was completely exacerbated when the despotic Siad Barre came to power in a coup following the assassination of President Sharmake of the Somali Republic. Barre not only politically marginalized Somaliland, but economically deprived their cities, and later on, started killing anyone from these part of the country who speaks against injustice. That worsened situation derived a group of students, business people, former civil servants, and former politicians to found the Somali National Movement (SNM) which then turned to be an armed liberation front. According to Human Rights Watch, with the formation of the SNM, Somaliland people have seen the worst atrocities. Serious and series of grave human rights violations, including extra-judicial executions of unarmed civilians, detentions without trial, unfair trials, torture, rape, looting, and extortion, have been a prominent feature of life in the towns and countryside in Somaliland.
During the ongoing conflict between the forces of the SNM and the Somali Army, the Somali government’s genocidal campaign against the people of Somaliland took place between May 1988 and March 1989, where the government’s military aircrafts maneuvered by South African and Rhodesian mercenaries were bombing schools, hospitals and residential areas of Somaliland cities and killed more than 200,000 civilians indiscriminately.
The rebirth of British Somaliland
In 1991, the Siad Barre regime was defeated by SNM forces. On the 18th of May, at a conference held in Burao; the second-largest city in Somaliland, in which traditional leaders of all clans that dwell the country attended, Somaliland declared its independence and withdrawal from its union with the Somali Republic.
A new journey began, and a series of reconciliation and peacebuilding conferences has been conducted. The peace that Somaliland has been enjoying for almost 30 years was home-grown and completely free from any external influence and intervention. It was a traditional and indigenous conflict resolution method, which also lead to the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration processes. However, the country remained peaceful for thirty years and was free from acts of terrorism, piracy, and any other form of social and political instabilities
Although Somaliland is not internationally recognized, the country enjoys symbolic trappings of statehood: it has a national flag, a currency, a national anthem, organized and powerful army with a mandate to defend the independence and territorial integrity of Somaliland, a passport that’s accepted by several countries including the UK, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, UAE, etc, and demarcated borders which are based on the colonial lines as per the Cairo Declaration on African borders in 1964.
Over the years, Somaliland, lacking any international assistance, has conducted a series of democratic free and fair elections where five different presidents succeeded the office. Sometimes an opposition leader won over an incumbent president and the transition of power was completely peaceful. Not only they have managed to hold presidential elections, but also a national referendum before that as well as parliamentary and local council elections were conducted. These elections were termed as free and fair by international observers. Moreover, Somaliland was the world’s first country to use iris recognition to register its voters.
Somaliland is also an example of freedom of press and expression. According to the last report of Freedom House, a US-funded organization based in the US, Somaliland is the most freedom country in the Horn of Africa, superior and way better than Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, and many other African countries.
Somaliland’s quest for recognition
The pursuit of Somaliland for recognition remained strong for many years, despite being overlooked by the International community. “Somaliland will remain independent even if we don’t get our rightful recognition for the coming 100 years ‘’ the former president H.E Ahmed Silanyo echoed at an occasion of 18th May commemoration, and that’s what every Somalilander of every age is going to tell to other parts of the world. The people are not hopeless, and despite their aspiration to be part of the International community, they also believe they can continue living and rising without recognition comparing their living standard with many countries which enjoy recognition from the outside world.
Also, an AU fact-finding mission visited Somaliland on the 30th of April 2005 and stayed the country for four days. They made a thorough assessment of the Somaliland situation and remarked in their report that Somaliland’s search for recognition is historically unique and self-justified, as such they recommended the AU to find a special method of dealing with this outstanding case.
As per the AU fact-finding report, there was an evident conviction and emotion among the Somalilanders that their “country” has all the attributes of an independent sovereign State, which they say the international community should objectively consider. Not only Somaliland satisfied the Montevideo criteria of statehood, but also achieved what most of the African and Arab countries failed to achieve.
In conclusion, as stated by the AU fact-finding mission to Somaliland, The lack of recognition ties the hands of the authorities and people of Somaliland as they cannot effectively and sustainably transact with the outside to pursue the reconstruction and development goals. The will of the people has to be respected and their accomplishment deserves to be rewarded, but it is never too late. Somaliland’s recognition could be a potential antidote to the problems of the Horn of Africa, and to that of their neighboring Somalia, in particular.
Ismail Adan is a sociologist and social scientist based in Nairobi. He is specializing in Disaster Management at University of Nairobi
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Video gani iyo aragtidiisa wuxuu gaar u yahay dadka ka hadlaya balse hogaanka.org masuul kama aha mana laha xuquuqda iyo waajibaadka aragtidan.
Waxaa muran ku Jirin in General Nuux Taani intii uu xilka hayey ay Ciidanka qaranku aad u korortey tayadooda ciidanimo,waana Markhaati madoon in isaga iyo madaalayaasha la shaqeeyaa ay muujiyeen dadaal iyo dhisid ciidan haybad iyo sumcad wanaagsan ku leh umada somaliland.
Waxaa aan ugu hambelyeenaynaa kaalintaasi wadaniyada leh ee cududa ciidanka sharafta iyo kobaca ka muuqda ciidanka qaranka.
Waa in ciidamada la sii wadaa tayadooda iyo qalabeentooda loona kor dhiyaa daryeelka iyo dayac ka ilaalinta loo dhisaa guriyo qoyasakooda lagana taageeraa caruurtooda iyo qoysaskooda dhinaca dhaqaalaha waxbarashada iwm.
La dhiso dhinaca technology casriga ah ee aaladaha difaaca qaranka si loo horumariyo aqoonta ciidamada,waana in la tayeeyaa qaybaha sirdoonka casriga ah ee ciidamada.
Waxaa aynu ku eegaynaa maqaalkan bal iney Somaliland ka faa’iidey la soo noqoshadii xoriyadeeda iyo in ay ka qoomameyneyso oo ay ku qasaartey ficilkii ay kaga baxdey midnimadii Somaliya.
Marka si fiican loo taxliiliyo waxaa aad arkeysaa sawir ka guud ee arintan iyo midhaha ka dhashay la soo noqoshadii qaranimadii Somaliland ee xoriyadii 26 June 1960.
Waxay ahayd 18 May 1991 markii ugu horeysey ee lagu baraarugay in Somaliland dib u heshay qaranimadeedii mar qudha ayaa sawaxanka farxada dadka reer Somaliland is qabsatey gees ka gees waxaana lagu soo dhaweeyey niyadsami.
Waxay maalmahaas ahayd maalmo aad ugu adag dadka somaliyeed oo dagaal sokeeye ka socdo meelo badan oo dalkii Jamhuuriyadii Dimoqraadiga somaliya la isku odhan jirey, waxaa xaaladu ahayd mid murugo leh oo aaney jirin dawlad,sharci,kala dambeyn,oo nidaamkii burburay marxaladaas ayaa hubkii dawladii somaliya dhamaantii uu gacanta u galey dadkii rayidka ahaa.
Hadaba 18 ka May 1991 waxay kala badbaadisay dadkii Somaliland ee xukumadii kacaanku hubka iskugu dhiibtey una kala qaybisay Kacaandiid iyo Kacaan hadii aynu si kale u nidhaahno waa Taageeriyaalkii Mucaaradka iyo Taageerayaashii Dawlada, hadii aaney Ururkii SNM iyo Waxgaradkii beelaha Somaliland u fikirin qaab saxa oo ah in wixii la kala tabaney la iska saamaxo maantana laga wadashaqeeyo iskaashi,walaalnimo iyo dhismaha dawladnimada Somaliland dadka reer Somaliland maanta waxay lahaan lahaayeen weji kale oo qofkii waxgarad ahi garan karo tusaalena waxaa ugu filan qofkii maskaxdiisa ka shaqeysinaya xaada ilaa had aka oogan Konfurtii Somaliya.
Guud ahaan gobolkasta oo Somaliland ahi maanta waxaa uu ka horumarsan yahay Gobolkasta oo Konfurtii Somaliya ah taasna waxaa sabab u ah dhismaha dawladnimada iyo nidaamka ka jira Somaliland.
Sida xaqiiqada ah maalinba maalinta ka dambeysa waxaa sii horumaraya gobolada Somaliland,waxaa horukac la yaableh ka muuqdaa waxbarashada,waxaana si tartiibtartiiba u kobcaya gobolada iyo degmooyinka dalka,Somaliland dhismihii iyo dib ula soo noqoshadii xoriyadii 26 June 1960 waxay Somaliland ka badbaadisay :
- War lords kii koonfurta ka sameysmey
- Urur diimeedyadii hubeysnaa
- Budhcad badeedkii
- Kala haysashadii hantida ee bulshada dhexdeeda
- Kala aargoosi ku saabsan beelbeel
Taa badalkeedana Dadkii reer Somaliland waxay noqdeen kuwo isku soo dhawaadey oo caqabadihii dawladii siyaad Bare kala dhexdhigtey ka bogsadey,taas waxaa tusaale kuugu filad waxaa beelihii aan SNM taageeri jirine iney dhexdhexaadiyaan beelihii SNM ta taageeri jirey markey dhexdooda xurguf iyo dagaalo siyaasadeed dhexmareen sidii shirkii Boroma ee nabadeeenta.
Somaliland waxay ku caano maashay ka bixidii midnida Somaliya waxaana Allah(swt) waafajiyey jidkii nabada horumarka markii ay ka baxday midowgii umana calaacalayso midnimo dambe,waxaad moodaa in dad weli ku riyoonayaan midnimo dambe, balse dadka taas aaminsani waxay ku jiraan riyo maalmeel sabatuna maxay tahay:
- Somaliyada konfureed oo dib u dhac badani saameyey oo dhinaca siyaasada danabgelya iyo dawladnimada hogaaminteeda ah
- Somalidii konfureed oo kala qaybsan oo aan iyaguba hashiisku ahayn in ay dawlad mida yeeshaan waayo waxay u kala qaybsan yihiin maamul goboleedyo aan xitaa si fiican uwada shaqeyn.
- Hogaan siyaasadeed oo karti, waayo aragnimo,daacadnimo,aqoon leh oo aan laga hayn ila hada Somalida dhexdeeda kaas oo hanan kara quluubta bulshada Konfurta.
- Daganaasha la’aanta,nabadgelyo xumida iyo xoogaga siyaasadeed eek u hirdamaya siyaasada Somalida gaar ahaan dawlada muqdisho oo aan u muqan mid xal laga gaadhayo sanadahansoo socda.
- Dalalka shisheeye ee danahooda ka dhex u gaadhsanaya Somaliya oo aan marna ogoleyn in somaliya cusub oo xor ah la arko iyo kuwo somali ah oo qabaanayaal u ah.
Arimahaasi oo dhami waxay ina tusayaan in ay riyo tahay in midnimo Somaliya laga fikiro hada balse ay Somalida la gudboon tahay isku soo ururinta Gobolkii Konfureed ee Somaliya oo kala go’go ay halka Gobolkii waqooyi uu yahay mid is haysta oo waliba u socda jidka horumarka .
Way jiraan in aan Somaliland weli gaadhin meeshii aan la rabey balse waxaa aan marag madoonto ah in ay waxbadan oo togan ay qabsadeen dadka reer waqooyiga ahi ee reer Somaliland.
Weliba hadii turuturooyinka iyi jalaafooyinka laga deyn lahaa waxaa dhameystirmi lahaa guusha kama dambeysta ah,balse noloshu xaasid ma weydo eh waxaa lugta haya kuwo ku dhashay iyo cadawyo shisheeye oo aan danano gaara ka leh geeska,balse kuwaasi waa kuwo ku hungoobidoona damacooda,shacabka reer Somaliland na way og yihiin nacabkooda iyo nasteexooda.
Somaliland waxay ka faa’iidey dib ula soo noqoshadii Xornimadeeda:
- Qaranimo iyo madax banaani
- Dimoqraadiyad iyo xisbiyo
- Suuq xor ah
- Shacab walaalo ah oo isku duuban
- Jaamicado iyo waxbarsho mid gaar ah iyo mid dawladeed oo tiro iyo tayoba leh
Arimo badan oo kale,hadii ay hesho hogaan daacad ah iyo aqoon yahaniin wadaniyiin ahna waxaa saxmi doona dhaliilaha jira.
Somalilander ku waxay ku xusi doonaan 18 May farxad iyo Caleemo qoyan.
Qofku wuu ka hadli karaa wixii uu aqoon u lee yahay isaga oo si cilmi ah u sharaxaya waxaa uu aqoon u lee yahay balse iskama hadli karo oo weliba si fudud ugama hadli karo wax aanu aqoon u lahayn, isaga oo iska dhigaya in uu aqoonteeda lee yahay.
Waxaa jirtaa in qalab kasta oo wax lagu test gareeyaa uu lee yahay waxa loo yaqaan false test oo aanu 100% xaqiiqo natiijo ah keenin iyada oo arimo badani sabab u noqon karaan sida,qalabka tayadiisa,qaabka test ka loo qaaday iyo meesha test ka laga qaaday hadana inta badan qalabka test ku ee covid -19 ku waa mid ugu hooseyn 70% natiijadiisu sax tahay iyada oo ku xidhan meelaha dheecaanka laga qaado sida candhuufta, carabka dalqada hoose iyo sanka gudihiisa.
Test ka cida qaadaysaa waa in ay tahay doctor (pathologist) aqoonteeda leh oo taxliili kara natiijada testka. Sidaa darteed ma aha in nin dawo dhaqameedka wax ka bartey oo mufti umada iskaga dhigo, oo uu ka hor yimaado habkii looga hortegeyey cudurka dadkana shaki ka geliyo qalabkii lagu baadhayey taas badalkeeda waxay ahayd in uu hadii uu dhaliil hayo oo uu qalabkan wax lagu baadho ka shaki qabo saxnimada natiijadiisa inta aanu saxaafada la hadal wasaarada caafimaadka iyo gudiga loo xilsaarey ula yimaado dooda uu ka qabo qalabkan oo cadeemaha uu hayo uu halkaa ku soo bandhigo taas oo keliya ayaa u furnayd mudanaha balse shaki dadka lagu ridaa kama mid aha xitaa xirfada caafimaadka ee uu mr Gaboobe sheeganayo faqri baana u dhaxeeya dawo dhaqameedada iyo dawooyinka kale. ugu dambeyntii waxaanu lee nahay wakhtigan adag bulshada ayaan lagu jahawareerin wax aan cadeyn loo haynin.
Waad mahadsantiin dhamaantiin
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International partners signed a joint statement welcoming the dialogue between the Jubaland administration and the leadership of the Jubaland Council for Change
MOGADISHU, Somalia, May 4, 2020/APO Group/ —
The below statement was signed by United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, United States and the United Nations.
“We, the undersigned international partners welcome the dialogue between the Jubaland administration and the leadership of the Jubaland Council for Change which culminated in a reconciliation agreement signed on 23 April”.
“Disputed electoral outcomes in Jubaland and other Federal Member States over the past 18 months underscore the importance of credible electoral processes in which Somalis may choose their leaders in accordance with the Provisional Federal Constitution and Federal Member State constitutions”.
“We encourage all Jubaland stakeholders, including political leaders, communities and traditional leaders to build upon the 23 April agreement, implement the follow-up steps, and continue their constructive dialogue”.
“We also welcome the willingness expressed by the Jubaland stakeholders to engage the Federal Government of Somalia, and that Jubaland is ready for full collaboration with the Federal Government. International partners urge the Jubaland administration and the FGS leadership to peacefully resolve their continuing differences through dialogue, and to de-escalate the ongoing tensions in Gedo region”.
“We stand ready to provide the necessary support to the FGS and all FMS leaders as they strive for reconciliation and cooperation to advance national interests. In this regard, partners also welcome other recent reconciliation initiatives, in particular in South West State and Galmudug, aimed at forming inclusive, unified state-level administrations”.
“We urge that these efforts continue throughout Somalia for the benefit of the people. We call on all Somalis to foster unity and reconciliation as they begin the Holy month of Ramadan while facing not only the unprecedented menace from COVID-19 but also the continuing threat from terrorism”.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of British Embassy Mogadishu.
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Aas Aasaha Shirkada Word Remit Mudane Ismaciil Axmed(Ismail Ahmed) Waxaa aan ugu hambelyeynaa hadii aanu nahay hogaanka.org sida hagar la’aanta ah ee wakhti loo baahnaa uu u soo gaadhsiyey dadkiisa mucaawimo muhiim ah oo maanta caalamka oo dhami u baahan yahay oo xitaa dawladihii waaweynaa ee caalamka ay raadinteeda ku doonayan ileys.
Mudane Ismaciil waxaa uu noqday Ganacsadihii ugu horeyey ee dadkiisa u soo gurmada xaaladan adag ee caalamku ku jiro.
Waxaanu Alle uga baryanaa in uu ganacsigiisa u barakeeyo.
Qalabkaasina waa in dawladu gaadhsiisaa dadka ubaahan sida Ciidamada nabad gelyada,dhakaatirta, kalkaaliyasha caafimaadka , iyo dadka u jilicsan bulshada ee u baahan.
Dalalka Caalamka iyo hayadaha Caalamiga iyo ganacsatada waxaanu ka codsanaynaa in gargaar caafimaad oo wax ka tara ka hor taga cudurka COVID-19 la soo gaadhan gaar ahaan ganacsatada Somaliland iyo qurbajooga.
Hadii aanu nahay hogaanka.org waxaanu ugu deeqnay WorldRemit halsano oo ka bilaabmaya maanta 20/04/2020 ilaa 19/04/2021 in aan ugu xayseysiino website ka yaga ganacsiga shirkada bilaash .