Ra’iisalwasaare Aabihii Uu Codsaday Dhalashada Waddan Kale
“Weligey waxaan ahaan doonaa nin reer Yurub ah,”
Aabaha dhalay ra’iisulwasaaraha dalka UK, Boris Johnson, ayaa sheegay inuu codsanayo dhalashada dalka Faransiiska maadaama Britain ka baxday Midowga Yurub.
Stanley Johnson ayaa idaacada dalkaasi Faransiiska ee RTL u sheegay inuu waligiisba isku arki jiray inuu yahay nin Faransiis ah maadaama hooyadiis ay ku dhalatay dalkaasi Faransiiska.
Stanley oo 80 jir ah isla markaana horey u ahaa xubin ka tirsan xisbiga muxaafidka ee baarlamaanka reer Yurub ayaa aftidii sanadkii 2016 taageerayay in Britain ay ka sii mid ahaato midowga reer Yurub.
Wiilkiisa Boris oo hadda ah ra’iisulwasaaraha dalka UK ayaa hormuud ka ahaa ololihii ka bixitaanka Britain ee Midowga Yurub kaddibna waxaa haatan u suurtagashay in UK uu ugu dambeyntii ka saaro reer Yurub.
Stanley Johnson ayaa saacado uun ka hor inta UK aysan gebi ahaanba ka bixin Midowga Yurub waxa uu sharaxaad ka bixiyay sababta uu ku raadinayo dhalashada dalka Faransiiska.
“Ma ahan inaan raadinayo in aan noqdo muwaadin Faransiis ah balse waxa aan raadinayo ayaa ah in aan dib u hanto jinsiyaddeydii hore.”
Waxa uu sheegay in hooyadii ay ku dhalatay dalka Faransiiska, hooyadeedna ayba ahayd Faransiis. “Weligey waxaan ahaan doonaa nin reer Yurub ah,” ayuu raaciyay.
Stanley Johnson ayaa sanadkii 1979 ku guuleystay in uu ka mid noqdo baarlamaanka Midowga Yurub, xilligaasi oo ah markii ugu horreysay oo doorasho toos ah loo galo ka mid noqoshada baarlamaankaasi. Kaddib wuxuu u soo shaqeeyay golaha Midowga reer Yurub, sidaa awgeedna ra’iisalwasaare Boris waxa uu carruurnimadiisa inta badan ku soo qaatay xarunta Midowga Yurub ee Brussels.
Ka bixitaanka Britain ay ka baxday Miodwga Yurub ayaa kala qeybisay qoyska Johnson.
Rachel Johnson oo ah gabar weriye ah oo la dhalatay ra’iisulwasaare Boris Johnson ayaa isaga baxday xisbiga muxaafidka waxayna ku biirtay xisbiga Liberal Democrats ka hor doorashadii sanadkii 2017, iyadoo xilligaasi ka careysnayd ka bixitaanka Britain ay ka baxayso Midowga Yurub.
Walaalkood Jo Johnson oo ah xildhibaan ka tirsan xisbiga muxaafidka ah ayaa isna iska casilay golaha wasiirrada saandkii 2018, si uu u muujiyo taageeradiisa xiriirka dhow ee uu la leeyahay Midowga Yurub.
By Farouk Chothia
“War makes for bitter men. Heartless and savage men,” Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said when he received the Nobel Peace Prize less than a year ago – only for him to now wage a military operation in his own country.
Over about a three-week period, his troops fought their way through Tigray, right up in the north of Ethiopia, to oust the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), accusing it of attacking a federal military base.
A former guerrilla movement which first rose to power in 1991, Tigray was the last political bastion of the TPLF after it lost control of the federal government to Mr Abiy in 2018.
Mr Abiy became prime minister with popular support, introducing sweeping reforms to end the repression and corruption that Ethiopia had seen when the TPLF dominated the national political scene for more than 25 years.
Police warn Nobel laureate’s nominee
Believing that it was the patriotic duty of all Ethiopians to rally behind their prime minister’s 4 November call to oust the “junta” from its remaining stronghold after its dramatic military manoeuvre, federal officials tolerated little criticism of their “law and enforcement operation”, targeting even the UK-based academic who was among those who nominated Mr Abiy for the Nobel prize.
A senior law lecturer at England’s Keele University, Awol Allo said he learned through reports on Ethiopia’s state broadcaster that police had accused him of “using international media to destroy the country” – a reference to the columns he writes and the interviews he grants to the likes of Al Jazeera and the BBC.
“At this point I am not aware of an arrest warrant, but going back to Ethiopia will carry a significant risk,” Mr Awol told the BBC.
“There is no distinction between Abiy’s regime and the previous regime as far as their treatment of dissent and opposition is concerned. It is classic Ethiopia – where the legal system is used as an instrument to discredit and silence opponents of the regime and individuals who hold critical views.”
The Geneva-based head of the World Health Organization, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, was not spared either.
Having previously served in the TPLF-led government, he was accused by Mr Abiy’s army chief of trying to procure weapons for the party.
Rejecting the allegation, Dr Tedros said: “My heart breaks for my home, Ethiopia, and I call on all parties to work for peace and to ensure the safety of civilians and access for health and humanitarian assistance.”
Defending the government, Menychle Meseret, an academic at Ethiopia’s University of Gondar, said only those suspected to have direct or indirect links with the TPLF “oligarchy” were targeted.
“Since Mr Abiy became prime minister, 264 websites have been unblocked. So what has happened now is not an overall reflection of the state of democracy in Ethiopia. There was a threat to the country. The TPLF carried out a pre-emptive strike on the Northern Command of the military – no country can tolerate that,” he said.
Mr Awol said the issue was not who fired the first shot, but the fact that Mr Abiy had rebuffed calls for mediation, including from the African Union (AU) that is headquartered in his own country.
“What you need is a government that rules with far more patience, tolerance, and gives peace and mediation a chance. Instead, both were preparing for war.
“Abiy removed the TPLF from the cabinet [in 2019]. He then postponed elections. The TPLF then went ahead with an election in Tigray. They said they don’t recognise him [as prime minister]. He said he doesn’t recognise them, and that is what led to the war,” Mr Awol said.
The government says the nationwide elections were postponed because of coronavirus restrictions, although Mr Abiy’s critics accuse him of using it as an excuse to illegally extend his time in power, while neither he nor his new party had faced the electorate.https://emp.bbc.co.uk/emp/SMPj/2.36.6/iframe.htmlmedia captionThe BBC’s Anne Soy reports from a refugee camp on the Sudan-Ethiopian border
For former Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, foreign mediation was out of the question as it tended to lead to “peace deals that often crumble as soon as they have been signed”, while “rogue actors are rewarded for instigating violence” rather than facing justice.
But for Mr Abiy’s critics, there is little justice in Ethiopia – only repression.
“Back in July there were about 10,000 people in prison. And the number is probably even higher now because of the war in Tigray,” Mr Awol said.
Expressing a similar view, United States Institute for Peace senior adviser Payton Knopf said: “The political space has closed again. Every prominent opposition figure is in jail, and Lemma Megersa – who was instrumental in Mr Abiy becoming prime minister in 2018 – is under house arrest.”
Offering a different perspective, Mr Menychle said that Mr Abiy had ended authoritarian rule.
“He unbanned political parties. He improved the prison system. He allowed people to return from exile. The problem was that some of the politicians began to fuel violence because of their ethnocentric agenda.
“At one rally, a young man was killed and hung on a stick. You can’t have that. In 2018, there were about 1.8 million internally displaced people, the highest in Africa. This was endangering the country,” Mr Menychle said.
Abiy – the new emperor?
He added that at the heart of the myriad conflicts was the “ethnic federalism” that the TPLF had introduced when it took power in 1991 by creating regions along ethnic lines.
“Ethnic federalism has been the source of our misery. It has made ethnic groups believe that they have their own areas, and if you come from a different ethnic group you can’t live there. You are chased out, burnt, killed,” Mr Menychle said.
For Mr Abiy’s critics, the abolition of ethnic federalism would herald a return to the time of “imperial rule”, when emperors – from Menelik II to Haile Selaisse – forced other communities to “assimilate” into their Amhara culture, though many Amharas deny they did this.
“Mr Abiy’s vision looks more and more like that of Ethiopia’s traditional power structure, which revolves around Amharas and highly assimilated Oromos like himself,” said Faisal Roble from the US-based Institute for Horn of Africa Studies and Affairs.
“He praises Menelik II. He rebuilt his palace. He says he wants to make Ethiopia great again. But the Ethiopia that he romanticises is the one marginalised ethnic groups hate. The emperor he considers a great hero, others consider as their enslaver and conqueror,” Mr Faisal added.
‘Let’s stop the massacres’
These fears, Mr Faisal argued, were compounded by Mr Abiy’s decision to form the Prosperity Party (PP) last year, which replaced the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) – a coalition of four ethnically-based parties – that had governed the country since 1991, and had put him in office in 2018.
He said that previously the EPRDF only governed four of Ethiopia’s 10 regions. By creating a new party, Mr Abiy extended control over the whole country – except Tigray. “With this war, he has now also taken control of it [Tigray],” Mr Faisal added.
“What people were expecting from Abiy when he took office was the opposite – political pluralism, and greater recognition of the cultural and linguistic rights of the nations and nationalities that make up Ethiopia. But he prefers a unitary system of government, not a federal system.”
A politician named after Nazi leader Adolf Hitler has been elected to a seat in Namibia.
Adolf Hitler Uunona – representing the southern African country’s ruling SWAPO party – received 85 percent of the vote, but insists he has “nothing to do with” the ideologies of one of the most evil men in history.
His constituency remains home to a small German-speaking community, while multiple street names and places still have German names.
Uunona said his wife calls him Adolf and it’s “too late” to officially change his name.
He said: “My father named me after this man. He probably didn’t understand what Adolf Hitler stood for.”© ullstein bild via Getty Images Adolf Hitler ruled Germany as a dictator between 1933 and 1945
Speaking to German newspaper Bild he added: “As a child I saw it as a totally normal name. Only as I grew up did I understand that this man wanted to conquer the whole world.
“The fact I have this name does not mean I want to conquer Oshana,” he continued, referring to the area where he won the election. “It doesn’t mean I’m striving for world domination.”
Uunona was born in 1954, nine years after the dictator’s death.
Centre-left SWAPO has ruled Namibia since it gained independence from apartheid South Africa 30 years ago.
Uunona’s name appeared as “Adolf H” in a list of candidates printed in a government handout, though on the official results website was written in full.
He scooped 1,196 votes to his opponent’s 213, retaining the seat he won in 2015.
Namibia was added to the German empire in 1884, prior to the nation being stripped of its colonies after the First World War.
Hitler rose to power as the chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as Führer in 1934.
During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in 1939.
Germany has spent the decades since his death trying to repair the damage done during the Nazi regime, including mass genocide.
The country’s atrocities in Namibia – prior to the dictatorship of Hitler – however, are rarely brought up.
In August last year, the country asked for a £9million offer of reparations for the colonial massacres by Germany to be “revised”.
by: Ryan Merrifield
source: Microsoft news
What can we expect from the celebrations?
The Queen hopes as many people as possible will have the opportunity to join celebrations marking her Platinum Jubilee in 2022, Buckingham Palace has said.
The Culture Secretary said: “Her Majesty’s Platinum Jubilee will be a truly historic moment – and one that deserves a celebration to remember.
“We can all look forward to a special, four-day Jubilee weekend, when we will put on a spectacular, once-in-a-generation show that mixes the best of British ceremonial splendour with cutting edge art and technology.
“It will bring the entire nation and the Commonwealth together in a fitting tribute to Her Majesty’s reign.”© Provided by Evening Standard
Queen Elizabeth II is shown stamps of previous British monarchs during a visit to the new headquarters of the Royal Philatelic SocietyPA
Members of the royal family are expected to take part in the celebrations over the extended weekend and in the run-up to the four-day extravaganza.
In keeping with tradition, a Platinum Jubilee medal will be awarded to people who work in public service, including representatives of the Armed Forces, the emergency services and the prison services.
The Royal Household and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) are organising the commemorations which are being developed with some of the UK’s leading creative minds, event organisers and world class digital design companies.
The DCMS has said “spectacular” moments in London and other major cities will be complemented by events in communities across the UK and the Commonwealth.
The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations in 2012 saw the Diamond Jubilee River Thames pageant staged alongside a concert featuring Stevie Wonder, Sir Elton John and Sir Paul McCartney.
When is the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee?
On February 6 2022, the Queen will have reigned as monarch for 70 years.
But the events will be held between June 2 and 5, 2022. To create the four-day weekend, the late May Spring Bank Holiday that year will be moved to Thursday, June 2 and an additional Bank Holiday on Friday, June 3 will be created.
The first week in June has been chosen for the Platinum weekend, just like the Queen’s Golden and Diamond Jubilees, with the summer month offering a better chance of good weather.
The programme will reflect the Queen’s reign and her impact on the UK and the world since her accession to the throne in 1952.
A Buckingham Palace spokeswoman said: “The Platinum Jubilee offers an opportunity for the Queen to express her thanks for the support and loyalty Her Majesty has received throughout her reign. The Queen hopes that as many people as possible will have the opportunity to join the celebrations.”
Celebrations marking the milestone will be held during 2022 in the run up to the weekend.
February 6 1952 – the day the Queen became monarch – is also the anniversary of the death of her father King George VI and not a date the head of state would wish to base celebrations around.
Additional reporting by PA Media.
by April Roach
Source: Microsoft news
Russian peacekeeping troops deployed to Nagorno-Karabakh on Tuesday under a deal that halted six weeks of fighting between Azeri and ethnic Armenian forces, locking in place territorial gains by Azerbaijan.© Francesco Brembati, REUTERS
It ends military action and restores relative calm to the breakaway territory, internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan but populated and, until recently, fully controlled by ethnic Armenians.
Azerbaijan will keep territory it captured, including the mountain enclave’s second biggest city Shusha, which Armenians call Shushi. Ethnic Armenian forces must give up control of a slew of other areas by December 1.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said the deal, announced overnight and also signed by Moscow, should pave the way for a lasting political settlement to fighting that killed thousands, displaced many more and threatened to spark a wider war.
Azerbaijan had been trying to regain land lost during a war in the 1990s. Azeris celebrated in the capital, Baku, sounding car and bus horns in delight and cheering and waving the Azeri national flag.
“This (ceasefire) statement has historic significance. This statement constitutes Armenia’s capitulation. This statement puts an end to the years-long occupation,” Azeri President Ilham Aliyev said.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan denied Armenia had suffered a defeat but acknowledged a “disaster” for which he took personal responsibility.
Unrest broke out in Yerevan, Armenia’s capital, where crowds stormed and ransacked government buildings overnight, labelling the deal a betrayal. Some protesters urged Pashinyan to quit, a demand later echoed by 17 political parties, while a petition was started demanding the agreement be annulled.
Despite the celebrations in Baku, some Azeris regretted Azerbaijan had stopped fighting before capturing all of Nagorno-Karabakh, and were wary about the arrival of peacekeepers from Russia, which dominated the region in Soviet times.
“We were about to gain the whole of Nagorno-Karabakh back,” said 52-year-old Kiamala Aliyeva. “The agreement is very vague. I don’t trust Armenia and I don’t trust Russia even more.”
Since the fighting flared on Sept. 27, Azerbaijan says it retook much of the land in and around Nagorno-Karabakh that it had lost in a 1991-94 war in which about 30,000 people were killed.
The capture of Shusha, or Shushi, appears to have been a turning point. Perched on a mountain top above Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh’s biggest city, it gave Azerbaijan’s forces a commanding position from which to launch an assault.
Three previous ceasefires had failed and Nagorno-Karabakh leader Arayik Harutyunyan said there had been no option but to conclude a peace deal because of the risk of losing the whole enclave to Azerbaijan.
Pashinyan said he had concluded the peace deal under pressure from his own army.
Arms supplies and diplomatic support from Turkey, a close ally, helped give Azerbaijan the upper hand in the conflict, and Ankara used it to show its growing international clout, often putting it at odds with its NATO allies and Moscow.
For Russia, which has a defence pact with Armenia and a military base there, the deal is a sign it is still the main arbiter in the energy-producing South Caucasus, which it sees as its own backyard.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan hailed the deal in a phone call to Putin, saying Turkey would set up a centre to observe the ceasefire along with Russia, in a location “in the lands liberated from Armenian occupation”.
The Kremlin said the two leaders had stressed the importance of close cooperation to ensure the agreement was implemented.
France says deal must ‘preserve Armenia’s interests’
On Tuesday, French President Emmanuel Macron called for a “lasting political solution” to the conflict and urged Turkey to “end its provocations”.
France, home to a large Armenian population, has crossed swords repeatedly with Turkey on a range of issues, including Nagorno-Karabakh.
The French presidency said it was studying the parameters of the Russian-brokered ceasefire, adding that a long-term deal should also “preserve Armenia’s interests”.
Macron’s office quoted him as saying that efforts should be made “without delay” to try to come up with a “lasting political solution to the conflict that allows for the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh to remain in good conditions and the return of tens of thousands of people who have fled their homes”.
Earlier in the day, Putin said displaced people would be able to return to Nagorno-Karabakh and prisoners of war would be exchanged.
A spokesman for the Kremlin said there had been no agreement on deploying Turkish peacekeepers in the disputed region, but that the Turkish military would help staff a joint monitoring centre with Russian forces.
Russian peacekeepers will remain for at least five years, expanding Moscow’s military footprint in the region. Putin said they would be deployed along the frontline in Nagorno-Karabakh and in a corridor between the region and Armenia.
Almost 2,000 servicemen, 90 armoured personnel carriers, and 380 vehicles and pieces of other hardware were being deployed, the Russian defence ministry said.
Russian media said 20 military planes had taken off for the region and had started arriving in Armenia en route to Nagorno-Karabakh.
(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS)
By Matthew Strong, Taiwan News, Staff Writer2020/09/08
Foreign Minister Joseph Wu (right) with Somaliland representative Mohammed Omar Hagi Mohamoud (Twitter, MOFA photo)
TAIPEI (Taiwan News) — The self-declared East African nation of Somaliland will open its representative office in Taipei on Wednesday (Sept. 9), starting a new chapter in relations between Taiwan and Africa.
While neither side has yet agreed to move on to the next stage and open full diplomatic relations, the links between Taipei and Hargeisa have already attracted international attention.
On Aug. 17, Taiwan established its representative office in the African country, using the name of “Taiwan Representative Office” without any reference to its official name, the Republic of China, or to the capital Taipei, which is the usual formula for countries which recognize Communist China.
Somaliland’s representative in Taiwan, Mohammed Omar Hagi Mohamoud, visited Foreign Minister Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) Tuesday (Sept. 8), the Liberty Times reported. After the visit, the minister tweeted a photo of the two wearing masks.
“As like-minded partners, we’ll promote peace, prosperity & safeguard our democratic ways of life as per the #TaiwanModel,” Wu commented.
Mohamoud arrived in Taiwan in early August and spent the two obligatory weeks in Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) quarantine before beginning preparations for the launch of his country’s office. The site will employ five members of staff from Somaliland and two from Taiwan, reports said.
EU and Airbus Member States take action to ensure full compliance in the WTO aircraft dispute — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you in association with the European Commission. Today, the governments of France and Spain agreed with Airbus SE to modify the terms of the Repayable Launch Investment granted by them for development of the A350 aircraft to reflect market conditions. This means that the European Union and the Member States concerned […]EU and Airbus Member States take action to ensure full compliance in the WTO aircraft dispute — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
Source BBC news from 1 Feb.2019
Taiwan is an island that has for all practical purposes been independent since 1950, but which China regards as a rebel region that must be reunited with the mainland – by force if necessary.
China has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan since the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949, when the defeated Nationalist government fled to the island as the Communists, under Mao Zedong, swept to power.
China insists that nations cannot have official relations with both China and Taiwan, with the result that Taiwan has formal diplomatic ties with only a few countries. The US is Taiwan’s most important friend and protector.
Despite its diplomatic isolation, Taiwan has become one of Asia’s major economic players, and one of the world’s top producers of computer technology.
Republic of China (ROC)
- Population 23,3 million
- Area 36,188 sq km (13,972 sq miles)
- Major languages Mandarin Chinese (official), Min Nan Chinese (Taiwanese), Hakka
- Major religions Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity
- Life expectancy 76,2 years (men), 82,7 years (women)
- Currency New Taiwan dollar
UN, World BankGetty Images
President: Tsai Ing-wen
Tsai Ing-wen became Taiwan’s first female president when elected in January 2016.
With 56% of the vote, she led her traditionally pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) to their biggest ever victory in parliamentary elections.
Ms Tsai’s political message has always revolved around the importance of Taiwanese identity, and she has pledged that democracy will be at the heart of the island’s future relations with China.
By pursuing Taiwanese sovereignty, Ms Tsai runs the risk of antagonising China, reversing eight years of warmer ties under President Ma Ying-jeou of the Beijing-friendly Kuomintang party.
In the 1990s, Ms Tsai negotiated Taiwan’s accession to the World Trade Organization. She joined the DPP in 2004 after working as a non-partisan chairwoman of Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council. Four years later she became the youngest person and first woman to lead the party. She lost the presidential election to Ma Ying-jeou in 2012.
A former law professor, she hails from the coastal village of Pingtung in southern Taiwan. Her mixed ethnicity – a Hakka father and Taiwanese mother – has been cited as one of the traits that helped her connect with voters.
The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia, and extremely competitive.
Media freedom organisations say Beijing exerts pressure on Taiwanese media owners.
There are hundreds of newspapers, all privately-owned and reflecting a wide range of views.
Nearly 93% of Taiwanese are online.
Some key dates in Taiwan’s history:
1683 – Island comes under administration of China’s Qing dynasty.
1895 – China – defeated in the first Sino-Japanese war – cedes Taiwan to Japan.
1945 – Taiwan reverts to Chinese control after Japanese defeat in Second World War.
1947 – Nationalist troops crush island-wide rioting by Taiwanese disgruntled with official corruption, killing unknown thousands. The event is now known as the 228 Incident.
1949 – Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek loses civil war to Mao Zedong’s Communist forces and flees to Taiwan. He rules the island with an iron fist until his death in 1975.
1950s-1960s – Rapid industrial development.
1971 – UN recognises Communist China as sole government of whole country. People’s Republic takes over China’s UN Security Council seat.
1979 – Washington switches diplomatic recognition to Beijing from Taipei. US Congress passes the Taiwan Relations Act promising to help the island defend itself.
1987 – Taiwan lifts almost four decades of martial law and eases ban on travel to China.
2000 – Voters put Democratic Progressive Party in power for first time, ending more than five decades of Nationalist rule.
The new ‘Magnitsky’-style sanctions regime will target those who have been involved in some of the gravest human rights violations and abuses around the world.Published 6 July 2020From:Foreign & Commonwealth Office and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP
Forty-nine individuals and organisations involved in some of the most notorious human rights violations and abuses in recent years have been designated for sanctions under a powerful new regime established today by the UK, the Foreign Secretary has announced.
The individuals and organisations are the first wave of designations under the new regime, with further sanctions expected in the coming months.
From today, the ground-breaking global regime means the UK has new powers to stop those involved in serious human rights abuses and violations from entering the country, channelling money through UK banks, or profiting from our economy.
The measures will target individuals and organisations, rather than nations.
It is the first time that the UK has sanctioned people or entities for human rights violations and abuses under a UK-only regime, and will allow the UK to work independently with allies such as the US, Canada, Australia and the European Union.
The UK’s first wave of sanctions under this new regime targeted:
- 25 Russian nationals involved in the mistreatment and death of auditor Sergei Magnitsky, who uncovered widespread Russian corruption by a group of Russian tax and police officials
- 20 Saudi nationals involved in the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi
- 2 high-ranking Myanmar military generals involved in the systematic and brutal violence against the Rohingya people and other ethnic minorities
- 2 organisations involved in the forced labour, torture and murder that takes place in North Korea’s gulags
Underlining the UK’s position as a global force for good, this new regime showcases our commitment to the rules-based international system and to standing up for victims of human rights violations and abuses around the world.
Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, said:
Today we’re designating 49 people and organisations for responsibility in some the worst human rights abuses in recent memory.
This is a demonstration of Global Britain’s commitment to acting as a force for good in the world.
Following his announcement in Parliament, the Foreign Secretary will meet with Sergei Magnitsky’s widow and son Natalia and Nikita, along with his friend and colleague Bill Browder, at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office.
The regime will allow the UK to target individuals and organisations around the world unlike conventional geographic sanctions regime, which only target a country.
It could also include those who commit unlawful killings perpetrated against journalists and media workers, or violations and abuses motivated on the grounds of religion or belief.
A special unit will consider the use of future sanctions, with teams across the department monitoring human rights issues.
They will ensure targets under the landmark regime will have to meet stringent legal tests before the UK decides to designate, ensuring the sanctions are robust and powerful.
The suite of measures can also apply to those who facilitate, incite, promote, or support these violations/abuses, as well as those who financially profit from human rights violations and abuses.
The UK will continue to utilise a range of tools to tackle serious human rights violations and abuses around the world, including the UN and EU multilateral sanctions regimes.
On 1 June, Somaliland’s President Muse Bihi Abdi officially inaugurated the first 12 km of Berbera Corridor, a trade and transport route that connects landlocked Ethiopia to Somaliland’s Port of Berbera on the Gulf of Aden.
The Addis Ababa-Berbera highway is being funded by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development. Together with the US$442 billion expansion of the Port of Berbera by another Emirati company, Dubai’sDP World, the highway will turn Berbera into a major regional trading hub.
On one level, Somaliland is merely investing in what is likely to be a lucrative commercial venture, attracting more exports and imports from its much bigger and richer neighbour. But the Berbera highway clearly also has a more strategic purpose – to put an important political fact on the ground.
That is, to make Berbera an integral part of Ethiopia’s economic network – and therefore also Somaliland. To the degree that Berbera becomes indispensable for Ethiopia, to that degree is Somaliland recognised – though only implicitly of course – as an independent state.
The Berbera project is important to Ethiopia’s strategic imperative of access to the sea
Achieving such recognition has been Somaliland’s eternal quest – so far with no apparent success. Neither Ethiopia nor any other country explicitly recognises it as a sovereign nation. All officially still consider it to be a wayward province of Somalia. And there are no signs on the immediate horizon that any country is about to take the plunge and be the first to recognise the independent state of Somaliland.
Yet because of its implicit recognition of Somaliland, the Berbera Port-highway project has annoyed Somalia. Two years ago when Somaliland and DP World ceded 19% of the Berbera Port project to Ethiopia, Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo, without mentioning names, warned foreign countries and companies not to ‘cross the line and put to question the sovereignty of Somalia.’
Ethiopian President Abiy Ahmed Ali’s government duly pledged respect for Somalia’s sovereignty a few months later. Yet Abiy, who ascended to Ethiopia’s prime ministership in April 2018, has shown no signs of abandoning the Berbera project. The corridor is important to Ethiopia’s strategic imperative of access to the sea. This is especially because cooling relations with Djibouti since Abiy’s rapprochement with Eritrea have placed something of a question mark over Ethiopia’s main maritime outlet through that country.
However Abiy, the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize winner, is also exercising diplomatic skill. In February this year he hosted a meeting between Farmaajo and Bihi in Addis Ababa to try to help them patch up their quarrel.
The Berbera highway also has a strategic purpose – to put an important political fact on the ground
The encounter seems to have borne some fruit as the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Somalia, James Swan, told the Security Council earlier this month that ‘in regard to Somalia-“Somaliland” relations, we are encouraged that dialogue is ongoing at senior levels and that both sides have indicated a willingness to maintain communication and pursue further discussions.’
Abiy’s intervention as mediator is intriguing. One might think it would be Somalia that would consider Ethiopia a biased referee since Addis Ababa has a material interest in the offending Berbera project. Also Ethiopia is one of only three countries – along with Djibouti and Turkey – to have opened consulates in Hargeisa, Somaliland’s main city.
Conversely, though, Abiy would probably not want to see a peaceful Somaliland weakened by Mogadishu. Ethiopia shares a border with Somaliland that is almost as long as that with Somalia, and a strong Somaliland provides a buffer for Ethiopia against al-Shabaab. So Abiy is walking a delicate tightrope on this issue, it seems.
There is also a wider dimension to the Somali-Somaliland standoff. Middle East powers are pursuing proxy rivalries in the Horn, with the UAE backing Somaliland in part to counter Turkey and Qatar’s courtship of Somalia.
Somaliland will likely have to settle for de facto, not de jure, independence for a long while
What the secretive Somali-Somaliland negotiations to which Swan referred might produce is hard to envision. With Somaliland demanding complete independence and Somalia demanding complete unification, the theoretical compromise would be incorporation with a high degree of autonomy within what is already a federal Somali state. But it’s difficult to see Somaliland agreeing to that, and certainly not while Somalia remains locked in its bloody, existential struggle with al-Shabaab and protracted conflicts with federal states.
Ironically in his report, Swan urged that the commitment to dialogue and cooperation exhibited by Somalia and Somaliland should be extended to relations between the Somali federal government in Mogadishu and the federal member states. That was a reminder that some of these states are just about as ‘independent’ in practice as Somaliland. Swan noted with regret that ‘it has been more than a year since the President and all Federal Member State leaders have met.’
So one might think Farmaajo would want to get his own house in order before considering adding another fractious member to the family. On the other hand, despite putting more solid facts on the ground, Somaliland looks as though it will have to settle for de facto, not de jure, independence – at least for a long while.
Peter Fabricius, ISS Consultant
Copyright Institute for Security Studies. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com)., source News Service English
by : Cabdishakuur CasooweNairobi
Xukuumadda Federaalka Itoobiya ayaa Markii ugu horreysay abid lagu soo daray gabar Soomaali ah, taasoo loo magacaabay Wasiirka Arrimaha Haweenka, Dhalinyarada iyo Carruurta.
Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya Abiy Axmed ayaa xilkaas taariikhiga ah u magacaabay Maareeyaha guud ee warbaahinta Nabad TV, Filsan Cabdullaahi Axmed.
Filsan ayaa in muddo ahba ahayd qof u dooda xuquuqda haweenka iyo Carruurta, waxayna kasoo jeeddaa Deegaanka Soomaalida Itoobiya.
Intii ay ku guda jirtay howlaha la xiriira u doodista xuquuqda dumarka, waxay aasaastay telefishin sidoo kale u ol’oleeya xasiloonida oo ay ku magacowday Nabad TV.
Iyadoo dareenkeeda kala hadleysay BBC-da ayey shegetay in tallaabadan uu qaaday Dr Abiy Axmed ay tahay horumar weyn oo la gaaray.
“Waa guul Soomaalida usoo hooyatay, in gabar Soomaaliyeed wasiir loo magacaabo, tan labaad, muddooyinkii ugu dambeeyayba waxaan aad uga hawgalay Telefishenka Nabad TV, oo inbadan waxaan u istaagay xuquuqda haweenka deegaanka”, ayay tiri Filsan oo wareysi gaar ah siisay BBC-da.
Filsan ayaa sheegtay in sababta ay markii horeba ugu doodeysay Arrimaha Haweenka ay ahayd maadaama aysan Dumarka qeyb ka ahayn siyaasadda.
“Si gaar ah waxaan ugu istaagay haweenka deegaanka, oo aan ka dhex muuqanin xisbiga cusub ee loo dhisay deegaanka Soomaalida, sidoo kalena waxaan ol’ole ugu jiray sidii loo hagaajin lahaa nolosha carruurta”.
Waxay muujisay inay diyaar u tahay sidii ay kaalinta cusub ee la siiyay uga soo bixi lahayd.
“Waxaan rajeynayaa inaan guulo fiican kasoo hoyiyo xilkan la ii magacaabay ee Wasiirka Haweneka, Dhalinyarada iyo Carruurta, haddii Alle Idmo”, ayey tiri.
Go’aanka gabadhan Soomaalida ah loogu daray Golaha Wasiirrada ee Dowladda Federaalka Itoobiya ayaa qeyb ka ah isbadallada waaweyn ee uu la yimid Ra’iisul Wasaare Abiy Axmed, tan iyo markii uu xilka qabtay sanadkii 2018-kii.
Mr Abiy ayaa hormuud u noqday isbaddal siyaasadeed oo ka curtay Itoobiya, kaasoo saameyn aad u weyn yeeshay.
Tallaabooyinkii ugu waaweynaa ee uu qaaday waxaa ka mid ahaa inuu sii daayay maxaabiistii arrimaha siyaasadda u xirneyd iyo inuu xor ka dhigay warbaahinta.
Aasaaskii Telefishinka Nabad TV
Filsan Cabdullaahi waxaa u suurtagashay inay dalka Itoobiya ka hirgaliso Telefishinkii ugu horreeyay ee madax banannaa oo laga hirgaliyay deegaanka Soomaalida.
Telefishiinka Nabad oo baahintiisa ugu horreeya Af-soomaali ku billaabay wuxuu tabiyaa warar iyo barnaamijyo madadaalo ah, ujeeddadiisa ugu weyna ay tahay inuu shacabka isku soo dhaweeyo.
Howlaha ugu waaweyn ee uu qaban jiray Telefishinkeeda waxaa ka mid ahaa in loo ol’oleeyo nabadda iyo in tooshka lagu ifiyo arrimaha lidka ku ah xasiloonida.
Wareysi ay goor sii horreysay siisay BBC-da ayey ku sharraxday ujeeddada ay u aasaastay Nabad Tv.
“Waxyaabaha igu kallifay inaan tallaabadan qaado waxaa ka mid ah deegaankeenna Soomaalida wixii ka dhacay, oo loo wada joogay, sababtoo ah ma jirin meel ay bani’aadanka xorriyad uga hadlaan, gaar ahaan dumarkana aad bay ugu dhibaateysnaayeen oo aysan heysanin meel ay wixii ay qabeen ku sheegan karaan. Marka muhiim bay ahayd inaan TV noocaas ah oo shaqadaas qabta hirgaliyo”, ayey tiri.
Dowlad deegaanka Soomaalida Itoobiya ayaa sidoo kale muddooyinkii dambe laga hirgaliyay isbadallo badan oo furfurnaan ah, wixii ka dambeeyay markii maamulka lagu wareejiyay xukuumadda uu madaxweynaha ka yahay Mustafe Cumar.
‘Doorka Soomaalida ay ku leedahay siyaasadda dalka Itoobiya’
Filsan waxay aaminsan tahay in Soomaalida dalka Itoobiya doorka ay siyaasadda dalka ku leeyihiin inuu aad u yar yahay.
Waxay horay BBC-da ugu sheegtay iney muwaaddiniinta deegaanka Soomaalida ay takoor kala kulmaan dalka.
“Dad badan oo ku nool deegaanka Soomaalida intooda badan ma aaminsana iney Itoobiyaan yihiin, si marka arrimahaasi wax looga baddalo waa iney dowladda laamaheeda kala duwan ay qaadaan tallaabbooyin wax ku ool ah” ayey tiri.
“Deegaanka Soomaalida wuxuu leeyahay aqoonyahanno deegaanka Soomaalida iyo dalka intiisa kalaba anfacaya. Marka waa in la helaa nidaam dadkaasi u suuragelinaya ka qayb gal ballaadhan u horseedi kara”. ayey tiri Filsan Cabdullaahi Axmed.
Filsan Cabdullaahi Axmed waxay ku dhalatay magaalada Jigjiga oo ay waalliddiinteeda ku noolaayeen, waxayna ku soo barbaartay magaalada Addis Ababa, waxbarashadeeda jaamacadeedna waxay ku qaadatay dalka Ingiriiska.
Donald Trump has refused to wear a face mask once again during a tour in Michigan – despite an official warning he could be banned from visiting the state if he did so.© Getty One official had warned Mr Trump could be banned from visiting Michigan in future if he did not comply with the law
The president was visiting a factory belonging to the Ford Motor Company, which has shifted its focus to manufacturing ventilators and personal protective equipment.© Reuters Donald Trump did pose with a transparent visor, but did not wear a mask
Mr Trump’s defiance came despite Ford’s own policy stating that all visitors must wear a face mask at its sites.
Surrounded by executives wearing masks, he told reporters: “I had one on before. I wore one in the back area. I didn’t want to give the press the pleasure of seeing it.”
At one point, he took out a White House-branded mask from his pocket, and said he had worn it elsewhere on the tour while out of public view.
The 73-year-old has consistently disregarded guidance from the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, urging Americans to wear masks in close company to try and curb the spread of coronavirus.
Although the company “encouraged President Trump to wear a mask when he arrived” at the plant in Ypsilanti, executive chairman Bill Ford said: “It’s up to him.”
Prior to the president’s visit, Michigan’s attorney general Dana Nessel had warned that wearing a face mask was the law in the state – and if Mr Trump failed to do so, he would be told not to return to enclosed facilities there.REPLAY VIDEO
Trump breaks Michigan law requiring masks
Ms Nessel told CNN: “If we know that he’s coming to our state and we know he’s not going to follow the law, I think we’re going to have to take action against any company or facility that allows him inside those facilities and puts our workers at risk.
“We just simply can’t afford it here in our state.”
At least two people who work in the White House and had been physically close to Mr Trump have recently been diagnosed with COVID-19.
However, the president is tested daily, and said on Thursday that he had tested negative.
Speaking to reporters during the tour of the car plant, the president also suggested that he will start staging campaign rallies at outdoor sites.
With little more than five months left until the presidential election, Mr Trump is behind his Democratic rival Joe Biden in national polls – as well as some battleground states such as Michigan, which he won four years ago.
An official working for Mr Trump’s campaign said outdoor rallies could take place as early as the middle of June, adding: “It’s clear he’s chomping at the bit to resume the rallies.”
But another adviser to the president suggested this timetable might be too optimistic, meaning such events might have to wait until after the 4 July holiday.
The president has been warned that the 2020 race is going to be much tougher than his surprise victory in 2016.
More than 94,000 people have died with coronavirus in the US, according to figures from Johns Hopkins University.
The country also has over 1.5 million confirmed cases, with the president claiming he views this as a “badge of honour” and a tribute to the volumes of testing taking place.Click to expand00:1901:36 HQ ‘I’m taking it and I’m still here’
On Monday, Mr Trump revealed he is taking hydroxychloroquine as a preventative measure against coronavirus, despite it being unproven as an effective COVID-19 treatment.
Connor Sephton, news reporter
Source: Microsoft news