Suhuur yare waxay gudbisay fariin Togan oo Siyaasiin badani kari waayeen in ay wadankooda iyo qadiyadiisa gaadhsiiyaan caalamka. Iskaba daa in ay Qadiyada Aqoonsiga Somaliland Caalamka gaadhsiiyaane waxay u xusul duubaan in ay qadiyada Somaliland xabaal ku ridaan.
Suhuur waa u hambalyeynayaa fariinta ay gaadhsiisay Caalamka iyo Madaxdaweynaha Rwanda Paul Kagame Talada uu Madaxweynuhu ka bixiyeyna waa mid muhiim ah oo iftiiminaysa mahmahda Somaliyeed ee tidhaahda NIN AAN HADAL HOOYADII QADISAY!
By Sherri Gordon Updated October 06, 2019
Everyone has one—that Facebook friend that posts obnoxious, and sometimes offensive, political statements, articles, memes and more every day, multiple times a day. You know—that friend that has a strong opinion about anything and everything political. Even if you agree with her political views, you cringe at the inflammatory way she states her opinions.
If you find yourself in this situation, you are not alone. In fact, unfriending someone for their political views is fairly common.
According to a study by Pew Research Center, nearly 20 percent of social media users have blocked, unfriended or hidden someone because of their political posts online.
This fact should not be surprising. Civility in politics has been decreasing for a long time and people are losing patience with the rhetoric. Much of this increase in online bullying, shaming, and political bullying has to do with the changing culture and the ability to insult others on the Internet. These insults are often made through the use of blogs, social media and more. Consequently, it is not surprising that people have become much freer with their use of words. This has become painfully apparent in recent years as religious and political disagreements become more and more volatile. And while many people have embraced the freedom that social media provides, just as many are simply fed up.
A Closer Look at the Political Bullying in the 2016 Election
In the 2016 election, both candidates engaged in name-calling and other bullying tactics. For instance, Democratic presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton, called people who supported Republican presidential nominee, “deplorables,” and said they were irredeemable. Meanwhile, Trump labeled Clinton a “nasty woman” and referred to her as “Crooked Hillary.”
Even the supporters of each candidate engaged in bullying tactics. On social media, Clinton supporters shamed Trump supporters by calling them racists, homophobes, xenophobes and a variety of other labels. On the Republican side of things, supporters yelled “build that wall,” and chanted “lock her up” at rallies and posted similar sentiments online.
There is no doubt that the campaigning and debates in 2016 ignited tempers, unlike any other presidential race, has done. And while there has always been some mudslinging during elections, the 2016 election was much more volatile, much more personal. Many believe that the passionate disagreements were far more prevalent because of the ease and influence of social media. What’s more, social media empowers people to say things that they would never say to someone’s face. Much of this has to do with the fact that they can hide behind a computer screen.
As a result, during the election season, people on social media were not just ranting about how much they disliked the candidates, but they often took it a step further. They also ranted about how much they disliked anyone who might support an opposing candidate often engaging in name-calling, shaming, labeling and sometimes even threats of violence. It was cyberbullying at its worst.
And while most would argue that people have a right to speak their mind, is bullying through social media really free speech? Most would argue that in some ways the mean-spirited posts, the labeling, and the name-calling actually silence free speech. As a result, people are afraid to be honest about what they really think for fear of being judged or labeled.
Additionally, when people do not talk about their views or why they believe a certain way, they start to make assumptions about what other people believe. This often causes them to believe that they are being judged. They also assume that people are displeased with them or disagree with them. Yet, they have never talked about what they truly believe nor have they asked why their friends believe the way that they do. As a result, there is a lot of hostility and frustration based solely on assumptions.
Tips for Dealing With Obnoxious Political Posts
If you are someone that would rather see posts about a person’s dinner than her monologue about a political candidate, here are some sure-fire ways to navigate the lack of digital etiquette on Facebook without losing your sanity.
Take a minute. When it comes to social media, it is easy to fire off a response before you really think about it. Resist the urge to react instead of respond. Slow down and take a minute. Scroll past the post and read something else. The goal is to avoid posting something equally inflammatory and then later regretting it. Remember, even if you delete your comment later, you can never truly make it go away. So put on the brakes. A thoughtful response, or even no response at all, is a much better approach in the long run.
Ask why. Not only does it allow for greater understanding, but it also broadens your own perspective. Just be sure to ask in a way that doesn’t put your friend on the defensive. You don’t want her to feel like she has to justify her feelings to you. Instead, keep the focus on the issues. Additionally, it might be best to have this type of conversation offline and in person. This way, you can actually see the emotions she is expressing rather than trying to assume you know by interpreting her words. A lot of interpretation is lost online. It is risky to assume you know what someone is feeling when all you have to go on are a few typed words.
If you do not understand why a friend feels so strongly, ask her. Find out how this impacts her life. Sometimes it helps to view the world through a different lens.
Ignore, scan or move on. Sometimes the best way to deal with cringe-worthy political posts is to simply scan through them and move on, especially if the post is simply a rant laced with name-calling and labeling. An even better option is to ignore them altogether. Remember, you cannot control what your Facebook friend posts online. And you probably won’t be able to change her mind or even get her to see your side of things. But you can control how you respond. And if reading her posts irritates you, ruins your day or causes you anxiety, then it is healthier for you to ignore them. Do not allow another person’s blanket bullying statements impact you and your day.
Utilize the hide or block options. Fortunately, Facebook offers some options for dealing with the deluge of political bullying that takes place online. One option is to “hide” your friend. With this option, you remain friends but you no longer see her posts in your newsfeed. A lot of people appreciate this option because they do not want the drama of unfriending someone online, but they also do not want to see their blatantly inappropriate posts any longer either. Of course, the other option is to unfriend the person and even block her from friending you again. This option should only be used in extreme cases where you no longer hope to have contact or a relationship with the person. It is very hard to salvage a friendship once you have unfriended or blocked them on Facebook.
Remember who you are dealing with. If you are friends with this person online, chances are you have some sort of relationship with the person. So when you see something that is unsettling, take a step back and look at the big picture. Is your friend going through a tough time right now? Could these political posts have something to do with a bigger issue in her life? Try to be empathetic and remember why you are friends with this person in the first place. However, if your friend’s political views define who she is as a person and it gets under your skin, you have some evaluating to do. Is this person a toxic friend that you should avoid, or is her friendship worth an effort?
Set some limits. If you find yourself getting too worked up about other people’s political posts and subtle bullying online, it might be a good idea to take a break. You need to protect yourself from the negative feelings these posts create in you. As a result, you may want to limit the time you spend on Facebook or take a break from it altogether. Or maybe the answer is to avoid engaging in any political discussions online. If you find that you absolutely have to say something in response to all the negativity online, consider journaling your responses but then never posting them. In this way, you have released your frustration by formulating a response, but you have not offended anyone, or ticked off your employer, by actually posting it.
Check your answers. Remember, there are a lot of unsubstantiated articles and information online. Make sure that if you do post a response to a political post, that your post is factual and can be verified. You don’t want to contribute to the plethora of misinformation that is floating around on Facebook. Make sure that what you post is factual, accurate and not offensive. Keep in mind, that your goal should become a conscientious poster and not just someone who shares sensationalized stories because of their shock value. The last thing you want to do is to become just like your obnoxiously-political friend. After all, you need to protect your online reputation
Source : VerywellMind
Minister invites investors to enter the country’s exploration and development industry
CAPE TOWN, South Africa, October 11, 2019/APO Group/ —
Rich in hydrocarbons and possessing a favorable geological structure, Somalia holds huge opportunities for investors looking to enter the East African market, said the country’s Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Hon. Abdirashid Mohamed Ahmed at the Africa Oil & Power conference.
“Nowhere is the contribution that the energy industry can make to civil society and economic development greater than in Somalia,” he said. Noting that the sector has the potential to greatly enhance stability and economic development.
On its path to transforming its petroleum industry and attract the attention of new investors, Somalia has made significant progress in recent years. This year, the country passed a new petroleum law which enabled it to make progress in exploration and development, and attract interest from oil and gas majors ExxonMobil and Shell.
“My ministry worked successfully with the six federal member states to develop an equitable and transparent framework for development, focused on the greater good of Somalia and all its people, whilst ensuring that we are highly competitive internationally to attract investment by delivering returns that are consistent with the risks and rewards of developing our off-shore industry,” said the minister
The minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector
Eager to demonstrate to the world that Somalia is open for business, the minister said the country is currently on an international roadshow which will showcase the exploration opportunities available in its hydrocarbons sector.
“This includes seismic data recently shot by Spectrum covering 20,185 km. The current licensing round is in respect of up to 15 blocks, covering a total area of approximately 7,500 square miles. The bid round will follow shortly after to ensure that the world knows: Somalia is open for business.”
Minister Ahmed also spoke on the attractiveness of the country’s production sharing agreement (PSA) model for offshore oil exploration and development – regarding it as being amongst the most attractive to investors in the frontier basins. The PSA provides a highly attractive regulatory fiscal framework that is both competitive and equitable for both the people of Somalia and international oil companies (IOC).
“By equitably linking of royalties and share of revenue closely to the price of oil, the Somalia PSA ensures that IOCs can recover their up-front development costs and earn a fair share profit even if oil prices fall, whilst maximizing the profit going to the Somalian people,” the minister explained.
The Africa Oil & Power conference and exhibition comes to a close today. For news and updates, visit www.AfricaOilAndPower.com
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Africa Oil & Power Conference.
By Elizabeth Scott, MS
If you find that you are stressed and not getting enough sleep, you’re not alone. In a national sleep survey, 40 percent of respondents said they aren’t getting the recommended amount of rest. Many of the stressors we face in modern life, such as traffic jams, difficult co-workers, or relationship conflicts, can trigger a fight-or-flight response, and prolonged exposure to this stress without relaxation can result in shorter sleep duration and poorer quality sleep. To improve sleep quality and cope with chronic stress, some strategies are more effective than others.
How Chronic Stress Affects Sleep
When you experience a perceived threat (physical or psychological, real or imagined), your body’s hormonal stress response gets triggered, creating a cascade of physical changes that lead to the release of glucocorticoids like cortisol by the endocrine system. The release of cortisol and other stress hormones creates a burst of energy that allows you to fight or run from a real and present danger.
A healthy stress response involves a quick cortisol spike followed by a rapid decrease once the stressful event has passed. This endocrine system response is controlled by negative feedback loops mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) access in the central nervous system.
What’s important to know in this context is that the HPA access also plays an important role in modulating the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle. Prolonged stress levels have been correlated with HPA access hyperactivity, decreased sleep duration, as well as reduced REM sleep and delta power, leading to poorer quality sleep, impaired memory, poorer mood regulation, which can, in turn, lead to more stress.
Stress Management Sleep Strategies
If your sleep problems are being compounded by the effects of stress, sleep may come easier with the implementation of healthy stress management techniques before bed. Coping with stress takes many forms, and can involve emotional engagement or emotional disengagement.
Notably, one study found that strategies that reduce emotional avoidance and enhance emotional awareness are helpful for reducing the impact of stress on sleep onset latency, while strategies that increase avoidance, such as alcohol use, can lead to longer sleep delays.
Healthy coping strategies that reduce emotional avoidance include meditation and simple breathing exercises, which can reduce stress and tension in the body, lower stress hormone levels, and help sleep come more easily.
Problem-solving can also be a way to reduce stress, but it can be stimulating and should be done earlier in the day rather than before bed.
It is important to leave enough time for stress management and also enough time for sleep itself. Educate yourself about additional stress management sleep strategies and read more about the benefits of a good night’s sleep to inspire you to figure out a plan to create space in your busy life to reduce your stress before bed.
A Word From Verywell
Not all sleep problems are due directly or entirely to stress. Certain hormonal changes that come with menopause or even natural aging can alter sleep patterns. Certain medications can also have an effect on sleep, as can caffeine, alcohol, and other things you consume. If you are feeling that you are managing your stress well and find that your sleep has not improved, you should consult your doctor to see if one of these other causes could be affecting you or if you might have a sleep disorder.
Shalay waxay ahayd Maalin qiimo badan waa markii ugu horeysey ee Ardayda loo asteeyey Shaqo qaran nasiib u heleen qayb ka mid ahi oo ka kooban 126 arday iney si rasmi ah ugu biiraan ciidamada Qaranka. kuwaas oo ka aflaxay barnaamijki shaqo qaran ee uu aasaasay Madaxweynaha qaranka Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi .in ay kala yihiin 112 wiilal , iyo 14 hablood oo dhammaantood ka mid noqday ciidamada Millatariga,booliska iyo asluubta.
Sida aan filayo waa kooxdii ku soo gasha ciidamada qaranka qaabkan ah:
- Shaqo qaran
- Ciidamo Qaran
Waa nidaam wanaagsan oo aan ku iman qaab ku dhisan:
- Suuq- joog
- Reer keen (oday caaqil ah)
- Ha naloo qarameeyo (jug soo dhacdey)
Sidaa darteed waxaa la idinka rabaa in aad hogaan u noqotaan Ciidamada qaranka idinka oo ku hagidoona shuruucda,edebta,iyo dhaqanka,aqoonta wanaagsan ee wadaniyada iyo u adeega dadka iyo dalka Somaliland.
Waxaa ku timaateen dariiq saxa oo nidaam dawladeed ah sidaa darteed waa in aad wax ka bedeshaan dhaqanka ciidamada ee aan la socon Karin wakhtigan casriga ah.
Waxaa filayaa in aad yeelaan doontaan takhasusaad kala duwan oo qaarkiin noqondoonaan
- Dhaqaale yahano
- Sharci yaqaano
- Xoogaga gaarka ah (special forces)
Iyo in ka badan oo la xidhiidha takhasuuska kala duwan ee ciidamada qaranka, sidaa darteed waxaa idin lee yahay nasiib wanaagsan dhamaantiin.
Hogaanka Media Group.
By Michael Rubin
© Getty Images
It has now been 21 months since Kurdish forces, backed by U.S. Special Forces and U.S. air support, moved into Raqqa, the capital of the Islamic State. Earlier this month, I spoke at a Rojava Centre for Strategic Studies conference in Amudeh, Syria, exploring the Islamic State’s enablers, after which I had the opportunity to visit Raqqa as the local administration’s guest.
To enter Raqqa is to be overwhelmed by destruction. Thousands of former residents remain in tents at a camp alongside the road outside Ayn Issa. Most would like to return to their homes just 45 minutes’ drive away, but Raqqa remains largely destroyed. Driving into town requires passing the shells of apartment buildings stretching miles. Local authorities have given a face lift to Naim Square, where the Islamic State executed prisoners and mounted their heads, and rebranded it Freedom Square. The buildings facing the square, however, remain bombed out.
There are signs of life in the center of town: wedding dresses, children’s toys, and sweets sold in shops surrounded by rubble. Children played soccer in a stadium once used as the Islamic State’s chief prison. Graffiti on the stadium wall cursed the Islamic State and expressed love for Taylor Swift. Unexploded ordnance slows recovery, as workers clear rubble by hand, and tempers are short. The biggest obstacle to Raqqa’s recovery, however, lies in Washington rather than Syria: The U.S. Treasury Department has been sitting on the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver for the Syrian Democratic Council for four years.ADVERTISEMENT
Opposition groups in Syria can be an alphabet soup of acronyms but, in short, the Syrian Democratic Council is the umbrella organization for pro-American Syrian Kurdish militias like the People’s Protection Units (YPG), the all-female Women’s Protection Units (YPJ), and the Syrian Democratic Forces.
When I first visited northeastern Syria in January 2014, U.S. diplomats had refused to talk to the Syrian Kurdish opposition out of deference to Turkey. The United States reconsidered its position due to both Kurds’ effectiveness against the Islamic State and Turkey’s double-dealing on terrorism. The United States began talking to the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), in December 2015, and almost immediately, the SDC applied for a U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) waiver so that they could hire American companies to participate in reconstruction and so that they could spend their own money in the United States. The SDC does not ask for handouts: one of the biggest differences between my most recent trip and my first is that the oil derricks between Qamishli and the Tigris River are now operating but absent a waiver, the SDC cannot legally spend money in the United States or elsewhere.
It is unclear whether inertia or a misguided strategy motivates OFAC to sit for years on the pending SDC waiver: The group is pro-Western and cooperates closely with Washington. The Treasury Department previously granted the Syrian National Council, the political arm of the Free Syrian Army, a waiver even though extremists and terrorists have infiltrated the Free Syrian Army. In contrast, U.S. military members in Syria trust the SDF more than local partners in Iraq or Afghanistan; there has not been a single instance of SDF men or women turning on American mentors.
The Treasury Department’s inaction not only handicaps diplomacy but also undercuts U.S. strategy.
Isolating Syrian President Bashar al-Assad remains a core U.S. interest. The Kurds dislike Assad: He voided citizenship papers Kurds need for school and employment, and imprisoned Kurdish activists. However, given Turkey’s support for Islamist radicals and its anti-Kurdish ethnic cleaning in areas of Syria the Turkish army occupies, Syrian Kurds fear Turkey more. Simply put, Treasury’s failure is pushing pro-American Kurds back toward Assad.
Numerous diplomats castigate the Iraqi government for its failure to reconstruct Mosul after it was damaged first by Islamic State conquest and then its liberation. Diplomats fear frustration could fuel Islamic State resurgence. The same is now true with Raqqa, where frustration is palpable. The only difference is that if Raqqa erupts, the blame will not be on a foreign government, but on the glacial pace of the U.S. government’s own bureaucracy.
Michael Rubin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. A former Pentagon official, he teaches classes on terrorism for the FBI and on security, politics, religion and history for U.S. and NATO military units. He has a Ph.D. in history from Yale University.
Mar walba aragtida waxaa laga eegaa dhinaca wanaagsan,balse in la qaadaa dhigo wixii la isla gaadhey ma xuma oo waa fikir ka dhiibasho iyo aragti guud uun.
20/08/18 ayaa lagu qorey Puntland mirror warkan:
Qardho-(Puntland Mirror) Siciid Cawil Caare, oo ahaa sargaal hore oo katirsan ciidamada Somaliland, ayaa bilaabay dhaqdhaqaaq jabhadeed oo ka dhan ah maamulka Somaliland.
Caare ayaa sheegay in Somaliland uu uga soo tagay cadaalad daro iyo dulmi.
“Markii aan ka dhex arki waayay cadaalad, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay dowlad loo simanyahay, markii aan ka dhex arki waayay horumar balaaran oo ummadu u simantahay, waxaan go’aansaday in aan saldhig weydiisto Puntland si aan u suuliyo dulmiga,” ayuu yiri.
Waxaa ku xigey muqqlkan oo 24/11/18 wuu ku sheegay warkan:
Waxaa aan isweydiinaynaa Caare iyo abaabulkiisa ayaa ka dambeyey?
Waxaa ka dambeeyey oo uu ka dhashay tabashadii doorashadii xisbi Wadani ee guuldaradii Cabdiraxman Ciro taas oo aan xisbiga wadani khilaaf ka muujiyey in doorashada lagaga adkaadey taageerayaashii qayb ka mida oo ah jilibkiisa ay qaarkood isku dustey in ay xoog kula wareegaan talada dalka taas oo ay Puntland u direyn ciidan uu hogaaminayo ex.K.CAARE taasi oo ay isku tuseyn talada ay xukunka ku qabsan karaan.Ka dib waxaa ku soo biirey dadkii danaynayey in ay meel ka soo galaan siyaasada dalka,kuwo dhaqaale kaga raadinaya qaranka,kuwo xilal ku gorgortamaya,kuwo aan waxba ka ogeyn oo magaca garxajis uun maqley iyo kuwo kale oo u arkey in ay fursad siyaasadeed tahay oo Somaliland lagu kala qaybin karo.
Cadaad daro ayuu sheegay Caare in uu Somaliland uga tegey hadii ay runtii tahay oo uu cadaalad daro uu Somaliland hubka ugu haatey ma saxbaa in dal dimoqraadi ah oo mar walba doorasho laga qabanqaabiyo in hub iyo xoog afgambi cadaalad u keeni karto caqliga iyo aragtiyaha siyaasadu midna ma ogola isbedel xoog ku yimaadaa cadaalad ma keeno balse waa aas aaska cadaalad darada. Hadaba Care iyo cidii la aas aastey Jahbada waa in la soo bandhigaa oo taariikhda ay galaan,si loo fahmo Caare garanaye yaa ku wahaliya hawsha waxaa jira sida uu Caare ama taageerayaashiisu sheegeen dad dhaqaale hub lagu iibiyey iyo xitaa gaadiid bixiyey dadkaasi lama yaqaan balse dadka reer Somaliland waxay u baahan yihiin iney ogaadaan cida ay yihiin. Waa xil xukuumada saran inay soo bandhigto dhamaan xogta iyo hogaamiyasha Jabhadan hubeysan,Golaha guurtida oo xaga nabada u xilsaaran iyo golaha wakiiladuna qaybaha dawlada iyaga kula xisaabtamaan (hold them accountable ). Cafiska iyo Saamaxaadu waxay timaataa marka la og yahay dhibaatada,cida gashay inta ay leeg tahay si cafisku u noqdo mid marey dariiqii saxa ahaa,oo la fahmey waxa dhib dhacdey iyo cida dusha ku qaadatey ee laga saamaxayo.Dawlada Somaliland waxaa la gudboon in ay gudi gaara u saarto xhashiiskaasi Caare ,Garxajis,Muuse iyo Somaliland gudigan oo qiimeyn iyo darsid ku sameynaysa dhibaatooyinka,xalka,iyo waafajista shuruucda qaranka si si cad loo ogaado natiijada heshiiska.In hashiis lagu dhameeyaa dhibkastaba waa arin wanaagsan balse waa in arin walba salka ku haysaa isxisaabin iyo hayn xogta si cida heshiiska ka hortimaada loogu xukumo dhamaan,wakhtigii,iyo dhaqaalihii ku baxay heshiiska waayo qaranka wakhtigaa iyo dhaqaalaha ku baxa fadhi kasta waa mid lagu qaban lahaa shaqo kale oo qaranka wax tar u leh.
© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited
Tributes have been paid to “incredible” BBC journalist Hanna Yusuf, who has died at the age of 27.
Ms Yusuf wrote for the corporation’s website and as recently as August had exposed working conditions at Costa Coffee, with workers alleging managers’ refusal to pay for sickness or annual leave. The story prompted the café giant to launch an audit.
The cause of her death is unknown. Her family said in a statement that it was “sudden and unexpected and has come as a shock to us all”.
The tribute went on: “Hanna was a dedicated young vibrant professional who became a bridge between the media and the community, helping break boundaries in providing a voice and representation.
© Provided by Independent Digital News & Media Limited Hanna Yusuf’s death was
“Many will know Hanna for her incredible contributions to journalism and for her work at the BBC.
“While we mourn her loss, we hope that Hanna’s legacy will serve as an inspiration and beacon to her fellow colleagues and to her community and her meaningful memory and the people she has touched for many years lives on.”
Fran Unsworth, director of BBC News, said: “This is terrible news that has left us all deeply saddened.
“Hanna Yusuf was a talented young journalist who was widely admired across the BBC and our utmost sympathies go to her family and many friends. Hanna will be much missed.”
Museumkan Saryan waa mid casri ah waxaa aan booqday 15/07/19 in kasta oo aanan wakhti badan u helin inaan kawada bogto taariikhda iyo asraarta ku duugan qaybaha uu museumku ka kooban yahay wakhtiga oo igu yaraa awgii hadana aad baan ugu qushuucay,ugana helay ,waxaa jirey dhalinyaro iyaguna daawanayey wakhtigaa Museum .
Runtii sideedaba Museum yadu waxay ka mid yihiin waxyabaha lagu qiimeeyo heerka ay umadi ka gaadhey ilbaxnimada waxaana lagu kaadiyaa dhaxalka umada ee farsamada,dhaqanka.taariikhda,aqoonta iyo wax wal oo umadi ku soo dhaqmi jirtey bilowgii ilaa maanta.
Waxaa kula talinayaa Hayadaha waxbarashada iyo kuwa dalxiisku inay taageeraan Museumkan oo ay ku dhiirigeliyaan ardayda iyo dadka dalxiisayasha ahba in ay booqdaan,walibana ardayda lageeyo Museumka oo ay wakhti ku soo qaataan,waxbarashadana lagu daro safarada(trips) gaagab oo lagu tago meelaha taariikhiga ah ama lagu keydiyo sida ardayda caalamkaba loo geeyo meelahaa.
Maamulka Meseumkana waxaa aan kula talin nayaa in uu u diyaariyo dadka dalxiiska ah ama dadka kale iyo ardaydaba maalmo ay soo bookhan karaan oo gaar ah.
Dadka reer Somalilandna waxaa kula talinayaa in ay Museum koodan dhaqaaleeyaan oo ay ku taageeraan xoog,xoolo iyo aqoonba.
Waad Mahadsan tihiin
diyaariye: Maxamed rashiid
Social Media and Addiction
How People Become Hooked on Social Media and What to Do About It
Researchers at Michigan State University have found that people who report using social media a lot tend to struggle with decision-making. As part of their study, participants answered questions about their social media use. The questions were tailored to see how dependent people were on social media, as well as how they felt when they couldn’t use it and how they would feel about never using it again.
After the survey, the participants completed a common psychological task known as the Iowa Gambling Task, which helps gauge value-based decision-making skills. During the task, the goal is for the participants to collect as much money as possible. The researchers found that those participants who spent more time on social media were likely to have less money at the end of the task. Meanwhile, those who spent less time on social media finished the task with more money.
Because this type of deficit in decision-making skills often goes hand-in-hand with drug addiction as well as a gambling addiction, the researchers likened the results of excessive social media use to aspects of an addiction.
In another study, researchers explored what it would “cost” for certain participants to deactivate their Facebook profiles for up to one year. Consequently, experimental auctions revealed that it would anywhere from $1,000 to more than $2,000 for participants to cancel their Facebook profiles for that length of time.
Still, some users refused to bid at all, which researchers believe signaled their dependence on Facebook and their unwillingness to even consider deactivating their accounts. These results show just how dependent, or addicted to, social media some people are that they would not even consider deactivating their accounts for a year, despite being paid.
Other Issues With Excessive Social Media Use
For some people, the thought of not being able to check their social media accounts causes them to break out in a cold sweat. They get nervous and anxious and are not sure how to handle the situation. When this occurs, therapists often refer to this as social media anxiety disorder, which may share similarities to social anxiety disorder.
This connection is not surprising given that anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder in the United States; and technology seems to be making things worse. In fact, appears that the more technology people acquire, the more stressed out they become.
For instance, researchers estimate that 20 percent of people with social media accounts cannot go more than three hours without checking them; and for people with social media anxiety disorder, just being away from their social media accounts for just a few minutes can cause severe anxiety.
Signs You (or Your Teen) Are Hooked
Aside from the obvious anxiety and nervousness that being away from social media can cause some people, there are some other telltale signs that they may have an addiction to social media. These include everything from isolating themselves from others, losing interest in activities they once found enjoyable, and getting agitated, angry, or anxious when they are unable to check social media. Following is a closer look at some of the signs that you (or your teen) may be hooked on social media:
Anxiety, agitation, or anger when you cannot check social media. Not being able to check social media is not a life-threatening situation. But, for some people, not being able to get online and check their status and their updates can feel like one. Even though they may feel embarrassed or confused by their reactions, they often feel like they cannot control their feelings or their situation.
Interrupt conversations to check social media. Sometimes people can be so obsessed with the online world that they have trouble staying in the moment or paying attention to what others are saying. Consequently, their faces are often buried in their phones; or, they may appear distracted and constantly check their phones.
Lie to others about how much time is spent online. Most people who struggle with social media addiction are embarrassed by how much time they spend online. So, they lie to their loved ones about how much they are scrolling social media. They know they should not be online so much, but they just cannot help it.
Withdraw from family and friends. When social media addiction progresses, it can become consuming of a person’s time and energy. As a result, a person with an addiction to social media will withdraw from family and friends and spend most of their time in the virtual world.
Lose interest in other activities. As social media takes up more and more time, it becomes the most important thing in a person’s life. Consequently, the addicted person will spend the bulk of their time on social media and very little time doing the things they once loved.
Neglect school or work in favor of social media. One hallmark of addiction, is the way that it consumes a person’s time, energy, and attention. For this reason, many people with social media addiction often neglect their schoolwork or their work assignments because they cannot tear themselves away from social media.
Experience negative impacts to your personal or professional life. One of the biggest indicators that you or your teen has a problem with social media is when it starts interfering with your life in a negative way. For instance, grades start dropping and deadlines are missed for school or work are definite indicators that there is a problem.
Feel stressed and that your life is lacking. It is important to remind yourself (and your teen) that what you see on social media is just another person’s highlight reel. They have normal, boring days filled with work and obligations just like everyone else. Remind yourself that if social media makes you think that your life is boring, it is not going to get any better sitting there obsessing about it. You have to get out and enjoy your life – experience it – not just document it.
Practical Ways to Monitor Social Media Use
Whether you want to monitor your social media use, your teens’ use, or both, there are a number of steps you can take to see not only how often you are using social media, but also to determine if you are using it in healthy and productive ways.
When notifications from social media ping on your phone all day, every day, it can be challenging not to toggle over to your social media accounts and see what is happening.
For this reason, it can be extremely useful, and preventative, to turn off the notifications on your social media accounts. This way, instead of social media beckoning you to check out what people are posting or saying, you are in control. As a result, you are free to check social media at times that are convenient for you rather than feeling you should check right away when your phone pings.
Meanwhile, you may want to turn on notifications for when your kids post to their social media accounts.
In other words, you can set up notifications on your account to notify you know anytime your teen posts something on their social media account. This way, you can see what they are posting, how often they are posting, and determine if they need some tips on digital etiquette or to take something down.
With notifications, hopefully you see a questionable post before too many other people do.
See Certain Posts First
On some social media accounts, like Facebook, you can set guidelines that allow you to see certain social media posts first. What’s more, you also can indicate who your “close friends” are so that you get notifications when they post. (You can still get notifications when they post that do not alert your phone immediately. Instead, these notifications are only listed in the notifications tab.)
When you set up these types of parameters on social media, you are making it work for you instead of allowing it to push you into behaving or interacting in a certain way. Additionally, these types of parameters make it much easier to just see what you want on social media rather than scrolling through every post in your feed. This way, it is much easier to limit the time you spend on social media.
Conduct a Social Media Audit
One of the best ways to get a picture of how you or your teen is using social media, is to conduct a social media audit. Take a look at the posts, photos, and comments. Then consider what these things say about you and your social media use.
For instance, are you posting every day, multiple times a day? Or do you go days or even weeks without posting? If you find that you are posting every day, multiple times per day, you may want to take a closer look at how much time you are spending on social media.
Your social media audit could be your first clue that things are starting to go off the tracks somewhat.
Track Your Time on Social Media
Whether you use your phone’s settings or get a free app like Quality Time, there are countless ways to manage your time and track how much time you are spending not only on your phone but also on social media, Netflix, and online gaming.
Once you know how you are spending your time, you will be able to set goals and limits for your social media use. Additionally, some apps allow you to add family members so that you can all disconnect or unplug together as well as keep one another accountable.
A Word From Verywell
Social media is a fun way to document and share your life, especially with friends or relatives that live far away. But just as with anything else in life, there is such a thing as too much. If you find that you (or your teen) are spending a lot time on social media, and it makes you anxious when you cannot check your posts or see what others are doing, then that is a red flag that something is wrong. It is time to take some steps to cut back and truly experience life around you rather than just document it.
Additionally, if you are showing signs of social media anxiety, or if you feel like social media is impacting your decision-making, you may want to schedule some time with a counselor or therapist. They can help you work through your anxiety and make sense of your feelings as well as provide you with ideas on how to make healthy changes in your life.
By Sherri Gordon
Source: Verywell mind
Maanta waxaa aan u qaatay mawduucan kor ku xusan,markaa aan in badan dersaayey hab dhaqanka qaar badan oo ka mida siyaasiinta reer Somaliland,guud ahaan sida ay hagardaamada ugu hayaan horumarka dadkooda iyo dalkooda,iyaga oo inta badani dantiisa gaarka ah ka horumarinaya waxwalba arintaasi waxay igu dhalisay in aan si guud uga hadlo siyaasiga iyo shaqadiisa tilmaamo dhaliilaha jira dadka Somaliland u bayaamiyo dantoodu waxa ay ku jirto.
- Ugu horeyn waxaa aan rabaa in aynu qeexno siyaasi waxaa uu yahay oo ugu horeyn ka jawaabno su’aashan:
- Waa maxay siyaasi?
- Siyaasi waa shaqsi ku firficoon siyaasada xisbi, ama waa shaqsi haya ama doonaya in uu xil ka qabto xafiis dawladeed, Siyaasiintu waxay soo jeediyaan sharciyada,taageeraan oo abuuraan ama kordhinta siyaasadaha xukunka dalka iyo dadkiisa.
- Siyaasi waa shaqsi si xirfad leh ugu lug leh siyaasada,qaas ahaan haya xil xafiis loo doortey.
- Siyaasi waa qof u dhaqma si khiyaano ah iyo hab marin habaabin ah caadiyan inuu horumar ka helo ha’ad.
Qeexida siyaasi kuma koobna 3 dan oo kaliya balse waa ay ka badan yihiin cilmi ahaan sida ay aqoonyahanda cilmiga bulshadu u qeexaan ama u taxliiliyaan,balse nuxurka aan u jeedaa waa in aynu wax ka fahano uun siyaasi waxaa uu yahay.
- Waa maxay Shaqada Siyaasigu?
Marka aynu si kooban u eegno waxaynu ku soo ururin karnaa:
Go,aan qaadasho,sameynta siyaasadaha iyo dastuurka,wadida hawlaha qaran ee loo idmadey,jihaynta iyo qorsheynta sida dhaqaalaha,siyaasada,nabadgelyada iyo arimaha bulshada ee qaranka u hogaamin lahaa jidka guusha.
Laga soo bilaabo xildhibaanada deegaanka ilaa cida markaa haysa xilka madaxtooyada Somaliland siyaasiintu waxay sameeyaan go’aano muhiima sameyn ku leh qaabeynta dhamaan dhinacyada siyaasada,dhaqaalaha,arimaha bulshada,nabadgelyada iwm nolosha dadka reer Somaliland.
Waxaa aan filayaa in intaasi inaga filan tahay fahanka guud ee siyaasiga,imika hadii aan u soo noqdo ujeedada qoraalkaygan gaaban.
Maxaa aan u doortey ciwaanka ah SIYAASIINTYADU TIRO BADANAA OO TAYO XUMAA!
- Siyaasadu waa waxqabad wadareed dhexyaala kooxo
Tusaale Somaliland waxay leedahay 3 xisbi siyaasadeed qaran sida ku cad dastuurka iyo shirciyada asxaabta sidaa darteed siyaasada Somaliland waxay isku keenaysaa oo si wadar ah uga dhexeysaa seddexdaas xusbi,waanay dhaxtaalaa wax qabadkeeda, tusaale ahaan golaha wakiilada Somaliland waxay ka soo baxeen mid ka mida asxaabta saddexda ah,uun.Marka uu shaqsigu noqdo xubin bar barlamaan wuxuu wakil ka yahay siyaasada qaranka.
Markaa hadii aynu tusaale u soo qaadano dhibatada Ceel-afweyn cida ugu horeysa ee laga rabo in ay faragelisaa waa:
- Wakiilada heer degaan iyo kuwa heer qaran ee degaankaas laga soo doortey,iyaga oo baadhaya kormeeraya ururinaya xogta laga diyaariyey ee haydaha nabadgelyada degaanku (degmada Ceel-Afweyn) hayaan.
- In qiimeeyaan xaalada guud ee degmaanta
- In ay soo saaraan go’aano iyo talooyin ku saabsan dhibaatooyinka gobolkaasi iyo taloyinka lagu xalilayo.
Taas bedelkeeda waxaa aad moodaa in aaney warba ka hayn ama aan bad an ka lahay siyaasiinta degaankaasi wax aka socda degaankooda,oo ay u arkaan in cid kale xilkaasi saran yahay.
Waxaa iyaguna talada tu la mida saareyd in ay qaataan waa Gudoomiyasha iyo golaha degmada ee saddexda xisbi qaran saaxada kamaba muuqdaan oo maba arkeysid xisbiyo firfircoon oo degaanka ceel afweyn oo ka hadlaya dhibaatadaasi.
Xitaa Siyaasiinta heer qaran ee saddexda xisbi kama muuqdaan in ay qayb ka galaan deminta Xasarada Ceel-Afweyn. Waxaaney Madaxdoodu inoo sheegayaan in dhibaatada Ceel-Afweyn tahay mid weyn waxaad moodaa markey Media yah aka hadlayaan kuwo raadinaya cidii dhibkan xalin lahayd oo kol dawlada ayey ku riixayaan kol cid kale ayey farta ku fiicayaan, ogow waa xilkooda waxan ay doondoonayaan cidii qaban lahayd.Arimahaasi oo dhami waa qayb ka mida tayo xumida iyo tiro badnida Siyaasiinta Somaliland.
Dhibaatada Somaliland maanta haysataa waa Siyaasinta oo aan lahayn aragti fog,iyaga oo doonaya madaxtanimo kursi oo kaliya balse aan rabin in ay isbedel keenan lagu horumarinayo siyaasada dhaqaalaha iyo nolosha bulshada,taas bedelkeeda waa kuwo u soo xoogsi tegey dal aanad moodeynin dalkoodii.
Somaliland ahaan siyaasiidta Somaliland ee ku jira siyaasada hadii aynu tirino kama yara ilaa 1000 oo qof hadii aaney ka badneyn Sida:
Tirada golaha Guurtida iyo golaha wakiilada
Golaha Wasiirada iyo Safiirada
,Xisbiga kulmiye,Wadani iyo UCID
Qiyaastaa intaas oo shaqsi iyo kuwo kale oo siyaasada hawlgab ka noqday waxaa ay yihiin kuwo la rabay in Somaliland cusub u fikiraan oo ay dhisaan,dal barwaaqo ah oo ka mida kuwa caalamka ugu dhaqaale iyo nololba fiican.Hadii la helilahaa siyaasiin dhexda u xidha dhismaha dhaqaale iyo siyaasadeed bulsho mudo yar ayaa Somaliland ku noqon lahayd mid isku filan,oo dadkeedu noqdaan kuwo ku raaxaysta nicmada Alle (swt) Dhigay dhulkooda ee ay ka qaawan yihiin.Arinta kale ee xusida mudani waxay tahay siyaasinta tirade badani ee tayada lahayni ma kala garataan arimaha danta guud ( public interest) iyo waxaaney dani ugu jirin qaranka,waxaad arkeysaa in badan siyaasiintaasi oo iyagu aan la gabaneynin iney aragti ahaan lidi ku yihiin nabadgelyada qaranka,sidaa qof siyaasiya oo aan rabin jiritaanka Somaliland uu hadana mushar uga qaataa maalka qaranka,waa arimaha la yaabka leh ee aad ka heleysid Somaliland siyaasiintooda.
La soco …………………
The annual U.N. General Assembly is an orgy of symbolism. Who meets whom on the sidelines? Who tried but failed to secure a meeting with the U.S. president? Who walks out of whose speech? Whom do security officers intercept when they try to exceed the permissions of their visa?
But there’s a second chapter to the diplomatic saga: Who continues on to Washington? What they do there matters. Some go to the White House, others to Congress, and still others hold meetings with their respective diasporas.
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, or Farmajo as he is known to his Somali constituents, visited Washington, D.C., to formally open the Somali embassy. Farmajo was once the State Department’s great hope for Somalia. Long a refugee in the United States, he acquired American citizenship and even worked in various local government posts in Buffalo, New York, before returning to Somalia to become president.
The State Department sent Donald Yamamoto, one of its highest ranking Africanists, to head the U.S. mission in Mogadishu. Yamamoto, in turn, promised Somalia almost a billion dollars in aid, although that number has shrunk considerably because of Farmajo’s ineffectiveness against (if not participation in) endemic corruption and a host of unanswered questions about his governance and priorities.
U.S. priorities in the Horn of Africa are promoting peace and stability, countering terrorism, and preventing Chinese inroads. On the latter two counts, Farmajo has already become a liability. He has sold Somali waters to Chinese interests, for example, undercutting Somali fishing and aiding a revival of piracy. In recent months, he has appeared to endorse terrorism as a policy tool against neighboring states.
His visit to Washington should now end any question about whether the Farmajo regime deserves U.S. support.
Less than six months ago, the revelation that an Uber and Lyft driver in the Washington, D.C., area was a confirmed war criminal made international headlines. At the time, numerous Somalis testified that the driver, Yusuf Abdi Ali (better known as Colonel Tukeh), had directed torture and gruesome executions of prisoners during the 1980s.
In one case, he had tied prisoners to a tree, doused them with oil, and lit them on fire. In another case, he tied a prisoner to a military vehicle and dragged him to his death. The cases were well documented, and so when Abdi Ali was found living in Canada, the Canadian government deported him. He later entered the U.S. and found work as an airport screener until he was recognized. Ultimately, after a long legal battle, the Federal Court in Alexandria, Virginia, found Abdi Ali guilty and fined him $500,000 in the case of Farhan Tani Warfaa, a Somali whom Abdi Ali had tortured and shot five times while Warfaa was a teenager.
Human rights activists and Somalia watchers were shocked, therefore, not only to see Abdi Ali attending the opening of the new Somali embassy in Washington, but also to pose for pictures with Farmajo. Politicians might get a pass when asked to pose by well-wishers whom they do not know. But in this case, Abdi Ali appeared to be working for Farmajo, setting the security perimeter.
No diplomatic smoke and mirrors can obfuscate Farmajo’s behavior. He is seeking to appeal to the worst elements of his clan rather than promoting reconciliation. In Somaliland especially, where the bulk of former dictator Siad Barre’s genocide against the Isaaq clan occurred, the wounds are still fresh and mass graves still uncovered.
Yamamoto’s strategy has effectively been one of bribery: Flood Mogadishu with aid and allow Farmajo to use it to grease patronage to unite Somalia. The strategy has not worked, however, and instead has worsened corruption, undercut development by distorting salaries, and undermines stability in Somaliland and the southern Jubbaland state, as well as other portions of Somalia that have also seen modest stabilization and success.
Even before Farmajo’s Washington trip, there were ample grounds for the State Department or Congress to review Somalia policy. For a leader such as Farmajo to pose with a war criminal should be grounds for automatic cessation of support. Somalia cannot recover with Farmajo in power. Both Somalis and American taxpayers deserve better.
by Michael Rubin | October 01, 2019
September 26, 2019
Days appear numbered for Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving prime minister. Arrogance, vendettas and corruption accusations appear to have taken their toll as Benny Gantz, a former Israeli general, squeaked past Netanyahu’s party in the election.
Progressives rejoiced. “Netanyahu is a corrupt authoritarian who tried to control the media, broke laws, and is left with no play other than lying and lashing out to stay out of prison. Israelis deserve better,” Ben Rhodes, President Obama’s deputy national security adviser, tweeted. Sara Leah Whitson, executive director for the Middle East at Human Rights Watch, celebrated, calling Netanyahu’s apparent defeat, “Hopefully a harbinger for the end of racist extremist rulers the world over!”
Netanyahu may be on his way out, but if his American opponents believe that his successors would pursue different policies, they do not understand Israel’s democracy.
Within Israeli society, Netanyahu resolved two-decades-old debates: First as finance minister and then as prime minister, he closed the door on socialism and set the seeds for Israel to become the “start-up nation.” The Israeli economy boomed, bureaucracy shrank, and almost all Israelis benefited. Many left-of-center Israeli parties dug in their heels and refused to acknowledge the debate’s end. Today, their regressive economic philosophy drags down the Israeli left as much as disputes over peace process posture.
The greater issue, however, is that Israelis consider the debate over security policy closed as well. When I taught Iranian history at Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 2001-2002, attacks interrupted almost every class, as sirens followed by text messages recalled students to hospitals, military bases or forensic units.
Many Israelis recall that period as the nadir of Israeli security. Bombs devastated pizzerias, bars, buses and hotels, killing hundreds of civilians. The West Bank barrier effectively ended the terror campaign. Progressives may conflate it with Donald Trump’s border wall, but there is broad consensus in Israeli society that walls work. Indeed, conservative Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, another lightening rod for the progressive left, might have claimed credit for the wall, but it was actually the idea of Yitzhak Rabin, the left-of-center Israeli prime minister and Nobel laureate who was later assassinated. Neither Israeli left nor right dispute the walls’ success; rather, their main dispute is who gets credit for it.
Israelis, too, are largely of one mind with regard to the futility of the land-for-peace formula. In 2005, Sharon returned the Gaza Strip in its entirety. Palestinians razed the green houses and other economic infrastructure, and transformed Gaza into a launchpad for terrorism, which did more to further cycles of violence than enable peace.
Many Democrats blame Netanyahu for peace process demise after Netanyahu rejected Obama’s 2009 call for a full settlement freeze and hope a new prime minister might reverse course and jumpstart the peace process. This too is naive. Israelis differentiate between isolated outposts and so-called natural growth – adding apartments within existing towns or rooms to existing houses. Many also believe that, since the West Bank is technically disputed rather than occupied, Palestinian construction should likewise be regulated.
The simple reality is that Palestinian rejectionism rather than settlements are the real reason for diplomatic stalemate: First in 2000 and then in 2008, Israeli prime ministers offered the Palestinian Authority independence in exchange for peace. Even Palestinian negotiators acknowledge that Ehud Olmert’s last offer was, in area, more than the entire West Bank. Palestinian leaders rejected both offers without any counteroffer, convincing Israelis that Palestinians simply would accept no peace, no matter how generous. Netanyahu’s departure will not change that.
Netanyahu’s real legacy in U.S.-Israeli ties will be different. Whereas support for Israel was once American consensus, Netanyahu’s arrogance accelerated the progressive tilt away from the Jewish state. Too many transposed hatred of Netanyahu upon Israel. Today, Democrats – especially young ones – are far more hostile to Israel and its partnership with America than their parents or peers across the aisle.
Gantz would never steer Israel away from Netanyahu’s economic or security policies, but he would steer Israel away from Netanyahu. Whether it is too late to reverse the damage the last decade of Netanyahu did in Congress, however, is another question entirely
The programmes will be delivered in partnership with the Somaliland government to promote long-term stability in the region. Published 11 September 2019 From: British Embassy Mogadishu and DFID Somalia
The UK yesterday signed an agreement with the government of Somaliland and Denmark to support the implementation of Phase II of the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF2) programme, which aims to improve lives of local people through the delivery of essential public services.
SDF2 (£25 million, 2018 to 2022), will be delivered in partnership with the Somaliland government to promote long-term stability in the region. It will include building of critical infrastructure, such as roads, water systems and agricultural facilities, and will also help build capacity within Somaliland’s institutions. The new programme which is aligned to Somaliland’s National Development Plan II (NDPII) will build on the achievements of the original SDF (2013 to 2018) programme.
The UK and Somaliland also signed a renewed Memorandum of Understanding to support the implementation of the Energy Security and Resource Efficiency in Somaliland (ESRES) Programme that aims to provide a clean, affordable renewable energy boost in Somaliland.
The agreements were signed by President Bihi and Damon Bristow, the Head of Office for the UK’s Department of International Development (DFID) in Somalia. Also present at the signing ceremony was the British Ambassador, Ben Fender, and the Head of the British Office in Hargeisa, Stuart Brown.
Speaking after the signing ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Hargeisa, Damon said:
The UK is committed to supporting the people of Somaliland. We recognise the efforts being made to improve institutions and to provide access to basic services for local people.
SDF 2 will ensure that ordinary people across Somaliland will benefit from improved services by supporting the growth of Somaliland’s economy.
ESRES will address the high costs of electricity in Somaliland and help promote green growth and poverty reduction by increasing access to more affordable and reliable renewable energy services.
While in Hargeisa, Damon visited the Hargeisa Water Agency which SDF is supporting to supply clean water to the people of Hargeisa. He also visited the Somaliland Roads Development Authority (RDA) to discuss the UK’s investment in roads and supporting the RDA’s capacity to deliver on quality and safeguarding standards.
- The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) provides a single vehicle through which donors can support Somaliland’s development goals, supporting projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan.
- The UK-funded Energy Security and Resource Efficiency in Somaliland (ESRES) programme has supported the installation of Six hybrid mini-grids providing clean energy and lowering energy prices in sites across Somaliland
Writing in the Sunday Telegraph, the Foreign Secretary says that the UK is leading by example as a force for good in the world. Published 23 September 2019 From: Foreign & Commonwealth Office and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP Written on: 22 September 2019
This week, I will join the Prime Minister in New York, where he is leading the UK delegation to the United Nations’ annual General Assembly. As we make progress in our Brexit negotiations, we are also taking our vision of a truly Global Britain to the UN – leading by example as a force for good in the world.
The Government is making progress on Brexit negotiations, with the European Commission President, Jean‑Claude Juncker, stating plainly “I think we can have a deal”. Meanwhile, Liz Truss, the Trade Secretary, has been in Tokyo, paving the way for a free-trade deal with Japan and the wider Asia‑Pacific region.
We want to be good European neighbours and buccaneering global free traders. But Global Britain is about more than Brexit or even free trade, important though they are. Under Boris Johnson, we intend to reinforce Britain’s role in the world as a good global citizen – and the UN is a great place to start.
Next year, we will host the UN Climate Change Summit, bringing the world together in Glasgow to demonstrate our leadership on climate change. We’ve got an impressive story to tell. After all, Britain was the first country to legislate to end our contribution to global warming, so that we leave the environment in a better state for the next generation. And our innovative approach to green technologies such as electric vehicles and renewable energy will help lead the way. We want to bring that experience to bear with our international partners – from Brazil to Indonesia – because we know this is a global challenge that demands international action.
In New York, I will speak alongside human rights lawyer and UK Special Envoy, Amal Clooney, about the new Media Freedom Coalition we’ve set up with Canada. The first wave of 26 countries has signed up, committing to protecting media freedoms in their own countries, speaking out against abuses, and standing up for oppressed journalists around the world.
Amal Clooney is convening a high-level panel of legal experts to advise countries on how to strengthen their legal protections for journalists. This international team will turn these lofty ideals into national laws that will protect journalists on the ground.
And when journalists come under assault, we’ll be there to defend them – with a Global Media Defence Fund backed by £3 million of UK funding. Working with Unesco, the fund will train journalists, help keep them safe, and provide legal assistance in some of the most dangerous places journalists work – whether it’s reporting on the Taliban from Afghanistan or tracking cartel violence in Mexico.
When we leave the EU, we will also reinforce our sanctions legislation to hold those who commit serious abuses of human rights to account – by barring them from entering the UK and freezing their assets such as bank accounts. That will provide a layer of UK accountability against those who target journalists, whistle-blowers and human rights campaigners with impunity in their own countries.
As well as championing these causes, the UN General Assembly is also an opportunity for the international community to come together to defend the international rule of law, by calling on all its members to play by the rules.
We will shine a spotlight on Iran’s violations of international law, including its destabilising actions in the region. And we will be condemning that country’s cruel practice of arbitrarily detaining dual nationals on spurious charges, often in appalling conditions, and in a flagrant disregard for international law.
We want to be a constructive voice on Hong Kong, supporting its people’s right to peaceful protest and encouraging political dialogue on all sides – within the framework of ‘one country, two systems’ that China has consistently advocated since 1984.
When we leave the EU, there will be enormous opportunities across the world. And Britain will be a force for good. We will trade more liberally, including with the poorest countries held back by Western protectionism. We will lead on climate change. We will be a champion of the basic freedoms enshrined in the UN Charter, and a doughty defender of the rules-based international system – the world’s best bet when it comes to tackling the challenges we all share
|Thursday, Sep 26, 2019|
|By Melina Delkic|
|President Trump holding a news conference during the U.N. General Assembly on Wednesday. Doug Mills/The New York Times|
|New revelations as Trump impeachment fight heats up|
|Less than a day after Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced an impeachment inquiry into President Trump, the White House released a log detailing a call between Mr. Trump and the Ukrainian leader, and allowed lawmakers to view a whistle-blower’s complaint. We break the developments down for you:|
|■ In a July 25 phone call, Mr. Trump urged the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, to consider investigating Joe Biden, the former vice president, and alluded to American aid to Ukraine. (Note: The linkage was not explicit, and the document was not verbatim.) Read the log for yourself.|
|■ A whistle-blower complaint filed by an anonymous intelligence officer, as described by members of Congress who saw it under strict security, conveys concerns about how the White House handled the phone records and identifies multiple witnesses. The inspector general for the intelligence community concluded that the conversation meant the president may have illegally solicited a foreign campaign contribution.|
|■ A Justice Department official told The Times that after the whistle-blower raised concerns, the inspector general and the acting director of national intelligence referred the complaint for a possible criminal investigation into the president’s actions. The Justice Department concluded that there was no basis for a criminal investigation into Mr. Trump’s behavior.|
|■ On Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Trump appeared alongside Mr. Zelensky on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly. “We had, I think, a good phone call. It was normal. We spoke about many things,” Mr. Zelensky said of their conversation. “Nobody pushed me,” he added. Then Mr. Trump jumped in, “In other words, no pressure.”|
|What’s next? The acting director of national intelligence will testify before a House committee today. The number of House members supporting impeachment reached a majority last night, and Democrats plan to spend the next few weeks building a strong case against Mr. Trump. Here’s an explanation of how the impeachment process works. (It has never resulted in the removal of an American president from office.)|
On Sept. 9, Somalia’s government announced that President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed who is better known as “Farmajo,” would make his first visit to the United States as president, first visiting the United Nations General Assembly before traveling to Washington, D.C. This trip will be a homecoming of sorts for Farmajo who, after the collapse of Somalia’s government in 1991, sought asylum in the United States and worked here for years.
Somalia receives only peripheral attention in the U.S., but it nevertheless receives approximately a half billion dollars of foreign aid annually, far more than any country in Latin America and the majority of Africa. Even against the backdrop of budget cuts, U.S. Ambassador Donald Yamamoto has sought nearly to double that funding. But Somalia has little to show for U.S. aid and diplomatic investment: Every year of Farmajo’s administration has seen corruption continue and insecurity increase.
While Farmajo has avoided serious discussion of Somalia’s future in Mogadishu, his visit to the U.S. provides an opportunity for him to answer some basic questions. Below are a few questions Farmajo should be asked, grouped by subject:
Mr. President, you retained U.S. citizenship until earlier this summer, when you voluntarily renounced it. Did you file income tax each year during which you were an American citizen? Even Americans living abroad without tax obligations must fully report their income.
Your wealth and fortune have increased tremendously since you became Somalia’s president in February 2017. Will you release your filings to show the sources of this wealth? If you have not fulfilled your filing obligations, why not? When you step down from Somalia’s presidency and no longer have diplomatic immunity, will you be able to step foot in the United States? Or would you face charges for tax delinquency from your time as a citizen?
Mr. President, Somalia receives upward of a billion dollars annually in aid, yet Transparency International has ranked Somalia as the world’s most corrupt country for well over a decade, more corrupt even than Syria, Iraq, Venezuela, Yemen and Afghanistan. “Bribery, stealing of public funds, and profiteering by authorities is an everyday fact of life” in Somalia, it found.
Do you believe Transparency International’s assessment of Somalia is wrong? If so, why? If Transparency International’s findings are correct, however, does that signal that the federal government of Somalia lacks capacity to manage the aid it receives? Why should American taxpayers support sending hundreds of millions of dollars to Mogadishu when most of it is wasted and when corruption remains rampant?
Mr. President, it almost seems that terrorist group Al-Shabaab strikes into the heart of Mogadishu, Kismayo, and other supposedly-secure areas of Somalia on a monthly basis, and the problem only appears to be getting worse. Why? Can you show anywhere where you have made progress?
Is the government of Somalia able to maintain security as the African Union Mission in Somalia winds down its mission? How do you assess recent videos emerging showing Somalis seeking absolution from al-Shabab or swearing allegiance to the group?
There have been multiple reports that Al-Shabaab forced workers to cease construction on the Mogadishu stadium. Your government has denied this, despite evidence to the contrary. How, then, do you explain the failure of so many projects to be completed? Corruption? Incompetence?
4. Human Rights
Mr. President, can you speak to the strengths and weaknesses of the Somali constitution? Since you came to power, there have been many killings of opposition activists, and many more have been imprisoned.
An unarmed demonstrator in Baidoa was murdered. Independent journalism has declined under your watch, not only because of repression but also because of financial co-option. What are your human rights priorities? Can you outline a plan to address many of the problems that have emerged under your rule?
Mr. President, when you campaigned for the presidency, you criticized your predecessor for his frequent travel abroad. After all, there was so much work to be done in Somalia, the president was needed at home. And yet, once in office, you have traveled more than many other foreign leaders do.
Over the past year, for example, you have visited Ethiopia at least three-times, Italy, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Burundi, Eritrea, Japan, Turkey, the U.S., and soon Russia. This travel doesn’t include that of Somalia’s foreign minister or Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire. How much has such travel cost? Can you point to any trip that could not have been conducted by the foreign minister instead?
As a side note: On this current visit, you originally planned visits to see the Somali communities in Minnesota and Ohio, but canceled them after learning of planned protests. Why not listen to the protestors’ concerns directly and, if you believe them unwarranted, debate them head-on?
Mr. President, your administration has moved Somalia’s foreign policy into much closer partnership with both Turkey and Qatar. You recently promoted Fahad Yasin, a former Al Jazeera employee, to be Somalia’s intelligence chief, even though as deputy intelligence director, he reportedly bragged that he was Qatar’s bagman and the maker and breaker of Somali political fortunes.
Is there truth to Yasin’s claims? Or to allegations that Yasin has multiple passports? What do you see as Qatar’s goals in Somalia? Can you account for all Qatari aid? Does it all get channeled through you, or do other Somali officials receive Qatari funding directly? Can you shed new light on reports of intercepted phone calls showing Qatari direction of some terrorist attacks inside Somalia?
You have crafted tight relations with Turkey, even providing Turkey a military base in Mogadishu. Turkish officials, however, make clear that there is a quid pro quo to Turkish outreach to Africa. “We have to help them develop their system of educating Muslim clergy who will not only serve the people but also teach the people the true Islam in its purest form,” one of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s court journalists explained.
Do you agree? Erdoğan approaches Islam through the lens of the Muslim Brotherhood. Within Somalia, however, Islam traditionally embodies very different exegesis. Do you agree with Turkey’s religious imperialism? As for the base, can you explain the presence of SADAT, an Islamist paramilitary which has regularly armed and trained Islamist and insurgent groups? How much Turkish money gets distributed without any Somali audit?
British Somaliland gained its independence in 1960, but then voluntarily joined with Italian Somaliland to form Somalia. In 1991, after facing genocide at the hands of Somali dictator Siad Barre’s regime, Somaliland re-asserted its independence. It has had repeated presidential elections, its own security forces, its own currency and, unlike Somalia proper, it has security.
Mr. President, under your leadership, Somalia has increasingly sought to compel Somaliland to re-subordinate itself to Mogadishu, seeking a stop to international aid to Somaliland, an end to Somaliland’s control of its airspace, and reassertion of Mogadishu’s control. Given all the problems Somalia faces, though, should a political or military fight with Somaliland really be your priority?
Is the conflict with Somaliland part of a strategy to utilize nationalism to deflect attention from Somalia’s own failures? More basically, if Somalia’s goal is unification, wouldn’t it be better to convince Somaliland to rejoin by ensuring Somalia outperforms it? If security and standards of living are higher in Somaliland than in Somalia proper, why not replicate Somaliland’s success rather than try to smother it?
9. Prime Minister Khaire
Mr. President, Prime Minister Khaire visited Washington, DC, less than six months ago. Much of his visit appears geared to positioning himself to replace you. To what extent is the jockeying for position between you and he impacting re-construction? If Khaire becomes president, will you feel safe remaining in Somalia? If not, what does this say about rule-of-law inside Somalia? Are you satisfied with Khaire’s stewardship and his cabinet?
Mr. President, it is widely believed that there is significant oil in Somali and Kenyan waters. Somalia has taken its maritime dispute to the International Court of Justice. Many experts believe the ruling falls in Somalia’s favor, although the presence of a Somali judge who did not recuse himself may given Kenyan authorities a way to dispute it.
Can you reveal details of the auction held for oil and gas exploration in the disputed waters? Why did you not wait for the court’s ruling? If oil is found, what mechanisms have you planned to ensure it does not fuel further conflict within Somalia or get siphoned off into officials’ overseas bank accounts?
In short, Mr. President, welcome back to the United States. You have an incredibly difficult job, but that should not mean a blank check. Can you assure Congress and the broader public that Somalia is better off under your leadership and that its trajectory remains positive?
Does aid do more harm than good? Or is Somalia destined to another decade or more of state failure?
More than two years into your administration, the questions above remain unanswered. Your visit to the United Nations and Washington, D.C., provides an opportunity to address them, and frankly, due diligence requires that you do.
by Michael Rubin | September 18, 2019
Michael Rubin (@Mrubin1971) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner‘s Beltway Confidential blog. He is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former Pentagon official.