Defender patrol boats combine an unmatched ability to conduct high-speed maneuvers in a compact deployable package
DJIBOUTI CITY, Djibouti, February 28, 2020/APO Group
Four Defender patrol boats arrived in port at Djibouti City, Djibouti, in two shipments in late February as part of a train-and-equip partnership between the U.S. Department of State and the Djiboutian military.
They are used extensively by the U.S. Coast Guard and other Department of Homeland Security agencies
The 27-foot boats were delivered to the Armed Forces of Djibouti (FAD) on February 22 for use by the Djiboutian Navy.
Defender patrol boats combine an unmatched ability to conduct high-speed maneuvers in a compact deployable package. They are used extensively by the U.S. Coast Guard and other Department of Homeland Security agencies.
The delivery, facilitated by U.S. Embassy Djibouti, U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Naval Forces Africa, and Combined Joint Task Force—Horn of Africa, reflects the enduring security relationship enjoyed by the United States and the Republic of Djibouti.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Ambassade des États-Unis en Djibouti.
USAID and its partners will also strengthen the capacity of Ethiopian civil society organizations and political parties to respond to the needs of all Ethiopians more effectively
WASHINGTON D.C., United States of America, February 28, 2020/APO Group
Today, the United States and the National Elections Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) signed a memorandum of understanding for a new $30.4 million program to support the upcoming national elections. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission Director Sean Jones and NEBE Chairwoman Birtukan Midekssa jointly unveiled the new USAID Ethiopia Election and Political Processes Program, which will help strengthen the capacity of NEBE officials to organize, administer, and conduct free and fair elections.
These elections belong to the Ethiopian people and we are proud to be welcomed as a partner in supporting free and fair elections
Under the partnership, U.S. support will utilize technology and leverage the reach of the Ethiopian media to educate the public about elections, while ensuring greater transparency and promoting meaningful participation among all citizens in the political process—with a focus on women, youth, and other traditionally marginalized groups. USAID and its partners will also strengthen the capacity of Ethiopian civil society organizations and political parties to respond to the needs of all Ethiopians more effectively.
“These elections belong to the Ethiopian people, and we are proud to be welcomed as a partner in supporting free and fair elections, and ensuring that the voices of Ethiopians in every corner of the country are heard as this country continues its remarkable journey,” said USAID Ethiopia Mission Director Sean Jones.
The USAID Ethiopia Election and Political Processes Program is implemented by the Consortium for Election and Political Process Strengthening (CEPPS), which includes the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), Internews, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), and the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA).
Source: U.S. Department of State
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of U.S. Department of State.
Waxaynu maqalnaa beryahan ugu dambeyey ereyo soo noqnoqda oo la lee yahay wada hadalo Somaliland iyo Somaliya ayaa la bilaabayaa iyo arimo ku xeeran .
hadaba si aynu u fahano somaliya iyo Somaliland dhibtooda iyo taarikkhda labada dal waxaa muhiima in aynu diirada saarno dhowr arimood ka hor inta aan la bilaabin in laga wada hadlo oo la isla garto in loo gogol xaadho oo loo diyaar garoobo wada hadal midho dhala oo bisil oo aan ku dhisneyn dano gaar ah iyo wakhti kooban oo u muuqda kaga gudubka marxalada kooban iyo wakhti gaara oo ka dhashey fikir qof iyo tiro yar oo danahooda u arkey in ay qadiyadan kaga faa’iideysan karaan arin markaa taagan.
ARINTA KOWAAD EE BILOWGA WADA HADALADA
Waa fahanka in la isla fahmo in Somaliya iyo Somaliland ahayn dal qudha balse ahaayeen laba dal oo ku midoobey si rabitaan ah oo iyaga oo laba dal iyo dawladood oo xora isku biirey 1 July 1960, sidaa awgeed ay tahay in diirada la saaro oo la dirso midowgii labada dal wuxuu ahaa mid ay ku midoobeen labadii Somaliyeed ee Talyaniga iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska ka qaatey xoriyadooda 1 July 1960 iyo 26 June 1960 taariikhdaasi ayaa laga bilaabayaa wada hadalada marka intaa laysla fahmo oo macnaheedu yahay horta ma isla qirsanahay in aynu ahayd laba dal oo midoobey mise waxaynu nahay hal dal oo kala go go aya sida laga yaabo in dad badani oo aan taariikhda waxba ka ogeyn ama isdiidsiinayaa ku marmarsoodaan una eekeysiiyaan haldal oo qudha oo imika uun noqdey Somaliland iyo Somaliya tusaale ahaan Sida Puntland,Konfur galbeed Somaliya Jubaland iyo kuwo la mida ah ee dawlad goboleedyada federaalka Somaliya oo abuurmay wixii ka dambeyey
Shirkii shan iyo tobnaad ee dib u-heshiisiinta qaran ee Soomaaliyeed (SNRC) . laguna qabtay magaalada Nairobi dalka Keenya bishii September 2003.
Hindisaha in shirkaan la isugu keeno Soomaalida waxaa lagu taageerey shir madaxeedkii urur goboleedka IGAD ee 2003 waxaana taageeray Midowga Afrika, Jaamacadda Carabta iyo Qaramada Midoobay balse Somalidaa laysku keenayey waxay ahayd uun Somalidii Talyanigu xornimada siiyey 1 July 1960. Heshiiskii shirkaasi Somaliland Qayb kamey ahayn kuma ay jirin Waxaa shirka lagu heshiisiiyey dawladii Carta iyo golaha SRRC, waxaana la sameeyay dhaqdhaqaaq cusub oo qaran looguna magacdaray Dawladda Federaalka Kumeel gaarka ah (TFG). Waxaana shirkii lasoo gabagabeeyay iyadoo lagu guuleystay qorista rasmiga ah ee axdi qarameed federaal ku meel gaar ah.
Sida aan qabo Isfahan waaga iyo jahawareerka ilaa imika arinta Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxaa u sabab ah qaabka dhismahaasi oo ahayd in beesha caalamka ee dawlad federal u yagleeleysey in ay ahayd in ay taageerto ugu horeyn in Somali dib u heshiinteeda laga soo bilaabo 26 June 1960 waayo taariikhda Somaliya xoriyadeedu tahay ka bilaabanaysaa 26 June 1960 iyo wixii ka dambeyey sidaa darteed Somalida la heshiisiinayey ee wakhtigaa dagaalameysey ee dawlada loo dhiseyey waxay xaqiiqo ahaan ku koobneyd Somalidii Talyaanigu xoriyada Siiyey 1 July 1960 kii.
Taas waxaa kuu cadeynaya Somaliland wakhtigaa waxay lahayd dawlad rasmi ah oo maamusha Somaliland tii xorowdey 26 June 1960 kii, balse caalamku iska dhego tiray talooyinkeedii.
Taasi waa tan keentey in dawladii konfurta loo sameyey iyada oo ka faaiideysaney qaynuunka caalamiga ah inay ku doodo in ay iyadu masuul ka tahay dhamaanba xuduudadii Somaliyadii midowdey 1 July 1960, iyada oo iska indho tireysa xaqiiqda iyo waaqiciga ka jirta Somaliya,beesha caalamkuna ka gaabiyeen in ay runt aka sheegaan xaqiiqada ah kala duwananshaha waaqiciga ah ee Somaliland iyo Somaliya arintana lagu xaliyo in Somaliland la siiyo madax banaani aan rasmi ahayn oo ay arimaheeda si ku meel gaadha ugu maamulato inta Somaliya federalka loo sameeyey ka hano qaadeyso dawlad shacbiga cod ku dhisteen oo leh dawlad ku kooban koonfurta Somaliya oo ku meel gaadha.
Talaabadaasi ka dib ayaa loo hawlgelilahaa wada hadal dhaba oo labadii dal ee midoobey 1 July 1960 kii loogu sameenayo heshiis iyo xal laga gaadho siduu noqondoono mustaqbalka labada qaran taas oo ku iman karta rabitaanka dadka labada gobol iyo wanaaga labada umadood oo lagu dhiso kalsooni laba shacab.
Sidaa darteed waxaa loo bahay yahay.
Maxaa ka dhacay Somaliya Mudadii ay midnimada ku wada jiriin Somaliya iyo Somaliland khayr iyo shar dhib iyo dheef taas oo loo diyaariyo xeel dheerayaal aqoon durugsan u leh amuuraha ku xeeran arinta labda dhinac ee nabadgelyo,bulsho,dhaqaale, caafimaad sharci iyo xuquuqda adamiga.
Oo ah dhisid gudiyo farsamo oo diyaariya jewi lagu wada hadlo iyo mawduucyada laga wada hadlayo kuwey yihiin iyo cida ka qaybgelysa ee mateysa wada hadalada marka la bisleyo.
Gudiyadani waxay noqon karaan
- Gudi ka socota Jamhuuriyada federalka ah ee Somaliya
- Gudi ka socota Jamhuuriyada Somaliland
- Gudi ka socota boqortooyada Ingriiska iyo Dalka Talyaaniga oo ah labadii dal ee gumeysan jirey
- AU,UN, Ururka Dunida Islamka iyo Jamicada Carabta iyo dalalka kale ee daneeya arimaha geeska.
Labada gudi ee kala mataya Somaliland iyo Somaliya waa kuwa darsaya qaabka ugu haboon ee natiijo looga dhalin karo wadahadalo dhexmara somaliya iyo Somaliland boqortooyada Ingiriiska iyo Talyaniguna waxay ka taageerayaan macluumadkii xorinimada iyo taariikhdii ay kala lahaayeen
Qaybta kale ee AU,UN, iyo Bulshada caalamiga ee kalana waxay ka qayb qaadan karaan isku ergeynta iyo isku soo dhaweynta arimaha laysku mariwaayo
Waxaa aan qabaa dalalka Itoobiya Kenya iyo Jabuuti in ay wadahadalada aaney qayb ka noqon ilaa wejiga inta la dhameystirayo qaybyooyinka wada hadalada si faragelinta dalalka jaarka la ah labda dhinac loo xadido.
Gudiyadaasi hadii ay noqdaan kuwo karti aqoon,daacadnimo iyo awood u leh hawsha baxadaas leh, diyaariyana cida uGu dambeysa ee soo gunaaneyseysa heshiis laba dhinac ah najiitada ka dhalankartaa wada hadalka noocaas ah waa laba arimood mid kood:
- Midow dambe oo hashiis lagu yahay qaabkuu noqonayo iyo sida loo midoobayo
- Kala tag walaalo is jecel oo heshiis lagu yahay
Labadaa arimood labaduba waxay guul u noqon kartaa labada dhinac balse ma jirto cid ku qasaaridoontaa ii ay noqotaba.
Arintaa kowaad oo aan sidaa xal looga gaadhin ma jiridoonto wadahadalo guul ku dhamaandoona waayo waxaa muhiima in wada hadalka lagu saleeyo taariikhda labada dal ee midoobey 1 July 1960 lana derso sidii uu wadahalku u guuleysan lahaa balse anaa ku xukuma oo caalamka ayaa I aqoonsan waa riyo maalmeel aan meel gaadhsiisney.Sida ay riyada u ahayd Farmaajo oo madaxweyna ah baa Somaliland lagu soo dhaweenayaa oo booqasho ku imanaya arin aan daraasad ba u baahneyn oo xitaa 10 jirku ku qosli karo fikirka nocaas ah iyaa lagu hagaajin karaa wixii kala geeyey dabadii Somaliyeed maya.
Sheekhu wuxuu mudan yahay in lagu daydo waana geesi runta iyo wanaaga astaan u ah.
Taariikhda ayaa xusidoonta kaalintii nabadeedta Somaliland ee uu hormoodka ka ahaa isaga iyo intii kale ee howsha la wadeyba.
“Whilst the internet enables us to communicate quickly, easily and with a wide group of people at the same time, it also makes it easier to spread hateful opinions and material, seemingly with relative anonymity and little control.
………….Online content – on websites, social networks and chatrooms – can also be unlawful when it threatens or harasses a person or group of people. If this hostility is based on any of the above mentioned or disability, it its considered to be a hate crime, whether it comprises words, pictures, videos or music”.
Akhristow beryahan dambe waxaa batey qoraalada aan laga taxadirin ee fidmada looga dhex abuurayo bulshada Somaliland dhexdeeda taas oo hadii aan sharciga wax lagaga qaban isku dirka dadka walaalaha ah ay keeni doonto dhibaatooyin hor leh iyo is nacayb bulshada dhexdeeda ah.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee waxaa loo bahan yahay in looga digo dadka qoraalo aan laga baaraan degin ku soo qoraya baraha bulshada kuwaas oo
Dhibaato u keeni kara dadka leh baraha lagu baahiyo wararka oo aan masuuliyadeeda ka baxsan Karin sidaa darteed
Waxaa muhiima in la is xasuusiyo waxa ka dhalan kara fidmada ay keeni karto haydaha nabadgelyada,iyo kuwo xaquuqal caalamku raali kama ah in la abuuro isnacayb bulsho,iyo isku dir midna dumuqraadiyadana kama mid ah in dagaal sokeeyo oo dano gaara laga lee yahay loogu soo gabado xoriyatal qowlka iyo isku dirka dadka Somaliland ee haduun ka soo kabanaya dhibaatadii loo geystey shirci ogolina ma Jiro in la isku diro dad walaalo ah oo nabad kuwada nool hadaba waa laga marmaan in dadka Somaliland iska jiraan isku dirka dhexdooda ah ee loogu gabanayo adeegsiga social media yaha.
Sidaa darteed dawaladaha geeska afrika iyo yurub mareykanka iyo kanadaba waxaa la gudboon in wixii sharciga caalamiga ah iyo kan dawladaha ee gaarka ahba loogu wargeliyo dadka dabka ku shidaya arimaha Somaliland ee gudaha iyada oo la og yahay xasuuqii dawladii Somaliya ka geesatey Somaliland oo ilaa hada hal qofna loo maxkamadeen tacadiyadii halkaa ka dhacay taasina ay keen tay in maanta la yidhaado saxbey ahayd in dadkaa la xasuuqo.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee hayaha xuquuqda adamiga ee Somaliland waxay ku fashilmeyn iney dabagalaan habeeyaan lana kaashadaan haydaha caalamiga ah dambiyadii xasuuqa eek a dhacay Somaliland .
Yusuf garaadna waxaa looga baahan yahay in uu dhameystiro warbixintan cadeeyana ujeedada uu ka lahaa iyo wakhtiga ay dhacdey sabata oo ah warbixintani uma muuqato mid dhab ah oo nin suxufi ahi qorey sida yusuf garaad oo kale,balse waxaa looga baahan yahay in uu cadeeyo in uu isagu qorey iyo in kale.
Akhristow warbixintani waa tan ee akhriso waxaa soo saartey hadhwanaagnews.com ee la soco:
Yuusuf Garaad Oo Warbixin Uu Soo Bandhigay Kaga Hadlay Xasuuqii SNM Ka
Gaysatay Boorama Iyo Dilla
Borame waxaa ku goobtay colaad laba jiho ka haysata, dad ku soo jabay oo ka soo qaxay magaalooyin kale siiba Hargeysa iyo Gebiley, Qaxooti ka yimid Ethiopia oo xeryo magaalada bannaankeeda ah ku sugan iyo jilaal adag oo daba dheeraaday.
Colaaddu waxay ka socotaa laba jiho. SNM waxay badiyaa ka soo weerartaa dhinaca Bari. Beel kale oo inta badan ay xulufo ahaan jireen reer Borame, Goblka Awdlana ay wada yaallaan, ayay dhowr jeer isku laayeen dhinaca woqooyi taas oo markii dambe keentay in ay kala qaxaan labada beelood. Isku dhaca labadan beelood, Borame waxay markaas ku eedeyneysaa saameyn SNM.
Colaaddu waxay ka socotaa laba jiho. SNM waxay badiyaa ka soo weerartaa dhinaca Bari. Beel kale oo inta badan ay xulufo ahaan jireen reer Borame, Goblka Awdlana ay wada yaallaan, ayay dhowr jeer isku laayeen dhinaca woqooyi taas oo markii dambe keentay in ay kala qaxaan labada beelood. Isku dhaca labadan beelood, Borame waxay markaas ku eedeyneysaa saameyn SNM…………….
Sunday February 23, 2020 – 14:19:55 in News by G. Good
Madaxweynaha Somaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdilahi Farmaajo ayaa Mar uu khudbad u jeedenayey Garsoorayaasha Dalkiisa waxaa uu yidhi : https://youtu.be/jl5bb7n2OOw
Ma xuma in laga garaabo wixii dhacay oo madaxweyne Somaliyeed oo xil hayaa ka bixiyo raali gelin balse kuma filna arintu hadal af laga yidhaa ee waa arin u baahan in
- Baadhis madax banaan lagu sameeyo gudi caalamiya oo khuburo ahna loo xilsaaro
- Waa arin u baahan in Dabilayaashii galay dambiyada ka baxsan adaminimada ee si toosa u geystey xasuuqa oo la hayo cadeymo ku filan maqal iyo muuqaal markhaatiyo goobjooga hadana ku sugan meelo badan cadaalada la horkeenaa oo uu madaxweyne Farmaajo kow ka noqdaa dadka wax ka qabanaya maxkamada Dalka iyo kuwa caalamiga ahba u gudbinaya
- Masuuliyiintii amarada ku bixiyey in lagu duqeeyo hubka lidka diyaaradaha ee culus iyo diyaaradaha dagaal ka ee magaalooyinka hargeysa,gabiiley Burco iyo ceerigaabo in kuwo nool iyo kuwii dhinteyba lagu qaado waxay geesteen oo kuwo noolna ay maraan cadaalada
- Ku wixii keenay Calool u shaqaystayaasha koofur afrika ee Soo kireyey si ay u xasuuqaan dadkii shacabka ahaa eek u noolaa Gobolkii waqooyi galbeed iyo caasimada Hargeysa in iyagana la baadhaa oo maxkamada caalamiga ah iyo kuwo dawlada federalka ee Somaliya u soo jaraan warano lagu soo qabanayo .
- In Dawlada Federalka ah ee Somaliya joojisaa tacadiyada iyo dagaalka ka dhanka ah ee ay ku hayso Somaliland aqoonsataana in Somaliland iyo dawlad goboleedad Somaliya aaney isku mid ahayn ee Somaliland tahay dal la midoobey Somaliya sidaa darteed ay xaq u lee yihiin in ay ka noqdaan midowgii si taas looga wada hadlana Somaliya xooga saarto dhismaha dawlad goboladeeda Somaliland na lagu ixtiraamo rabitaankeeda loona halgalo in Somaliya iyo Somaliland wada hadlaan wakhtiga ku haboon ee Somaliya dhameystirato dhismaha federalkeeda tan macnaheedu wuxuu yahay
- Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxay ku midoobeen 1 July 1960 kii si walaalnimo ah oo weliba Somaliland aaney wax shuruud ah iyo gorgortana la gelin Somaliya midowgaasi muu ahayn mid afti dadweyne ku yimi wuxuu ahaa mid siyaasiyiintii labada gobol hashiiskooda ku yimi sidaa darteed dadweynaha Somaliland Afti laga qaadey ma jirin wakhtigaas
- 18 May 1991 Somaliland waxay ku dhawaaqdey in ay ka noqotey midowgii labada Gobol ee 1 July 1960 kii go’aanka ka noqoshadana waxaa gaadhey siyaasiintii Somaliland iyo odayadii dhaqanka,wax garad kale taasi waxay u dhigantaa in ay ku filan tahay in nasakhdii midowga
- Somaliland waxay sameysatey Dastuur qaran oo ku yimi rabitaanka shacabka.
Somaliland dustuurka wuxuu yimid kadib markii howlaha dib u heshiisiinta si dheer oo hagar li’ah loogu hawlgalay. Dajinta Dastuurku waxay soo martay saddex marxaladood oo isdaba yaala: Axdi Qarameedkii oo ay ansixiyeen shirweyne gaar ahi 1993kii, oo uu ku xigey ansixintii Dastuurkii ku meelgaadhka ahaa ee 1997kii iyo ugu dambayntii Dastuurkii oo la ansixiyey 2000kii, laguna hirgaliyey Afti Qaran oo la qaaday 31kii Meey 2001.
Somaliland waxa kalooy samaysatay hab-maamul dimuquraadi ah oo waxa si guul leh loo qabtay tan iyo 2002dii ilaa maanta halka aan Somaliya weli laga qaban hal doorasho ooh al qof iyo hal cod ah xitaa dawlad gobaleed yada Somaliya federalka ahi midna kuma dhisana cod dadka toos looga qaadey ee waxaa ay ku yimaadeen doorasho hab qabiil ay u soo xuleen odayo dhaqameedyo barlamaano ay keenen.
Intaas oo dhami waxay cadeyn u yihiin in Somaliland ka daruuf duwan tahay Somaliya sidaa darteed beesha caalamka iyo Dawlada faderalka ah ee Somaliyaba waxaa ku waajib ah in ay Somaliland ku ixtiraamaan dawladnimadeeda iyo shuruucdeeda farahana kala baxaan hagardaameynta arinta Somaliland na aaney ahayn mid la barbardhi karo Xubnaha dawladaha gobeelyada Somaliya ee ka mid ah dawlada federalka ah .Arintaa Caalamku waa og yahay balse waxaa kaalinteeda gabey waa xukumadihii kala dambeyey ee Somaliland oo aan siyaasad cad ka lahayn arimaha la xidhiidha kala noqoshada Somaliya iyo Somaliland sidaa darteed ay qadiyada Somaliland ee xidhiidhka caalamiga ahi hoos u dhacdey markey Somaliland garteeda naqsan kariweydey maahmaah Soomaliyeed ayaa tidhaahda NIN AAN HADLAN HOOYADII QADISAY
Sidaa darteed Somaliland waxaa hagradey Dawladihii kala dambeyey,xisbiyada siyaasada aqoon yahankeeda iyo ganacsatadeeda balse taa macnaheedu maha aha xuquuqda,dimoqradiyada iyo rabitaanka dadka reer Somaliland waa lagu duudsiyi oo lagu afduubin waxaaney raali ka agahay Farmaajana waxaa looga fadhiyaa in uu taloobo hore u qaado oo uu kala garto Somaliyada federalka ah iyo Somaliland farqiga u dhaxeeya iyo waxaa ay wadagaan balse aanu ku fikirin Somaliland waa dawlad goboleed ka mid ah federalka Somaliya balse xaqiiqada u noqdo Somaliland iyo Somaliya iney ahayeed laba dal oo midoobey hadana kala baxay balse u baahan in la xaliyo tabashooyinka kala kaxeeyey si walaalnimada labada dal loo horumariyo,si ay ku gaadhan go’aan ka ugu dambeya ee noqon kara iney midowgoodii soo celiyaan ama ay laba dal oo walaalo ah oo jaara noqdaan oo is kaashada taasi weyi ta loo bahan yahay.
Waad Mahadsantiin Dhamaan
M J Farah
Madaxweynaha Somaliland Mudane Muuse Biixi Cabdi waxaa aan ku tilmaami karaa Siyaasi bisil oo garanaya aqoona u leh marxalada maanta aduunku marayo,waa waayo arag u soo Joogey waayo badan.
Markaa Ciyaarata caruurta socod baradka ah ee gegeda siyaasada lagu ciyaaro ee caalamka kubad salaxan loo soo dhigay markey is haleelaan Muuse oo isagu Ciyaarta ku soo bartey Garoonkii farajare ee Sharabaadada maryaha lagu buuxiyey ku soo ciyaarey in badana cagu dhiigeen sidii uu ugu ciyaareyey garoon aan loogu talagelin in lagu carbiyo ciyaartooy balse ay ka soo baxaan ciyaartooy ku soo dhug bartey farajare kuwaas oo u dhigma ciidamada Kamaandowska loo yahaan ee aan soo jeedsan.
Umaleyn maayo waayo aragnimada Muuse Biixi ee dhinaca arimaha Siyaasada in la helayo gees Afrika cid uga horeysa balse waxaa la helayaa kuwo la mid ah:
- Muuse Biixi waa Madaxweynihii Somaliland ee ugu horeyey ee Dawlada Federalka Somaliya ka oohiya taariikhda intii Dawladii somaliya duntey Waa markii ugu horeysey ee dawlada Somaliya dawlad kale Xidhiidhka u Jarto( dawlada Gini)
- Xukuumada Somaliya Waxay geed dheer iyo mid gaaban ba u fuushey sidii Xukuumada Somaliland ee Muuse Biixi Madaxweynaha ka yahay inqilaab qorsheysan ku dumiso oo ay adeegsato dhaqaale,Diblamaasiyad iyo faragelin dhinac walba ah waayo waxay og yihiin in Xukumada Muuse Biixi la xisaabtayso hadhaagii Kacaankii 21 Oktbor ee uu hogaaminayey Siyaad Bare.
- Farmaajo Siyaasadiisa waxay ku Jahaysan tahay Afar qabiil oo ka mida kuwa Somaliyeed kuwaas oo uu ugu ciilqabo dhicitaankii xukuumadii Siyaad Bare kuwaas oo kala ah:
- Qabiilka Majeerteenka oo uu aaminsan yahay in ay sabab u ahaayeen in Dawladii Siyaad Bare dadka ku kiciyeen si ay xukunka uga tuuraan
- Qabiilka Isaaqa oo uu aaminsan yahay in iyaguna horseedeen in ay Xukunkii Siyaad Bare ilkaha ka gureen
- Qabiilka Hawiyaha oo uu ugu ciil qabo sidii ay isku kabaraaciyeen Jarna uga tureen
- Iyo Qabiilka Ogaadeenka oo uu Ku haysto Waxay garbadii uu saarnaa ka tureen Xukuumadii Siyaad Bare.
Sida ay aaminsan yihiin dad badani Madaxweyne Farmaajo wuxuu ka turjumayaa fikirkii buugii uu qorey eek u saleysnaa Cayda iyo cambaareynta Qabiilooyinka Somaliyeed qaar ka mida iyo difaacidii uu difaacayey Dawladii Siyaad Bare.
Si kastaba ha ahaatee Madaxweyne Biixi wuxuu kaga guuleystey Farmaajo waa waayo aragnimada iyo daacadnimada dalkiisa Somaliland.
Farmaajana wuxuu xaasidnimo iyo cadaawad uu u qabo guud ahaanba dadka reer Somaliland iyo Somalida kalaba wuxuu geed dheer iyo mid gaabanba u fuuley sidii uu u soo nooleylahaa xasuuqii Adeerkii 1988 kii ilaa 1991 uu ku hayey dadka Somaliyeed kaas oo uu isagu xooga saarey dagaal dhinaca dhaqaalaha ah xitaa xoolihii arafadii dhaweed loo dhoofinayey Saudiga farmaajo iyo Xukuumadiisu waa kuwii isku dayey iney is hortaagaan.
Waxaa aan maqaalkan waxaa uu Jawaab u yahay Maqaal u muuqda in farmaajo soo qoray oo ku soo baxay hadhwanaagnews.com ciwaankiisuna yahay
Col. Muuse Biixi aqoon ku filan ma u leeyahay ka miro dhalinta hamiga Guud ee reer Somaliland
Waxaa aanu u aragnaa in nacayka muuse Bixxiye iyo Wadaniyada aynu kala barano cadowga Somaliland wuxuu neceb yahay Somaliland horumarkeeda balse ma neceb Muuse biixi shaqsiyan waayo waxay og yihiin in Muuse Biixi shaqsi yahay oo wuu iska tegeyo balse Somaliland waa qaran jiraya oo mar walba hogaamiye Somaliland ahi hogaamin doono.
Waa Qoraalkii Rashiid Jamac
Waxaa aan u mahad naqayaa hogaanka.org oo wax weyn ka qora qadiyada Somaliland si cilmiyeesana uga faaloodaa xaalada kolba jirta waxaan lee yahay guuleysta hogaanka.org group
Waa Qoraalkii Rashiid Jamac
Verna Yu in Hong Kong
The death of a whistleblowing Chinese doctor who was punished for trying to raise the alarm about coronavirus has sparked an explosion of anger, grief and demands for freedom of speech among ordinary Chinese.
Li Wenliang, 34, died in the early hours of Friday local time after he was infected during the fight against the outbreak, said Wuhan central hospital, where he worked, in a statement.
Li warned colleagues on social media in late December about a mysterious virus that would become the coronavirus epidemic and was detained by police in Wuhan on 3 January for “spreading false rumours”. He was forced to sign a police document to admit he has breached the law and has “seriously disrupted social order.”
“They owe you an apology, we owe you our gratitude. Take care, Dr Li,” said a Weibo post from Xiakedao, an account under the overseas edition of Communist Party People’s Daily.
“Good people don’t live long, but evil lives for a thousand years,” said another post mourning Li’s death, with a candle emoji. An image also posted on Weibo showed a message, “farewell Li Wenliang”, carved into the snow on a riverbank in Beijing.
His death crystallised the outrage and frustration felt across China over the initial cover-up of the deadly virus. On Friday, China’s social media was awash with posts expressing immense anger and grief.
Li’s death became the top top-read topic on China’s microblogging site Weibo overnight on Friday, with more than 1.5bn views, and was also heavily discussed in private WeChat messaging groups, where people expressed outrage and sadness.
Even blog posts from state media outlets mourned his death and issued veiled attacks on the Wuhan authorities who censured him.
In Li’s last blog post on Weibo, China’s Twitter like microblog, on 1 February, Li poignantly wrote: “The test results come out positive today. Everything is settled. It is confirmed.”
Li was one of eight people who were detained for “spreading rumours” about the deadly disease’s outbreak – the fates of the other seven, also believed to be medical professionals, are not known.
Images of Li were ubiquitous on Weibo and messaging app WeChat; a last photo of him lying on his hospital bed wearing a breathing mask; a pencil sketch of Li; a photo of the humiliating police warning document on which he signed “I understand” to admit “spreading false rumours” along with images of candles and white flower.
Many posts referenced his “confession”, with people posting photos of themselves wearing surgical masks emblazoned with the words: “I don’t understand”.
The outpouring of grief quickly turned into demands for freedom of speech, but those posts were swiftly censored by China’s cyber police. The trending topic “#we want freedom of speech” had nearly 2m views on Weibo by 5am local time, but was later deleted. It was replaced by #we demand freedom of speech”, which was also censored. The phrase “#Wuhan government owes Dr Li Wenliang an apology” also attracted tens of thousands of views before it too disappeared.
Caixin, a Beijing-based financial publication, posted a black-and-white selfie of Li wearing a mask with the title “A healthy society shouldn’t have just just one voice: Novel Coronavirus whistleblower Li Wenliang dies”.
In its Weibo post, the Economic Observer, a state-affiliated financial newspaper, demanded the vindication of all of the Wuhan “rumour mongers”.
“Dr Li is telling us [through his death] what kind of future we will face if we lose the ability to express ourselves. In the eyes of the people, Dr Li was the hero who bravely told the truth,” the post said. “Wuhan [authorities] should vindicate them and pursue those who abused their powers to suppress the ‘rumour mongers’.”
Elsewhere, posts from ordinary Chinese people continue to direct their outrage towards the authorities.
“You and I both know that the ones who killed were not bats,” said one. “The virus has infiltrated those people high up,” said another. “Those who won’t let you speak won’t let you live either,” fumed another.
Johnny Lau, a veteran China watcher and former journalist at Beijing-backed Wen Wei Po, said Li’s death has become an emotional flashpoint amid the tight control of speech under Xi Jinping’s rule.
“Here is a doctor with a conscience … people on the frontline have been sacrificed but the officials have not been held to account,” he said. “It is an example of how evil has triumphed over the good.” He said the quick deletion of posts demanding speech freedom has aroused further anger.
“The authorities are anxious that his death would trigger a huge wave of anger, so felt the need to maintain stability and suppress people’s voices,” he said. “But this has aroused further pushback.”
Sarah Cook, a senior research analyst and China Media Bulletin Director at Freedom House, said the public outcry over Li looked “widespread and unified”, but it still unclear how big a turning point it could be.
As many inside China seethed, the death toll inside the country passed 630, with more then 31,000 people infected. Another 41 people on a cruise ship quarantined off Yokohama in Japan tested positive for the virus.
Australia became the latest country to advise any citizens inside China to leave as soon as possible. On Friday, North Korea recorded its first confirmed case of the virus.
Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MDon February 18, 2018
Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological disorders and mental distress through the use of verbal and psychological techniques. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client tackle specific or general problems such as a particular mental illness or a source of life stress.
Depending on the approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. However, almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors.
Psychotherapy is increasingly viewed as a distinct profession in its own right, but many different types of professionals engage in psychotherapy regularly. Such individuals include clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers, mental health counselors, and psychiatric nurses.
Types of Psychotherapy
When many people hear the word psychotherapy, they immediately imagine a patient lying on a couch talking while a therapist sits in a nearby chair jotting down thoughts on a yellow notepad. There are actually a variety of techniques and practices used in psychotherapy. The exact method used in each situation can vary based upon a variety of factors, including the training and background of the therapist, the preferences of the client, and the exact nature of the client’s current problem.
Some of the major approaches to psychotherapy include:
Psychoanalytic Therapy: While psychotherapy was practiced in various forms as far back as the time of the Ancient Greeks, it received its formal start when Sigmund Freud began using talk therapy to work with patients. Some of the techniques commonly used by Freud included the analysis of transference, dream interpretation, and free association. This psychoanalytic approach involves delving into a patient’s thoughts and past experiences to seek out unconscious thoughts, feelings, and memories that may influence behavior.
Behavioral Therapy: When behaviorism became a more prominent school of thought during the early part of the twentieth-century, techniques such as different types of conditioning began to play an important role in psychotherapy. While behaviorism may not be as dominant as it once was, many of its methods are still very popular today. Behavioral therapy often uses classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and social learning to help clients alter problematic behaviors.
Humanistic Therapy: Starting in the 1950s, the school of thought known as humanistic psychology began to have an influence on psychotherapy. The humanist psychologist Carl Rogers developed an approach known as client-centered therapy, which focused on the therapist showing unconditional positive regard to the client. Today, aspects of this approach remain widely used. The humanistic approach to psychotherapy focuses on helping people maximize their potential. Such approaches tend to stress the importance of self-exploration, free will, and self-actualization.
Cognitive Therapy: The cognitive revolution of the 1960s also had a major impact on the practice of psychotherapy, as psychologists began to increasingly focus on how human thought processes influence behavior and functioning. Cognitive therapy is centered on the idea that our thoughts have a powerful influence on our mental well-being. For example, if you tend to see the negative aspects of every situation, you will probably have a more pessimistic outlook and a gloomier overall mood. The goal of cognitive therapy is to identify the cognitive distortions that lead to this type of thinking and replace such thoughts with more realistic and positive ones. By doing so, people are able to improve their moods and overall well-being.
Cognitive-behavioral Therapy: The approach known as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addiction, depression, and anxiety. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors. This approach involves changing the underlying thoughts that contribute to distress and modifying the problematic behaviors that result from these thoughts.
Formats of Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy can also take a number of different formats depending on the style of the therapist and the needs of the patient. A few that you might encounter include:
- Individual therapy, which involves working one-on-one with a psychotherapist.
- Couples therapy, which involves a therapist working with a couple to help improve how the two function in their relationship.
- Family therapy, which centers on improving the dynamic within families and can include multiple individuals within a family unit.
- Group therapy, which involves a small group of individuals who share a common goal. This approach allows members of the group to offer and receive support from others, as well as practice new behaviors within a supportive and receptive group.
Some Things to Consider Before You Try Psychotherapy
There are a number of issues or concerns for both therapists and clients. When selecting a therapist, consider whether you feel comfortable divulging personal information to the therapist. You should also assess the therapist’s qualifications, including the type of degree he or she holds and years of experience.
People who provide psychotherapy can hold a number of different titles or degrees. Some titles such as “psychologist” or “psychiatrist” are protected and carry specific educational and licensing requirements. Some of the individuals who are qualified to perform psychotherapy include psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, licensed social workers, and advanced psychiatric nurses.
When providing services to clients, psychotherapists need to consider issues such as informed consent, patient confidentiality, and duty to warn. Informed consent involves notifying a client of all of the potential risks and benefits associated with treatment. This includes explaining the exact nature of the treatment, any possible risks, costs, and the available alternatives.
Because clients frequently discuss issues that are highly personal and sensitive in nature, psychotherapists have a legal obligation to protect a patient’s right to confidentiality. However, one instance where psychotherapists have a right to breach patient confidentiality is if clients pose an imminent threat to either themselves or others. Duty to warn gives counselors and therapists the right to breach confidentiality if a client poses a risk to another person.
How Effective Is Psychotherapy?
One of the major criticisms leveled against psychotherapy is one that calls into question its effectiveness. In one early and frequently mentioned study, psychologist Hans Eysenck found that two-thirds of participants either improved or recovered on their own within two years, regardless of whether they had received psychotherapy.
However, in a meta-analysis that looked at 475 different studies, researchers found that psychotherapy was effective at enhancing the psychological wellbeing of clients. In his book The Great Psychotherapy Debate, statistician and psychologist Bruce Wampold reported that factors such as the therapist’s personality as well as his or her belief in the effectiveness of the treatment played a role in the outcome of psychotherapy. Surprisingly, Wampold suggested that the type of therapy and the theoretical basis of the treatment do not have an effect on the outcome.
How to Know If You Need Psychotherapy
While you might realize that psychotherapy can help with life’s problems, it can sometimes be difficult to seek help or to even recognize when it is time to talk to a professional.
One key thing to remember is that the sooner you seek assistance, the sooner you will start to experience relief. Instead of waiting until your symptoms get out of control, you should consider getting help as soon as you start to recognize that there might be a problem.
Some key signs that it might be time to see a psychotherapist include:
- The issue is causing significant distress or disruption in your life. If you feel that the problem you are facing interrupts a number of important areas of your life including school, work, and relationships, it may be time to see if psychotherapy can help.
- You are relying on unhealthy or dangerous coping mechanisms. If you find yourself dealing with your problem by smoking, drinking, overeating, or taking out your frustrations on others, seeking assistance can help you find healthier and more beneficial coping strategies.
- Friends and family are concerned about your well-being. If it has reached a point where other people are worried about your emotional health, it may be time to see if psychotherapy can improve your psychological state.
- Nothing you have tried so far has helped. You’ve read self-help books, explored some techniques you read about online, or even tried just ignoring the problem, yet things just seem to be staying the same or even getting worse. Just remember that you don’t have to wait until your problems become so overwhelming that coping seems impossible. Help is available and the sooner you reach out, the sooner you’ll be back on track to a healthier, happier state of mind.
Choosing a Therapeutic Technique and Therapist
If you feel that you have a problem that might benefit from psychotherapy, your first step might be to discuss your concerns with your primary care physician. Your doctor may begin by first ruling out any physical diseases that might be contributing to your symptoms. If no other cause can be found, your doctor may then refer you to a mental health professional that is qualified to diagnose and treat the symptoms you are experiencing.
Your symptoms often play a role in the type of treatment and type of therapist you choose. If your doctor suspects that you are experiencing problems that might require the use of prescription medications in addition to psychotherapy, he or she may refer you to a psychiatrist. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who can prescribe medications and has specific training in the treatment of psychological and psychiatric conditions.
If your symptoms suggest that you might benefit from some form of talk therapy without the addition of prescription drugs, you may be referred to a clinical psychologist or counselor.
Referrals from friends and family members can also be a great way to find a therapist who can help you address your concerns. Psychotherapy is very much both an art and a science, however. If things do not seem to be working, or you just don’t seem to “click” with your current therapist, do not be afraid to seek out other professionals until you find someone with whom you can connect.
As you evaluate any psychotherapist, consider some of the following questions:
- Does the therapist seem professional and qualified?
- Do you feel comfortable sharing your feelings and experiences?
- Do you like the therapist’s conversational style?
- Are you satisfied with the extent of your interaction with the therapist?
- Does he or she seem to understand what you are feeling?
Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial policy to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
- Smith, M.L. What Research Says About the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy. Psychiatric Services; 2006.
- Eysenck, H. J. (1957). The effects of psychotherapy: An evaluation. Journal of Consulting Psychology. 1957;16: 319-324.
- Henrik, R. (1980). The Psychotherapy Handbook. The A-Z handbook to more than 250 psychotherapies as used today. New American Library; 1980.
- Wampold, B. E. The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings. Routledge; 2001.
Aubrey Allegretti, political reporter
© Other Boris Johnson struck a gong as the UK left the EU at 11pm on Friday. Pic: 10 Downing Street Boris Johnson will roll out the tough talk as he reveals his demands for a post-Brexit trade deal with the EU.
The prime minister is expected to say in his first speech since the UK left the bloc that he wants no alignment between the two sides.
That could mean full customs checks on goods crossing the border into Britain after continuity trade rules stop on 31 December 2020.
Despite the commitment, Mr Johnson will pledge that current standards on food hygiene, workers’ rights and environmental protections will not be lowered.
He is expected to declare on Monday that “no achievement lies beyond our reach” and repeat a pledge to simultaneously make progress on trade deals with other countries including the United States, Australia and Japan.
With the EU, he will announce plans to push for a Canada-style agreement that would scrap most tariffs on goods traded between the two countries while maintaining sovereignty.
But the prime minister will suggest if that does not fly then he will not give concessions to win greater market access and instead pursue a more limited Australia-style deal instead.
A Downing Street source said: “We are fully independent and our approach to a free trade deal will not be bound by our previous obligations.
“Nor will we agree to obligations which the EU has not required of other countries which it has signed comparable free trade deals with.”
As Mr Johnson makes his speech on Monday, Brussels will also publish its negotiating mandate for the next stage of talks which will last up to 11 months.
The EU is pessimistic about the short timetable for reaching a deal and made clear that Britain will have to accept worse terms and conditions for trade than if it were still a member of the EU.
European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen said: “We want to have the best possible relationship with the United Kingdom, but it will never be as good as membership.”
The UK left the EU on Friday and is now in a “transition period” where it remains in the single market and customs union, follows EU law and continues paying into its budget.
This will end on 31 December 2020.
W/Q: Cali Cabdi Coomay
Astaamaha Lagu Garto Qarannimo-diidka Soomaalilaan
Cadowga qarannimo-diidka ku caan baxay waa laba nooc guud ahaan. Mid waa mid toos u caddaystay oo aan hoosaasin kuula imanayn. Kan ugu khatarsani waa mid aan hore looga dareemin cadaawada, oo u eekaanaya kolba meesha uu marayo sidii jirjiroolaha. Wuxuu iska dhigaa mid aaminsan qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan, hasayeeshee waa munaafad aan weligii aaminin Soomaalilaannimada. Wuxuu inta badan ku meeraystaa meelaha ay Soomaalilaan-tu dhaliisha ka leedahay, aakhirkana wuxuu quus ka muujiyaa sidii ay u sii jiri lahayd qaddiyaddu, waana halka uu u socday. Dhawr tilmaamood ayeynu kooxdaasi ka bixin doonaa:
= Wuxuu ku doodaa in beelaha darifyadu aanay qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan intooda badani aaminsanayn
= Wuxuu carrabka ka dhawraa ku dhawaaqidda SOOMAALILAAN, oo wuxuu yidhaahaa WAQOOYI iyo KOONFUR
= Shaqo la’aanta gudaha Soomaalilaan ayuu u aaneeyaa inay keentay gooni-isu-taaggu
= Ku dhawaaqistii Soomaalilaan 18/5/1991 ayuu dood ka keenaa oo uu yidhaa looma dhamayn, beelaha qaarkood ayaanay cidi ka joogin
= Wuxuu inta badan ku dhex jiraa dhallinyarada ugu badan Soomaalilaan ee ku dhashay Soomaalilaannimada, si uu ra’yigooda u beddelo.
= Wuxuu aad ugu dheeraadaa haddii ay Soomaalidu midowdo in barwaaqo ceegaagta cagaha lala geli lahaa, oo Itoobiya la iska celin lahaa
= Doodaha Soomaalilaan ugu qarnaqsato inay la soo noqoto qarannimadeedii ka luntay 1960, ayuu hoos u dhigaa oo yidhaa adduunka meello badan ayaa la isku xasuuqay oo waa laga heshiiyey markii ay dawladdii wax xasuuqday meesha ka baxday
= Wuxuu buunbuuniya shakhsiyaadka aqoonyahanka ah ee adduunka ku kala sugan ee ku caan-baxay Soomaalilaan-diidka. Waxaanu col daahood go’ay la yahay shakhsiyaadka aqoonyahanka ah ee adduunka ku kala sugan ee qaddiyadda Soomaalilaan aamisnan
= Waxa badan safaradiisa Muqdisho iyo Turkiga oo wuxuu ka qaybgalaan shirarka loo qabto burburinta Soomaalilaan.
= Dhaqaale ahaan wuxuu ku tiirsan yahay lacagaha Soomaalilaan lagu burburinaayo, oo isaga oo aan meelna ka shaqayn ayuu hudheellada kala beddelaa. Kolba goob cusub ayuu tagaa si uu afkaarta sumeysan ee Soomaalilaan-diidka ah ugu fidiyo.
= Wuxuu ku tasbiixsadaa kelmadda, SOOMAALIYEED, SOOMAALIYEED, SOOMAALIYEED. Isaga oo carrabka ka dhawraya SOOMAALILAAN, SOOMAALILAAN.
= Wuxuu ku doodaa 30 ayeynu bilaa ictiraaf ahayn wixii ka dambeeya sidan kuma sii jiri karno. Wuxuu meesha ka saaraa in adduunku aanu aqoonsanayn dalka Taywaan oo ay dawlad ahayd muddo 60 sanno ah.
Cali Cabdi Coomay
Suxufi, Qoraa ah.Hargaysa, Soomaalilaan.