Bill Gates: How HIV/AIDS prepared us to tackle COVID-19 — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum. Author: Peter Bakker, President and CEO, World Business Council for Sustainable Development & John Elkington, Executive Chairman and Co-Founder, Volans Billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates says he is optimistic about beating coronavirus. He told a global AIDS conference that HIV/AIDS […]Bill Gates: How HIV/AIDS prepared us to tackle COVID-19 — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
by Michael Rubin | July 27, 2020 12:09 PM
On July 25, Somalia’s appointed Parliament voted to oust Hassan Ali Khaire, the country’s prime minister. The move, which allows Somalia’s President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, also known as Farmajo, to consolidate greater power, caught the U.S. State Department by surprise. The move represents an intelligence failure and shines a light on a State Department policy on Somalia in free-fall.
Consider first the sheer scale of the United States’s investment in Somalia: The U.S. has spent tens of billions of dollars on Somalia in recent decades. After the Siad Barre government collapsed in 1991, the George H.W. Bush administration ordered 28,000 troops into the country in order to oversee the provision of humanitarian relief against the backdrop of warlord fighting and famine. Rather than help Somalia recover, the aid worsened the situation. It led Somali power brokers to horde aid as patronage while simultaneously starving rivals. By 2011, the international community had spent more than $50 billion to help stabilize Somalia without much to show for its investment.
Efforts to build up a unified, functional, and democratic Somali state during this period went nowhere. There were several false starts interspersed both with Islamist rule and Ethiopian intervention. In 2012, the Federal Government of Somalia replaced the Transitional Federal Government and became the 15th attempt to create a functioning government since Barre’s fall. The logic of the federal government’s creation was the acceptance that Somalia’s clan politics and the historical weight of Barre’s brutal dictatorship made centralized power unrealistic. Instead, Somalia’s six states — including Somaliland, which since 1991 has been functionally independent — would have local autonomy with only a loose association with the central government.
Because the central government had experienced a total collapse and Somalia did not have the capacity to hold meaningful elections, outside partners helped mediate negotiations to select parliamentarians based on a clan quota system. They in turn choose the president, who appoints the prime minister. To show how this works in practice, current Somali president Farmajo won the election in 2017, winning 184 votes out of 326 cast in a country with a total population at the time of 14.6 million. Through it all and over the past decade, the U.S. was investing hundreds of millions more dollars in the country, never mind that Transparency International ranked Somalia the world’s most corrupt country for each of the last 14 years.Recommended For YouHow Twitter has colonized and ruined media
Under Ambassador Donald Yamamoto, aid to Somalia more than doubled. Over the last year, not only did USAID contribute near $500 million,but Yamamoto successfully advocated debt forgiveness that forced American taxpayers to write off $1 billion in Somali debt, much of which was embezzled by some of the same figures with whom the U.S. now partners. Yamamoto wanted to give Somalia even more.
Back to Khaire: He was a deeply flawed character undeserving of the accolades bestowed upon him by Nicolas Berlanga, the European Union’s ambassador to Somalia. Earlier this month, Somalis said Khaire traveled to Qatar, which bankrolls top Somali politicians, Khaire included. After a week, he reportedly agreed to a power-sharing deal by which he would accept the illegal extension of Farmajo’s term but then in theory would be offered the position in a couple of years. When Khaire returned to Somalia, he reneged on the agreement and, with this weekend’s events, apparently suffered payback from a Parliament that too often sells votes to the highest bidder. Even if Parliament was sincere in its declaration that it ousted him because not enough progress had been made on election planning, a broader question remains why the U.S. was caught so off guard.https://4af376e8295d02692d2db31050d93eee.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Consider the pattern: The U.S. Embassy in Mogadishu was blindsided when Mohamed Osman Jawari was ousted illegally as speaker of the Parliament so that Farmajo could put his own man in place. The embassy looked the other way when both Farmajo and Khaire illegally changed regional state presidents or manipulated elections in the South West State and Galmudug and tried to do likewise to the Jubaland and Puntland leaders. The embassy was asleep when Farmajo arranged the arrest of al Shabab defector Mukhtar Robow and the murders of several of his backers after Robow decided to contest elections democratically — and when Farmajo declared persona non grata U.N. envoy Nicholas Haysom, who criticized the move. Yamamoto was silent on, if not quietly supportive of, Farmajo’s efforts to destroy all previous ties between Mogadishu and the Somaliland government and his support of armed insurgents to undermine Somaliland’s stability.
In short, both through negligence and direction, Yamamoto did everything possible to empower Farmajo. In just the last year, he invested $1.5 billion in aid and loan forgiveness to a politician whose ambitions increasingly appear to mirror that of Barre than democracy or true federalism. That Farmajo, after winning Yamamoto’s approval for delaying elections, would move to kneecap a rival runs straight from the dictator’s playbook.
Perhaps Yamamoto believed partnering with an individual would be more important than care toward the system. Every time the State Department has pursued that strategy, be it with Saddam Hussein, Yasser Arafat, or Mobutu Sese Seko, the result has been disaster. Farmajo will be no exception, and U.S. national security is worse for it. In effect, whether through arrogance or incompetence, Yamamoto has directed billions of dollars to a new despot and done irreparable harm not only to Somalia’s democratic transition but also to the country’s future stability. He has wasted taxpayer money in a manner that would land anyone in the private sector in the unemployment line — if not in jail. It is time for Yamamoto to come home.
Michael Rubin (@Mrubin1971) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner’s Beltway Confidential blog. He is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former Pentagon official.
EU and Airbus Member States take action to ensure full compliance in the WTO aircraft dispute — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you in association with the European Commission. Today, the governments of France and Spain agreed with Airbus SE to modify the terms of the Repayable Launch Investment granted by them for development of the A350 aircraft to reflect market conditions. This means that the European Union and the Member States concerned […]EU and Airbus Member States take action to ensure full compliance in the WTO aircraft dispute — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
EU-China: Council authorises signature of the agreement on geographical indications — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you in association with the European Council. The Council today adopted decisions on the signature of the agreement between the European Union and the government of the People’s Republic of China on geographical indications (GIs). This is the first significant bilateral trade agreement signed between the EU and China. It will […]EU-China: Council authorises signature of the agreement on geographical indications — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
Should the UN Declare a Responsibility to Protect Americans from the Trump Administration? — Political Violence at a Glance
By Michael Barnett Should the United Nations Security Council consider a resolution calling for a responsibility to protect the people of the United States from the Trump administration’s handling of COVID-19? Responsibility to Protect, otherwise known as R2P, is a 2005 UN resolution that declares that when a state either participates in, permits, or is…Should the UN Declare a Responsibility to Protect Americans from the Trump Administration? — Political Violence at a Glance
What kind of action on social justice should we expect from companies in the future? — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum. Author: Peter Bakker, President and CEO, World Business Council for Sustainable Development & John Elkington, Executive Chairman and Co-Founder, Volans Companies which embrace Corporate Social Reasonability (CSR) activities have been proven to have higher profitability and employee loyalty but […]What kind of action on social justice should we expect from companies in the future? — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
Somaliland waxay xorowdey 26 June 1960 kii 1 July ayey somaliyina Xorowedey isla 1 July 1960 kii ayey labadii dal ee ay kala haysteen boqortooyada Engiriiska iyo Gumeystihiii Talyanigu isku biireyn noqdeena laba dal oo mid ah.
Muran kama joogo in ay Somaliya iyo Somaliland ahaayeen laba dal oo kala duwan mudo kala duwana xoriyadooda qaatey taas waxaa markhaati kugu filan:
- 26 Jun 2020 Somaliland waxaa looga dabaaldegey Sanadguradii 60 maad ee madaxbanaanidii Somaliland
- 26 Jun 2020 Somaliya( Muqdisho) waxaa laga xusey 60 guradii ka soo waregtey qaadashadii xoriyada ee Somaliland,taasi waxay cadeynaysaa in Somaliyi aaney dafirsaneyn in Somaliland somaliya oo aan xor ahayn ay xor ahayd oo wadan dad somaliyeed oo dawladnimo qaata ay ugu horeyseysey Somaliland.
- Somaliya Waxay Xorowdey 1 July 1960 balse Somaliland may xorobin taakhiidaas balse waxaa jirtey in mudo ka dib ay Somaliya iyo Somaliland midowbeen taas oo taariikhda qoran lagu muujiyey 1961 faafinta rasmiga ah lagu soo saarey ee dawladii Somaliya in kasta oo lagu xusay in 1 July 1960 laga soo bilaabayo midowga arintaas oo dhica sharciga khalad ku ah.
Caalamka ugu horeyaan Somaliland iyo Somaliya laba dal oo midowbey ugumana dambeyneyso,oo waxaa jira dalal badan oo midowbay oo ilaa hada mid ah iyo kuwo kukala baxay midowgii oo kala noqdey.
Balse arinta xiisaha lahi waxay tahay side laba dal oo ku midoobey doonistooda markii uu mid ka mid ahi ka baxay midowgii sababta bulshada caalamku ugu qasbayso in aanu ka bixin midowgii sidii oo ay tahay dal kala go’aya miyaaney caalamku iska idha tireynin xaqiiqada iyo farqiga u dhaxeeya laba dal oo isku tagey iyo dal kala qaysamaya!!!.
Somaliland xorimadeeda waxay la soo noqotey 18 May 1991 balse maxaa sababey uney Somaliland horiyadeeda la soo noqoto?
Waxaynu odhan karnaa waxa sababey arimahan:
- Burburkii dawladii Somaliya
- Tacadiyadii iyo Xasuuqii loogeystey dadka reer Somaliland
- Siyaasiinta Konfurta Somaliya oo aan ahmiyad ba la lahayn wada jirka iyo Midnimada labadii dal
- Daganaasha la’aanta iyo fashilaada dawladnimo ee somaliya
Maxaa sii Fogeeyey xaalada siyaasadeed ee Somaliya iyo Somaliland?
Waxaa sii kala fogeeyey:
- Siyaasiinta Somaliya oo aan ahmiyadba la lahayn Somaliland una fikiraya fikir ah in Somaliland tahay magaalo ka mida magaalooyinka somaliya oo aan wax tixgelina laga siin arimaha somaliya iyo masiirkooda
- Somaliland oo ogaatey in aan midow dambe dan u ahayn labada dhinacba.
- Somaliya oo dhisatey nidaam federal ah oo aaney Somaliland talo,tusaale iyo ka qaybgalba ku lahayn,taas oo sharciyan Somaliland wax sameyn ah ku lahayn Karin arin aaney ka qaybgelin qaybna ka ahayn.
- Dawladaha kala dambeyey ee Somaliyada federalka ah oo aan daacad ka ahayn xalinta arimaha Somaliland iyo somaliya balse aminsan uun in ay Somaliland cadaadis iyo godoomin dhinaca walba ah lagu soo xerinkaro iyaga oo u haysta in ay taasi ugu surtogeleyso aqoonsigii caalamka ayaanu haysanaa balse aad moodo in aaney xitaa fahanba ka haysan qaabka uu u shaqeeyo xidhiidhka caalamiga iyo doorka ahmiyada Somaliland ku lee dahay caalamka.
- Somaliland oo ogaatey in aaney Somaliya xibaato uun ku hayso dadka reer Somaliland wax qabasashadoodana ka xun yihiin oo ay jecel yihiin uun in ay Somaliland ahaato mid aan horusocon oo ka liidata had iyo jeer.
- Dadkii geystey xasuuqii baahsanaa ee dadka reer Somaliland oo siyaasiinta Somaliya qaarkood u arkaan geesiyayaal qaran diyaarna u ahayn in lala xisaabtamo.
Arimahani iyo kuwo kale oo la mid ahi waa kuwo qayb ka ah in Somaliland iyadu ku foofto danaheeda taas oo ka badbaadisay dhibaatooyinka dawlad la’aanta eek a jirta somaliya.
Source BBC news from 1 Feb.2019
Taiwan is an island that has for all practical purposes been independent since 1950, but which China regards as a rebel region that must be reunited with the mainland – by force if necessary.
China has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan since the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949, when the defeated Nationalist government fled to the island as the Communists, under Mao Zedong, swept to power.
China insists that nations cannot have official relations with both China and Taiwan, with the result that Taiwan has formal diplomatic ties with only a few countries. The US is Taiwan’s most important friend and protector.
Despite its diplomatic isolation, Taiwan has become one of Asia’s major economic players, and one of the world’s top producers of computer technology.
Republic of China (ROC)
- Population 23,3 million
- Area 36,188 sq km (13,972 sq miles)
- Major languages Mandarin Chinese (official), Min Nan Chinese (Taiwanese), Hakka
- Major religions Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity
- Life expectancy 76,2 years (men), 82,7 years (women)
- Currency New Taiwan dollar
UN, World BankGetty Images
President: Tsai Ing-wen
Tsai Ing-wen became Taiwan’s first female president when elected in January 2016.
With 56% of the vote, she led her traditionally pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) to their biggest ever victory in parliamentary elections.
Ms Tsai’s political message has always revolved around the importance of Taiwanese identity, and she has pledged that democracy will be at the heart of the island’s future relations with China.
By pursuing Taiwanese sovereignty, Ms Tsai runs the risk of antagonising China, reversing eight years of warmer ties under President Ma Ying-jeou of the Beijing-friendly Kuomintang party.
In the 1990s, Ms Tsai negotiated Taiwan’s accession to the World Trade Organization. She joined the DPP in 2004 after working as a non-partisan chairwoman of Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council. Four years later she became the youngest person and first woman to lead the party. She lost the presidential election to Ma Ying-jeou in 2012.
A former law professor, she hails from the coastal village of Pingtung in southern Taiwan. Her mixed ethnicity – a Hakka father and Taiwanese mother – has been cited as one of the traits that helped her connect with voters.
The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia, and extremely competitive.
Media freedom organisations say Beijing exerts pressure on Taiwanese media owners.
There are hundreds of newspapers, all privately-owned and reflecting a wide range of views.
Nearly 93% of Taiwanese are online.
Some key dates in Taiwan’s history:
1683 – Island comes under administration of China’s Qing dynasty.
1895 – China – defeated in the first Sino-Japanese war – cedes Taiwan to Japan.
1945 – Taiwan reverts to Chinese control after Japanese defeat in Second World War.
1947 – Nationalist troops crush island-wide rioting by Taiwanese disgruntled with official corruption, killing unknown thousands. The event is now known as the 228 Incident.
1949 – Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek loses civil war to Mao Zedong’s Communist forces and flees to Taiwan. He rules the island with an iron fist until his death in 1975.
1950s-1960s – Rapid industrial development.
1971 – UN recognises Communist China as sole government of whole country. People’s Republic takes over China’s UN Security Council seat.
1979 – Washington switches diplomatic recognition to Beijing from Taipei. US Congress passes the Taiwan Relations Act promising to help the island defend itself.
1987 – Taiwan lifts almost four decades of martial law and eases ban on travel to China.
2000 – Voters put Democratic Progressive Party in power for first time, ending more than five decades of Nationalist rule.
Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland 29 sannadood waxay dalalka reer Galbeedka, dawladaha Carabta iyo waddamada jaarka ka quuddaraynaysay in ay ka hesho aqoonsi buuxa ama xattaa mid dadban (de facto state). Madaxda iyo siyaasiyiinta Somaliland iskumay taxluujin jirin in ay xidhiidho la sameeyaan Beesha Caalamka inteeda kale oo laga heli kari lahaa dalal badan oo u diyaar ah xidhiidhka iyo saaxiibtinimada JSL.
Waxaynu qaadanay nidaamka dawladnimo iyo mabaadiida reer Galbeedka, waxaynu la ilaalinaa danaha ay ka leeyihiin gobolka, Somaliland sax iyo qalad ba waxay ku taageerta hadba waxay rabaan iyo hadba sida ay ula dhaqmayaan Dunida inteeda kale; Somaliland waxay dhankeeda isku xilqaantay in ay ka qayb qaadato la dagaallanka argagixisada caalamiga ah iyo budhcad badeedda.
Somaliland waxay xushmaysaa kuna dhaqantaa dhammaan xeerarka caalamiga ah hase ahaatee waxba kamay dheefin waxna kumay kasban.
Somaliland waxay u dhego nugushahay codsiyada iyo rabitaanka dalalka Carabta siiba kuwa khaliijka, dalalka ku loollamaya awoodda iyo amar ku taaglaynta Bariga Dhexe, xukuumadda Somaliland waxay la safatay isbahaysiga Sucuudiga, dawladda Imaaraadka gaar ahaan waxa loo hibeeyay dekedda Berbera, waxa loo ogolaaday Saldhig Militari iyagu se waxay ka gaabsadeen taageeridda qaddiyadda madaxbanaanida Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland.
Siyaasadda Arrimaha Dibadda waxa saldhig u ah in colaadihii iyo jaar xumadii Jamhuuriyaddii Soomaaliya lagu bedelo nabad iyo in horumarka la iska kaashado oo laga hadho sheegashadii Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti iyo qaybo ka mid ah Kenya & Itoobiya sida ku cad Distoorka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland si dalalka Geesku uga soo kabtaan dib u dhicii iyo kala qoqobnaantii waana aragti iyo hal abuur Somaliland curisay hase ahaatee maanta waxa sheeganaya ra’isal wasaaraha Itoobiya Dr Abiy Ahmed oo aragti cusub uga dhigaya Beesha Caalamka.
Somaliland waxay dalalka jaarka ah si hagar la’aan ah uga caawisa in laga hor tago falalka argagixisada ee laga fulin lahaa dhulkooda, hase ahaatee may garwaaqsan qiimaha jiritaanka iyo xasilloonida JSL ugu fadhido amniga dalalkooda, balse qaarkood waxay gacan saar la leeyihiin cadowga Somaliland.
Kama soo horjeedo in xidhiidh wanaagsan lala yeesho dalalka kor ku xusan haddiise ay albaabada ka xidheen Somaliland waxay xaq u leedahay in ay garaacdo albaabo kale sida Ruushka, Hindiya, Iiraan, Israa’iil, Waqooyiga Kuuriya iyo qaar kale oo badan.
Waxa hubaal ah in qaarkood soo dhawayn doonaan xidhiidhka JSL. Si kastaba ha ahaateen madaxweynaha JSL iyo xukumaddiisa waxaan ku bogaadinaya ugu dambeyn in ay fahmeen saaxiibtinimada dhalanteedka ah ee dawladaha reer Galbeedka, Carabta iyo kuwa gobolka, waxaan hambalyaynaya majaraha cusub ee siyaasadda arrimaha dibadda iyo baadi goobka saaxiibo la isku hallayn karo.
Somaliland jawaabtii u horaysay waxay ka heshay dalkaTAIWAN; lama aqoonsana waa se dal yar oo hodan ah, waa dalka 7-aad ee ugu dhaqaalaha badan qaaradda Eeshiya, waana dalka 20-aad Dunida oo dhan, sidaas daraadeed xaggooda aqoonsi la’aanta Beesha Caalamku muhiim uma aha.
Akhrista bal u fiirso qodobada heshiiska labada dal:Iskaashiga siyaasadda, dhaqaalaha, ganacsiga, caafimaadka, dhismaha kaabeyaasha iyo wixii la mid ah.
Haddaba sida labada xukuumadood ka go’an haddii heshiiskani hirgalo Somaliland-na uga faa’iidaysato sida ugu haboon waxaan u malaynaya Somaliland in ay noqon karto waddanka ugu hodansan Geeska Afrika oo lagu soo hiran doono.
La soco qaybta dambe………
Waxa Qoray Cabdiraxmaan Cadami
The new ‘Magnitsky’-style sanctions regime will target those who have been involved in some of the gravest human rights violations and abuses around the world.Published 6 July 2020From:Foreign & Commonwealth Office and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP
Forty-nine individuals and organisations involved in some of the most notorious human rights violations and abuses in recent years have been designated for sanctions under a powerful new regime established today by the UK, the Foreign Secretary has announced.
The individuals and organisations are the first wave of designations under the new regime, with further sanctions expected in the coming months.
From today, the ground-breaking global regime means the UK has new powers to stop those involved in serious human rights abuses and violations from entering the country, channelling money through UK banks, or profiting from our economy.
The measures will target individuals and organisations, rather than nations.
It is the first time that the UK has sanctioned people or entities for human rights violations and abuses under a UK-only regime, and will allow the UK to work independently with allies such as the US, Canada, Australia and the European Union.
The UK’s first wave of sanctions under this new regime targeted:
- 25 Russian nationals involved in the mistreatment and death of auditor Sergei Magnitsky, who uncovered widespread Russian corruption by a group of Russian tax and police officials
- 20 Saudi nationals involved in the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi
- 2 high-ranking Myanmar military generals involved in the systematic and brutal violence against the Rohingya people and other ethnic minorities
- 2 organisations involved in the forced labour, torture and murder that takes place in North Korea’s gulags
Underlining the UK’s position as a global force for good, this new regime showcases our commitment to the rules-based international system and to standing up for victims of human rights violations and abuses around the world.
Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, said:
Today we’re designating 49 people and organisations for responsibility in some the worst human rights abuses in recent memory.
This is a demonstration of Global Britain’s commitment to acting as a force for good in the world.
Following his announcement in Parliament, the Foreign Secretary will meet with Sergei Magnitsky’s widow and son Natalia and Nikita, along with his friend and colleague Bill Browder, at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office.
The regime will allow the UK to target individuals and organisations around the world unlike conventional geographic sanctions regime, which only target a country.
It could also include those who commit unlawful killings perpetrated against journalists and media workers, or violations and abuses motivated on the grounds of religion or belief.
A special unit will consider the use of future sanctions, with teams across the department monitoring human rights issues.
They will ensure targets under the landmark regime will have to meet stringent legal tests before the UK decides to designate, ensuring the sanctions are robust and powerful.
The suite of measures can also apply to those who facilitate, incite, promote, or support these violations/abuses, as well as those who financially profit from human rights violations and abuses.
The UK will continue to utilise a range of tools to tackle serious human rights violations and abuses around the world, including the UN and EU multilateral sanctions regimes.
‘Reef cubes’: could these plastic-free blocks help save the ocean? — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum. Author: Douglas Broom, Senior Writer, Formative Content Artificial reefs are vital in protecting offshore wind farms from strong tides, but existing defences often contain plastic, which could be harmful to marine life. Start-up ARC Marine has created a plastic-free […]‘Reef cubes’: could these plastic-free blocks help save the ocean? — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
Sanadkii 1960 kii wuxuu qaarada Afrika u ahaa xilgii baraaruga ee ay gumeystayaashii gumeysan jirey qaaradu bixinayeen madaxbanaanida qaarada waana sansaankii sanadadii xoriyada ee qaarada Afrika taas oo sanadadii 60 meeyadii bilowgiisii ilaa badhtamahiisii dalal badan oo Afrikan ahi xoriyadoodii qaateen.
Somaliya iyo Somaliland na waxay qaab ka ahaayeen dalalkaa xoroobey sanadkii 1960.
Taariikhda dib marka loo raaco Somaliya iyo Somaliland waxaa kala gumeysanayey laba dal oo ka tirsan qaarada reer yurub Talaaniga oo Somaliya gumeysanayey iyo UK oo Somaliland ah.
Taariikhdu waxay xustaa in qaabka uu gumeysigu ku soo galey labada dal ay kala duwanaayeen dhinaca Somaliya Gumeysigii Talyaanigu wuxuu ku soo galey qaab laga wada hadal oo qasab iyo xoog ah.
Dhinaca kale Somaliland Engiriisku wuxuu ku soo galey heshiis uu la galey madaxdii( Cuqaashii) talada deegaankaas heysay ee reer Somaliland heshiiskaasi oo labada dhinac kala qorteen.
Halkaasi waxaad ka garan gartaa farqiga u dheexeyey xitaa gumeysigii labada dal, kaas oo ku tusinaya Somaliya iyo Somaliland in farqi u dhaxeeyey qaabkii loo gumeysanayey.
Markii la soo gaadhay waayihii xoriyada ee labada dal waxaa 26 June 1960 kii Xoriyadoodii qaatey Somaliland waxaana aqoonsi dawladnimo siiyey 35 dal oo caalamka ka mida oo ay ugu horeeyeen USA,UK iyo China .
1 July 1960 ayaa iyaduna Xoriyada qaadatey Somaliya ila markaana Dawladii Somaliland isku dhiibtey Qarankii cusbaa ee Somaliya si aan shuruudi ku jirin,
Halkaana waxaa ku tasawdey qaranimadii Somaliland, ma hubo xidhiidhka ka dhexeeya naaneysta dadka reer waqooyiga loogu yeedho ee Qaldaamiinta iyo 1 July 1960 balse waxaa aan u maleenayaa hadaney ahaydba xoriyadii 26 June 1960 kii ee sida qaldan loogu hibeyey Somalida Konfureed in ay tahay uun arin ka ag dhow balse dadka maqalkan akhrisandoona Ayaan u dhaafayaa jawabta su’aasha ah 1 July 1960 iyo Naaceysta Qaldaaminta ee reer konfureedku ugu yeedhan reer waqooyiga xidhiidhka ka dhexeeya. Hadii taasi run noqotana Malaga yaabaa in reer waqooyigu markale xoriyadooda u sadqeeyaan hadii ay taasi dhacdana waa maxay naaneysta labaad ee reer konfureedku ku dhijindoonaa reer waqooyiyaga(Somaliland) waxaa oo dhan taariikhda Ayaan u dhaafayaa hadii Allah idmo.
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Africa is facing a food crisis due to COVID-19. These seeds could help prevent it — The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology – europeansting.com
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